Acharya Shivpujan Sahay

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Acharya Shivpujan Sahay
आचार्य शिवपूजन सहाय
Born(1893-08-09)9 August 1893
Unvans Village, Bhojpur District, Bihar, British India
Died21 January 1963(1963-01-21) (aged 69)
Patna, Bihar, India
OccupationNovelist, editor, Prose Writer
NationalityIndian
Notable worksShipujan Rachanavali
Notable awards1960: Padma Bhushan

Acharya Shivpujan Sahay (9 August 1893 – 21 January 1963) was a noted Hindi novelist, editor and prose writer.

Personal life[edit]

Shivpujan Sahay was born in a middle class Kayastha land-owning family in the Unwans village of Bhojpur District on 9 August 1893. His childhood name was 'Bholanath'. His early education was in village 'pathshalas'.

Education and career[edit]

Acharya Shivpujan Sahay's Letter to Ramesh Chandra Jha

After his early education and a short stint as a Hindi language teacher at Ara (1903–1921), Acharya Shivpujan Sahay went to Kolkata to edit 'Marwari Sudhar' and then joined Matwala as an Editor in 1923. He moved to Lucknow in 1924 to join the editorial department of Dularelal Bhargava's Madhuri where he worked with noted Hindi author Munshi Premchand and edited his Rangbhumi and some of his other stories.

In 1925, he returned to Calcutta and engaged in editing short-lived journals such as Samanway, Mauji, Golmal,Upanyas Tarang. Finally, Sahay moved to Varanasi (Kāśi) in 1926 to work as a freelance editor. For a short period in 1931, he went to Sultanganj near Bhagalpur to edit Ganga. However, he returned to Varanasi in 1932 where he was commissioned to edit Jagaran, a literary fortnightly brought out by Jaishankar Prasad and his circle of friends. Sahay once again found himself working with Premchand. He also went on to become a prominent member of the Nagari Pracharini Sabha and similar literary circles in Varanasi.

In 1935, he moved to Laheria Sarai with his family (Darbhanga) to work as editor of Balak and other publications of Pustak Bhandar owned by Acharya Ramlochan Saran. In 1939, he joined Rajendra College, Chhapra as a Professor of Hindi Language. In 1946, on a year's leave, he moved to Patna to edit Himalaya, a literary monthly which was published by Pustak Bhandar owned by Acharya Ramlochan Saran.

In 1950, Sahay finally came to Patna to work as Secretary of Bihar Rashtra Bhasha Parished, a government academy where he edited and published more than 50 volumes of Hindi reference works. Later he became Director of the Parishad and compiled and edited Hindi Sahitya Aur Bihar a literary history. He retired from Parishad in 1959.

His own works were compiled and published in 4 volumes of Shipujan Rachanavali (1956–59) by the Parishad. Later, after his death, his complete works were edited and published by his son Prof. Mangal Murty as 'Shivapoojan Sahay Sahitya samagra'(2011) in 10 volumes. Shivpujan Sahay is also remembered for his editing of several literary commemoration volumes, chiefly Dwivedi Abhinandan Granth (1933),Anugrah Abhinandan Granth (1946), Rajendra Abhinandan Granth (1950) and Jayanti Smarak Granth (1942). He also edited Dr. Rajendra Prasad's Atmakatha. He was awarded Padma Bhushan in 1960.[1]

Works by Acharya Shivpujan Sahay[edit]

Stories and novels[edit]

  • Wey Din Wey Log – 1965
  • Bimb:Pratibimb' – 1967
  • Mera Jeevan – 1985
  • Smritishesh – 1994
  • Hindi Bhasha Aur Sahitya – 1996
  • Gram Sudhar – 2007
  • Dehati Duniya – 1926
  • Vibhuti – 1935
  • Mera Bachapan' – 1960
  • 'Amar Senani Veer Kunwar Singh'- 1962
  • Mata ka anchal

Editorial works[edit]

  • Dwivedi Abhinandan Granth – 1933
  • Rajendra Abhinandan Granth – 1950
  • Anugrah Abhinandan Granth – 1946
  • Jayanti Smarak Granth – 1942
  • Bihar ki Mahilayen' (Rajendra Abhinandan Granth) – 1962
  • Atmakatha – 1947
  • Rangbhumi – 1925
  • Samanway – 1925
  • Mauji – 1925
  • Golmaal- 1925
  • Jagaran – 1932
  • Balak – 1930
  • Himalaya- 1946
  • Hindi Sahitya Aur Bihar- 1962
  • Madhuri- 1924

Death[edit]

He died in Patna on 21 January 1963. His posthumously published books are Wey Din Wey Log (1965), Mera Jeevan (1985), Smritishesh (1994), Hindi Bhasha Aur Sahitya (1996), and Gram Sudhar (2007) and 'Shivapoojan Sahay Sahitya Samagra' (10 Vols.)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Padma Awards" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 November 2014. Retrieved 21 July 2015.

Further reading[edit]

  • Shivpujan Sahay by Mangal Murty, Published by Sahitya Academy, 35 Phirozshah Marg, New Delhi, India.
  • ' Shivpujan Sahay : Pratinidhi Rachanayen' (Ed. Mangal Murty) Published by National Book Trust, New Delhi

External links[edit]