|Dates of operation||1 April 2015–31 March 2022|
Abellio ScotRail, operating services under the name ScotRail, was the national train operating company of Scotland. A subsidiary of Abellio, it operated the ScotRail franchise from 1 April 2015, taking over from predecessor First ScotRail.
The franchise ended on 31 March 2022 and was replaced by ScotRail, an operator of last resort owned by the Scottish Government.
In November 2013, Transport Scotland announced that Abellio, Arriva, FirstGroup, MTR Corporation and National Express had been shortlisted to bid for the new ScotRail franchise. In October 2014, the franchise was awarded to Abellio. The franchise was to operate for seven years with a three-year extension available contingent on performance criteria being met. Abellio began operating the franchise on 1 April 2015 and it opened the Borders Railway on 6 September 2015.
In June 2016, the RMT union announced that train conductors would be going on strike several times during the summer months in protest at more driver only trains. Six 24-hour and three 48-hour strikes were held on ScotRail services during June and July 2016. An agreement was reached in September 2016, bringing an end to the dispute. It was agreed that the new Class 385 trains would have the doors controlled by both the driver and the conductors, the driver opening the doors and the conductors closing them.
On 20 January 2017 the managing director of ScotRail and the ScotRail alliance stepped down from his role after 18 months in the company. Within a few days Alex Hynes was named as the new managing director.
Having failed to meet the performance criteria necessary to gain a three-year extension, the franchise concluded on 31 March 2022 with ScotRail taking over the franchise as an operator of last resort.
Abellio ScotRail took over all of the services operated by First ScotRail on 1 April 2015, except for the Caledonian Sleeper services, which were transferred to a separate franchise operated by Serco. The franchise agreement required the introduction of 'Great Scottish Scenic Railway' trains on the West Highland, Far North, Kyle, Borders Railway and Glasgow South Western lines. Steam special services were also promoted by Abellio ScotRail.
Due to the delayed delivery of ScotRail's refurbished Inter7City trains, the company was unable to introduce its new Intercity timetable at the same time as the introduction of the Edinburgh - Arbroath and Montrose - Inverurie commuter services. As a result, the stopping pattern of Glasgow/Edinburgh to Aberdeen services is irregular, making calls at many stations at which there is now a frequent stopping service. The improved Glasgow/Edinburgh to Inverness timetable will be introduced along with the Glasgow/Edinburgh to Aberdeen timetable from December 2020.
With the completion of the Inverness - Aberdeen Improvement Plan, an hourly service will operate between the two cities, with half hourly services between Elgin and Inverness/Inverurie and Aberdeen that will serve the two new stations of Dalcross and Kintore. In addition to this, a selection of Inter7City services will operate between Inverness and the Central Belt via Aberdeen, calling at only a couple of stations between Inverness and Aberdeen.
In December 2019, it was announced by the Scottish government that the franchise would end in 2022 due to poor performance. It was also confirmed that an operator of last resort (OLR) controlled by the Scottish government would take over the franchise in April 2022.
In March 2021, it was announced that the RMT union was to ballot conductors for an indefinite overtime ban following Abellio ScotRail refusing to pay its conductors overtime payments for working rest days, which led to no services on many routes. In April, ticket examiners were balloted for the same dispute, and most trains operated by ScotRail did not run on Sundays as a result. The dispute ended in October 2021, with a deal reached between the union and the operator.
Abellio ScotRail operated 352 stations in Scotland. Not included were Prestwick International Airport station, owned and operated by the airport, as well as both Edinburgh Waverley and Glasgow Central, which are managed by Network Rail. Abellio ScotRail operated Lockerbie even though none of its services called there. It also took over management of Dunbar, previously operated by Virgin Trains East Coast, in June 2015.
Abellio ScotRail's fleet was maintained at Edinburgh Haymarket, Glasgow Eastfield, Glasgow Shields Road, Corkerhill Glasgow, Yoker, Ayr Townhead, Bathgate and Inverness as well as a newly built EMU stabling depot at Millerhill in Midlothian and a rebuilt depot at Cadder Yard.
Abellio ScotRail operated a diverse fleet of DMUs, EMUs and loco-hauled stock. From 10 December 2017, Class 380 EMUs were introduced onto services between Glasgow and Edinburgh via Falkirk High (also serving Croy, Polmont, Linlithgow and Haymarket). This was the first step in creating an entirely electric service between the two cities which was expected to start in October 2018 with Class 385 EMUs, which should have entered service in December 2017, but were subsequently delayed due to a windscreen fault.[needs update]
Fleet at end of franchise
This section needs additional citations for verification. (April 2022)
Abellio ScotRail was intending to introduce a brand new fleet of 46 three-car and 24 four-car Class 385 electric trains from December 2017, to operate services on the lines being electrified as part of the Edinburgh to Glasgow Improvement Programme. However, due to infrastructure problems, and issues with the trains involving software and windscreen issues, their introduction was delayed until September. To cover for the shortfall in rolling stock, Abellio ScotRail hired 10 Class 365 units from Great Northern. These entered service in June 2018.
From October 2018, Abellio ScotRail introduced former Great Western Railway HSTs on services between Edinburgh, Glasgow, Aberdeen and Inverness, branded as "Inter7City" in reference to Scotland's seven main cities. The Mark 3 coaches all have refurbished interiors and are fitted with powered doors. There will be 26 sets: 17 five-car and 9 four-car trains. As with the Class 385s there have been delays getting the refurbished trains into service. As a result, some HST sets were pressed into service without refurbishment to allow for others to have refurbishment completed. As of May 2020, ScotRail operates an entirely refurbished HST fleet.
This new rolling stock resulted in ten Class 156, eight Class 158 and 21 Class 170 sets returning to their leasing companies when their leases expired in 2018. Transport Scotland negotiated to retain an extra 13 Class 170s to support services through Fife to Aberdeen, the Fife Circle Line (replacing the Class 68/Mark 2 sets), and the Borders railway. Arriva Rail North received five of the 156s, all the 158s and 16 of the 170s. Five Class 170s (170416-170420) moved to East Midlands Railway in 2020.
This new rolling stock resulted in ten Class 156, eight Class 158 and 21 Class 170 sets returning to their leasing companies when their leases expired in 2018. Transport Scotland negotiated to retain an extra 13 Class 170s to support services through Fife to Aberdeen, the Fife Circle Line, and the Borders railway. Arriva Rail North received five of the 156s, all 8 of the 158s and 16 of the 170s. Five Class 170s (170416-170420) moved to East Midlands Railway in 2020.
Former train types operated by ScotRail include:
- ^ "ScotRail: Key Statistics - Table 2.10" (PDF). Office of Rail and Road. 9 July 2019. Archived (PDF) from the original on 4 February 2021. Retrieved 30 January 2021.
- ^ Companies House extract company no SC450732 Archived 14 October 2014 at the Wayback Machine ScotRail Limited
- ^ "ScotRail Franchise". Transport Scotland. Archived from the original on 27 July 2022. Retrieved 28 March 2022.
- ^ "ScotRail goes back into public ownership". BBC News. 1 April 2022. Archived from the original on 27 July 2022. Retrieved 1 April 2022.
- ^ "Scotrail franchise shortlist named" Archived 28 September 2018 at the Wayback Machine BBC News 1 November 2013
- ^ "Dutch firms wins ScotRail franchise from FirstGroup" Archived 21 April 2016 at the Wayback Machine BBC News 8 October 2014
- ^ a b c "Abellio awarded ScotRail franchise" Archived 5 April 2016 at the Wayback Machine Railway Gazette International 8 October 2014
- ^ "Abellio awarded contract to operate Scotland's National Railway, ScotRail" (Press release). Abellio. n.d. Archived from the original on 15 April 2016. Retrieved 8 October 2014.
- ^ Borders railway Archived 8 September 2015 at the Wayback Machine Transport Scotland
- ^ ScotRail workers to stage series of six strikes, RMT says Archived 16 July 2018 at the Wayback Machine BBC News 14 June 2016
- ^ RMT members accept ScotRail deal over conductors Archived 20 June 2018 at the Wayback Machine BBC News 5 October 2016
- ^ "ScotRail chief Phil Verster in surprise resignation". www.railnews.co.uk. 20 January 2017. Archived from the original on 3 February 2017. Retrieved 25 January 2017.
- ^ "Alex Hynes named as new ScotRail Alliance managing director". BBC News. 23 January 2017. Archived from the original on 26 January 2017. Retrieved 25 January 2017.
- ^ "Scotland's train operator ScotRail to be nationalised". BBC News. 17 March 2021. Archived from the original on 17 March 2021. Retrieved 17 March 2021.
- ^ "Serco wins franchise for Caledonian sleeper train service" Archived 29 May 2014 at the Wayback Machine BBC News 28 May 2014
- ^ ScotRail Franchise Archived 2 April 2015 at the Wayback Machine Transport Scotland
- ^ ScotRail announces second summer of steam on Borders Railway Archived 9 January 2017 at the Wayback Machine ScotRail 14 June 2016
- ^ Morrow, Daniel (28 October 2021). "ScotRail to run 'as many trains as possible' as Sunday services return after seven months". Daily Record. Archived from the original on 31 October 2021. Retrieved 31 October 2021.
- ^ "Estimates of station usage - Office of Rail and Road". orr.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 10 July 2014. Retrieved 21 October 2018.
- ^ Station Access Application Archived 24 October 2014 at the Wayback Machine. Office of Rail Regulation.
- ^ Our stations Archived 10 April 2014 at the Wayback Machine. Network Rail.
- ^ ScotRail Franchise Invitation to Tender Archived 13 October 2014 at the Wayback Machine. Transport Scotland. 23 January 2014.
- ^ Facts & Figures Archived 20 October 2014 at the Wayback Machine Abellio ScotRail
- ^ "ScotRail franchise facts & figures" Rail issue 759 15 October 2014 page 8.
- ^ "New ScotRail trains to ease crush on Edinburgh - Glasgow line". The Scotsman. Edinburgh. 23 April 2018. Archived from the original on 25 April 2018.
- ^ a b Lissenberg, Ferry (16 October 2018). "Scotrail starts Inter7City service with refurbished HSTs". Railcolor. Archived from the original on 18 October 2018. Retrieved 18 October 2018.
- ^ ScotRail HST fleet plans Archived 16 October 2015 at the Wayback Machine Rail 1 September 2015
- ^ a b "Abellio takes over ScotRail" Today's Railways UK issue 162 June 2015 page 12
- ^ a b ScotRail rail revolution declared as 39 carriages to be retained by ScotRail instead of going elsewhere Archived 2 April 2016 at the Wayback Machine Rail.co.uk 25 March 2016
- ^ a b Abellio ScotRail franchise agreement Archived 29 November 2015 at the Wayback Machine Transport Scotland
- ^ a b New trains accelerate the cascade of UK fleets Rail issue 893 4 December 2019 page 28