Mobico Group

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
(Redirected from National Express)

Mobico Group
FormerlyNational Express Group plc
Company typePublic limited
Founded1972; 52 years ago (1972)
FounderNational Bus Company
HeadquartersBirmingham, England
Area served
  • Europe
  • North America
Key people
RevenueIncrease £3,150.9 million (2023)[1]
Decrease £168.6 million (2023)[1]
Increase £(162.7) million (2023)[1]
Number of employees
46,200 (2024)[2]

Mobico Group, formerly National Express Group, is a British multinational public transport company with headquarters in Birmingham, England.[3] Domestically it currently operates bus and coach services under brands including National Express. The company also operates transport services including trains abroad: in the Republic of Ireland, United States, Canada, Spain, Portugal, Malta, Germany, Bahrain, and Morocco, and long-distance coach services across Europe.


Early years[edit]

National Express logo, which was formerly also the brand and name used for the company itself
Duple Dominant bodied Leyland Tiger in Liverpool in 1982 in the original livery
Midland Mainline High Speed Train at London St Pancras
Travel London Alexander ALX400 bodied Dennis Trident 2 at Trafalgar Square in April 2008

In 1972, the state-owned National Bus Company decided to bring together the scheduled coach services operated by its bus operating companies in the United Kingdom under one brand. Sir Frederick Wood, a prominent businessman and industrialist, was asked to oversee the creation of this new business model and led the group as its chairman from 1972 to 1978.[4] Initially branded as National, the National Express brand was first used in 1974.[5][6]

With the privatisation of the National Bus Company in the 1980s, National Express was subject to a management buyout in March 1988. The management team pursued various means of diversification; during 1989, the company purchased Crosville Wales.[7]


Starting in early 1990s, National Express' financial performance began to deteriorate; this led to a new management team taking over the company in July 1991 which had the backing of ECI Partners, a mid-market private equity firm. The new team refocused the group on its core activities, leading to the sale of Crosville Wales to British Bus.[8] During October 1991, it purchased Speedlink, an operator of coach services between Gatwick and Heathrow Airports.[6] In December 1992, National Express Group plc was floated on the London Stock Exchange.[5]

In 1993, Scottish Citylink, Eurolines and East Midlands Airport were acquired.[9][10] During April 1995, National Express purchased West Midlands Travel, the formerly council-owned bus network of Birmingham and the West Midlands;[5] it was rebranded Travel West Midlands in September 1996. This move began the brand family of Travel ... local bus operations. Bournemouth Airport was acquired in April 1995.[11]

During April 1996, National Express commenced operating its first UK railway franchises, Gatwick Express and Midland Mainline. One year later, three other franchises were awarded, these being Silverlink, Central Trains and ScotRail. To comply with a Monopolies & Mergers Commission ruling on it winning the ScotRail franchise, National Express sold the Scottish Citylink operation to Metroline in August 1998.[12][13]

In February 1997, Taybus Public Transport was acquired and rebranded Travel Dundee.[14]

During September 1998, Crabtree-Harmon, the seventh-largest student transportation bus company in the United States was acquired, with 82 school bus contracts mainly in Missouri, but also in other Midwest states including Colorado, Iowa, Kansas, Oklahoma and Utah. During February 1999, Robinson Bus Service was purchased; it was followed in August 1999 by Durham Transportation. These acquisitions placed National Express as one of the top three United States school bus operators.[15]

In May 1999, National Express purchased Australia's largest private bus operator, National Bus Company.[16] National Bus Company had bus operations in Brisbane, Melbourne and Perth, and also held a 57% shareholding in Westbus, Sydney's largest bus operator. Westbus also had a London coach operation.[17] In August 1999, National Express was awarded the M>Train, M>Tram and V/Line Passenger rail franchises in the Australian state of Victoria.[18][19]


During January 2000, National Express expanded into the American market by acquiring ATC, a public transportation operator.[20] In July 2000, Prism Rail was purchased, though which the c2c, Wales & Borders, Wessex Trains and West Anglia Great Northern franchises were added to National Express' portfolio.[21][22]

In December 2002, National Express handed in its rail franchises in Victoria, Australia, having been unable to renegotiate financial terms with the State Government.[23][24]

During February 2004, the London bus operations of Connex were purchased and rebranded Travel London.[25] In April 2004, National Express East Anglia commenced operating the Greater Anglia rail franchise.[26] In September 2004, National Express sold its Melbourne bus operations to Ventura Bus Lines, and Brisbane and Perth bus operations to Connex.[27][28] After being placed in administration in January 2005, Westbus was sold to ComfortDelGro Cabcharge in August 2005.[29][30]

In June 2005, the London bus arm of Tellings-Golden Miller was purchased by National Express, after which it was rebranded as Travel London.[31] During July 2005, National Express sold ATC to Connex.[32] In October 2005, the company agreed to buy most of the operations of privately owned Spanish transport operator ALSA, which operates bus and coach services in Spain, Portugal and Morocco, and long-distance coach services to other parts of Europe. Alsa's operations in South America and China were retained by the previous owners.[33]

In April 2007, National Express acquired Continental Auto, the second-largest bus and coach operator in Spain.[34]

Dot2Dot Volkswagen in London in April 2008

During November 2007, South East England coach operator The Kings Ferry was purchased[35] and an airport to hotel shuttle service in London branded Dot2Dot was launched.[36] Dot2Dot did not prove to be commercially viable and thus ceased operations in November 2008.[37]

In November 2007, National Express announced plans to re-brand all of their operations under a new unified National Express identity. It was intended to achieve greater recognition for all the group companies, to coincide with recent acquisitions and after current rail operations had improved in reliability to warrant association with the established express coach image. It coincided with the appointment of a group director for all UK operations and relocation of the head office from London to Birmingham, bringing all operations under a single strategic management structure. Day-to-day management remained within individual companies.[38]

During February 2007, the Department for Transport announced that National Express, along with Arriva, First, and Virgin Rail Group, had been shortlisted to lodge bids for the InterCity East Coast franchise.[39] In August 2007, the Department for Transport awarded the Intercity East Coast franchise to National Express, leading to the creation of National Express East Coast (NXEC) shortly thereafter.[40][41] Under the terms of its franchise agreement, National Express committed to paying a £1.4-billion premium to the Department of Transport over a time span of seven years and four months. However, numerous rail analysts promptly voiced concerns that the company had paid too much for the franchise, and had effectively repeated GNER's mistake in order to secure the franchise.[42][43] On 9 December 2007, National Express East Coast commenced operations, taking over from Great North Eastern Railway.[44]

In May 2009, National Express sold Travel London and Travel Surrey to Abellio.[45]

Operational safety concerns[edit]

On 3 January 2007, a speeding National Express coach overturned on the M4/M25 slip road, leaving three passengers dead. The driver was jailed for five years.[46]

In July 2009, a junior transport minister, the Gillingham MP Paul Clark, listed a series of concerns to National Express in a letter following a meeting with an employee of National Express East Coast who lives in his constituency. The worker claimed that, due to reduced maintenance checks, some trains were in use with defective brakes, an allegation that was strongly denied by the company, which stated it would "never compromise on safety". He wrote: "As a result of reduced maintenance checks, 'some long-haul sets [trains] are in use with brake defects'. Increasing cuts in staff combined with an increasing pressure to ensure that trains run safely has resulted in fears among staff that a major accident is 'just around the corner'." Passengers, he added, "have been 'poisoned' as a result of coffee machines not being cleaned correctly, with cleaning fluids left in situ". The minister said he was "shocked and appalled at the information with which I've been provided. You will understand that these allegations are exceptionally serious".[47]

School bus drivers in the US have raised concerns about the safety of the buses run by Durham, a subsidiary of National Express, and the second-largest operator of school bus services in North America. According to representatives of Durham bus drivers, fluid leaks, tyres that need to be replaced, black mould and non-functional emergency equipment are regular concerns, whilst workers continued to operate buses while sick because they cannot afford to miss a day of work and drivers are not paid for all the time they work.[48]

Default on East Coast rail franchise[edit]

National Express East Coast High Speed Train at London King's Cross in July 2009

By 2009, National Express East Coast had come under increasing financial pressure due to various factors, including compounding rises in fuel prices and the poor economic climate of the time, commonly known as the Great Recession. In contrast to the company's projected revenue increases during its franchise, NXEC's actual operating income (generated primarily from ticket sales) had decreased by 1 percent during the first half of 2009.[49] According to Rail, the franchise had quickly garnered a reputation for cost-cutting and a decline in service levels, particularly in terms of the onboard catering.[43] It had also introduced various new charges, such as a £2.50 per journey leg for seat reservations.[50][51][52]

During April 2009, National Express confirmed that the company was still pursuing talks with the government over possible financial assistance with the franchise, either through a reduction in the premium due or some other form of assistance.[53][43] During these negotiations, the company had reportedly offered to pay over £100 million to be released from its commitment to operate the franchise.[49] In July 2009, the Department for Transport announced that it would take the National Express East Coast franchise into public ownership at the end of the year after National Express announced it would not invest any further funds into the franchise, effectively declaring it planned to default.[54] In defaulting on the franchise, National Express directly incurred losses of £72 million by forfeiting bonds.[49] Directly Operated Railways took over the East Coast franchise on 14 November 2009.[55]

The franchise failure sparked public and industry calls for the permanent public ownership of the InterCity East Coast franchise, or even the complete scrapping of the entire franchise system.[49] In November 2009, the government announced that National Express East Anglia would not be granted a three-year extension that it had otherwise qualified for; this was reportedly a result of the East Coast default.[56][57] However, National Express were subsequently granted an extension until October 2011, followed by another through to February 2012.[58]

Prospective takeover[edit]

Park's of Hamilton Plaxton Elite bodied Volvo B9R in Bolton in April 2013

With the company's finances under stress largely as a result of having overbid for the National Express East Coast rail franchise, National Express became a takeover target in 2009. In June 2009, a takeover offer from fellow transport operator FirstGroup was rejected.[59] On 3 September 2009, National Express' largest shareholder, Spain's Cosmen family with 18.5%, and CVC Capital Partners made a takeover offer of £765 million for the company.[60][61] The Takeover Panel set a deadline of 11 September 2009 for all prospective bids.[62]

During September 2009, National Express agreed to allow the Cosmen/CVC consortium to undertake due diligence.[63] During the following month, the Cosmen/CVC consortium had reportedly reached an agreement to sell the UK bus and rail operations to rival transport operator Stagecoach Group if its offer was successful.[64] The deadline for offers was subsequently extended to 16 October 2009.[65]

On 16 October 2009, the Cosmen/CVC consortium announced that they had withdrawn their offer.[66][67] That same day, Stagecoach submitted its own all-share bid to acquire National Express.[68][69] This, too, did not proceed and, in November 2009, National Express announced it would raise the necessary capital through a share issue.[70]


During February 2013, National Express Germany was awarded two regional rail contracts by the Verkehrsverbund Rhein-Ruhr, Zweckverband Nahverkehr Rheinland and Zweckverband Nahverkehr Westfalen-Lippe authorities that commenced in December 2015.[71][72]

In January 2015, the Bayerische Eisenbahngesellschaft announced that National Express had been selected to operate the Nuremberg S-Bahn system from December 2018. It was to have been the first Deutsche Bahn S-Bahn network to be taken over by a private operator.[73] However, in October 2016, National Express elected to pull out, citing a delay in the ability to order new rolling stock while a challenge brought on by Deutsche Bahn was resolved, would make its bid unviable.[74]

In June 2015, it was announced that the parts 2 and 3 of the Rhein-Ruhr-Express which will be introduced in 2018 will be operated by National Express. This includes Regional-Express services RE4, RE5 and RE6 in Northrhine-Westphalia.[75]

In December 2016, coach operator Clarkes of London was purchased with 56 vehicles.[76][77] In March 2020, Lucketts Travel was purchased.[78][79]

Takeover attempt and rebranding[edit]

During September 2021, it was reported that National Express had entered into talks to acquire Stagecoach Group.[80] In December 2021, a deal was agreed between the boards of the two companies: however, it was subject to both shareholder approval and regulatory scrutiny.[81][82] Having originally recommended shareholders accept the National Express offer, in March 2022, the Stagecoach board of directors withdrew its recommendation in favour of a takeover offer from a DWS managed investment fund.[83][84]

In January 2023, the coach excursion business of seven National Express Transport Solutions companies (Coliseum Coaches, Lucketts Travel, Mortons Travel, Solent Tours, Stewarts Tours, Woods Tours and Worthing Coaches) were brought together under the 'Touromo' brand. Touromo aimed to provide day trips and short breaks to destinations across the UK and Europe as one combined brand, and National Express planned to expand the brand outside the West Midlands and South East England to operate across the United Kingdom.[85][86] Six months later, however, it was announced that Touromo was to cease operations and that National Express Transport Solutions was to cease offering day trips and holiday excursions in October 2023.[87]

In June 2023, National Express changed its name to Mobico Group.[88][89]


Alexander Dennis Enviro400 MMC bus in Birmingham, operated by National Express West Midlands
Touromo Mercedes-Benz Tourismo operated by Lucketts Coaches in June 2023
ALSA Sunsundegui coach in Spain
Durham School Services school bus in New York City
A National Express Caetano Levante coach at Luton Airport in September 2022

National Express' operations are summarised below:[90]


Bus and coach[edit]

The bus and coach services operated by the group are:

  • National Express Coaches (long-distance express and airport coach services in the UK)
  • National Express Transport Solutions
    • Lucketts Travel (private coach hire)
    • The Kings Ferry (commuter services and private coach hire)
    • Stewarts Coaches (private coach hire and tours)
    • Clarkes of London (commuter services and private coach hire)
    • Woods Coaches (private coach hire and tours)
    • Worthing Coaches (private coach hire and tours)
    • Mortons Travel (private coach hire and tours)
    • Coliseum Coaches (private coach hire and tours)
    • Solent Coaches (private coach hire and tours)
  • ALSA including Continental-Auto (coach services in Spain and Western Europe)
  • Dublin Express (Dublin and Belfast services to Dublin Airport)[91]
  • In 2016, National Express coach tickets are distributed through Europe by the online booking platform SoBus.[92]

In July 2023, National Express announced they would be ceasing the operation of coach tours having only launched the Tourismo brand of coach tours in January the same year.[93]


National Express Germany operates a number of train services in the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia.[94]

Following the financial difficulties of Abellio GmbH, National Express was awarded an emergency contract to operate further services in North Rhine-Westphalia from February 2022 to run for two years.[95]

Accessible Transport[edit]

  • National Express Accessible Transport (Door-to-door transport service for anyone who lives in the urban areas of the West Midlands who find it difficult or impossible to use conventional public transport.)

USA and Canada[edit]


  • National Express Transit (transit and paratransit bus operation in the US, formed in 2012)
  • A&S Transportation (school bus operations in Florida)
  • A1A Transportation (school bus operations in Florida)
  • Aristocrat Limousine and Bus (limo and charter bus service in New Jersey)
  • Cook DuPage Transportation (paratransit service in Chicago area)
  • Diamond Transportation (paratransit and shuttle service in Washington, DC area, acquired 2016)[96]
  • Durham School Services (school bus operation in the US)
  • Monroe School Transportation (school and charter bus operations in Rochester, New York)
  • New Dawn Transit (school bus operations in New York City)
  • Petermann Transportation (school bus and special service bus operation in US, acquired 2011)[97]
  • Quality Bus Service (school bus operations in Orange County, New York)
  • Queen City Transportation (school and charter bus operations in Ohio, acquired 2017)[98]
  • Stock Transportation (school bus operation in Canada)
  • Suburban Paratransit (paratransit service in New York)
  • Total Transit (transit and paratransit service in Arizona)[99]
  • Trans Express (shuttle, charter, tour, and casino service in New York, acquired 2015)[100]
  • Trinity Transportation (charter and school service in Michigan, acquired 2017)[101]
  • White Plains Bus (charter service in New York)
  • In July 2014, National Express partners with Canadian-based online booking platform Busbud.[92]

Middle East[edit]


In February 2015, the Bahrain Public Transport Company in which National Express holds a 50% shareholding commenced operating a 10-year concession in Bahrain.[102]

Former operations[edit]


Bus and coach[edit]

Travel Surrey Plaxton Pointer bodied Dennis Dart in Byfleet in December 2008

In May 2009, National Express sold some of its bus operations to Abellio:

In December 2020, National Express sold its Xplore Dundee business to McGill's Bus Services.[103]


Railway and tram[edit]

c2c Class 357 at Upminster in September 2010
Central Trains Class 153 at Lincoln in May 2004

Rail franchises formerly operated:

London & Continental Railways[edit]

National Express had a 17.5% shareholding in London & Continental Railways (L&CR) from its formation in September 1994 until it was nationalised by the Government of the United Kingdom in 2009. L&CR was responsible for building the High Speed 1 project. National Express also held a 40% stake in the Inter-Capital and Regional Rail consortium which held the management contract for the UK arm of the Eurostar operation, L&CR's subsidiary Eurostar International from 1998 to 2010.[106][107]


In the 1990s, National Express moved into the privatisation of airports, purchasing East Midlands, Bournemouth, and Humberside Airports. In a move to concentrate on bus and rail provision, Humberside was sold to Manchester Airports Group in 1999 followed by Bournemouth and East Midlands in February 2001.[108][109]

Until November 2007, the group also operated Stewart International Airport in New Windsor, New York. However, the lease was sold to the public Port Authority of New York and New Jersey.[110]

Australian operations[edit]

Bus and coach[edit]

Westbus Custom Coaches bodied Mercedes-Benz O405 in Sydney

Australian bus companies previously operated:

Railway and tram[edit]

M>Tram B-class tram in Melbourne in August 2001

In 1999, the Group gained the Australian franchises M>Train, M>Tram and V/Line Passenger, following the privatisation of rail and tram services by the Government of Victoria. After incurring large losses and being unable to renegotiate the franchise contracts, the operations were handed back to the State Government. M>Train was re-let to Connex and M>Tram to Transdev. V/Line became a government-owned corporation.[111]

USA and Canada[edit]

Bus and coach[edit]

In popular culture[edit]

National Express features in the song "National Express" by the Divine Comedy, released in 1998.[114]


  1. ^ a b c "Preliminary Results 2023" (PDF). National Express Group. Retrieved 24 April 2024.
  2. ^ "About us". Mobico Group. Retrieved 13 February 2024.
  3. ^ "Mobico Group plc". Companies House.
  4. ^ "Sir Frederick Wood". The Guardian. 24 March 2003. Retrieved 21 September 2014.
  5. ^ a b c National Express Group: Our History Archived 9 February 2014 at the Wayback Machine National Express
  6. ^ a b "National Express Group PLC and Saltire Holdings Ltd" (PDF). Monopolies & Mergers Commission. February 1994. p. 3.
  7. ^ "Arriva Buses Wales: history". Arriva.
  8. ^ "Competition Commission report 1996" (PDF). paragraphs 3.5 to 3.7. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 January 2012.
  9. ^ "Competition Commission report 1996" (PDF). p. 31. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 January 2012.
  10. ^ "History of East Midlands Airport". East Midlands Airport.
  11. ^ Bournemouth Airport History Bournemouth Airport Archived 24 April 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  12. ^ "National Express told to sell Citylink". 29 May 1998.
  13. ^ "History of Metroline". Metroline.
  14. ^ "Travel Dundee – celebrating 10 years". Travel Dundee. 23 February 2007. Retrieved 13 March 2019.
  15. ^ "National Express buys US school bus firm". The Independent. 17 August 1999.
  16. ^ "Acquisition of Australian urban bus operator National Bus Company". National Express. 10 May 1999. Archived from the original on 25 January 2013.
  17. ^ "Westbus UK: History". Westbus UK.
  18. ^ "National Express Group Awarded Three Franchises". National Express. June 1999.
  19. ^ "Nation Express takes root in Melbourne". Railway Gazette International. 1 October 2000.
  20. ^ "National Express Buys ATC". Retrieved 25 May 2015.
  21. ^ "National Express buys Prism for £166m". The Daily Telegraph. 19 July 2000.
  22. ^ "National Express buys Prism for £166m". The Guardian. 19 July 2000.
  23. ^ "National Express walks out of Australian rail service". The Daily Telegraph. 17 December 2002.
  24. ^ "Nat Express pull back Down Under". The Daily Telegraph. 3 September 2004.
  25. ^ "National Express buys 200 London buses". The Daily Telegraph. 27 February 2004.
  26. ^ "National Express Group Announced as Preferred Bidder for New Greater Anglia Franchise". Strategic Rail Authority. 22 December 2003. Archived from the original on 4 January 2004.
  27. ^ "National Express sells buses". The Age. 22 September 2004.
  28. ^ "Connex pursues further development in Australia". Connex. 7 September 2004.
  29. ^ "New Westbus owners guarantee jobs, services". Sydney Morning Herald. 22 August 2005.
  30. ^ "ComfortDelGro Cabcharge: company profile". ComfortDelGro Cabcharge. Archived from the original on 13 April 2015.
  31. ^ "National Express Group purchases the London Bus Division of Tellings Golden Miller". National Express. 1 June 2005.
  32. ^ "Connex, transportation division of Veolia Environnement, announces major acquisition". Retrieved 25 May 2015.
  33. ^ "National Express in Spanish Deal". BBC News. 11 October 2005.
  34. ^ "National Express acquires Continental Auto". National Express. 27 April 2007.
  35. ^ "The Group buys Kings Ferry Travel Group". National Express. 12 November 2007.
  36. ^ "Launch of dot2dot". National Express. 12 November 2007.
  37. ^ "National Express gives up on Dot2Dot". Bus & Coach Professional. 3 November 2008. Archived from the original on 20 August 2012.
  38. ^ Jameson, Angela (12 November 2007). "Army of franchises gets new uniform". The Times. London. Archived from the original on 12 June 2011. Retrieved 14 September 2023.
  39. ^ "Four in East Coast rail shortlist". BBC News Online. 20 February 2007. Archived from the original on 22 February 2007. Retrieved 18 October 2012.
  40. ^ "National Express awarded contract for growth on InterCity East Coast" (Press release). Department for Transport. 14 August 2007. Archived from the original on 19 December 2007. Retrieved 14 August 2007.
  41. ^ "National Express wins rail route". BBC News Online. 14 August 2007. Archived from the original on 22 February 2009. Retrieved 1 July 2009.
  42. ^ Hawkins, Nigel (4 September 2009). "On the buses". Adam Smith Institute. Archived from the original on 5 August 2012. Retrieved 18 October 2012.
  43. ^ a b c "From poisoned chalice to Holy Grail?". Rail. 7 January 2015.
  44. ^ "The loco's new clothes". BBC News. BBC. 6 December 2007.
  45. ^ "National Express Group plc agreement to sell Travel London". National Express. 21 May 2009.
  46. ^ "Safety questions begin after motorway coach crash leaves two dead and up to 60 injured". The Guardian. 5 January 2007. Retrieved 10 April 2016.
  47. ^ Teather, David (27 July 2009). "National Express's east coast line is 'an accident waiting to happen'". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 27 July 2009.
  48. ^ Deniz, Kara. "Durham School Bus Drivers Speak Out About Safety, Human Rights Concerns". Teamsters. Retrieved 18 April 2013.
  49. ^ a b c d "Q&A: National Express and East Coast line". BBC News. BBC. 1 July 2009. Archived from the original on 30 November 2020. Retrieved 1 July 2009.
  50. ^ "Company Information: National Express East Coast". National Rail. 16 June 2009. Archived from the original on 19 June 2009. Retrieved 1 July 2009.
  51. ^ "Seat reservations on East Coast and East Anglia train services". National Express. 12 May 2009. Archived from the original on 28 February 2010. Retrieved 3 July 2009.
  52. ^ "East Coast rail to be state-run". BBC News. 1 July 2009. Archived from the original on 12 October 2011. Retrieved 1 July 2009.
  53. ^ Milmo, Dan (3 May 2009). "National Express in talks over scrapping east coast franchise". The Guardian. London. Archived from the original on 4 October 2013. Retrieved 3 May 2009.
  54. ^ Milmo, Dan (1 July 2009). "£30bn shortfall threatens rail and road plans". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 1 July 2009.
  55. ^ "East Coast rail change confirmed". BBC News Online. 5 November 2009. Retrieved 5 November 2009.
  56. ^ "National Express loses East Anglia rail franchise". BBC News. 26 November 2009.
  57. ^ Millward, David (26 November 2009). "National Express loses East Anglia franchise three years early". The Daily Telegraph.
  58. ^ Osborne, Alistair (15 September 2010). "National Express wins extension to East Anglia rail franchise". The Daily Telegraph.
  59. ^ "National Express turns down bid". BBC News. British Broadcasting Corporation. 29 June 2009. Retrieved 29 June 2009.
  60. ^ "Statement regarding possible offer". National Express. 3 September 2009.
  61. ^ "National Express gets £765m bid". BBC News. 3 September 2009.
  62. ^ Bowker, John (8 May 2009). "UPDATE 2-National Express suitors given Sept bid deadline". Reuters. Retrieved 10 September 2009.
  63. ^ "Statement regarding possible offer". National Express. 11 September 2009.
  64. ^ Power, Helen; Costello, Miles (7 September 2009). "National Express looks at options beyond CVC". The Times. London. Retrieved 10 September 2009.
  65. ^ "Statement regarding possible offer". National Express. 25 September 2009.
  66. ^ "Statement regarding possible offer". National Express. 16 October 2009.
  67. ^ "Bid failure hits National Express". BBC News Online. 16 October 2009. Retrieved 25 October 2009.
  68. ^ "Statement regarding press speculation". National Express. 19 October 2009.
  69. ^ "Rival renews National Express bid". BBC News Online. 19 October 2009. Retrieved 25 October 2009.
  70. ^ "Publication of Prospectus". National Express. 11 November 2009.
  71. ^ "National Express celebrates German rail success". National Express. 7 February 2013.
  72. ^ "National Express plans German invasion". The Daily Telegraph. 7 February 2013.
  73. ^ "National Express clears Nuremberg S-Bahn legal hurdle". Rail Journal. 16 December 2015. Retrieved 10 April 2016.
  74. ^ "National Express pulls out of Nuernburg S-Bahn bidding". Railway Gazette International. 25 October 2016.
  75. ^ "Abellio und National Express sollen den Betrieb der RRX-Linien übernehmen". (in German). Verkehrsverbund Rhein-Ruhr AöR. 6 June 2015. Archived from the original on 20 June 2015. Retrieved 11 October 2015.
  76. ^ "NX buys Clarkes of London". Coach & Bus Week. 16 December 2016.
  77. ^ "National Express swoops in to buy Clarkes of London". Route-One. 17 December 2016.
  78. ^ "Lucketts Travel Group purchased by National Express". Route One. 2 March 2020. Archived from the original on 16 March 2020.
  79. ^ "National Express acquires Lucketts Travel Group". Coach & Bus Week. No. 1434. 3 March 2020. p. 12.
  80. ^ "National Express in talks to buy transport rival Stagecoach". BBC News. 21 September 2021. Retrieved 22 September 2021.
  81. ^ "Scottish bus group Stagecoach and National Express combine to create £1.9 billion transport giant". The Scotsman. 14 December 2021. Retrieved 14 December 2021.
  82. ^ "Sale of Scottish Citylink stake and the retain and customer service activities of Megabus UK and Falcon". Stagecoach Group. 14 December 2021. Archived from the original on 14 December 2021.
  83. ^ "Stagecoach opts for rival takeover in blow to National Express merger plan". The Guardian. 9 March 2022.
  84. ^ Gill, Rob (23 May 2022). "German investment group wins battle for Stagecoach".
  85. ^ "National Express targets coach tourism with Touromo". routeone. 10 January 2023. Retrieved 10 January 2023.
  86. ^ Peat, Chris (10 January 2023). "NatEx creates new Touromo coach holidays brand". Bus & Coach Buyer. Peterborough. Retrieved 10 January 2023.
  87. ^ "Touromo to go as NatEx leaves day trips and holidays". routeone. 10 July 2023. Retrieved 10 July 2023.
  88. ^ "Change of name for National Express Group". Express & Star. 11 May 2023. Retrieved 10 May 2023.
  89. ^ "Change of Name". Mobico Group. 20 June 2023. Archived from the original on 21 June 2023.
  90. ^ National Express Group: Our businesses National Express
  91. ^ "Dublin Express plans to go from underdog to big dog". 6 August 2023. Retrieved 7 April 2024.
  92. ^ a b "Busbud Bags $9M For Its Coach Travel Booking Platform". Techcrunch. 9 July 2014. Retrieved 23 July 2014.
  93. ^ "Update". Tourismo. Retrieved 12 July 2023.
  94. ^ "Neues Gesicht bei den Nahverkehrsbetreibern in NRW". Verkehrsverbund Rhein-Ruhr. 6 February 2013. Archived from the original on 23 October 2013. Retrieved 9 October 2013.
  95. ^ "Concessions Given to Other Operators". 16 December 2021. Retrieved 8 January 2022.
  96. ^ "National Express acquires Diamond Transportation Services". Retrieved 17 October 2018.
  97. ^ "National Express acquires Petermann Partners, Inc. for $200 million – National Express Group PLC". Retrieved 17 October 2018.
  98. ^ "National Express LLC-Acquisition of Control-Queen City Transportation, LLC". Federal Register. 9 November 2017. Retrieved 17 October 2018.
  99. ^ "Home". totalride. Retrieved 10 October 2021.
  100. ^ "National Express Transit Corporation-Acquisition of Control-Trans Express, Inc., and Rainbow Management Service Inc". Federal Register. 1 May 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2018.
  101. ^ "Announcing Trinity Transportation Acquired by National Express | %%sitename". 9 February 2017. Retrieved 17 October 2018.
  102. ^ Ministry of Transportation Appoints New Public Bus Operator Archived 12 May 2016 at the Wayback Machine Ministry of Transport & Telecommunications 30 September 2014
  103. ^ "Bus Firm Xplore Dundee Sold to McGill's Services". Evening Telegraph. 22 December 2020.
  104. ^ "National Express exits German coach business". Passenger Transport. 17 September 2014.
  105. ^ "Acquisition of c2c franchise by Trenitalia". National Express. 11 January 2017.
  106. ^ "Eurostar restructure sees UK expand rail stake". Archived from the original on 23 October 2013. Retrieved 22 October 2013.
  107. ^ "Annual Report and Accounts 2010". National Express Group plc. Archived from the original on 23 October 2013. Retrieved 22 October 2013.
  108. ^ Manchester Airports Group Annual Report 31 March 2001[permanent dead link] Manchester Airport Group
  109. ^ "Manchester Airport spreads its wings". BBC News. 19 February 2001.
  110. ^ "4th Major Hub for Air Traffic moves ahead". New York Times. 25 January 2007.
  111. ^ Annual Report 30 June 2013 Archived 20 April 2014 at the Wayback Machine V/Line
  112. ^ Annual Report 31 December 2005 Archived 14 October 2011 at the Wayback Machine National Express
  113. ^ "Arlington leaders hopeful changes in bus service will pay off". 19 December 2019. Retrieved 27 January 2020.
  114. ^ "The Divine Comedy's Neil Hannon: "My raison d'être was always never to stagnate"". Music OMH. 3 August 1999. Retrieved 21 September 2021.

External links[edit]

Media related to National Express Group at Wikimedia Commons