1390s in England
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
(Redirected from 1390 in England)
|1370s | 1380s | 1390s | 1400s | 1410s|
Events from the 1390s in England.
- Parliament passes a statute forbidding retainers to wear livery whilst off-duty.
- Statute of Provisors prohibits clergy from accepting benefices from the Pope.
- September – the Duke of Hereford (the future King Henry IV of England) supports the Teutonic Knights at the siege of Vilnius in the Lithuanian Civil War.
- John Gower's poem Confessio Amantis is completed.
- Parliament re-asserts royal prerogatives.
- King Richard II retakes control of London.
- Thomas of Woodstock, 1st Duke of Gloucester created Lieutenant of Ireland but forbidden to actually travel there.
- Penistone Grammar School, which will in the late 20th century become one of the first community comprehensive schools in England, is founded near Barnsley.
- Hundred Years' War: Peace negotiations between England and France at Calais.
- Rebellion in northern England protesting at peace negotiations with France is quickly suppressed.
- Statute of Praemunire makes it an offence to promote Papal Bulls or excommunications.
- The hammerbeam roof of Westminster Hall is commissioned from royal carpenter Hugh Herland.
- Approximate date – Julian of Norwich begins to write Revelations of Divine Love about her sixteen mystical visions.
- 10 February – John Beaufort becomes Earl of Somerset.
- 6 June – Richard Whittington is nominated as Lord Mayor of London for the first time.
- 25 September – Thomas Arundel succeeds William Courtenay as Archbishop of Canterbury.
- 29 September – John Holland, Earl of Huntingdon is created Duke of Exeter by his half-brother Richard II.
- 8 November – Roger Walden enthroned as Archbishop of Canterbury after Thomas Arundel is banished from the realm by King Richard II.
- Thomas Holland, 3rd Earl of Kent, John's brother is created Duke of Surrey by King Richard.
- Richard II attempts to reassert authority over his kingdom by arresting members of a group of powerful barons known as the Lords Appellant.
- September – Parliament condemns the Lords Appellant, impeaching Duke of Gloucester, Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel, and Thomas de Beauchamp, 12th Earl of Warwick.
- 27 January – Parliament meets at Shrewsbury and annuls the acts of the 1388 Parliament.
- 16 September – King Richard stops a duel between his cousin, Henry of Bolingbroke, and Thomas de Mowbray, 1st Duke of Norfolk.
- King Richard II exiles both Henry Bolingbroke and the Duke of Norfolk for ten years in order to end their feud.
- Mount Grace Priory is established in Yorkshire.
- 3 February – death of John of Gaunt, uncle of King Richard II and father of Henry Bolingbroke.
- 18 March – Richard II cancels the legal documents allowing the exiled Henry Bolingbroke to inherit his father's land.
- 23 April – St George's Day in England is first officially celebrated as a holiday.
- 1 June – Richard travels to Ireland to suppress a rebellion.
- July – Henry Bolingbroke, with exiled former Archbishop of Canterbury Thomas Arundel as an advisor, returns to England and begins a military campaign to reclaim his confiscated land.
- August – having returned from Ireland, Richard is taken prisoner by Henry's followers at Conway Castle.
- 29 September – abdication of Richard II, the first for an English monarch.
- 30 September – Parliament accepts Henry Bolingbroke as the new king.
- 13 October – coronation of Henry IV of England.
- 21 October – Thomas Arundel is restored as Archbishop of Canterbury, replacing Roger Walden.
- Michael de la Pole, 3rd Earl of Suffolk (died 1415)
- Approximate date – William Canynge, merchant (died 1474)
- 14 August – John FitzAlan, 2nd Baron Arundel, soldier (born 1364)
- John Arderne, surgeon (born 1307)
- 22 February – John Devereux, 1st Baron Devereux (year of birth unknown)
- 25 April – Thomas Holland, 2nd Earl of Kent (born c. 1350)
- 3 June – William de Montacute, 2nd Earl of Salisbury, military leader (born 1328)
- 15 September – Adam Easton, Catholic Cardinal (year of birth unknown)
- 21 September – Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel, military leader (executed) (born 1346)
- Palmer, Alan; Palmer, Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 112–115. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
- Gudavičius, Edvardas (1999). Lietuvos istorija. Nuo seniausių laikų iki 1569 metų (in Lithuanian). Vilnius: Lietuvos rašytojų sąjungos leidykla. pp. 173–174. ISBN 9986-39-112-1.
- "The hammer-beam roof". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2012-03-20.
- Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp. 170–171. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
- Groom, Nick (2007). The Union Jack: the story of the British flag (Paperback ed.). London: Atlantic Books. p. 59. ISBN 978-1-84354-337-4.
- Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.