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Tibetan thangka of Vajradhara

In Vajrayana Buddhism, the ādibuddha (Tibetan: དང་པོའི་སངས་རྒྱས། dang-po'i sangs-rgyas), is the "First Buddha." The term reemerges in tantric literature, most prominently in the Kalachakra.[1] According to the first interpretation, ādi means “first” such that the ādibuddha was the first to attain Buddhahood.[1] According to the second interpretation, ādi means “primordial,” not referring to a person but to an innate wisdom that is present in all sentient beings.[1] In Tibetan Buddhism, the term ādibuddha is often used to describe Samantabhadra or Vajradhara.[1] In East Asia, the ādibuddha is typically considered to be Vairocana.[1]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e Buswell, Robert E.; Lopez, Jr., Donald S. (2013). The Princeton dictionary of Buddhism. Princeton: Princeton University Press. ISBN 9781400848058. Entry on "ādibuddha".


  • Grönbold, Günter (1995). Weitere Adibuddha-Texte, Wiener Zeitschrift für die Kunde Südasiens / Vienna Journal of South Asian Studies 39, 45-60