Timeline of Florida History
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This is a timeline of the U.S. state of Florida.
- 1502: Florida is mapped on the Portuguese Cantino map.
- 1513 March 27: Ponce de Leon is claimed to have discovered Florida.[verification needed]
- 1515–1519: Spanish explorers visit Pinellas barrier islands while trading with Tocobaga.
- 1528: Panfilo de Narvaez expedition explores the Pinellas Peninsula.
- 1539: Hernando de Soto expedition names present Tampa Bay "La Bahia de Espiritu Santo".
- 1549: A fleet led by Tristán de Luna y Arellano anchors in Pensacola Bay and sets up the encampment of Puerto de Santa Maria.
- 1560: Menéndez commanded the galleons of the great Armada de la Carrera Spanish Treasure Fleet.
- 1564: Fort Caroline north of Jacksonville is established by the French.
- 1565: Pedro Menéndez de Avilés establishes St. Augustine.
- 1565 September 20: Spanish attack Fort Caroline and capture some French, others escape.
- 1571 December: Pedro Menendez wrecks at Cape Canaveral and meets hostile natives thought to be of the Ais Indian Nation.
- 1586 June: Sir Francis Drake attacks and sacks St. Augustine.
- 1596 March 22: Gonzalo Méndez de Canço appointed Governor and Captain General of Florida.
- 1601: Spanish King commissioned a map of Florida which includes a fort he wants built in Miami.
- 1603: Pedro Ibarra appointed Governor of Florida.
- 1605: "Period of Friendship" between Spanish and Native Tribes started because of the diplomatic trip of Alvaro Mexia.
- 1700: Settlers in the Province of Carolina and their Indian allies raid the Ais people.
- 1702–1713: Queen Anne's War. Tocobaga virtually annihilated. English raids reach Tampa Bay. Pinellas largely deserted.
- 1715, July 30: Hurricane causes the sinking of the 1715 Treasure Fleet.
- 1743: Spanish established a short-lived mission on Biscayne Bay.
- 1739–1748: War of Jenkins' Ear. English mapping expeditions visit Pinellas Peninsula.
- 1757: Spanish expedition renames Tampa Bay "La Bahia de San Fernando", after the Spanish king; names entrance to Tampa Bay "La Punta de Pinal de Jimenez" (Point of Pines).
- 1763: Spain cedes Florida to England at end of the French and Indian War.
- 1768: The colony of New Smyrna is established by Dr. Andrew Turnbull.
- 1783 March 10: Final naval battle of the American Revolution fought off Cape Canaveral with Captain John Barry.
- 1783 October 3: Treaty of Paris ends American Revolutionary War. England cedes Florida to Spain.
- 1817–1818: First Seminole War.
- 1821: Spain cedes Florida to United States.
- 1824: Florida's first true lighthouse built in St. Augustine.
- 1824: U.S. Army establishes Fort Brooke (later to become Tampa, Florida).
- 1825: Lighthouse built in St. Augustine.
- 1834: Territorial Legislature establishes Hillsborough County, Florida.
- 1835–1842: Second Seminole War.
- 1837: Fort Ann was established on the eastern shore of the Indian River in what is now Brevard County.
- 1842: Armed Occupation Act provides for land grants in unsettled parts of Florida.
Statehood era (1845–present)
- 1845: Florida was admitted to the union as the 27th U.S. state.
- 1856: Florida Historical Society is incorporated.
- 1887 August 15: Eatonville, Florida incorporated; the first all-black towns to be formed after the Emancipation Proclamation.
- 1888 February 22: President Cleveland's 1st Florida Visit stop.
- 1888 February 23: President Cleveland visits Winter Park.
- 1894 December: Great Freeze destroys much of Florida's crops (especially citrus).
- 1962 February 20: John Glenn orbits the Earth three times with Friendship 7.
- 1969 July 20: A rocket launched from Cape Canaveral lands man on the moon with mission Apollo 11.
- 2000 November 7–December 12: Disputed ballots in the United States presidential election in Florida, 2000 delay the results of the overall national result
- Straub, W. L. History of Pinellas County, p. 27. The Record Company. St. Augustine, Florida. 1929.
- Largo Bicentennial Book Committee. Largo, then till..., p. 2. Largo Area Historical Society. 1979.
- Rouse, Irving. Survey of Indian River Archaeology. Yale University Publications in Anthropology 45. ISBN 978-0-404-15668-8.
- "1715 Plate Fleet, Page 10". Brevard County Historical Commission. Retrieved 2013-07-29.
- Pinellas County Planning Department as staff for the Pinellas County Planning Council. (PCPD) Pinellas County Historical Background, p. 4. No city. No date.