Talking Heads

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Talking Heads
Talking Heads band1.jpg
Talking Heads performing at the Horseshoe Tavern in Toronto, Ontario, Canada on May 13, 1978
Background information
Origin New York City, New York, United States
Genres New wave, post-punk, dance-rock, art punk, experimental rock, funk, worldbeat
Years active 1975–1991
Labels Sire/Warner Bros., EMI
Associated acts Tom Tom Club, The Modern Lovers, Brian Eno
Past members David Byrne
Chris Frantz
Tina Weymouth
Jerry Harrison

Talking Heads were an American rock band formed in 1975 in New York City and active until 1991.[1] The band comprised David Byrne (lead vocals and guitar), Chris Frantz (drums and backing vocals), Tina Weymouth (bass and backing vocals) and Jerry Harrison (keyboards, guitar, and backing vocals). Other musicians also regularly made appearances in concert and on the group's albums. The new wave style of Talking Heads combined elements of punk rock, art rock, funk, avant-garde, pop music, world music, and Americana. Frontman and songwriter David Byrne contributed neurotic, whimsical lyrics to the band's songs, and emphasized their showmanship through various multimedia projects and performances.[2]

Critic Stephen Thomas Erlewine described Talking Heads as being "one of the most critically acclaimed bands of the '80s, while managing to earn several pop hits."[3] In 2002, the band was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. Four of the band's albums appeared on Rolling Stone magazine's 2003 list of the 500 Greatest Albums of All Time, and the Channel 4 100 Greatest Albums poll listed one album (Fear of Music) at number 76. In the 2011 update of Rolling Stone 's "100 Greatest Artists of All Time", the band was ranked at No. 100.[4]

History[edit]

1974–1977: First years[edit]

Talking Heads at Horseshoe Tavern, Toronto in 1978

David Byrne, Chris Frantz and Tina Weymouth were alumni of the Rhode Island School of Design in Providence, Rhode Island. There Byrne and Frantz formed a band called "The Artistics" in 1974.[5] Weymouth was Frantz's girlfriend and often provided transportation for the band. The Artistics dissolved within a year, and the three moved to New York, eventually sharing a communal loft.[6] Unable to find a bass player in New York City, Frantz encouraged Weymouth to learn to play bass by listening to Suzi Quatro albums.[7] They played their first gig as "Talking Heads" opening for the Ramones at CBGB on June 20, 1975.[1]

In a later interview, Weymouth recalled how the group chose the name Talking Heads: "A friend had found the name in the TV Guide, which explained the term used by TV studios to describe a head-and-shoulder shot of a person talking as 'all content, no action.' It fit."[8]

Later in 1975, the trio recorded a series of demos for CBS, but the band was not signed to the label. They quickly drew a following and were signed to Sire Records in 1977. The group released their first single, "Love → Building on Fire" in February that year. In March 1977, they added Jerry Harrison (keyboards, guitar, backing vocals), formerly of Jonathan Richman's band The Modern Lovers.[9]

Their first album, Talking Heads: 77, which did not contain the earlier single, was released soon afterwards. The album received considerable acclaim and spawned what became the group's first charted single, "Psycho Killer".[10] The song was released to the radio just months after the serial killer known as the Son of Sam was terrorizing New York City, prompting many to assume some eerie connection. However, it was later revealed that Byrne had written the song nearly four years earlier.[11]

1978–1982: Building a reputation[edit]

Tina Weymouth on bass in Minneapolis, Minn.
Intended to convey the image of flowing water, the track exemplifies Brian Eno's Oblique Strategies production technique. Meanwhile, Byrne's evocative lyrics challenge the quintessential lifestyle of high society.[12] The song was named one of the 100 most important American musical works of the 20th century by NPR.[13]

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1978's More Songs About Buildings and Food brought about the band's long-term collaboration with producer Brian Eno, who had previously worked with Roxy Music, David Bowie, John Cale and Robert Fripp;[14] the title of Eno's 1977 song "King's Lead Hat" is an anagram of the band's name. Eno's unusual style meshed well with the group's artistic sensibilities, and they began to explore an increasingly diverse range of musical directions, from post-punk to new wave to psychedelic funk.[15] This recording also established the band's long term recording studio relationship with the famous Compass Point Studios in Nassau, Bahamas. More Songs... cover of Al Green's "Take Me to the River" broke Talking Heads into general public consciousness, and gave the band their first Billboard Top 30 hit. [15]

The Eno-Talking Heads experimentation continued with 1979's Fear of Music, which flirted with the darker stylings of post-punk rock, mixed with white funkadelia and subliminal references to the geopolitical instability of the late 1970s.[16] Music journalist Simon Reynolds cited Fear of Music as representing the Eno-Talking Heads collaboration "at its most mutually fruitful and equitable."[17] The single "Life During Wartime" produced the catchphrase, "This ain't no party, this ain't no disco."[18] The song refers to the Mudd Club and CBGB, two popular New York nightclubs of the time.[19]

I try to write about small things. Paper, animals, a house…love is kind of big. I have written a love song, though. In this film, I sing it to a lamp.

David Byrne, interviewing himself in Stop Making Sense[20]

1980's Remain in Light, heavily influenced by the afrobeat of Nigerian bandleader Fela Kuti, to whose music Eno had introduced the band, explored West African polyrhythms, weaving these together with Arabic music from North Africa, disco funk, and 'found' voices.[21] These combinations foreshadowed Byrne's later interest in world music.[22] In order to perform these more complex arrangements the band toured with an expanded group that included Adrian Belew and Bernie Worrell, among others, first at the Heatwave festival in August,[23] and later in their concert film Stop Making Sense. During this period, Tina Weymouth and Chris Frantz also formed a commercially successful splinter group, Tom Tom Club, influenced by the foundational elements of Hip hop,[24] and Harrison released his first solo album, The Red and the Black.[25] Likewise, Byrne – in collaboration with Eno – released My Life in the Bush of Ghosts, which incorporated world music, 'found' sounds, and included a number of other prominent international and post-punk musicians.[26] All were released by Sire.

The Remain in Light album's lead single, "Once in a Lifetime", became a Top 20 hit in the UK but initially failed to make an impression upon its release in the band's own country. But it grew into a popular standard over the next few years on the strength of its music video, which was named one of Time magazine's All-TIME Best Music Videos.[27][28]

After releasing four albums in barely four years, the group went into hiatus and nearly three years passed before their next release, although Frantz and Weymouth continued to record with the Tom Tom Club. In the meantime, Talking Heads released a live album, The Name of This Band Is Talking Heads, toured the United States and Europe as an eight-piece group, and parted ways with Eno,[29] who went on to produce albums with U2.[14]

1983–1991: Height of commercial success and break-up[edit]

As David Byrne experimented with world music and brought extra percussionists on tour, Chris Frantz and Tina Weymouth formed the dance group Tom Tom Club. They are pictured here performing in 1986.

1983 saw the release of Speaking in Tongues, a commercial breakthrough that produced the band's only American Top 10 hit, "Burning Down the House".[30] Once again, a striking video was inescapable owing to its heavy rotation on MTV.[31] The following tour was documented in Jonathan Demme's Stop Making Sense, which generated another live album of the same name.[32] The tour in support of Speaking in Tongues was their last.[33]

Three more albums followed: 1985's Little Creatures (which featured the hit singles "And She Was" and "Road to Nowhere"),[34] 1986's True Stories (Talking Heads covering all the soundtrack songs of Byrne's musical comedy film, in which the band also appeared),[35] and 1988's Naked. Little Creatures offered a much more American pop-rock sound as opposed to previous efforts.[36] Similar in genre, True Stories hatched one of the group's most successful hits, "Wild Wild Life", and the accordion-driven track "Radio Head" which became the etymon of the band of the same name.[37] Meanwhile Naked, which explored politics, sex and death, showed heavy African influence with polyrhythmic styles like those seen on Remain in Light.[38] During that time the group was falling increasingly under David Byrne's control, and after Naked the band went on "hiatus".[3]

It took until December 1991 for an official announcement to be made that Talking Heads had broken up.[3] Their final release was "Sax and Violins", an original song that had appeared earlier that year on the soundtrack to Wim Wenders' Until the End of the World. During this breakup period, Byrne continued his solo career, releasing Rei Momo in 1989 and The Forest in 1991.[22] This period also saw a revived flourish from both Tom Tom Club (Boom Boom Chi Boom Boom and Dark Sneak Love Action)[39] and Harrison (Casual Gods and Walk on Water), who toured together in the summer of 1990.[40]

1992–2002: Post break-up and final reunion[edit]

After the band's break-up, Frantz, Harrison, and Weymouth released an album as The Heads and Frantz and Weymouth have continued in Tom Tom Club. The trio are pictured here at SXSW in 2010

Despite David Byrne's lack of interest in another album, Tina Weymouth, Chris Frantz, and Jerry Harrison reunited for a one-off album called No Talking, Just Head under the name The Heads in 1996. The album featured a number of vocalists including Debbie Harry of Blondie, Johnette Napolitano of Concrete Blonde, Andy Partridge of XTC, Gordon Gano of Violent Femmes, Michael Hutchence of INXS, Ed Kowalczyk of Live, Shaun Ryder of Happy Mondays, Richard Hell, and Maria McKee.[41] The album was accompanied by a tour which featured Johnette Napolitano as the vocalist. Byrne took legal action against the rest of the band to prevent them using the name "Talking Heads", something he saw as "a pretty obvious attempt to cash in on the Talking Heads name."[42] They opted to record and tour as "The Heads". Likewise, Byrne continues his solo career.

Meanwhile, Harrison became a record producer of some note – his résumé includes the Violent Femmes' The Blind Leading the Naked, the Fine Young Cannibals' The Raw and the Cooked, General Public's Rub It Better, Crash Test Dummies' God Shuffled His Feet, Live's Mental Jewelry, Throwing Copper and The Distance To Here, No Doubt's song "New" from Return of Saturn, and in 2010, work by The Black and White Years and Kenny Wayne Shepherd.[43]

Frantz and Weymouth, who were married in 1977,[44] had been recording on the side as Tom Tom Club since 1981.[24] Tom Tom Club's self-titled debut album sold almost as well as Talking Heads themselves,[45] leading to the band appearing in Stop Making Sense. They achieved several pop/rap hits during the dance-club cultural boom era of the early 1980s,[46] particularly in the UK, where they still enjoy a strong fan following today. Their best-known single, "Genius of Love", has been sampled numerous times, notably on old school hip hop classic "It's Nasty (Genius of Love)" by Grandmaster Flash and on Mariah Carey's 1995 hit "Fantasy".[47] They also have produced several artists, including Happy Mondays and Ziggy Marley. The Tom Tom Club continue to record and tour intermittently, although commercial releases have become sporadic since 1991.[45]

The band played "Life During Wartime", "Psycho Killer" and "Burning Down the House" together on March 18, 2002, at the ceremony of their induction into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.[48] However, reuniting for a concert tour is unlikely. David Byrne states: "We did have a lot of bad blood go down. That's one reason, and another is that musically we're just miles apart."[49] Weymouth, however, has been critical of Byrne, describing him as "a man incapable of returning friendship"[49] and saying that he doesn't "love" her, Frantz, and Harrison.[7]

Influence[edit]

One of the most celebrated bands of the post-punk generation,[3] Talking Heads' art pop idiosyncrasies have had a long-lasting impact. Along with other early 1980s anti-corporate and experimental groups such as the Ramones and Blondie, they helped define the new wave genre in the United States.[50] Meanwhile the more worldly popularities like 1980's Remain in Light helped bring African rock to the western world.[51]

Talking Heads have been cited as a primary influence by many artists, including R.E.M.,[52] Vampire Weekend,[53] Primus,[54] Bell X1[55] and Radiohead, who took their name from the Talking Heads song "Radio Head" from the 1986 album True Stories.[56][57] The Italian filmmaker and director Paolo Sorrentino, in receiving the Oscar for his film La Grande Bellezza in 2014, thanked Talking Heads among others as his sources of inspiration.[58]

What the Songs Look Like[edit]

What the Songs Look Like: Contemporary Artists Interpret Talking Heads Songs is a visual art book published in 1987 by Harper & Row. It comprises full page artworks by over fifty contemporary artists, each matched to a specific Talking Heads song. Artists featured in the collection include David Byrne, Keith Haring, Sue Coe, and Robert Rauschenberg.[59]

Discography[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Talking Heads Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, retrieved November 23, 2008
  2. ^ http://www.npr.org/assets/music/THChronology_LBangsEssay.pdf
  3. ^ a b c d Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Talking Heads - Biography". AllMusic. Retrieved April 27, 2014. 
  4. ^ "100 Greatest Artists of All Time". Rolling Stone. Rolling Stone. 2011. Retrieved April 19, 2012. 
  5. ^ Gittins, Ian, Talking Heads: Once in a Lifetime : the Stories Behind Every Song, Hal Leonard Corporation, 2004, p.140 ISBN 0-634-08033-4, ISBN 978-0-634-08033-3
  6. ^ Simon Reynolds. Rip It up and Start Again: Postpunk 1978–1984. Penguin books (2005) pp. 159.
  7. ^ a b Tina Talks Heads, Tom Toms, and How to Succeed at Bass Without Really Trying Gregory Isola, Bass Player, retrieved December 6, 2008
  8. ^ Weymouth, Tina (1992). In Sand in the Vaseline (p. 12) [CD liner notes]. New York: Sire Records Company
  9. ^ Greene, Andy. "Flashback: Talking Heads Perform 'Psycho Killer' at CBGB in 1975". Rolling Stone. Retrieved April 23, 2014. 
  10. ^ Ruhlmann, William. "Talking Heads 77". AllMusic. Retrieved April 23, 2014. 
  11. ^ Ian Gittins (2004). Talking Heads: Once in a Lifetime : the Stories Behind Every Song. Hal Leonard. pp. 30–. ISBN 978-0-634-08033-3. 
  12. ^ Huey, Steve. "Once in a Lifetime - Song Review". Allmusic. Retrieved May 5, 2014. 
  13. ^ "The 100 most important American musical works of the 20th century". NPR. Retrieved May 5, 2014. 
  14. ^ a b "Brian Eno | Credits". Allmusic. Retrieved April 25, 2014. 
  15. ^ a b Simon Reynolds. Rip It up and Start Again: Postpunk 1978–1984. Penguin books (2005) p. 163.
  16. ^ Simon Reynolds. Rip It up and Start Again: Postpunk 1978–1984. Penguin books (2005) pp. 163.
  17. ^ Simon Reynolds. Rip It up and Start Again: Postpunk 1978–1984. Penguin books (2005) pp. 163–164.
  18. ^ Janovitz, Bill. "Life During Wartime - Song Review". Allmusic. Retrieved April 25, 2014. 
  19. ^ Robbins, Ira. "20 Years Later, CBGB Ain't No Disco : Clubs: A look back as the Bowery bar concludes a monthlong celebration of its commitment to underground rock's trends.". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved April 25, 2014. 
  20. ^ Harvey, Eric. "David Byrne: Live From Austin TX". Pitchfork Media. Retrieved May 5, 2014. 
  21. ^ Simon Reynolds. Rip It up and Start Again: Postpunk 1978–1984. Penguin books (2005) p. 165.
  22. ^ a b Ankeny, Jason. "David Byrne | Biography". Allmusic. Retrieved April 25, 2014. 
  23. ^ Robins, Jim (September 6, 1980). "Expanded Talking Heads climax Canadian new wave festival". The Michigan Daily. 
  24. ^ a b Boehm, Mike (September 10, 1992). "x-Heads Say They Got Byrned : Split Still Miffs Frantz, Weymouth, Even Though Tom Tom Club Keeps Them Busy". Los Angeles Times. 
  25. ^ Palmer, Robert (November 18, 1981). "THE POP LIFE". The New York Times. 
  26. ^ Bush, John. "My Life in the Bush of Ghosts". Allmusic. Retrieved April 25, 2014. 
  27. ^ Simon Reynolds. Rip It up and Start Again: Postpunk 1978–1984. Penguin books (2005) p. 169.
  28. ^ Sanburn, Josh. "The 30 All-TIME Best Music Videos". Time. Retrieved May 5, 2014. 
  29. ^ Simon Reynolds. Rip It up and Start Again: Postpunk 1978–1984. Penguin books (2005) pp. 169–170.
  30. ^ DeGagne, Mike. "Burning Down the House - Talking Heads - Song Review". Allmusic. Retrieved April 25, 2014. 
  31. ^ Johnston, Maura. "Sick Of It All (16) Battles Talking Heads (8) As SOTC's March Madness Takes A Trip To CBGB". Village Voice. Retrieved April 25, 2014. 
  32. ^ Light, Alan. "All-TIME 100 Albums". Time. Retrieved April 25, 2014. 
  33. ^ Milward, John. "The Many Faces And Artistic Endeavors Of The Talking Heads David Byrne And His Mates In The Band Are Keeping Busy - Together, With "Naked," And On Their Own.". Philly.com. Retrieved April 25, 2014. 
  34. ^ "Little Creatures - Talking Heads". Allmusic. Retrieved April 27, 2014. 
  35. ^ Maslin, Janet. "True Stories (1986) DAVID BYRNE IN 'TRUE STORIES'". The New York Times. Retrieved April 27, 2014. 
  36. ^ Ruhlmann, William. "Little Creatures". Allmusic. Retrieved April 27, 2014. 
  37. ^ Hastings, Michael. "Talking Heads - True Stories". Allmusic. Retrieved April 27, 2014. 
  38. ^ Pareles, Jon (March 20, 1988). "Talking Heads get 'Naked'". Observer-Reporter. 
  39. ^ Ruhlmann, William. "Tom Tom Club | Biography". Allmusic. Retrieved April 27, 2014. 
  40. ^ Christensen, Thor (May 22, 1990). "Harrison starts to find own voice". The Milwaukee Journal. 
  41. ^ Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "No Talking Just Head - The Heads". Allmusic. Retrieved May 1, 2014. 
  42. ^ Levine, Robert (June 26, 1997). "Byrne-ing Down the House". Rolling Stone. DavidByrne.com. Retrieved October 31, 2009. 
  43. ^ "Jerry Harrison | Credits". Allmusic. Retrieved May 1, 2014. 
  44. ^ Clarke, John. "Rockers Chris Frantz and Tina Weymouth Talk Marriage". Rolling Stone. Retrieved May 1, 2014. 
  45. ^ a b Ruhlmann, William. "Tom Tom Club - Biography". Allmusic. Retrieved May 4, 2014. 
  46. ^ "Tom Tom Club - Awards". Allmusic. Retrieved May 4, 2014. 
  47. ^ Greenberg, Rudi (June 2, 2011). "Geniuses of Survival: Tom Tom Club, at Ram's Head On Stage". Washington Post. Retrieved May 4, 2014. 
  48. ^ Greene, Andy. "23 October 2012". Rolling Stone. Retrieved May 4, 2014. 
  49. ^ a b Blackman, Guy (February 6, 2005). "Byrning down the house". The Age (Australia). Retrieved October 3, 2009. 
  50. ^ Gendron, Bernard. "Origins of the First Wave: The CBGB Scene (1974-75)". Between Montmartre and the Mudd Club: Popular Music and the Avant-Garde. University of Chicago Press. Retrieved May 11, 2014. 
  51. ^ Pareles, Jon (November 8, 1988). "Review/Music; How African Rock Won the West, And on the Way Was Westernized". New York Times. Retrieved May 11, 2014. 
  52. ^ "Talking Heads - Related artists". Allmusic. Retrieved May 11, 2014. 
  53. ^ Burrows, Tim (May 8, 2008). "Vampire Weekend: fresh blood on campus". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved May 11, 2014. 
  54. ^ Primus press release. Retrieved August 12, 2012.
  55. ^ Matthew Magee (July 27, 2003). "Clear as a Bell X1". Sunday Tribune. Retrieved March 4, 2011. 
  56. ^ About Radiohead, biography 1992–1995
  57. ^ David Byrne interviews Thom Yorke for Wired (November 11, 2007)
  58. ^ Vivarelli, Nick. "Italy Cheers Foreign Oscar Victory For Paolo Sorrentino's 'Beauty'". Variety. Retrieved May 4, 2014. 
  59. ^ Talking Heads (November 25, 1987). Frank Olinsky, ed. What the Songs Look Like. Harper & Row. ISBN 978-0-06-055117-9. Retrieved July 29, 2013. 

Further reading[edit]

  • David Bowman, This Must Be the Place: The Adventures of Talking Heads in the Twentieth Century (New York: HarperCollins, 2001). ISBN 0-380-97846-6.
  • David Byrne, How Music Works (San Francisco: McSweeney's, 2012). ISBN 1-936365-53-7.
  • David Gans, Talking Heads (New York: Avon Books, 1985). ISBN 0-380-89954-X.
  • Krista Reese, The Name of This Book is Talking Heads (London: Proteus Books, 1982). ISBN 0-86276-057-7.
  • Talking Heads and Frank Olinsky, What the Songs Look Like: Contemporary Artists Interpret Talking Heads Songs (New York: Harper & Row, 1987). ISBN 0-06-096205-4.

External links[edit]