2000 in science
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The year 2000 in science and technology involved some significant events.
Astronomy and space exploration
- May 4 – A rare astronomical conjunction occurs on the New Moon including all seven of the traditional celestial bodies known from ancient times until the discovery of Uranus in 1781; this conjunction consists of the Sun and Moon, Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn.
- August 10 – Publication of the M-sigma relation in The Astrophysical Journal.
- June 26 – 'Rough draft' of the human genome is announced jointly by President of the United States Bill Clinton and British Prime Minister Tony Blair.
- December 14 – The full genome sequence of the flowering plant Arabidopsis thaliana is published in Nature.
- 10-year Census of Marine Life launched.
- March 4 – Sony Computer Entertainment releases the PlayStation 2 sixth generation home video game console in Japan.
- March 14 – Stephen King's horror story Riding the Bullet is published in e-book format only, the world's first mass-market electronic book.
- March – Iceberg B-15, with a surface area of 11,000 km2 (4,200 sq mi), calves from the Ross Ice Shelf of Antarctica.
- April – Cave of the Crystals discovered at the Naica Mine in Mexico.
- January 31 – English doctor Harold Shipman is found guilty of killing fifteen of his elderly patients by lethal injections of diamorphine, the only British physician ever convicted of murdering his patients; he is actually considered to have killed at least 215.
- Nobel Prizes
- Turing Award: Andrew Yao
- Wollaston Medal for Geology: William Sefton Fyfe
- January 19 – G. Ledyard Stebbins (b. 1906), American botanist and geneticist.
- March 7 – W. D. Hamilton (b. 1936), English evolutionary biologist, widely recognised as one of the greatest evolutionary theorists of the 20th century.
- March 10 – Nim Chimpsky (b. 1973), chimpanzee
- May 6 – John Clive Ward (b. 1924), English-born physicist
- May 19 – Yevgeny Khrunov (b. 1933), cosmonaut
- June 14 – Elsie Widdowson (b. 1908), English nutritionist
- July 8 – W. David Kingery (b. 1926), American materials scientist specializing in ceramic materials
- September 20 – Gherman Titov (b. 1935), cosmonaut
- October 4 – Michael Smith (b. 1932), English-born Canadian chemist, 1993 Nobel Prize winner
- November 20 – Nikolay Dollezhal (b. 1899), a key figure in Soviet atomic bomb project and chief designer of nuclear reactors