Timeline of the Syro-Malabar Catholic Church

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Mar Thoma Church, Kodungaloor. The new church is built where it is believed that the first of the seven churches was built by St. Thomas in AD 52.

This is a timeline of the history of the Syro-Malabar Catholic Church in India.

Ancient Era[edit]

Portuguese Era[edit]

  • 20 May 1498 – arrival of Vasco da Gama
  • 1504 – Bishop Mar Yacob (Kodungalloor)
  • 6 June 1542 – preaching by Francis Xavier
  • 1555 – Bishop Mar Joseph took charge
  • 4 February 1557 – Pope Paul IV established, by his Bull "Pro Excellento Praeeminentia", Diocese of Cochin
  • 1564 – Mar Abraham appointed Archbishop of Angamaly (Pope Pius IV)
  • 29 August 1567 – establishment of Archdiocese of Angamaly as Metropolitan see
  • 1597 – death of Mar Abraham, the last Syrian bishop; burial at the Church of St. Hormice, Angamaly
  • 20 June–June 26 1599 – Synod of Diamper
  • 5 November 1599 – Francis Rose S.J. nominated first Latin Bishop of Syrians
  • 4 August 1600 – extension of the Rule of Padroado on Syrians
  • 7 December 1603 – Angamaly Synod
  • 3 December 1609 – seat of the Archdiocese of Angamaly moved to Kodungalloor

Era of Divisions[edit]

  • 22 December 1610 – Archbishop Menezes of Goa restricted the jurisdiction of the Metropolitan of St. Thomas Christians from the north of Malabar to the south
  • December 1647 – Archbishop Garcia appointed Fr. Jerome Furtado as Vicar General in place of the traditional Archdeacon
  • 1652 – Mar Ahatalla met deacons Chenkayil Itty of Chengannur and Kizhakkedath Kurian of Kuravilangad at Mylapore and sent message to the Archdeacon
  • 3 January 1653 – Archdeacon and others with 25,000 soldiers went to Cochin Port to receive Mar Ahatalla; but the Portuguese did not permit Mar Ahattalla to meet the people; rumour spreads that Ahatalla was murdered by the Portuguese
  • 3 January 1653 – Archdeacon and the elders take the oath Coonan Cross Oath at Mattancherry that they will no longer be under the Portuguese Jesuits
  • 22 May 1653 – Episcopal ordination of Thomas the Archdeacon at Alangad by 12 priests of St. Thomas Christians
  • 1659 – death of Archbishop Garcia SJ
  • 3 December 1659 – Vicariate Apostolic of Malabar (Verapoly) erected by Pope Alexander VII
  • 15 December 1659 – Episcopal Ordination of Italian Sebastiani OCD
  • 17 December 1659 – Bishop Sebastiani OCD took charge as Administrator of Malabar
  • 24 December 1659 – Bishop Sebastiani given power to ordain a Bishop in Malabar by Pope Alexander VII through the Apostolic Letter Pro Commissa Nobis
  • 7 January 1662 – the conquest of Portuguese territories in Malabar and especially of Cochin by the Dutch and all the Catholic Missionaries including Bishop Sebastiani OCD were expelled from the territories occupied by the Dutch
  • 1 February 1663 – Alexander Palliveettil Malpan (Parambil Chandy, Alexander de Campo) appointed the first Syrian Vicar Apostolic of Malabar
  • 1665–1671 – spread of Jacobite faith by Mar Gregorios of Jerusalem in Malabar
  • 2 January 1687 – death of Bishop Alexander Palliveettil (Parambil Chandy Malpan, Bishop Alexander de Campo)
  • 29 June 1704 – John Ribeiro S. J. appointed Archbishop of Kodungalloor (Padroado)
  • 13 March 1709 – suppression of Vicariate Apostolic of Malabar and Vicariate Apostolic of Verapoly erected by Pope Clement XI
  • 16 July 1782 – Mar Joseph Kariyatty appointed Archbishop of Kodungalloor by Padroado
  • 16 December 1782 – Rome approves Mar Joseph Kariyatty as Archbishop of Kodungalloor
  • 17 February 1783 – Episcopal ordination of Mar Joseph Kariyatty at Lisbon, Porgugal
  • 10 September 1786 – death of Archbishop Kariyatty in Goa; Paremmakkal Thoma Kathanar appointed Gubernador (Administrator) of the Archdiocese of Kodungalloor
  • 1 February 1787 – Angamaly Padiyola
  • 20 March 1799 – death of Paremmakkal Thoma Kathanar
  • 10 February 1805 – birth of Kuriakose Elias Chavara at Kainakary, Alappuzha

Arrival of the Protestants and further splits[edit]

  • 1818 – arrival of the CMS[who?] missionaries
  • 11 May 1831 – foundation of the first indigenous religious congregation (CMI) at Mannanam by Frs. Thomas Palackal, Thomas Porookara and Kuriakose Elias Chavara
  • 1833 – establishment of the Seminary at Mannanam
  • 24 April 1838 – the Metropolitan See of Kodungalloor (Angamaly) and the See of Cochin were suppressed and territory was added to Vicariate Apostolic of Verapoly by the Brief "Multa Praeclara" of Pope Gregory XVI
  • 8 June 1861 – Fr. Kuriakos Elias Chavara appointed Vicar General for Syrians
  • 13 February 1866 – foundation of the first indigenous religious congregation for women (CMC) at Koonammavu
  • 13 August 1866 – establishment of Seminary at Puthenpally
  • 1866 – purchase of land in the name of Parayil Varky Tharakan at Mangalappuzha near Aluva
  • 3 January 1871 – death of Kuriakose Elias Chavara
  • 1 August 1874 – Mar Melus arrived in Kerala
  • 25 October 1874 – Mar Melus excommunicated by Rome. Origin of Suryis of Thrisur
  • 26 April 1876 – birth of Sr. Mariam Thressia at Puthenchira, Thrisur
  • 12 October 1877 – Episcopal ordination of Bishop Marcellinus OCD
  • 17 October 1877 – birth of Sr. Euphrasia (Rose) at Kattur, in the parish Edathuruthy, Thrisur
  • 15 November 1877 – Bishop Marcellinus OCD made ruler of the Syrians
  • 19 March 1878 – Bishop Marcellinus OCD commenced his reign
  • 23 June 1886 – See of Cochin restored by Pope Leo XIII
  • 1 September 1886 – establishment of the Latin Hierarchy in India by Pope Leo XIII by the decree Humanae Salutis Auctor; Vicariate Apostolic of Verapoly elevated to Archdiocese of Verapoly

Era of self-governance[edit]

  • 20 May 1887 – two independent Vicariates of Kottayam (present Changanaseri1) and Thrisur2 for Syrians; Charles Lavigne and Adolf Medlycott were made Vicar Apostolic respectively (Quod Jampridem, Pope Leo XIII)
  • 14 December 1888 – foundation of Franciscan Clarist Congregation (FCC) at Changanaseri
  • 16 September 1890 – seat of Kottayam Vicariate moved to Changanaseri
  • 1 April 1891 – birth of Augustine Thevarparampil (Kunjachan) at Ramapuram, Kottayam
  • 24 June 1892 – foundation of Sisters of the Visitation of the Blessed Virgin Mary (SVM) at Kaipuzha, Kottayam
  • 28 July 1896 – Vicariate of Ernakulam3 created, with territories from both Vicariates of Changanaseri and Thrissur and Mar Aloysius Pazheparambil, Mar Mathew Makkil, and Mar John Menachery were made the bishops respectively (Quae Rei Sacrae, Pope Leo XIII).
  • 8 December 1908 – foundation of Sisters of Adoration of the Blessed Sacrament (SABS) at Champakulam, Changanaseri
  • 1 January 1911 – foundation of Sacred Heart Congregation for Women (Kerala) (SH) at Palai
  • 29 August 1911 – establishment of Kottayam4 Vicariate for the Knanaya (Suddists) Community of the Syrians
  • 14 May 1914 – foundation of the Congregation of Holy Family (CHF) at Puthenchira, Thrisur by Mariam Thressia
  • 29 January 1921 – foundation of Eparchial Society of the Oblates of the Sacred Heart (OSH)
  • 21 December 1923 – establishment of the Syro-Malabar Hierarchy with Ernakulam as the Metropolitan See and Mar Augustine Kandathil as the first Head and Archbishop of the Church (Romani Pontifices, Pope Pius XI)
  • 16 November 1924 – Mar Augustine Kandathil installed as Archbishop
  • 19 March 1927 – foundation of the Sisters of the Destitute (SD) at Chunungumvely, Ernakulam by Varghese Payyappilly Palakkappilly
  • 19 July 1927 – foundation of the Vincentian Congregation (VC)
  • 3 July 1928 – foundation of Sisters of St Joseph Congregation (SJC) at Kottayam
  • 5 October 1929 – death of Mar Varghese Payyappilly Palakkappilly
  • 19 March 1931 – foundation of the Congregation of Saint Thérèse of Lisieux (CST) by Mar Augustine Kandathil as a religious brothers congregation, the first such in India
  • 1 June 1932 – establishment of Mangalapuzha Seminary
  • 7 May 1933 – foundation of the Missionary Congregation for the Blessed Sacrament (MCBS)
  • 1 January 1944 – foundation of Congregation of Sisters of Charity (CSC) at Chollannoor, Thrisur
  • 31 October 1944 – foundation of Medical Sisters of St Joseph (MSJ) at Kothamangalam
  • 27 December 1945 – Mar Augustine Kandathil founds the priestly wing of the Congregation of Saint Thérèse of Lisieux (CST) to better realise its aims
  • 19 March 1948 – foundation of Congregation of the Sisters of Nazareth (CSN) at Edakkunnu, Ernakulam
  • 20 April 1948 – foundation of Congregation of the Sisters of St. Martha (CSM) at Ponnookara, Thrisur
  • 2 April 1949 – foundation of Assisi Sisters of Mary Immaculate (ASMI) at Cherthala, Alappuzha by Mgr. Joseph K. W. Thomas
  • 25 July 1950 – eparchy of Palai5
  • 29 August 1952 – death of Sr. Euphrasia CMC
  • 1 December 1953 – official visitation of Cardinal Tisserant of the Oriental Churches in India
  • 31 December 1953 – Eparchy of Thalaseri6
  • 10 January 1956 – death of Archbishop Mar Augustine Kandathil
  • 26 July 1956 – Changanaseri made Archiparchy
Archbishop's House, Changanassery.
  • 10 January 1957 – Eparchy of Kothamangalam7
  • 1 June 1957 – establishment of Dharmaram College, a major seminary by the CMI in Bangalore
  • 1 January 1958 – Fr. Placid Podipara made Rector of Malabar College in Rome
  • 25 January 1961 – foundation of Congregation of Samaritan Sisters (CSS) at Thrisur
  • 31 March 1962 – eparchy of Chanda,8 Maharashtra (CMI)
  • 3 July 1962 – establishment of St. Thomas Apostolic Seminary, Vadavathoor, Kottayam
  • 16 May 1968 – foundation of Malabar Missionary Brothers (MMB)
  • 16 July 1968 – foundation of the Missionary Society of St Thomas the Apostle (MST)
  • 29 July 1968 – eparchy of Sagar,9 Madhya Pradesh (CMI)
  • 29 July 1968 – eparchy of Satna,10 Madhya Pradesh (VC)
  • 29 July 1968 – eparchy of Ujjain,11 Madhya Pradesh (MST)
  • 3 July 1969 – foundation of Missionary Congregation of the Daughters of St. Thomas (DST) at Aruvithura, Kottayam
  • 23 March 1972 – eparchy of Bijnor,12 Uttarakhand (CMI)
  • 23 March 1972 – eparchy of Jagdalpur,13 Chattisgargh (CMI)
  • 1 March 1973 – eparchy of Mananthavady14
  • 16 October 1973 – death of Fr. Augustine Thevarparampil (Kunjachan)
  • 20 June 1974 – eparchy of Palakkad15
  • 25 February 1977 – eparchy of Rajkot16 (CMI)
  • 26 February 1977 – eparchy of Kanjirappally17
  • 19 May 1977 – foundation of Society of Kristu Dasis (SKD) at Mananthavady by Bishop Jacob Thoomkuzhy
  • 22 June 1978 – eparchy of Irinjalakkuda18
  • 26 August 1978 – Cardinal Joseph Parekkattil attended Conclave – first of its kind from Syro-Malabar Rite
  • 8 September 1978 – Mar Antony Padiyara appointed Apostolic Visitor of Non-resident Keralite Syro-Malarians by Pope John Paul I
  • 19 June 1984 – eparchy of Gorakhpur,19 Uttar Pradesh (CST)
  • 27 April 1985 – death of Father Placid J Podipara
  • 19 December 1985 – approval of the Text of the Order of Syro-Malabar Qurbana by the Sacred Congregation for Oriental Churches
  • 8 February 1986 – inauguration of the Order of Syro-Malabar Qurbana by Pope John Paul II at Kottayam
  • 8 February 1986 – Beatification of Fr. Kuriakose Elias Chavara CMI and Sr. Alphonsa Muttathupadathu FCC at Kottayam by Pope John Paul II – first man and woman from India to the Altar
  • 28 April 1986 – eparchy of Thamaraseri20
  • 30 April 1988 – eparchy of Kalyan,21 Maharashtra
  • 3 July 1989 – establishment of the Renovated Syro-Malabar Qurbana by the Sacred Congregation for Oriental Churches
  • 3 July 1989 – foundation of Sisters of St. Thomas (SST) at Managanam, Kottayam

A Major-Archiepiscopal church[edit]

  • 16 December 1992 – establishment of Major Archiepiscopal see of Ernakulam-Angamaly
  • 29 January 1993 – Cardinal Antony Padiyara, the first Major Archbishop (Quae Majori Christifidelium, Pope John Paul II), and Mar Abraham Kattumana, made Pontifical Delegate
  • 20 May 1993 – Cardinal Padiyara takes charge. First Synod of the Church
  • 18 May 1995 – eparchies of Thrisur and Thalaseri made Archieparchies
  • 18 December 1996 – Cardinal Padiyara's resignation accepted. Archbishop Mar Varkey Vithayathil CSSR, Apostolic Administrator of Ernakulam–Angamaly
  • 11 November 1996 – Eparchy of Thuckalay,22 Tamil Nadu
  • 28 October 1997 – foundation of Mar Thoma Sleeha Monastery (MTSM) at Nallathanni, Kottayam
  • 3 February 1998 – Major Archiepiscopal Headquarters at Mount St. Thomas, Kakkanad
  • 9 November 1998 – First Major Archiepiscopal Assembly
  • 24 April 1999 – Eparchy of Belthangady,23 Karnataka
  • 23 July 1999 – Eparchy of Adilabad,24 Andhra Pradesh (CMI)
  • 9 April 2000 – Beatification of Sr. Mariam Thressia CHF in Vatican by Pope John Paul II
  • 6 July 2001 – Eparchy of St. Thomas of Chicago,25 United States
  • 19 December 2002 – Eparchy of Idukki26
  • 9 May 2005 – Eparchy of Kottayam made Archieparchy
  • 30 April 2006 – Beatification of Fr. Augustine Theavarparampil (Kunjachan) at Ramapuram, Palai by Major Archbishop Varkey Vithayathil
  • 3 December 2006 – Beatification of Sr. Euphrasia CMC at Ollur, Thrisur by Major Archbishop Cardinal Varkey Vithayathil
  • 21 August 2007 – Eparchy of Bhadravathi,27 Karnataka (MCBS)
  • 22 July 2008 – Christ University – the first University by the Catholic Church in India, established by the CMIs in Bangalore
  • 12 October 2008 – Canonization of Sr. Alphonsa (Anna) Muttathupadath FCC in Vatican by Pope Benedict XVI – the first woman Saint from India
  • 6 November 2008 – visit of Cardinal Leonardo Sandri, Prefect of the Congregation for the Oriental Churches; he visited many eparchies in Kerala and paid respects to St. Alphonsa at her tomb at Bharananganam
  • 24 June 2009 – Pope Benedict XVI declares the St. George Churuch at Angamaly a minor Basilica
  • 6 August 2009 – Major Archbishop promulgates the Order of Celebrations on Nativity of Our Lord, Ash Day, Osana Sunday, Thursday of Pesha, Friday of Passion, Great Saturday and Great Sunday of Resurrrection
  • 14 August 2009 – Fr. John Vadakkel CMI, appointed bishop of the Eparchy of Bijnor
  • 23 August 2009 – Union Government of India issued coins in honour of St. Alphonsa
  • 6 September 2009 – Mar Varghese Payyappilly Palakkappilly declared Servant of God
  • 18 January 2010  – Eparchies of Mandya,28 Karnataka and Ramanathapuram,29 Tamil Nadu
  • 24 May 2011 – Mar George Alencherry elected as the third Major Archbishop

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]