Bryan, Ohio

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Bryan, Ohio
City
Eastern side of the courthouse square
Eastern side of the courthouse square
Nickname(s): The Fountain City
Location of Bryan, Ohio
Location of Bryan, Ohio
Coordinates: 41°28′22″N 84°33′7″W / 41.47278°N 84.55194°W / 41.47278; -84.55194Coordinates: 41°28′22″N 84°33′7″W / 41.47278°N 84.55194°W / 41.47278; -84.55194
Country United States
State Ohio
County Williams
Government
 • Mayor Douglas Johnson
Area[1]
 • Total 5.56 sq mi (14.40 km2)
 • Land 5.53 sq mi (14.32 km2)
 • Water 0.03 sq mi (0.08 km2)
Elevation[2] 768 ft (234 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 8,545
 • Estimate (2012[4]) 8,514
 • Density 1,545.2/sq mi (596.6/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 43506
Area code(s) 419
FIPS code 39-09792[5]
GNIS feature ID 1048561[2]
Website http://www.cityofbryan.com/

Bryan is a city in and the county seat of Williams County, Ohio, United States,[6] in the state's northwestern corner. The population was 8,545 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

Bryan was settled in 1840[7] and incorporated as a village in 1841. It was reincorporated as a city in 1941. In 1950 Bryan had a population of 6,365 people.

Williams County were originally part of Defiance County, with Defiance as the county seat.[8] The area was later split into Williams and Defiance counties. Bryan was named the seat for the new county,[7] but not without conflict; the village of Montpelier was considered a more centralized location. The people of Montpelier petitioned the state legislature, but in the end Bryan was named county seat because of its greater industrial and commercial importance and because of its higher population. To this day, many people still argue about the state's decision and a rivalry of sorts remains between the two communities.

A strip of Williams County north of Bryan was originally part of a conflict, the Toledo War, between Ohio and Michigan. Both states claimed the land, the Toledo Strip, which was named for the port city of Toledo at its eastern end. The conflict was eventually resolved in favor of Ohio, with Michigan being compensated with what is now the western Upper Peninsula.

The Williams County Courthouse downtown was completed in 1890. It is the third courthouse to occupy the property.[7]

Bryan is the hometown of Bob Hartman, founder of the Christian rock pioneer group "Petra", and Mark Winegardner, chosen to be the author of the novel The Godfather Returns.

BryanOhioEastSide1910.jpg
Bryan, Ohio, The East Side, 1910 or before

Geography[edit]

Bryan is located at 41°28′22″N 84°33′7″W / 41.47278°N 84.55194°W / 41.47278; -84.55194 (41.472692, -84.551928).[9]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.56 square miles (14.40 km2), of which 5.53 square miles (14.32 km2) is land and 0.03 square miles (0.08 km2) is water.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 1,064
1870 2,284 114.7%
1880 2,952 29.2%
1890 3,068 3.9%
1900 3,131 2.1%
1910 3,641 16.3%
1920 4,252 16.8%
1930 4,689 10.3%
1940 5,404 15.2%
1950 6,365 17.8%
1960 7,361 15.6%
1970 7,008 −4.8%
1980 7,880 12.4%
1990 8,348 5.9%
2000 8,333 −0.2%
2010 8,545 2.5%
Est. 2012 8,514 −0.4%
Sources:[10][11] [12][13][14][15][5][16]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census of 2010, there were 8,545 people, 3,761 households, and 2,214 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,545.2 inhabitants per square mile (596.6 /km2). There were 4,087 housing units at an average density of 739.1 per square mile (285.4 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 94.3% White, 0.6% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 2.1% from other races, and 2.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.1% of the population.[3]

There were 3,761 households of which 29.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.8% were married couples living together, 12.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 41.1% were non-families. 34.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.86.[3]

The median age in the city was 39.7 years. 23.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.8% were from 25 to 44; 26.7% were from 45 to 64; and 16.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.5% male and 52.5% female.[3]

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 8,333 people, 3,528 households, and 2,155 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,821.7 people per square mile (704.0/km²). There were 3,733 housing units at an average density of 816.1 per square mile (315.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.23% White, 0.31% African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.71% Asian, 1.40% from other races, and 1.12% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.73% of the population.

There were 3,528 households out of which 29.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.7% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.9% were non-families. 32.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the city the population was spread out with 24.8% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 28.7% from 25 to 44, 22.0% from 45 to 64, and 16.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 90.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $36,978, and the median income for a family was $45,965. Males had a median income of $34,641 versus $22,434 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,069. About 3.9% of families and 6.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.1% of those under age 18 and 5.9% of those age 65 or over.

Economy[edit]

Bryan's manufacturers include a diversity of items. However, it is best known for two very famous products made by companies headquartered in the city—Dum Dum suckers made by Spangler Candy Company (as well as much of the world's candy cane production) and the Etch A Sketch (now manufactured in China) made by Ohio Art Company. The city is also home to Titan Tire Corporation, makers of Goodyear- and Titan-brand off-road tires.

WQCT-AM, which plays oldies, WBNO-FM, which plays classic hits, and WLZZ-FM in nearby Montpelier, which plays country music, are the local commercial radio stations. Other radio stations licensed to Bryan are WGBE-FM, a simulcast of classical music/National Public Radio station WGTE-FM in Toledo, and WKJH-LP, a low-powered non-commercial station playing Southern Gospel music.

Transportation[edit]

Bryan is served by Amtrak's Lake Shore Limited service at an unmanned station along the former New York Central line. The city is served by U.S. Route 6 (US 6), US 127, State Route 2 (SR 2), SR 15, and SR 34. SR 15 connects to the Ohio Turnpike, which passes to the north of Bryan. Williams County Airport is the nearest general aviation airport.

Notable people[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  2. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ a b c d "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  4. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-17. 
  5. ^ a b c "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  7. ^ a b c http://www.holidaycityohio.org/county_information.htm
  8. ^ http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=1901
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  10. ^ "Population of Civil Divisions Less than Counties". Statistics of the Population of the United States at the Tenth Census. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 28 November 2013. 
  11. ^ "Population of Civil Divisions Less than Counties". Statistics of the Population of the United States at the Tenth Census. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 28 November 2013. 
  12. ^ "Population: Ohio". 1910 U.S. Census. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 28 November 2013. 
  13. ^ "Population: Ohio". 1930 US Census. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 28 November 2013. 
  14. ^ "Number of Inhabitants: Ohio". 18th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  15. ^ "Ohio: Population and Housing Unit Counts". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  16. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 25 November 2013. 
  17. ^ "About Bob Hartman". House of Bob. Retrieved January 12, 2013. 
  18. ^ http://www.toledoblade.com/Nation/2008/10/02/Bryan-native-pivotal-to-rejection-by-House.html
  19. ^ http://www.williamisaac.com/published-works/address-by-william-m-isaac-bryan-area-foundation-bryan-ohio-june-24-2011/
  20. ^ "Mark Windgardner". English Department. Florida State University. Retrieved January 12, 2013. 

External links[edit]