Democratic Party of Albania

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Democratic Party of Albania
Partia Demokratike e Shqipërisë
Leader Lulzim Basha
Leader of the Parliamentary Group Edi Paloka
Slogan Ne jemi ndryshimi, përpara!
(We are change, forward!)[1]
Founded 12 December 1990
Newspaper Rilindja Demokratike
Youth wing Forumi Rinor i Partise Demokratike
Ideology Conservatism[2]
Liberal conservatism[3]
Pro-Europeanism[3]
Political position Centre-right[3]
International affiliation Centrist Democrat International,
International Democrat Union
European affiliation European People's Party (Observer)
National Assembly
49 / 140
Municipality
30 / 65
Communes
173 / 309
Website
http://www.pd.al/
Politics of Albania
Political parties
Elections
Coat of arms of Albania.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Albania

The Democratic Party of Albania (Albanian: Partia Demokratike e Shqipërisë, PD) is a conservative[2][4] political party in Albania. The party has been the leading party in the governing coalition since the 2005 parliamentary elections. It is an observer member of the European People's Party (EPP) and a full member of the International Democrat Union and Centrist Democrat International.[5][6][7] Rilindja Demokratike is the party's official newspaper.[8]

History[edit]

The party was founded on 12 December 1990 by Avdyl Matoshi, Azem Hajdari, Sali Berisha and Gramoz Pashko.[9] Arben Imami, Edmond Budina, Eduard Selami, Genc Ruli, Merita Zaloshnja and Aleksandër Meksi also took part in the early activities of the party. ıt was the first opposition party after they were legalized.

The party came to power in 1992 after winning the 1992 parliamentary election under the leadership of Sali Berisha and Aleksander Meksi and ruled until 1997. The government resigned in 1997 following a scandal over massive corruption during which a civil war nearly broke out. It is part of the Union for Victory (Bashkimi për Fitoren) coalition, which received 37.1 percent of the vote in the 2001 elections and 46 members of parliament although the elections were truly unfair. In the July 2005 parliamentary elections, the Democratic Party won 56 of the 140 seats and its allies won 18 under the call Time for Changes (Koha per Ndryshim). Two other parties also joined the new coalition (PAA of the left wing & PBDNJ of the Greek minority, with 4 and 2 seats, respectively). This meant that with a combined total of 79 seats, the Democratic Party and its allies were able to form a government with Sali Berisha becoming Prime Minister. One of his priorities was Albanian integration to NATO, an objective he accomplished in 2009 when Albania and Croatia were accepted as members.

Headquarters[edit]

Old headquarter of Democratic Party of Albania

The party's headquarters is located in the center of Tirana, 50m from the Albanian parliament. The Rilindja Demokratike newspaper shares the building with the Democratic Party.

Seats in parliament[edit]

Year Seats Number of
total seats
1991 75 250
1992 92 140
1996 122 140
1997 29 155
2001 32 140
2005 56 140
2009 68 140
2013 50 140

Chairmen of PD[edit]

Person Period
Sali Berisha 1991 – 1992
Eduard Selami 1992 – 1995
Tritan Shehu (acting) 1995
Tritan Shehu 1995 – 1997
Genc Pollo (Interem) 1997
Sali Berisha 1997 – 2013
Lulzim Basha 2013 –

Elections[edit]

2009 national elections[edit]

After the Albanian parliament elections of 2009 the Democrats won 67 MPs. The current list as of September 2011:[10][11]

2013 national elections[edit]

After the Albanian parliament elections of 2013 the Democrats won 45 MPs. The current list as of September 2013:

References[edit]

External links[edit]