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Millennium: 2nd millennium
June 30: Russians take 4,000 Ottoman defenders prisoner in conquest of Ochakiv..
1737 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1737
Ab urbe condita2490
Armenian calendar1186
Assyrian calendar6487
Balinese saka calendar1658–1659
Bengali calendar1144
Berber calendar2687
British Regnal year10 Geo. 2 – 11 Geo. 2
Buddhist calendar2281
Burmese calendar1099
Byzantine calendar7245–7246
Chinese calendar丙辰年 (Fire Dragon)
4434 or 4227
    — to —
丁巳年 (Fire Snake)
4435 or 4228
Coptic calendar1453–1454
Discordian calendar2903
Ethiopian calendar1729–1730
Hebrew calendar5497–5498
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1793–1794
 - Shaka Samvat1658–1659
 - Kali Yuga4837–4838
Holocene calendar11737
Igbo calendar737–738
Iranian calendar1115–1116
Islamic calendar1149–1150
Japanese calendarGenbun 2
Javanese calendar1661–1662
Julian calendarGregorian minus 11 days
Korean calendar4070
Minguo calendar175 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar269
Thai solar calendar2279–2280
Tibetan calendar阳火龙年
(male Fire-Dragon)
1863 or 1482 or 710
    — to —
(female Fire-Snake)
1864 or 1483 or 711
March 28: Battle of Delhi

1737 (MDCCXXXVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar, the 1737th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 737th year of the 2nd millennium, the 37th year of the 18th century, and the 8th year of the 1730s decade. As of the start of 1737, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.




  • April 5 – French Jesuit priest Jean-François Régis is canonized as Saint Regis by the Roman Catholic Church under the reign of Pope Clement XII.
  • April 22
    • In Afghanistan, Persian shah Nader Shah begins the 11-month Siege of Kandahar against the Pashtun Emir of Afghanistan, Hussain Hotak.[7] The surviving Afghanis surrender on March 24, 1738.
    • Lots are first advertised for sale in the new town of Richmond, Virginia, by the placement of a notice by William Byrd in the Virginia Gazette. According to the paper, "... on the North Side of James River, near the Uppermost Landing, and a little below the Falls, is lately laid off by Major Mayo, a Town, called Richmond, with Streets 65 Feet wide, in a pleasant and healthy Situation, and well supply'd with Springs of good Water. It lies near the Publick Warehouse at Shoccoe's, and in the midst of great Quantities of Grain, and all kind of Provisions. The Lots will be granted in Fee Simple, on Condition only of building a House in Three Years Time, of 24 by 16 Feet, fronting within 5 Feet of the Street. The Lots to be rated according to the Convenience of their Situation, and to be sold after this April General Court, by me, William Byrd."[8]
  • May 28 – The planet Venus passes in front of Mercury. The event is witnessed during the evening hours, by the amateur astronomer John Bevis, at the Royal Greenwich Observatory. As of 2006, it is still the only such planet/planet occultation that has been directly observed.
  • June 21 – In Britain, the Theatrical Licensing Act requires plays to be submitted to the Lord Chamberlain for censorship.
  • June 30Russo-Turkish War, 1735-1739: Russian forces under Field Marshal Munnich storm the Ottoman fortress of Ochakov, and take prisoner 4,000 Turks.



Date unknown[edit]


Thomas Paine


Antonio Stradivari


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  2. ^ Hassall, Arthur (1907). The Balance of Power, 1715-1789. New York: Macmillan. p. 119.
  3. ^ Historical Calendar (Philippine National Historical Commission, 1970), p11
  4. ^ "Today in Philippine History", The Kahimyang Project.
  5. ^ "On the cause of the eccentricity of the woody layers which one perceives when one cuts horizontally the trunk of a tree" (De la cause de l'excentricité des couches ligneuses qu'on apperçoit quand on coupe horisontalement le tronc d'un arbre).
  6. ^ a b Marley, David (1998). Wars of the Americas: A Chronology of Armed Conflict in the New World, 1492 to the Present. Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO. p. 250.
  7. ^ Jaffar, Shazia; Raza, Khalid (2018). "Mir Naseer khan Noori, A great Baloch ruler (his victories and policies towards Balochistan)" (PDF). Journal of Education and Humanities Research: 279. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 28, 2020. Retrieved July 28, 2020.
  8. ^ "Advertisement for the Founding of Richmond (1737)", online Encyclopedia of Virginia
  9. ^ Gundogdu, Dr. Raşit (2020). "Mahmud Khan I". The Sultans of the Ottoman Empire. Rumuz Publishing. p. 163.
  10. ^ Davis, Lee, ed. (2004). Natural Disasters. Facts on File Science Library. Facts On File, Inc. p. 241.
  11. ^ Warme, Lars G., ed. (1996). A History of Swedish Literature. University of Nebraska Press. p. 114.
  12. ^ Tsunami: Where they Happen and Why Archived November 21, 2008, at the Wayback Machine- Fathom
  13. ^ Wurzbach, Constantin von (1869). Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich: Nabielak – Odelga. Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich (in German). Vol. 20. p. 316.
  14. ^ "History of William Petty, 2nd Earl of Shelburne - GOV.UK". www.gov.uk. Retrieved July 1, 2023.
  • The Annual Catalogue – List of History, Divinity, Law, Poetry, Plays, Novels, Painting, Architecture, and all other Sciences books published in London in 1737