List of Padma Bhushan award recipients (2020–2029)

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Padma Bhushan
Padma Bhushan medal suspended from its riband
TypeNational Civilian
CountryIndia
Presented by
State Emblem of India
Government of India
RibbonPadma Bhushan riband
ObverseA centrally located lotus flower is embossed and the text "Padma" written in Devanagari script is placed above and the text "Bhushan" is placed below the lotus.
ReverseA platinum State Emblem of India placed in the centre with the national motto of India, "Satyameva Jayate" (Truth alone triumphs) in Devanagari Script
Established1954
First awarded1954
Total16
Precedence
Next (higher)Padma Vibhushan riband Padma Vibhushan
Next (lower)Padma Shri riband Padma Shri

The Padma Bhushan is the third-highest civilian award of the Republic of India.[1] Instituted on 2 January 1954, the award is given for "distinguished service of a high order", without distinction of race, occupation, position, or sex.[2] The recipients receive a Sanad, a certificate signed by the President of India and a circular-shaped medallion with no monetary association. The recipients are announced every year on Republic Day (26 January) and registered in The Gazette of India—a publication used for official government notices and released weekly by the Department of Publication, under the Ministry of Urban Development.[3] The conferral of the award is not considered official without its publication in the Gazette. The name of a recipient, whose award has been revoked or restored, both of which require the authority of the President, is archived and they are required to surrender their medal when their name is struck from the register.[4] As of 2019, none of the conferments of Padma Bhushan during 2010s have been revoked or restored. The recommendations are received from all the state and the union territory governments, as well as from Ministries of the Government of India, the Bharat Ratna and the Padma Vibhushan awardees, the Institutes of Excellence, the Ministers, the Chief Ministers and the Governors of State, and the Members of Parliament including private individuals.[3]

When instituted in 1954, the Padma Bhushan was classified as "Dusra Warg" (Class II) under the three-tier Padma Vibhushan awards, which were preceded by the Bharat Ratna in hierarchy. On 15 January 1955, the Padma Vibhushan was reclassified into three different awards as the Padma Vibhushan, the Padma Bhushan and the Padma Shri.[3] The criteria included "distinguished service of a high order in any field including service rendered by Government servants", but excluded those working with the public sector undertakings with the exception of doctors and scientists. The 1954 statutes did not allow posthumous awards; this was subsequently modified in the January 1955 statute.[4] The design was also changed to the form that is currently in use; it portrays a circular-shaped toned bronze medallion 1+34 inches (44 mm) in diameter and 18 inch (3.2 mm) thick. The centrally placed pattern made of outer lines of a square of 1+316 inches (30 mm) side is embossed with a knob carved within each of the outer angles of the pattern. A raised circular space of diameter 1+116 inches (27 mm) is placed at the centre of the decoration. A centrally located lotus flower is embossed on the obverse side of the medal and the text "Padma" is placed above and the text "Bhushan" is placed below the lotus written in Devanagari script. The State Emblem of India is displayed in the centre of the reverse side, together with the national motto of India, "Satyameva Jayate" (Truth alone triumphs) in Devanagari script, which is inscribed on the lower edge. The rim, the edges and all embossing on either side is of standard gold with the text "Padma Bhushan" of gold gilt. The medal is suspended by a pink riband 1+14 inches (32 mm) in width with a broad white stripe in the middle.[3][4] It is ranked fifth in the order of precedence of wearing of medals and decorations of the Indian civilian and military awards.[a]

In 2020, a total of sixteen individuals have been conferred with the award and have been conferred upon two foreign recipients – one from Bangladesh and the United States. Individuals from eight different fields were awarded, which includes an artist, two from literature and education, two from trade and industry, one from medicine, five from public affairs, a sportsperson, two from social work, and two from other fields. Most recently on 25 January 2020, the award has been bestowed upon sixteen recipients.[6]

Recipients[edit]

Photograph of an old man wearing a blue-coloured jacket and glasses.
Having a career spanned over seven decades, B. V. Doshi (awarded in 2020) is considered as a "pioneer of low-cost housing" and have been awarded the Pritzker Architecture Prize, architecture's highest honour in 2018.[7]
Photograph of an old man wearing a suit with red-coloured tied and glasses.
Considered as a "father of modern legal education in India", N. R. Madhava Menon (awarded in 2020) established National Law School of India University and the National Judicial Academy.[8]
Award recipients by year[6]
Year Number of recipients
2020
16
Award recipients by field[6]
Field Number of recipients
Arts
1
Literature & Education
2
Medicine
1
Others
2
Public Affairs
5
Social Work
2
Sports
1
Trade & Industry
2
Key
   # Indicates a posthumous honour
List of Padma Bhushan award recipients, showing the year, field, and state/country[6]
Year Recipient Field State
2020 Sri M Others Kerala
2020 Syed Muazzem Ali[i]# Public Affairs [A]
2020 Muzaffar Hussain Baig Public Affairs Jammu & Kashmir
2020 Ajoy Chakrabarty Arts West Bengal
2020 Manoj Das Literature & Education Puducherry
2020 B. V. Doshi Others Gujarat
2020 Krishnammal Jagannathan Social Work Tamil Nadu
2020 S. C. Jamir Public Affairs Nagaland
2020 Anil Prakash Joshi Social Work Uttarakhand
2020 Tsering Landol Medicine Ladakh
2020 Anand Mahindra Trade & Industry Maharashtra
2020 N. R. Madhava Menon[ii]# Public Affairs Kerala
2020 Manohar Parrikar[iii]# Public Affairs Goa
2020 Jagdish Sheth Literature & Education [B]
2020 P. V. Sindhu Sports Telangana
2020 Venu Srinivasan Trade & Industry Tamil Nadu
2021 K. S. Chithra Arts Kerala
2021 Tarun Gogoi Public Affairs Assam
2021 Chandrashekhara Kambara Literature & Education Karnataka
2021 Sumitra Mahajan Public Affairs Madhya Pradesh
2021 Nripendra Misra Civil Service Uttar Pradesh
2021 Ram Vilas Paswan Public Affairs Bihar
2021 Keshubhai Patel Public Affairs Gujarat
2021 Kalbe Sadiq Others Uttar Pradesh
2021 Rajnikant Shroff Trade and Industry Maharashtra
2021 Tarlochan Singh Public Affairs Haryana

Explanatory notes[edit]

  1. ^ The order of precedence is: Bharat Ratna, Param Vir Chakra, Ashoka Chakra, Padma Vibhushan and Padma Bhushan.[5]
Non-citizen recipients
  1. ^ Indicates a citizen of Bangladesh
  2. ^ Indicates a citizen of the United States
Posthumous recipients
  1. ^ Syed Muazzem Ali died on 30 December 2019, at the age of 75.[9]
  2. ^ N. R. Madhava Menon died on 8 May 2019, at the age of 84.[8]
  3. ^ Manohar Parrikar died on 17 March 2019, at the age of 63.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "PV Sindhu recommended for Padma Bhushan, India's third highest civilian award, by sports ministry". Firstpost. 25 September 2017. Archived from the original on 26 December 2017. Retrieved 26 December 2017.
  2. ^ Lal, Shavax A. (1954). "The Gazette of India—Extraordinary—Part I" (PDF). The Gazette of India. The President's Secretariat (published 2 January 1954): 2. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 May 2014. Retrieved 31 March 2018. The President is pleased to institute an award to be designated 'Padma Vibhushan' in three classes, namely: 'Pahela Varg', 'Dusra Varg' and 'Tisra Varg'
  3. ^ a b c d "Padma Awards Scheme" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs (India). Archived (PDF) from the original on 9 February 2018. Retrieved 28 September 2015.
  4. ^ a b c Ayyar, N. M. (1955). "The Gazette of India—Extraordinary—Part I" (PDF). The Gazette of India. The President's Secretariat (published 15 January 1955): 8. Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 May 2014. Retrieved 31 March 2018. All persons upon whom the decoration of 'Padma Vibhushan' ('Dusra Varg') was conferred under the Regulations issued with Notification No. 2-Pres./54, dated the 2nd January, 1954, shall, for all purposes of these regulations, be deemed to be persons on whom the decoration of Padma Bhushan has been conferred by the President.
  5. ^ "Wearing of Medals: Precedence Of Medals". Indian Army. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 22 November 2015.
  6. ^ a b c d "Padma Awards: 2020" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs (India). 25 January 2020. pp. 1–2. Retrieved 26 August 2020.
  7. ^ Pogrebin, Robin (7 March 2018). "Top Architecture Prize Goes to Low-Cost Housing Pioneer From India". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 1 November 2019. Retrieved 7 September 2020.
  8. ^ a b "NR Madhava Menon, Indian legal educator, passes away at 84". The Indian Express. 8 May 2019. Archived from the original on 8 May 2019. Retrieved 8 May 2019.
  9. ^ "Ex-Bangladesh Foreign Secretary Muazzem Ali passes away". The Daily Star. 30 December 2019. Archived from the original on 31 December 2019. Retrieved 30 December 2019.
  10. ^ Kamat, Prakash (17 March 2019). "President Ram Nath Kovind announces death of Goa Chief Minister Manohar Parrikar". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 7 September 2020. Retrieved 17 March 2019.

External links[edit]