Al-Ma'ida

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  Sura 5 of the Quran  
المائدة
Al-Maʼida
The Table Spread with Food

Arabic text · English translation


Classification Medinan
Position Juzʼ 6 to 7
Hizb number 11 to 13
Number of Rukus 16
Number of verses 120
Number of Sajdahs none

Surat al-Maʼida (Arabic: سورة المائدة‎‎, "The Table" or "The Table Spread with Food") is the fifth chapter of the Quran, with 120 verses. It is a Medinan sura. The sura's topics include animals which are forbidden, Isa (Jesus') and Musa's (Moses) missions.

Content[edit]

[Quran 5:3][edit]

This verse has a Parenthetical Sentence "This day have those who disbelieve despaired of your religion, so fear them not, and fear Me. This day have I perfected for you your religion and completed My favor on you and chosen for you Islam as a religion.." This verse was revealed at Arafat as reported in the authentic hadith: Narrated 'Umar bin Al-Khattab:Once a Jew said to me, "O the chief of believers! There is a verse in your Holy Book Which is read by all of you (Muslims), and had it been revealed to us, we would have taken that day (on which it was revealed as a day of celebration." 'Umar bin Al-Khattab asked, "Which is that verse?" The Jew replied, "This day I have perfected your religion For you, completed My favor upon you, And have chosen for you Islam as your religion." (5:3) 'Umar replied,"No doubt, we know when and where this verse was revealed to the Prophet. It was Friday and the Prophet was standing at 'Arafat (i.e. the Day of Hajj)."-Bukhari

[Quran 5:32] [Quran 5:33][edit]

These verses have been quoted to denounce killing, by using an abbreviated form such as, "If anyone slays a person, it would be as if he slew the whole people: and if anyone saved a life, it would be as if he saved the life of the whole people".[1][2][3][4] The use of this abbreviated rephrasing has been criticised.[5][6][7]

[Quran 5:51][edit]

Verse 51 has been said to underlie forbidding non-Muslims as becoming leaders in Islamic countries. The verse Sahih International reads: "O you who have believed, do not take the Jews and the Christians as allies. They are [in fact] allies of one another. And whoever is an ally to them among you - then indeed, he is [one] of them. Indeed, Allah guides not the wrongdoing people."[8]

The criticism and violent protests ensued against Basuki Tjahaja Purnama, the Chinese-Christian governor of Jakarta, Indonesia for example, after his declaration that Indonesians should not be deceived by those using Surat Al-Ma'ida verse 51 to not elect non-Muslims as their leaders.[9][10] This resulted in huge protests against him demanding his arrest on charges of blaspheming the Quran.

[Quran 5:54][edit]

Verse 54 is one of three verses in the Quran that includes the word Irtiddah, relevant to apostasy [4]. In Sahih International: "O you who have believed, whoever of you should revert from his religion - Allah will bring forth [in place of them] a people He will love and who will love Him [who are] humble toward the believers, powerful against the disbelievers; they strive in the cause of Allah and do not fear the blame of a critic. That is the favor of Allah ; He bestows it upon whom He wills. And Allah is all-Encompassing and Knowing."[8]

Verse 54 is also interesting in relation to who the "beloved" are; some hadith view it as being Abu Musa al-Ashari.[11]

[Quran 5:55][edit]

Verse 55 is well known and important to Shia Muslims, and is interpreted by them to suggest that Ali is the Wali of the Muslims.[citation needed]

The Shia view[edit]

In this verse, God used the singular form "waliyyukum" implying the "wilayah" (Guardianship of the believers) is a single project. In other words, the "wilayah" of the Messenger and that of the Ali springs from the root of God's wilayah. The word "wali" in the context of this verse cannot mean "friend" because there is not a single verse in the Quran where God says that anyone of His Messengers is a friend or helper of their followers. Further if the verse implied "wilayah" in the sense of friend or helper, then the singular form "waliyyukum" would not have been used but the plural form "awliya'ukum" would be appropriate because the "friendship" of God is unique.[citation needed]

Tahir ul Qadri writes regarding this verse:[12]

A narration attributed to Ammar bin Yasir reports:

A beggar came up to 'Ali and stood beside him. He was kneeling in prayer. He ('Ali) pulled out his ring and he gave the ring to the beggar. Then 'Ali called on the Prophet and told him the news. At this occasion, this verse was revealed to him: (Surely your (helping) friend is Allah and His Messenger and (along with them) are the believers who establish prayers, pay zakah and bow down (in humility before Allah). Allah's Messenger read out the verse and said: One who has me as his master has 'Ali as his master. O Allah! Be his friend who befriends him ('Ali) and be his enemy who is his enemy.

Sunnis tend to view this with differing views
Shi'as tend to view this as Sahih

[Quran 5:67][edit]

Verse 67 is relevant to The Farewell Pilgrimage and Ghadir Khumm. It is said to contain a prophecy [13]

[Quran 5:72–73][edit]

The Quran: An Encyclopedia says, "The Quran’s objection to Christian practice is Christianity’s shirk, its worship of Jesus, Mary and the saints ‘in derogation of Allah’. There is no justification in believing in the Trinity, for Jesus never would have condoned such a concept".[14] In Sahih International: "(72) They have certainly disbelieved who say, " Allah is the Messiah, the son of Mary" while the Messiah has said, "O Children of Israel, worship Allah , my Lord and your Lord." Indeed, he who associates others with Allah - Allah has forbidden him Paradise, and his refuge is the Fire. And there are not for the wrongdoers any helpers. (73) They have certainly disbelieved who say, Allah is the third of three. And there is no god except one God. And if they do not desist from what they are saying, there will surely afflict the disbelievers among them a painful punishment."[8]

[Quran 5:87][edit]

Verses 87 is reported in Sahih Bukhari to be related to Mut'ah.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jimenez, Omar (23 March 2016). "Baltimore Islamic community condemns Brussels terror attacks". WBALTV. Retrieved 5 May 2016. 
  2. ^ Ghouse, Mike (16 November 2015). "Islamic way of dealing with ISIS terrorism". The Arab Daily News. Retrieved 5 May 2016. 
  3. ^ "Zakir Naik adopting the right approach". New Straits Times. 26 April 2016. Retrieved 5 May 2016. 
  4. ^ Brown, Rachael (9 October 2015). "'Stop messing with Australia and its society', Grand Mufti hits out at Islamic extremism". ABC News. Retrieved 6 May 2016. 
  5. ^ Andrijasevic, Mladen (4 July 2009). "Obama quotes verse 5:32, omits 5:33". American Thinker. Retrieved 5 May 2016. 
  6. ^ Amuhd (7 July 2015). "Whoever kills a person (unjustly) …it is as though he has killed all mankind.….Quran 5:32". Telegraph. Retrieved 5 May 2016. 
  7. ^ Zaimov, Stoyan (24 August 2016). "Muslim-Americans Condemn ISIS in Phoenix Billboard, Say Islam Is Religion of Peace, Not Terror". Christian Post. Retrieved 9 October 2016. 
  8. ^ a b c [1]
  9. ^ Durie, Mark (November 2016). "Violent Protests in Indonesia Blow an Ill Will for Religious Tolerance". New English Review. Retrieved 18 November 2016. 
  10. ^ McBeth, John (8 November 2016). "Blasphemy probe rocks Indonesia's secular foundations". The National. Retrieved 18 November 2016. 
  11. ^ Ahadith In Praise Of The Ash`Aris
  12. ^ The Ghadir Declaration, By Dr. Tahir al-Qadiri, Page 48 & 49 [2] [3] Archived October 20, 2006, at the Wayback Machine.
  13. ^ Hesham Azmy. "Noorullah Website - Exposing Fallacies". Archived from the original on 2009-10-24. [unreliable source?]
  14. ^ Leaman, Oliver, ed. (2006). "The Qur'an: an Encyclopedia" (PDF). Routledge. pp. 144–145. ISBN 0-415-32639-7. Retrieved 22 November 2014. 

External links[edit]

Previous sura:
An-Nisa
Surah 5 Next sura:
Al-An'am
Arabic text