1737 in Canada

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Years: 1734 1735 1736 1737 1738 1739 1740

Events from the year 1737 in Canada.

Incumbents[edit]

Governors[edit]

Events[edit]

  • Marguerite d'Youville (Born Varennes, France October 15, 1701 Died December 28, 1771) and some friends in Montreal, begin taking in the poor and educating abandoned children.

Births[edit]

Full date unknown[edit]

Deaths[edit]

Historical documents[edit]

Ways French try to surpass British include linking Canada and Louisiana through wheat- and lead-rich Great Lakes province called "Hanois(e)"[1]

Intendant says Canadians "have a too-high opinion of Themselves [to achieve] the success they are capable of in the arts, Agriculture and Commerce"[2]

French priest gets tough with shipwreck victims, calling their despair criminal in eyes of God, to whom they should offer their pain[3]

Shipwrecked priest learns respect for Indigenous people "whom a false prejudice makes us suppose incapable of thinking or reasoning"[4]

Ship carrying sugar from Jamaica to London loses 17 drowned plus one of three who made it to shore after it wrecks on Sable Island[5]

Minas Indigenous people are accused of forcing sloop captain and crew to give up trade cargo worth £1,546 New England currency[6]

Pre-teen servant confesses to intentionally burning his master's house, and Council delays judgment pending legal advice from Boston[7]

Board of Trade submits proposal for settlement of Nova Scotia under trustee-appointed council until assembly and government can be established[8]

Unemployed London carpenters and other artisans request free passage to and 200-acre grants in 14-miles-square township in Nova Scotia[9]

King's rent collector must: take in quit-rents, fines and arrearages; note all sales, exchanges and wills; and "take a Particular Account" of strangers[10]

In Nova Scotia, "all discoverers of mines or minerals [will have] an equal share with those who own and work them"[11]

Noting his seizure of smugglers' ship in Newfoundland, Navy captain hopes new admiralty court there will end such long-practised trade[12]

Mission society has missionaries at Trinity Bay, Newf. and Albany, N.Y. ("to the Mohawk-Indians") and schoolmasters at Annapolis Royal and Canso[13]

Trinity Bay can't support its missionary after "catching little Fish for two or three Voyages, and selling at a bad Market"[14]

Massachusetts governor gives brief details of military assets in Canada, and warns of danger to trade and Indigenous relations[15]

Gov. Belcher reports good results from talks and local contacts with Penobscot, citing benefit of "honestly and justly" observing treaties[16]

New York lieutenant governor will meet Six Nations to renew treaties and "keep them from" allowing French fort in Seneca country[17]

N.Y. lieutenant governor reports complaint from Gov. Beauharnois and query to Oswego officer about shooting at French canoe passing by[18]

Arthur Dobbs calls Hudson's Bay Company's 1736 bid to find Northwest Passage "idle or faulty," and company "unwilling to make the Attempt"[19]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "From the Daily-Post, London" The New-York Gazette (August 29, 1737), images 2-3. Accessed 9 August 2021
  2. ^ Gilles Hocquart, "Description of Canadians" (translation; 1737), France Archives nationales. Accessed 19 July 2021
  3. ^ Letter V (February 28, 1742), Voyages of Rev. Father Emmanuel Crespel, in Canada, and His Shipwreck, While Returning to France (1742), pgs. 173-4. (See how priest comforts dying comrades) Accessed 14 September 2021
  4. ^ "we saw a large cabin" Voyages of Rev. Father Emmanuel Crespel, in Canada, and His Shipwreck, While Returning to France (1742), pgs. 198 (bottom) - 200. Accessed 14 September 2021
  5. ^ "Boston, Sept. 17" The New-York Gazette ("From Monday Sept. 12 to September 19, 1737"), image 3. Accessed 9 August 2021
  6. ^ Council meeting minutes (June 10, 18 and 20, 1737), Nova Scotia Archives; Minutes of H.M. Council, 1736-1749, pgs. 14-18. Accessed 30 July 2021
  7. ^ Council meeting minutes (April 20-1, 1737), Nova Scotia Archives; Minutes of H.M. Council, 1736-1749, pgs. 11-14. Accessed 30 July 2021
  8. ^ "246 Council of Trade and Plantations to Committee of Privy Council" (April 22, 1737), Calendar of State Papers Colonial, America and West Indies: Volume 43, 1737. Accessed 5 August 2021
  9. ^ "201 i Petition of divers of H.M.'s subjects for a tract of land in Nova Scotia and a charter of incorporation" (April 4, 1737), Calendar of State Papers Colonial, America and West Indies: Volume 43, 1737. Accessed 5 August 2021
  10. ^ Instructions to incoming Gatherer of Rents (December 28, 1737) Nova Scotia Archives; Commission Book, 1720-1741, pgs. 217-18. Accessed 30 July 2021
  11. ^ "Proclamation for Settling the Province" (October 20, 1737), Nova Scotia Archives; Commission Book, 1720-1741, pg. 210. Accessed 30 July 2021
  12. ^ "Captain Fitzroy Henry Lee to Council of Trade and Plantations" (September 21, 1737), Calendar of State Papers Colonial, America and West Indies: Volume 43, 1737. Accessed 4 August 2021
  13. ^ The Names of the Society's Missionaries, Chatechists, and School-Masters (as of January 31, 1737), A Sermon Preached before the Incorporated Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts (1738), pgs. 50-1. Accessed 29 July 2021
  14. ^ Letter to Incorporated Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts (November 17, 1737), A Sermon Preached before the Incorporated Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts (1738), pgs. 36-7. Accessed 29 July 2021
  15. ^ "121 i (16-17) Answer of Governor of Massachusetts to several queries received from Council of Trade and Plantations" (March 2, 1737), Calendar of State Papers Colonial, America and West Indies: Volume 43, 1737. Accessed 4 August 2021
  16. ^ "The Speech of His Excellency Jonathan Belcher" The New-York Gazette (June 6, 1737), pg. 1. Accessed 9 August 2021
  17. ^ 275 Letter of Lt. Gov. George Clarke (May 9, 1737), Calendar of State Papers Colonial, America and West Indies: Volume 43, 1737. Accessed 5 August 2021 (See details of meeting in speech by Clarke)
  18. ^ 211, 211 i-iv Correspondence of Lt. Gov. George Clarke (1736-7), Calendar of State Papers Colonial, America and West Indies: Volume 43, 1737. Accessed 5 August 2021
  19. ^ Arthur Dobbs, Letters III-IX Appendix, Remarks upon Capt. Middleton's Defence (1744), pgs. 90-9. (See Evidence that HBC did not support search for passage, pgs. 18-20) Accessed 29 July 2021