African American Civil War Memorial

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African American Civil War Memorial
African-American Civil War Memorial.jpg
The African American Civil War Memorial and
The Spirit of Freedom sculpture in 2008
Map showing the location of African American Civil War Memorial
Map showing the location of African American Civil War Memorial
Map showing the location of African American Civil War Memorial
Map showing the location of African American Civil War Memorial
Location 1925 Vermont Avenue NW
Washington, D.C. 20011 United States
Coordinates 38°54′59″N 77°1′33″W / 38.91639°N 77.02583°W / 38.91639; -77.02583Coordinates: 38°54′59″N 77°1′33″W / 38.91639°N 77.02583°W / 38.91639; -77.02583
Established October 27, 2004
Governing body National Park Service
Website www.nps.gov/afam/

The African American Civil War Memorial, at the corner of Vermont Avenue, 10th Street, and U Street NW in Washington, D.C., commemorates the service of 209,145 African-American soldiers and about 7,000 white and 2,145 Hispanic soldiers, amounting to nearly 220,000, plus the approximate 20,000 unsegregated Navy soldiers,[1] who fought for the Union in the American Civil War, mostly among the 175 regiments of United States Colored Troops, (USCT.) The sculpture, The Spirit of Freedom, is a 9-foot bronze statue by Ed Hamilton of Louisville, Kentucky, commissioned by the DC Commission on the Arts and Humanities in 1993 and completed in 1997. The memorial includes a walking area with curved panel short walls inscribed with the names of the men who served in the war.

The Memorial is located at the eastern entrance to the U Street station on the Washington Metro, served by the Yellow and Green Lines.

History[edit]

Plaque at the memorial with name inscriptions
The memorial's sculpture, The Spirit of Freedom
A WMATA metro station near the memorial

The memorial was developed by the African American Civil War Memorial Freedom Foundation and Museum. It was transferred to the National Park Service (NPS) on October 27, 2004. The National Mall and Memorial Parks office of the NPS now manages the site.

The related African American Civil War Museum is located directly across from the memorial at 1925 Vermont Avenue. From July 16–18, 2011, it celebrated its grand opening in a new and permanent facility at this address, with a weekend of speakers and events devoted to racial reconciliation.[2] It plans four years of activities to commemorate the 150th anniversary of the war and African-American contributions.

The museum opened in January 1999 in a building two blocks west of the memorial in the historic U Street Corridor, a neighborhood traditionally the heart of African-American entertainment and theater in Washington. The museum enables visitors, researchers, and descendants of the United States Colored Troops to better understand their stories. It displays photographs, newspaper articles, and replicas of period clothing, and uniforms and weaponry of the Civil War.

The African American Civil War Memorial Registry at the museum documents the family trees of more than 2,000 descendants of those men who served with the USCT. Other descendants may register. Visitors can easily search the database to find ancestors and relatives registered in the Descendants Registry.

Notable mentions[edit]

A number of men have had their service and lives noted. Among the near 220,000 names here are some who's service and lives have been documented. Many earned a Medal of Honor, the highest and most prestigious personal military decoration that may be awarded to recognize U.S. military service members who distinguished themselves by acts of valor, during their service in a black regiment during the war. Additionally many earned a brevet promotion which was a warrant giving a commissioned officer a higher rank title as a reward for gallantry or meritorious conduct, but without conferring the authority, precedence, or pay of real rank.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "History & Culture, Lincoln's proclamation to establish a "Bureau of Colored Troops"". National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior. 2017. Archived from the original on 2017-08-06. Retrieved Sep 12, 2017. Inscribed on the Wall of Honor are the names of 209,145 soldiers of the USCT 175 regiments, 7,000 white Officers and 2,145 Hispanic surnames. Also honored are the approximate 20,000 Navy sailors whose names are not yet on the wall because the Navy was not segregated. 
  2. ^ African American Civil War Memorial and Museum, Official Website, 2011, accessed 21 July 2011

External links[edit]