Van Wert, Ohio

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Van Wert, Ohio
City
Downtown Van Wert
Downtown Van Wert
Location of Van Wert, Ohio
Location of Van Wert, Ohio
Coordinates: 40°52′4″N 84°35′0″W / 40.86778°N 84.58333°W / 40.86778; -84.58333Coordinates: 40°52′4″N 84°35′0″W / 40.86778°N 84.58333°W / 40.86778; -84.58333
Country United States
State Ohio
County Van Wert
Government
 • Mayor Don Farmer
Area[1]
 • Total 7.61 sq mi (19.71 km2)
 • Land 7.33 sq mi (18.98 km2)
 • Water 0.28 sq mi (0.73 km2)
Elevation[2] 778 ft (237 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 10,846
 • Estimate (2012[4]) 10,844
 • Density 1,479.7/sq mi (571.3/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 45891
Area code(s) 419
FIPS code 39-79562[5]
GNIS feature ID 1058096[2]
Website www.vanwert.org

Van Wert is a city in the U.S. state of Ohio and the county seat of Van Wert County.[6] The municipality is located in northwestern Ohio. The population was 10,846 at the 2010 census. It is the principal city of and is included in the Van Wert Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is included in the Lima-Van Wert-Wapakoneta, Ohio Combined Statistical Area. Van Wert is named for Isaac Van Wart, one of the captors of Major John André in the American Revolutionary War. A center of peony cultivation, Van Wert has hosted the annual Van Wert Peony Festival on and off since 1902. Van Wert is home to the first county library in the United States, the Brumback Library. It also has a thriving community art center the Wassenburg Art Center and the award-winning Van Wert Civic Theatre.

History[edit]

Van Wert was surveyed in 1824 by Captain James Riley, who was contracted by the government to survey lands purchased from native Americans under a treaty in 1818.[7]

The town is located in an area originally known as the Black Swamp. Early pioneers had to deal with swampy ground, mud, and malaria. They persevered, draining the swamp for agriculture and eventually reclaiming enough dry land to establish the town. Van Wert was the birthplace of aviation pioneer Walter Hinton.

At one point, Van Wert was the only place in the world producing Liederkranz cheese. This pungent dairy product was made at the now-closed Borden plant.

The people of Van Wert (400 of which called themselves "Cheesemakers") contributed to the town of Vimoutiers, Orne, Lower Normandy, France with help in the costs of reconstruction and reparation of the town after it was mistakenly bombed by the US Air Force during World War II. They volunteered to pay for the replacement of Marie Harel's statue. This is recorded by a plaque in the market square of Vimoutiers. Vimoutiers is a centre for local making of Camembert, Livarot and Pont l'Eveque cheeses.

On November 10, 2002, an F4 tornado ripped through the town, killing two people.[8] This was one of many tornado touchdowns during the Veterans Day Weekend Outbreak. Van Wert's emergency warning system is credited with saving many lives after several cars were thrown into a movie theatre that had been packed with people just minutes earlier.

Geography[edit]

Van Wert is located at 40°52′4″N 84°35′0″W / 40.86778°N 84.58333°W / 40.86778; -84.58333 (40.867863, -84.583461).[9] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.61 square miles (19.71 km2), of which, 7.33 square miles (18.98 km2) is land and 0.28 square miles (0.73 km2) is water.[1]

Van Wert County courthouse (built 1874-1876) is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 268
1860 1,615 502.6%
1870 2,625 62.5%
1880 4,079 55.4%
1890 5,512 35.1%
1900 6,422 16.5%
1910 7,157 11.4%
1920 8,100 13.2%
1930 8,472 4.6%
1940 9,227 8.9%
1950 10,354 12.2%
1960 11,323 9.4%
1970 11,320 0.0%
1980 11,022 −2.6%
1990 10,891 −1.2%
2000 10,690 −1.8%
2010 10,846 1.5%
Est. 2012 10,844 0.0%
Sources:[10][11][5][12]
Municipal Building.

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 10,846 people, 4,536 households, and 2,812 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,479.7 inhabitants per square mile (571.3 /km2). There were 5,111 housing units at an average density of 697.3 per square mile (269.2 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 94.6% White, 1.7% African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 1.2% from other races, and 2.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.0% of the population.

There were 4,536 households of which 29.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.6% were married couples living together, 12.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 38.0% were non-families. 33.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.93.

The median age in the city was 39.6 years. 24.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.2% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.1% were from 25 to 44; 26.2% were from 45 to 64; and 18.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.8% male and 53.2% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 10,690 people, 4,556 households, and 2,947 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,803.8 people per square mile (696.0/km²). There were 4,927 housing units at an average density of 831.4 per square mile (320.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.07% White, 1.50% African American, 0.11% Native American, 0.35% Asian, 1.09% from other races, and 0.89% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.25% of the population.

There were 4,556 households out of which 29.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.1% were married couples living together, 10.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.3% were non-families. 31.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.88.

In the city the population was spread out with 24.1% under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 26.7% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, and 17.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 88.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $33,205, and the median income for a family was $41,711. Males had a median income of $31,441 versus $23,143 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,413. About 5.0% of families and 7.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.4% of those under age 18 and 7.9% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Van Wert City Schools enrolls 2,027 students in public primary and secondary schools.[13] The district operates 4 public schools including the Early Childhood Center (Pre-school-Kindergarten), Van Wert Elementary School (1st-5th grades), Van Wert Middle School (6th-8th grades), and Van Wert High School (9th-12th grades), along with the Goedee building as the Central Administrative Offices. Van Wert High School sports participate in the Western Buckeye League, an athletic body sanctioned by the Ohio High School Athletic Association (OHSAA). Van Wert recently built a new high school and middle school complex in 2007, and just opened a new elementary school next to the high school and middle school complex so all students are now in one area. Along with the new high school/middle school complex, a new performing arts center was built, The Niswonger Performing Arts Center of Northwest Ohio, thanks to the generous gift of Van Wert High School Alumnus, Scott Niswonger. Every year since 2005, Van Wert Middle School has received the "National Schools to Watch" award.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  2. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  4. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-17. 
  5. ^ a b c "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  7. ^ Newspaper article, "Van Wert Centennial", Ohio.
  8. ^ Timeline of the events of November 10, 2002. National Weather Service. Retrieved on 2008-03-31.
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  10. ^ "Number of Inhabitants: Ohio". 18th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  11. ^ "Ohio: Population and Housing Unit Counts". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  12. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 25 November 2013. 
  13. ^ Great Schools.com. "Van Wert City School District Profile". Retrieved 2008-04-03. 

External links[edit]