Antonov An-32

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
An-32
AirMark Antonov An-32 Spijkers-2.jpg
An-32 of AirMark at Singapore Changi Airport (2011).
Role Transport
National origin Soviet Union/Ukraine
Design group Antonov
Built by Aviant
First flight 9 July 1976[1]
Status Operational
Primary users Indian Air Force
National Air Force of Angola
Sri Lanka Air Force
Ukrainian Air Force
Produced 1976–present
Number built 361[2]
Unit cost
US$ 15 million[3]
Developed from Antonov An-26

The Antonov An-32 (NATO reporting name: Cline) is a twin-engined turboprop military transport aircraft.

Design and development[edit]

The An-32 is essentially a re-engined An-26. The launch customer was the Indian Air Force, which ordered the aircraft partly due to good relations between then USSR leader Leonid Brezhnev and then India leader Indira Gandhi. The An-32 is designed to withstand adverse weather conditions better than the standard An-26. The high placement of the engine nacelles above the wing allowed for larger diameter propellers, which are driven by 5,100 hp rated Ivchenko AI-20 turboprop engines, providing almost twice the power of the An-26's AI-24 powerplants. Estimated price for a modernised An-32 version is 15 million US dollars.[3]

Total production[edit]

Total Production[4]
372
Annual Production
1976 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 2005 2007 2008 2010 2011 2012
1 1 5 29 31 26 54 28 48 11 49 47 10 4 8 5 2 1 4 1 3 5

Operational history[edit]

The An-32 has excellent take-off characteristics in hot and high conditions, (up to + 55 °C (131 °F; 328 K) and 4,500 m (14,800 ft) elevation suitable for use as a medium tactical military transport roles as well as commercial roles. Operating as a cargo transport over the short and medium range air routes, the An-32 is suitable for air-dropping cargo, passenger carrying, medevac, firefighting, skydiving or paratrooping roles.

Variants[edit]

A State Emergency Service of Ukraine An-32 firefighting aircraft dumps water on a forest fire.
  • An-32 : Twin-engined transport aircraft
  • An-32A : The first civil variant, the majority of the 36 aircraft built were delivered to various MAP and MOM enterprises, for use in transporting assemblies between plants.
  • An-32B : Improved version
  • An-32B-100 : Modernised version of the An-32B. MTOW increased to 28.5 tons, payload increased to 7.5 tons.[5]
  • An-32B-110 : New avionics allowing aircraft to be operated by two crew members. Metric (Russian) avionics variant.[6]
  • An-32B-120 : Imperial (non-Russian) avionics variant of An-32B-110.[6]
  • An-32B-300 : Version fitted with Rolls-Royce AE 2100 turboprop engines, providing 4,600 hp each.[7]
  • An-32LL (Letayushchaya Laboratoriya flying laboratory): The first prototype converted to a propfan technology testbed, with a large eight-bladed propeller in place of the standard AV-68DM on the port engine.
  • An-32MP : Marine Patrol version.[8]
  • An-32P Firekiller : Aerial firefighting version. Special category type certificate granted on 10 March 1995. A total of eight tons of liquid can be discharged from the two external tanks simultaneously or one after the other. Drops are conducted at 40–50 m above ground level and 240 to 260 km/h. Can be used as a cargo aircraft when not fighting fires.[8]
  • An-32V-200 : A tactical transport/cargo aircraft outgrowth from the An-32B-100, with more modern avionics allowing two crew operation. Intended for export; despite reasonable interest few have been sold.
  • An-32 RE : Modernised version of the An-32B. MTOW increased to 28.5 tons, payload increased to 7.5 tons.[5] New avionics.
  • An-132 : Improved version featuring western-built avionics and engines, to be developed jointly by Saudi Arabia and Ukraine.[9] It will be powered by two Pratt & Whitney Canada PW150 turboprop engines along with Honeywell avionics, Liebherr life support system and Hamilton Sundstrand supplied Auxiliary Power Unit (APU).[10] First flight planned for late 2016, with deliveries from 2018.[11]

Operators[edit]

An-32 operators (countries with only airline operators are in green)
Antonov An-32B of the Indian Air Force at Leh Airbase
Sri Lankan Air Force Antonov An-32B
Sun Air Charter An-32 at Lokichogio Airport
Antonov An-32B of the Croatian Air Force
Antonov An-32C of Bangladesh Air Force

Military operators[edit]

At present more than 240 An-32 aircraft are being operated in the countries around the world.

 Angola
 Bangladesh
 Colombia
 Croatia
 Equatorial Guinea
 India
  • Indian Air Force: Bought 125 aircraft, 105 are still in service. Entire fleet is undergoing modernization; 35 upgraded An-32s have been delivered by Ukrspetsexport.[16] The upgrades include modern avionics equipment, new oxygen systems and improved crew seats. The remaining aircraft are being upgraded in India.
 Iraq
 Mexico
 Peru
 Saudi Arabia
 Sri Lanka
 Sudan

Former military operators[edit]

An Antonov An-32 cargo aircraft of the Afghan Air Force
 Afghanistan
  • At least six were delivered to the Afghan Air Force from 1987. All remaining aircraft were retired in June 2011.[21]
 Armenia
 Ivory Coast
 Ethiopia
 Jordan
 Libya
 Mongolia
 Rwanda
 Tanzania

Civil operators[edit]

In July 2016, a total of 25 Antonov An-32 aircraft remain in airline service. The largest operator is Aero Transporte S.A (ATSA) of Peru with four aircraft. Some 16 other airlines operate smaller numbers of the type.[22]

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • On 25 March 1986, an Indian Air Force An-32 disappeared over the Indian Ocean on a delivery flight from the Soviet Union (via Muscat, Oman.) No trace was ever found of the aircraft or its three crew and four passengers.[23]
  • On 15 July 1990, an Indian Air Force An-32 transport plane crashed in the Ponmudi Mountain range while en route from Tambaram Air Force Station to Thiruvananthapuram in India.[24]
  • On 22 November 1995,a Sri Lankan Air Force An-32B which chartered from the Kazakh was shot down during a landing in Jaffna, and all 63 troops aboard killed.[citation needed]
  • On 8 January 1996, an An-32 freighter crashed into a crowded marketplace in Kinshasa, Zaire, resulting in the deaths of approximately 237 people on the ground. The crew attempted to abort the takeoff at Kinshasa-N'Dolo Airport after the aircraft failed to gain height. All six crew members survived. Overloading was cited as a possible cause.[25]
  • On 28 March 1998, a Peruvian Air Force An-32 carrying the dual civil/military registration OB-1389/FAP-388 and inbound from Tumbes evacuating 50 people stranded by El Niño-driven floods had an engine failure while approaching Piura. As the aircraft was overloaded, the pilot couldn't keep height and the AN-32 struck three houses of a nearby shantytown and crashed into a canal. While the crew of five survived, 21 passengers died plus one person on the ground.[26]
  • On 26 August 2007, a Great Lakes Business Company An-32B carrying nine tons of minerals, 12 passengers, and a crew of three experienced engine trouble after takeoff from Kongolo Airport, Kongolo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, and crashed short of the runway while attempting to return to the airport, killing 14 of the 15 people on board.[27]
  • On 10 June 2009, an Indian Air Force, An-32 transport aircraft carrying 13 people crashed shortly after it took off from Mechukha in Arunachal Pradesh, a state bordering China.[28] All the 13 people on board were reported to have been killed. Soon after the crash, India agreed a $US400 million deal with Ukraine for an An-32 fleet upgrade. This upgrade as reported will extend the life of these transport aircraft by nearly 15 years.[29]
  • On 12 December 2014, a Sri Lankan Air Force, An-32 transport aircraft carrying 5 people crashed on approach to land at the Rathmalana Airport after taking off from Katunayaka Bandaranayake International Airport. The pilot, co-pilot and two of the air crew were killed in the crash and the fifth crew member suffered critical injuries and died after six days from the accident due to his injuries.[30][31]
  • On 22 July 2016, an Indian Air Force AN-32 travelling from Chennai to Port Blair went missing above the Bay of Bengal with 29 people on board. The plane left the Tambaram air base near Chennai at 8.30 am. It went missing from the radar at 9.12 am, 280 km east of Chennai, In that 8 are the personnel from Visakhapatnam-based Naval Science and Technological Laboratory's (नौसेना विज्ञान एवं प्रौद्योगिकी प्रयोगशाला) Naval Armament Depot[32]

Specifications (An-32)[edit]

Orthographic projection of the Antonov An-32.

Data from Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1988–89[33]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 4
  • Capacity: 42 paratroopers/50 passengers/24 Casualties on stretcher with three medical personnel
  • Length: 23.78 m (78 ft 0¾ in)
  • Wingspan: 29.20 m (95 ft 9½ in)
  • Height: 8.75m (28 ft 8½ in)
  • Wing area: 75 m² (807 ft²)
  • Empty weight: 16,800 kg (37,038 lb)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 27,000 kg (59,400 lb)
  • Powerplant: 2 × ZMKB Progress AI-20DM turboprop, 3,812 kW (5,112 ehp) each

Performance

See also[edit]

Related development
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
Related lists

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Karnozov, Vovick. "Renewed AN-32 in Flight Tests." AeroWorldNet, 16 October 2000. Archived May 21, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ "Kiev Aviation Plant: 'Aviant', About." aviant.ua. Retrieved: 12 November 2011.
  3. ^ a b Antonov An-32. "Ан нет, Ан есть. Украина «нашла» потерянные индийские Ан-32." http://warfiles.ru/, 20 April 2015.
  4. ^ "✈ russianplanes.net ✈ наша авиация". russianplanes.net. 
  5. ^ a b "An-32." Antonov.com. Retrieved: 12 November 2011.
  6. ^ a b "Kiev Aviation Plant: 'Aviant' Аn-32B–110/120." aviant.ua. Retrieved: 12 November 2011.
  7. ^ "Kiev Aviation Plant: 'Aviant' – An-32B-300." aviant.ua. Retrieved: 12 November 2011.
  8. ^ a b "An-32P." Antonov.com. Retrieved: 12 November 2011.
  9. ^ "Saudi Arabia To Build Antonov Cargo Planes ." Retrieved: 11 May 2015.
  10. ^ "Antonov complete preliminary design of An-132 airlifter - Aviation Analysis Wing". aviationanalysis.net. 
  11. ^ a b Isby, David C. (September 2016). "Ukraine/Saudi An-132D Plans". Air International. Vol. 91 no. 3. p. 19. ISSN 0306-5634. 
  12. ^ Hoyle Flight International 8–14 December 2015, p. 32.
  13. ^ Hoyle Flight International 11–17 December 2012, p. 46.
  14. ^ a b Hoyle Flight International 11–17 December 2012, p. 49.
  15. ^ Hoyle Flight International 11–17 December 2012, p. 50.
  16. ^ "IAF awaits 'safe' return of last batch of AN-32 fleet". Deccan Herald. Retrieved 26 December 2014. 
  17. ^ Hoyle Flight International 11–17 December 2012, p. 52.
  18. ^ a b Hoyle Flight International 11–17 December 2012, p. 55.
  19. ^ a b c Hoyle Flight International 11–17 December 2012, p. 57.
  20. ^ a b Hoyle Flight International 11–17 December 2012, p. 60.
  21. ^ "Aerospace Source Book 2007," Aviation Week & Space Technology, 15 January 2007.
  22. ^ Thisdell and Farfard Flight International 9–15 August 2016, pp. 28–29.
  23. ^ Ranter, Harro and Fabian I. Lujan. "ASN Aircraft accident: Antonov 32 K2729 Jamnagar, India." Aviation Safety Network, 2004. Retrieved: 27 June 2011.
  24. ^ "ASN Aircraft accident: Antonov 32 K2705 Ponmudi, India." Aviation Safety Network, Retrieved: 23 July 2016.
  25. ^ "ASN Aircraft accident: Antonov 32B." Aviation Safety Network, 2004. Retrieved: 27 June 2011.
  26. ^ Glave, Fernando Braschi. "Photo of Antonov 32 OB-1389." Aviation Safety Network, 2004. Retrieved: 17 November 2012.
  27. ^ Harro Ranter (26 August 2007). "ASN Aircraft accident Antonov 32B 9Q-CAC Kongolo Airport (KOO)". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 3 July 2015. 
  28. ^ "IAF plane crash over Arunachal Pradesh." telegraphindia.com. Retrieved: 29 June 2011.
  29. ^ "India inks AN-32 upgrade deal with Ukraine." Times of India. Retrieved: 29 June 2011.
  30. ^ Harro Ranter (12 December 2014). "ASN Aircraft accident Antonov 32B SCM-864 Hokandara". aviation-safety.net. 
  31. ^ "Plane crash in Athurugiriya". Daily Mirror. 12 December 2014. Retrieved 12 December 2014. 
  32. ^ [1]
  33. ^ Taylor 1988, pp. 222–225.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Hoyle, Craig. "World Air Forces Directory". Flight International, Vol. 182 No. 5370. 11–17 December 2012. pp. 40–64. ISSN 0015-3710.
  • Hoyle, Craig. "World Air Forces Directory". Flight International, Vol. 184 No. 5419. 10–16 December 2013. pp. 24–51. ISSN 0015-3710.
  • Hoyle, Craig. "World Air Forces Directory". Flight International, Vol. 188 No. 5517. 8–14 December 2015. pp. 26–53. ISSN 0015-3710.
  • Taylor, John, W.R. Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1988–89. London: Jane's Information Group, 1988. ISBN 0-7106-0867-5.
  • Thisdell, Dan and Fafard, Antoine. "World Airliner Census". Flight International, Volume 190, No. 5550, 9–15 August 2016. pp. 20–43. ISSN 0015-3710

External links[edit]