Muscat International Airport

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Muscat International Airport

مطار مسقط الدولي
Muscat International Airport Logo.png
New terminal under construction at Muscat Airport.jpg
Airport typeMilitary/Public
OperatorOman Airports
ServesMuscat, Oman
Hub for
Coordinates23°35′18.92″N 58°17′26.16″E / 23.5885889°N 58.2906000°E / 23.5885889; 58.2906000Coordinates: 23°35′18.92″N 58°17′26.16″E / 23.5885889°N 58.2906000°E / 23.5885889; 58.2906000
MCT is located in Oman
Location of Airport in Oman
Direction Length Surface
ft m
08R/26L 11,758 3,584 Asphalt
08L/26R 13,123 4,000 Asphalt
Statistics (2017)
Total passengers14,034,865 Increase
Total Aircraft movements114,258 Increase

Muscat International Airport (IATA: MCT, ICAO: OOMS), formerly Seeb International Airport,[1] is the main international airport in Oman and is located in Seeb, 32 km from the old city and capital Muscat within the Muscat metropolitan area. The airport serves as the hub for flag carrier Oman Air and Oman's first budget airline Salam Air features flights to several regional destinations as well as some intercontinental services to Asia, Africa and Europe.


The airport opened as Seeb International Airport in 1973, replacing a smaller airfield located in Bayt al Falaj.[2]

It has hosted Royal Air Force BAe Nimrods in the past, including for the 1991 Gulf War. These aircraft cooperated with the Royal Navy of Oman in the 'Magic Roundabout' exercise series.[3] The base was used by a detachment of Vickers VC10 tankers from No. 101 Squadron RAF during the Gulf War training with Royal Air Force SEPECAT Jaguars.[4]

On 1 February 2008, the airport's name was changed from Seeb International Airport to Muscat International Airport.[1]


The entire airport is spread over an area of 5,250 acres (21 km2). It originally featured one passenger terminal building, one runway as well as minor cargo and maintenance facilities. Part of the airport complex extension featured housing for airport employees and Oman Air employees.

During the expansion, a new terminal and control tower was built along with a new runway. The current terminal is the biggest airport in Oman, having started construction in 2007 and opened in 2018. The new facilities also includes a VIP terminal for private jets and an onsite airport hotel.

The Royal Flight of Oman and Royal Air Force of Oman are based at the airport and the RAFO also shares its facilities with the airport. A Royal Terminal and Royal Flight hangars are located adjacent to the old terminal.

Since 2019 the Aaronia AARTOS C-UAS drone detection system is installed[5] which makes it the first international airport in the world to have an operational drone detection system.


Terminal 1 (New Terminal)[edit]

The airport has a new and significantly larger state-of-the-art terminal located at the north of the existing terminal and first runway, opened on March 20, 2018. This new building initially brought the airport's capacity up to 20 million passengers a year upon completion of the first phase.[6] Subsequent enlargements under second and third phases will increase the airport capacity to 24 and 48 million annual passengers respectively.[6] The terminal covers 580,000 sqm and features 118 check-in counters, 10 baggage reclaim belts, 82 immigration counters, 45 gates as well as a new ATC tower, 97 m high. The new terminal is located between the old and new runways and is capable of handling large aircraft such as Airbus A380s and Boeing 747s.[7]

On 31 January 2018, it was announced that the new terminal will be inaugurated on 20 March 2018 with all current operations to be relocated to the new facility.[8] The new terminal opened on the said date at 3:00 p.m. with the first flight, an Oman Air flight from Najaf, arriving at 6:30 p.m.

Terminal 2 (Old Terminal)[edit]

Terminal 2 is a single building, two-story passenger T-shaped terminal. It opened in the 1970s as a replacement of the Bait al-Falaj airport and has been expanded several times during the last years to cater for growing passenger numbers.[9]

This terminal featured 58 check-in counters, 23 departure gates, 4 baggage reclaim belts and some service counters and shops.[9] During its years of operation, passengers and crew were transported to and from the aircraft using shuttle buses as the terminal lacks jet bridges.

The new terminal opened in March 2018 and all flights were moved there. On the day the new terminal opened, the last international flight to depart from the old terminal was an Oman Air flight to Zurich Switzerland while another Oman Air flight bound for Salalah became the last domestic flight. The old facility will be redeveloped into a low-cost carrier terminal.[8]

Runways and apron[edit]

The airport has two runways. The original runway, designated as Runway 08R/26L served as the airport's only runway and is capable of handling the Boeing 747-400, and the Boeing 777. The second runway located to the north of the new terminal building, numbered as 08L/26R, was opened on December 14, 2014 and can handle bigger airplanes such as the Boeing 747-8, Airbus A380, and the Antonov An-225. The original runway between the new facilities and the old passenger terminal is closed for refurbishment and expansion[10] as part of the construction of the entirely new main terminal building and apron area.

The old terminal's apron features 32 stands[9] on both sides of the T-shaped passenger terminal building with 30 new ones constructed in two phases[7] in front of the new terminal building of which several are already in use as of September 2016.

Airlines and destinations[edit]


The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter flights to and from Muscat:[11]

Air Arabia Abu Dhabi,[12] Alexandria,[13] Cairo,[14] Sharjah
Air Blue Lahore
Air FranceSeasonal: Paris–Charles de Gaulle (begins 24 October 2021)[15]
Air India Bangalore, Chennai, Delhi, Hyderabad, Mumbai
Air India ExpressKannur, Kochi, Kozhikode, Mangalore, Thiruvananthapuram
Biman Bangladesh AirlinesChittagong, Dhaka, Sylhet1
British AirwaysLondon–Heathrow
Cham Wings AirlinesDamascus
Edelweiss AirZurich[16]
Ethiopian AirlinesAddis Ababa
Etihad AirwaysAbu Dhabi
Go First[17] Kannur, Mumbai
Gulf AirBahrain
IndiGo Kochi, Kozhikode, Mumbai
Kish AirBandar Abbas, Chabahar/Konarak, Kish Island, Shiraz
KLM Abu Dhabi,[18] Amsterdam, Dammam
Kuwait AirwaysKuwait
Oman AirAbu Dhabi, Amman–Queen Alia, Bahrain, Bangalore, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Cairo, Chennai, Colombo–Bandaranaike, Dammam, Dar es Salaam, Delhi, Doha, Dubai–International, Duqm, Frankfurt, Goa, Guangzhou, Hyderabad, Islamabad, Istanbul, Jaipur, Jakarta–Soekarno-Hatta, Jeddah, Karachi, Kathmandu, Khasab, Kochi, Kozhikode, Kuala Lumpur–International, Kuwait, Lahore, London–Heathrow, Lucknow, Malé, Manila, Medina, Milan–Malpensa, Moscow–Domodedovo, Mumbai, Munich, Nairobi–Jomo Kenyatta, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Riyadh, Salalah, Tehran–Imam Khomeini, Thiruvananthapuram, Zanzibar, Zurich
Seasonal: Alexandria
Pakistan International AirlinesGwadar, Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Multan, Peshawar, Sialkot, Turbat
Pegasus AirlinesIstanbul–Sabiha Gökçen
Qatar AirwaysDoha
Regent AirwaysChittagong, Dhaka
SalamAir Abu Dhabi, Alexandria, Bahrain, Chittagong, Colombo–Bandaranaike, Dammam, Dhaka, Doha, Dubai–International, Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen, Jaipur, Jeddah, Karachi, Kathmandu, Khartoum, Kuwait, Mashhad, Medina, Multan, Phuket, Riyadh, Salalah, Sarajevo, Shiraz, Sialkot, Tehran–Imam Khomeini
Seasonal: Baku, Ta'if, Tbilisi, Trabzon
Charter: Mukhaizna[19] Kozhikode[20][21]
SaudiaJeddah, Medina, Riyadh
SriLankan AirlinesColombo–Bandaranaike
Swiss International Air LinesZurich Airport
Taban AirShiraz,Tehran–Imam Khomeini[22]
Thai AirwaysBangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Karachi
Turkish AirlinesIstanbul
US-Bangla Airlines Chittagong, Dhaka, Sylhet[23]
Wizz Air Abu Dhabi[24]
  • ^1 Biman Bangladesh Airlines' flight from Muscat to Dhaka makes a stop at Sylhet. However, the flight from Dhaka to Muscat is non-stop.


Cargolux[25] Luxembourg
Qatar Airways[26] Doha


Aerial view of the entire airport showing the new terminal in the center with the old facilities on top
Terminal 2, the former main building
Oman Air Airbus A330-300s parked on the apron of the old terminal. Until the opening of the new Terminal, there were no jetbridges available.
Annual Passenger Traffic[27]
Year Passengers % Change
2019 15,989,921 Increase 4%
2018 15,415,985 Increase 10%[28] [2]
2017 14,065,069 Increase 17%
2016 12,032,301 Increase 17%
2015 10,315,358 Increase 18%
2014 8,720,102 Increase 5%
2013 8,311,108 Increase 10%
2012 7,546,715 Increase 13%
2011 5,751,516 Increase 26%
2010 4,556,502 Increase 14%
2009 4,002,121 Decrease -5%
2008 4,220,429 Decrease -12%
2007 4,777,747 Steady
Annual freight and movements[29]
Year Freight in MT Aircraft movements
2019 240,285
2018 212,764 333,134
2017 200,852 203,572
2016 180,332 153,326
2015 154,868 109,920
2014 147,248 98,085
2013 120,040 81,244
2012 113,269 73,842
2011 98,780 68,696
2010 96,390 67,160
2009 64,419 55,330
2008 58,486 45,600
2007 77,292 45,655
2006 99,529 46,319


Oman National Transport Company (Mwasalat) operates 24-hour service special airport buses at fixed intervals. The Route 1A operates between Muscat Airport and Mabela while Route 1B operates between Muscat Airport and Ruwi bus station. Bus Route 8 (Al Mouj-Al Khuwair) also has a stop at Muscat Airport. Metered-airport taxis are available with special counters at the baggage and arrival halls. Car hire and chauffeur services are also available. [30]


  1. ^ a b "Oman Airports". Archived from the original on 27 August 2017. Retrieved 13 June 2015.
  2. ^ "Airport History". Oman Airports Management Company. Archived from the original on 9 March 2012. Retrieved 24 October 2012.
  3. ^ Gp Capt Brian Burridge, Royal Air Force Nimrods in the Gulf Archived 3 June 2016 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ "19 Years Over Iraq". The Official RAF Annual Review 2010. Stamford: Key Publishing: 9. December 2010.
  5. ^ "Drone Detection System for Muscat Intl Airport". Retrieved 14 July 2019.
  6. ^ a b "New terminal complex for Muscat International Airport". Bechtel.
  7. ^ a b - New Airport Development Archived 20 February 2016 at the Wayback Machine retrieved 30 September 2016
  8. ^ a b - New Muscat airport terminal to open on March 20 31 January 2018
  9. ^ a b c - Airport Development Archived 3 April 2016 at the Wayback Machine retrieved 30 September 2016
  10. ^ "Pilot information for Muscat international Airport". Our Airports. Archived from the original on 5 February 2015. Retrieved 5 February 2015.
  11. ^ - TimeTable Archived 2 April 2016 at the Wayback Machine retrieved 23 July 2016
  12. ^
  13. ^ "Air Arabia Egypt announces direct flights to Muscat from Alexandria". 18 February 2021.
  14. ^
  15. ^
  16. ^ Liu, Jim. "Edelweiss Air files preliminary Muscat service from Nov 2020". Routesonline. Retrieved 29 September 2020.
  17. ^ "Budget airline GoAir rebrands as Go First".
  18. ^
  19. ^ "Salam Air plans Mukhaizna charters from June 2018". Routesonline. Retrieved 22 July 2019.
  20. ^
  21. ^
  22. ^ Liu, Jim. "Taban Air increases Oman flights from August 2020". Routesonline. Retrieved 5 August 2020.
  23. ^ "US-Bangla Airlines makes maiden flight on Sylhet-Muscat route". The Daily Star. 17 November 2020. Retrieved 9 January 2021.
  24. ^
  25. ^ - Network & Offices retrieved 23 March 2020
  26. ^ [1] retrieved 2 June 2021
  27. ^ Musacat, OOMS. "Oman Airports". Archived from the original on 14 August 2016. Retrieved 23 July 2016.
  28. ^
  29. ^ Cargo Flights. "Oman Airports".
  30. ^ - Transportation from/to Muscat International Airport - Muscat Airport Archived 14 August 2016 at the Wayback Machine retrieved 23 July 2016

External links[edit]

Media related to Muscat International Airport at Wikimedia Commons