|Region||New South Wales|
|100 (2006 census)|
Wiradjuri (//; many other spellings, see Wiradjuri) is a Pama–Nyungan language of the Wiradhuric subgroup. It was the traditional language of the Wiradjuri people of Australia, but had become extinct as a native language by 2009. A progressive revival is underway, with the language being taught in schools. Wiraiari and Jeithi may have been dialects.
The process of reclaiming the language was greatly assisted by the publication in 2005 of A First Wiradjuri Dictionary by elder Stan Gran Senior and consultant Dr John Rudder. John Rudder described the dictionary: "The Wiradjuri Dictionary has three main sections in just over 400 B5 pages. The first two sections, English to Wiradjuri, and Wiradjuri to English, have about 5,000 entries each. The third sections lists Names of Things grouped in categories such as animals, birds, plants, climate, body parts, colours. In addition to those main sections the dictionary contains an introduction to accurate pronunciation, a basic grammar of the language and a sample range of sentence types." A revised edition, holding over 8,000 words, was published in 2010 and launched in Wagga Wagga, with the launch described by the member for Riverina to the Australian Parliament.
Compared to English, Wiradjuri has a different pronunciation so you can't simply read the word and try to say it as you would an English word; for example, when you see 'ng' in a word (normally at the start), it's pronounced like 'ng' in 'sing'. 'aa' sounds like a dragged out 'r' and 'ii' sounds like 'ee'. When you see 'rr' in a word you must roll your tongue to produce the correct sound.
- Animals: Gidyira, Balugan
- Animals (male): Wambi
- Animals (Female): Gunal
- Baby (chicken or Pup): Mangga
- Bandicoot, Long Nosed: Gurawang, Guyand, Gurang
- Bat: Ngarradan
- Bats and Birds (General): Budyaan
- Bilby: Ngundawang, Bilbi, Balbu, Barru
- Brushtail Possum (Male): Gidyay
- Brush Tailed Rock Wallaby: Wirrang, Barrbay
- Bunyip: Waawii seema
- Butterfly: Budyabudya
- Cattle: Gurruganbalang
- Cockatoo: Guwariyan
- Common Wallaroo: Walaruu, Yulama
- Dingo: Yugay, Warragul, Dinggu, Dawarang, Garingali (female)
- Dog: Mirri
- Echidna: Wandayali, Wandhayirra, Ganyi, Ginaginbaany, Guwandiyala, Wambiyala
- Emu: Dinawan
- Frog: Gulaangga
- Horse: Yarraman
- Horse (stallion): Yindaay
- Kangaroo: Wambuwany
- Kangaroo (Red, Female): Bandhaa
- Koala: Burrandhang
- Kookaburra: Gugubarra
- Magpie: Garuu
- Owl: Ngugug
- Platypus: Biladurang
- Possum: Wilay
- Snake: Gadi
- Sugar Glider: Gindaany
- Swan: Dhundhu
- Wild Cat: Mabi, Babila, Mugiiny-mabi
- Wombat: Wambad
Ngawa: Yes (Pronounced ŋa-wa)
Wiray: No (Pronounced ɥi-ɾe)
Gunya: Home (Pronounced gu- ɲa)
Walang: Money/Pebbles (Pronounced wa-laŋ)
- Mother: Gunhi
- Father: Babiin
- Son: Wurrumany
- Sister (older): Mingaan
- Sister (younger): Minhi
- Brother (older): Gaagang
- Brother (younger): Gagamin
- Girl: Migay
- Boy: Birrany
- Baby: Gudha
- Grandmother: Badhiin, Baaydyin
Widyu-ndhu yuwin ngulung? What’s your name?
Yuwin ngadhi James. My name is James.
Ngandhi nginha? Who’s this one?
Nginha gunhi. This is mother.
Yamandhu marang? Are you well?
Ngawa baladhu marang. Yes I’m well.
Marang nganha. That’s good.
- One: Ngumbaay
- Two: Bula
- Three: Bula ngumbaay
- Dancing: Waganha
- Digging: Wangarra
- Laughing: Gindanha
- Swimming: Bambinya
- Hands: Murra
- Backside/Breasts: Bubul
- Wiradjuri reference at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
- Wiradjuri at the Australian Indigenous Languages Database, Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies
- "Wiradjuri". Oxford English Dictionary (3rd ed.). Oxford University Press. September 2005.
- Dixon, R. M. W. (2002). Australian Languages: Their Nature and Development. Cambridge University Press. p. xxxiv.
- There is quite some confusion over the names Wirraayarray, Wiriyarray, and Wirray Wirray. See AIATSIS:Wirraayaraay.
- How a language transformed a town
- ABC news interview with Grant
- Günther, James (1892). "Grammar and Vocabulary of the Aboriginal dialect called Wirradhuri". In Fraser, John. An Australian Language. Sydney: Government printer. pp. 56–120 of appendix.
- Hale, Horatio (1846). "The languages of Australia". Ethnography and philology. Vol VI of Reports of the United States Exploring Expedition, under the command of Charles Wilkes. New York: Lea and Blanchard. pp. 457–531.
- Hosking, Dianne; McNicol, Sally (1993). Wiradjuri. Panther Publishing.
- Mathews, R. H. (Jul–Dec 1904). "The Wiradyuri and Other Languages of New South Wales". The Journal of the Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland (The Journal of the Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland, Vol. 34) 34: 284–305. doi:10.2307/2843103. JSTOR 2843103.
- McNicol, Sally; Hosking, Dianne (1994). "Wiradjuri". In Nick Thieberger, William McGregor. Macquarie Aboriginal Words. Sydney: Macquarie Library. pp. 79–99.
- Wiradjuri language materials
- profiles of Grant and Rudder
- Peter Andren MP with material on the Wiradjuri
|Wikisource has original text related to this article:|
- Wiradjuri Dictionary (Wiradjuri to English and Vice Versa) (dead link)
- Learning Resources
- More information on Learning Wiradjuri
- Learn Wiradjuri at TAFE