|City of Lebanon, Ohio|
|— City —|
|• Total||12.97 sq mi (33.59 km2)|
|• Land||12.96 sq mi (33.57 km2)|
|• Water||0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)|
|Elevation||768 ft (234 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||20,387|
|• Density||1,545.8/sq mi (596.8/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||1042462|
For other places with the same name, see Lebanon (disambiguation).
Lebanon is a city in southwestern Ohio, United States. The population was 20,033 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Warren County and is part of the Cincinnati metropolitan area. It was named after the Biblical Lebanon because of the many juniper or Eastern Redcedar trees there, similar to the Lebanon Cedar. It is known today as "The Cedar City". Lebanon is widely becoming known as a tourist attraction, with its many points of interest. The Warren County Historical Museum is recognized as one of the nation's most outstanding county museums. The Glendower State Memorial, erected between 1836 and 1840, provides a classic example of residential Greek Revival architecture and a natural setting for many elegant Empire and Victorian furnishings from Warren County's past. The city has a symphony orchestra and chorus. Lebanon is also home to the Lebanon Mason Monroe Railroad, where passengers follow an old stage coach route passing meadow, pasture, a rippling creek and wildflowers along the way.
Lebanon is in the Symmes Purchase. The first European settler in what is now Lebanon was Amy Elizabeth Carnahan, daughter of Thomas Corwin, who came to Ohio from Bourbon County, Kentucky and settled on the north branch of Turtle Creek in March 1796. The site of his cabin is now on the grounds of Berry Intermediate School on North Broadway and is marked with a monument erected by the Daughters of the American Revolution.
The town was laid out in September 1802 on land owned by Ichabod Corwin, Silas Hurin, Ephraim Hathaway, and Samuel Manning in Sections 35 and 35 of Town 5, Range 3 North and Sections 5 and 6 of Town 4, Range 3 North of the Between the Miami Rivers Survey.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 12.97 square miles (33.59 km2), of which, 12.96 square miles (33.57 km2) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2) is water.
Major highways entering Lebanon
As of the census of 2010, there were 20,033 people, 7,436 households, and 5,213 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,545.8 inhabitants per square mile (596.8 /km2). There were 7,920 housing units at an average density of 611.1 per square mile (235.9 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 92.7% White, 2.6% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 1.6% from other races, and 2.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.5% of the population.
There were 7,436 households of which 41.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.3% were married couples living together, 13.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 29.9% were non-families. 24.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.12.
The median age in the city was 34.7 years. 29.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 29.5% were from 25 to 44; 23.9% were from 45 to 64; and 10.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.0% male and 51.0% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 16,962 people residing in the city. The population density was 1,440.6 people per square mile (556.4/km²). There were 6,218 housing units at an average density of 528.1 per square mile (204.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 90.98% White, 6.36% African American, 0.32% Native American, 0.64% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.37% from other races, and 1.31% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.13% of the population.
There were 5,887 households out of which 40.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.8% were married couples living together, 12.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.5% were non-families. 24.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.08.
In the city the population was spread out with 27.2% under the age of 18, 10.3% from 18 to 24, 36.8% from 25 to 44, 16.8% from 45 to 64, and 8.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 110.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 114.1 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $46,856, and the median income for a family was $52,578. Males had a median income of $40,361 versus $27,551 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,897. About 4.7% of families and 6.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.6% of those under age 18 and 6.3% of those age 65 or over.
Lebanon lies largely within the Lebanon telephone exchange, but parts are in the Mason and South Lebanon exchanges. Local and long distance telephone services for the city are primarily provided by CenturyLink (formerly Embarq, Sprint's local telephone division) and Cincinnati Bell.
The city is one of the few in the nation to once operate a government-run cable television and telephone service, as well as being a fiber-to-the-neighborhood Internet service provider. Controversial since it began operation in 1999, the Lebanon telecommunications system had struggled to recover its expenses and had accumulated over $8 million in debt. However, residents in the area, at the time, paid up to 50% less for the aforementioned services than neighboring communities, therefore saving over $40 million of the residents' money. In the 2006 general election, however, voters approved the sale of this city-run telecommunications system to Cincinnati Bell.
- Today's Pulse (based in Liberty Township, Butler County)
- Channel 6 - The Lebanon Channel  City Cable
- Broadcast television from Cincinnati and Dayton markets
The Golden Lamb Inn is located in Lebanon on the corner of S. Broadway and Main St. It is recognized as Ohio's oldest inn having been established in 1803. This inn has been visited by 12 presidents.
Harmon Golf Club
Harmon Golf Club is a 9-hole, par 36 public golf course located on South East Street. It was built in 1912.
The largest YMCA in the U.S., it consists of: 3 basketball gyms, 2 weight rooms, 3 indoor pools, 1 outdoor pool, tennis courts, baseball fields, racquetball courts, preschool and daycare, gymnastics center, indoor turf soccer field, outdoor soccer fields, aerobics room, senior citizen center, 2 waterparks (1 inside, 1 outside), sports medicine center, rock climbing wall, 2 indoor tracks, outdoor track, acres of forest and trails, pond, outdoor skate park, outdoor playground, locker rooms, outdoor volleyball, and flag football fields.
- Lebanon Blues Festival
- Warren County Fair
- Country Apple Fest
- Horse Drawn Carriage Parade and Christmas Festival
In popular culture
The 1979 movie Harper Valley PTA with Barbara Eden and the 1994 movie Milk Money with Ed Harris and Melanie Griffith were both shot in Lebanon. The Village Ice Cream Parlor contains memorabilia from both of these movies.
Notable people from Lebanon include:
- Neil Armstrong, first man to walk on the moon; made his home in Lebanon for a number of years after the moon landing
- Thomas Corwin, Governor of Ohio from 1840 to 1842; U.S. Senator from 1845 to 1850
- Charles Cretors, invented the first popcorn machine in 1885
- Woody Harrelson, film and TV actor, two-time Academy Awards nominee
- Bruce Edwards Ivins, government scientist who committed suicide while under investigation for the 2001 anthrax attacks
- Michael Larson, famous game show contestant on Press Your Luck in 1984
- Andrew McBurney, Lieutenant Governor of Ohio, 1866–1868
- John McLean, Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court from 1829 to 1861
- Gordon Ray Roberts, U.S. Army Medal of Honor recipient
- Marty Roe, lead singer of the band Diamond Rio
- Russel Wright, industrial designer and artist; responsible for the wide acceptance of Modernism in America
- Greg Demos, bass player for Guided by Voices
- Cole Ledford, extreme couponer on seasons 3 and 4 of TLC's Extreme Couponing
- Lebanon Countryside Trail
- Lebanon School District
- Lebanon High School
- Warren County Canal
- Cincinnati, Lebanon and Northern Railway
- Lebanon-Warren County Airport
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-17.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (April 2009)|
- Elva R. Adams. Warren County Revisited. [Lebanon, Ohio]: Warren County Historical Society, 1989.
- The Centennial Atlas of Warren County, Ohio. Lebanon, Ohio: The Centennial Atlas Association, 1903.
- John W. Hauck. Narrow Gauge in Ohio. Boulder, Colorado: Pruett Publishing, 1986. ISBN 0-87108-629-8
- Josiah Morrow. The History of Warren County, Ohio. Chicago: W.H. Beers, 1883. (Reprinted several times)
- Ohio Atlas & Gazetteer. 6th ed. Yarmouth, Maine: DeLorme, 2001. ISBN 0-89933-281-1
- William E. Smith. History of Southwestern Ohio: The Miami Valleys. New York: Lewis Historical Publishing, 1964. 3 vols.
- Warren County Engineer's Office. Official Highway Map 2003. Lebanon, Ohio: The Office, 2003.
- Official site
- Historic Downtown Lebanon Ohio Attractions
- Lebanon Area Chamber of Commerce
- Lebanon City Schools
- Golden Lamb Inn
- Warren County Historical Museum
- Lebanon Mason Monroe Railroad
- "Lebanon. IV. A village and the capital of Warren co., Ohio". The American Cyclopædia. 1879.