Sondra Locke in The Gondola (1973)
|Born||May 28, 1944 or 1947 (sources differ)
Shelbeyville, Tennessee, U.S.
|Occupation||Actress, singer, director|
|Spouse(s)||Gordon Anderson (m. 1967)|
|Partner(s)||Clint Eastwood (1975–1989)|
She was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress in 1968 for her performance in The Heart Is a Lonely Hunter. She went on to appear in such films as Willard in 1971, and six films with then-partner Clint Eastwood between 1976 and 1983: The Outlaw Josey Wales, The Gauntlet, Every Which Way But Loose, Bronco Billy, Any Which Way You Can, and Sudden Impact.
She published her autobiography, The Good, the Bad, and the Very Ugly – A Hollywood Journey, in 1997.
There is some dispute regarding Locke's age; most printed publications list her year of birth as 1947, but her marriage license (available publicly through the Tennessee state archives or at ancestry.com) lists her year of birth as 1944.
Locke was born in Shelbyville, Tennessee, the daughter of Raymond Smith, a military man, and Pauline Bayne Locke, a pencil factory worker. Her parents separated before she was born, and her mother married construction company owner Alfred Taylor Locke, whose name she took. From that marriage, Locke has a maternal half-brother, Don (born 1946).
Locke was a cheerleader and class valedictorian in junior high. She graduated from Shelbyville Senior High School in 1962. She then attended Middle Tennessee State University for two semesters. The 1963 Midlander yearbook has a photo of her appearing in an MTSU theater production of Arthur Miller's play, The Crucible.
In 1967, Locke won a nationwide talent search for the role of Mick Kelly in The Heart Is a Lonely Hunter opposite Alan Arkin. The film was released in 1968, with Locke's performance garnering her the Academy Award nomination, as well as two Golden Globe Award nominations for Best Supporting Actress – Motion Picture and Most Promising Newcomer – Female.
Locke's next film role was as Melisse in Cover Me Babe (aka Run, Shadow, Run) opposite Robert Forster. In 1971, she starred in the cult film Willard with Bruce Davison and Ernest Borgnine. Throughout the first half of the 1970s, Locke appeared on television in several drama series including The F.B.I., Cannon, Barnaby Jones and Kung Fu. In the 1972 Night Gallery episode "A Feast of Blood", she played the victim of a curse planted by Norman Lloyd; the recipient of a brooch that devoured her. Locke also played the title role in The Second Coming of Suzanne, a experimental film released in 1974.
In 1976, Locke had a supporting role in The Outlaw Josey Wales as Laura Lee, a pioneer from Kansas who falls in love with the eponymous character (Clint Eastwood). This was followed by a lead role alongside Eastwood in the hit action film The Gauntlet (1977). In 1978, the couple co-starred with an orangutan named Clyde in that year's second highest-grossing film, Every Which Way But Loose, in which Locke played country singer Lynn Halsey-Taylor. The 1980 sequel, Any Which Way You Can, was equally successful. Locke recorded several songs for the film's soundtrack and has performed live in concert with Eddie Rabbit and Tom Jones.
Locke starred as a bitter heiress who joins a traveling Wild West show in Bronco Billy (1980), her only film with Eastwood not to become a major box office success. Their final collaboration was Sudden Impact (1983), the highest-grossing film in the Dirty Harry franchise, in which she played a vengeful artist who murders the men who gang-raped her sister and her a decade prior.
In 1986, Locke made her directorial debut with the feature film Ratboy, a fable about a boy who is half-rat. Her second directorial effort was the critically acclaimed thriller Impulse (1990), starring Theresa Russell as a police officer who goes undercover as a prostitute. Later, she directed the made-for-television film Death in Small Doses (1995), based on a true story, and the independent film Do Me A Favor (1997).
After thirteen years away from acting, Locke returned to the screen in 1999 with supporting roles in the straight-to-cable films The Prophet's Game (opposite Dennis Hopper) and Clean and Narrow. Locke has not worked in the film industry since then.
Locke married sculptor Gordon Anderson on September 25, 1967. Locke has stated in court papers that the marriage was never consummated and described her relationship with Anderson as "tantamount to sister and brother," although they remain legally married.
From 1975 until 1989, Locke cohabited with actor Clint Eastwood. In the late 1970s, Locke underwent two abortions and a tubal ligation. According to her autobiography, she decided to have the procedures because Eastwood insisted parenthood would not fit into their lifestyle. She later discovered Eastwood secretly fathered two children with another woman during the last three years of their relationship.
In 1989, Locke filed a palimony suit against Eastwood, after he changed the locks on their Bel-Air home and placed her possessions in storage while she was directing the film Impulse. The two parties reached a settlement in 1990, when Eastwood set up a film development/directing pact for Locke at Warner Bros. in exchange for dropping the suit.
In 1995, Locke sued Eastwood for fraud, alleging that he had compensated Warner Bros. to keep her out of work–the studio had rejected all of the 30 or more projects she proposed, and never assigned her to direct any of their in-house projects. According to Locke's attorney, Eastwood committed "the ultimate betrayal" by arranging the "bogus" film directing deal. In 1996, just minutes before a jury was to render a verdict in Locke's favor, Eastwood agreed to settle for an undisclosed amount. The outcome of the case, Locke said, sent a "loud and clear" message to Hollywood "that people cannot get away with whatever they want to just because they're powerful." The case is used in some modern law school contracts textbooks to illustrate the legal concept of good faith.
At the time of the victory, Locke had a separate pending action against Warner Bros. for allegedly harming her career by agreeing to the sham movie-directing deal that Eastwood had purportedly engineered. As had been the case with the previous lawsuit, this ended in an out-of-court settlement, in 1999.
|1968||The Heart Is a Lonely Hunter||Mick Kelly||Nominated—Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress
Nominated—Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress – Motion Picture
Nominated—Golden Globe Award for Most Promising Newcomer — Female
Nominated—Laurel Award for Female Supporting Performance
Nominated—Laurel Award for Female New Face
|1970||Cover Me Babe||Melisse|
|1972||Night Gallery||Sheila Gray||TV series; episode: "A Feast of Blood"|
|1972||The F.B.I.||Regina Mason||TV series; episode: "Dark Christmas"|
|1973||Cannon||Trish||TV series; episode: "Death of a Stone Seahorse"|
|1973||A Reflection of Fear||Marguerite|
|1973||The ABC Afternoon Playbreak||Nora Sells||TV series; episode: "My Secret Mother"|
|1973||The Gondola||Jackie||TV movie|
|1974||Kung Fu||Gwyneth Jenkins||TV series; episode: "This Valley of Terror"|
|1974||The Second Coming of Suzanne||Suzanne|
|1974||Planet of the Apes||Amy||TV series; episode: "The Cure"|
|1975||Barnaby Jones||Alicia||TV series; episode: "The Orchid Killer"|
|1975||Cannon||Stacey Murdock||TV series; episode: "A Touch of Venom"|
|1976||Joe Forrester||N/A||TV series; episode: "A Game of Love"|
|1976||The Outlaw Josey Wales||Laura Lee|
|1977||Death Game||Agatha Jackson|
|1977||The Shadow of Chikara||Drusilla Wilcox|
|1977||The Gauntlet||Augustina "Gus" Malley|
|1978||Every Which Way But Loose||Lynn Halsey-Taylor|
|1979||Tales of the Unexpected||N/A||TV movie|
|1979||Friendships, Secrets and Lies||Jessie||TV movie|
|1980||Bronco Billy||Antoinette Lily|
|1980||Any Which Way You Can||Lynn Halsey-Taylor|
|1982||Rosie: The Rosemary Clooney Story||Rosemary Clooney||TV movie|
|1983||Sudden Impact||Jennifer Spencer|
|1984||Tales of the Unexpected||Edna||TV series; episode: "Bird of Prey"|
|1985||Amazing Stories||Vanessa Sullivan||TV series; episode: "Vanessa in the Garden"|
|1999||Clean and Narrow||Betsy Brand|
|1999||The Prophet's Game||Adele Highsmith|
- "Today in History". ABC News. May 28, 2011. Retrieved September 3, 2011.
- Database (undated). "Sondra Locke Overview". MSN. Retrieved October 7, 2012.
- Database (undated). "Sondra Locke". AllMovie. Retrieved October 7, 2012.
- Gordon Leigh Anderson, Sondra Louise Locke marriage license at ancestry.com)
- Parish, James Robert (2006). The Hollywood Book of Breakups. Wiley. ISBN 978-0471752684.
- Sondra Locke in The Crucible : MTSU theater production, 1963
- "Dirty Harry Movies". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 2009-03-01.
- Roger Ebert's Review of "Impulse" (1990)
- Locke, Sondra (1997). The Good, the Bad, and the Very Ugly – A Hollywood Journey. William Morrow and Company. ISBN 978-0-688-15462-2.
- After the Loving, Counting the Cost
- "Locke Married?". The Palm Beach Post. May 9, 1989.
- Staff (undated). "Locke Biography". annoline.com. Retrieved October 7, 2012.
- Eastwood's Ex-Lover Says He Torpedoed Her Career
- Eastwood, ex-lover settle court battle as jurors deliberate
- Eastwood Settles with Sondra Locke
- Eastwood, Locke Settle Fraud Suit For Undisclosed Sum
- See, e.g., Charles Knapp, Nathan Crystal, and Harry Prince, eds., Problems in Contract Law: Cases and Materials, 6th ed. (New York: Aspen, 2007), pp. 470-80.
- Locke and Warner Bros. Reach Settlement
- Vindication for Clint Eastwood's Ex-Lover
- Staff (February 25, 2009). "Sondra Locke's House". virtualglobetrotting.com. Retrieved October 7, 2012.
- Sondra Locke at the Internet Movie Database
- Sondra Locke at the TCM Movie Database
- Works by or about Sondra Locke in libraries (WorldCat catalog)