Congolese Air Force
|Congolese Air Force|
Congolese Air Force roundel
|Founded||29 July 1959 - present|
|Country||Republic of the Congo|
|Part of||Congolese Armed Forces|
|Helicopter||Mil Mi-35, Mil Mi-17|
The Congolese Air Force (1990–2000) is the air branch of the Armed Forces of the Republic of the Congo, in the Republic of the Congo (aka Congo-Brazzaville). Political tensions have now declined with the fall of the Cold War in Africa and most of its fighter aircraft were scrapped in 2001.
Former Cold War air force
After achieving independence from France in 1960, the Congolese air force (Force Aerienne Congolaise) was started with equipment such as the Douglas C-47s, Broussards and Bell 47Gs, these were followed by Nord Noratlas tactical transports and Sud Alouette helicopter. In the 1970s the air force switched to Soviet equipment. This included five Ilyushin IL-14 and six turboprop Antonov An-24 transports and an An-26 in return for providing bases for Cuban MiG-17 operations over Angola. These fighters and a few MiG-15UTI combat trainers were transferred to the FAC. In 1990 these fighter were replaced by 16 USSR supplied MiG-21MF/bis Fishbeds plus a couple of MiG-21US trainers. Together with a Soviet training mission which stayed until late 1991, during that time there were numerous accidents that involved both Soviet and Congolese personnel. After the Soviets left there was only limited funding for MiG operations and they were withdrawn. Six Mi-8 helicopters were delivered from Ukraine in mid-1997 before the Cobra rebel takeover.
Former personnel and budget
A small, but adequate budget and personnel. Financial aid also came from the former USSR and some personnel were either Soviets or Cubans.
Political and combat role
Its role was as a Communist bastion in central Africa and to counter the politically unstable, pro-Western regime in Zaire (the then former name of the DRC). Its role is now one of countering cross-border smuggling operations, intermittent counterinsurgency actions in the northern provinces and successfully containing the crisis in the DRC along its border. Its first batch of aircraft, the MiG-15s and some of the MiG-17s, arrived in the early 1960s just after the Congo's independence from France and Zaire's independence from Belgium.
It was organised into fighter, counterinsurgency, transport and support wings.
Arms suppliers and personnel training
|Dassault Mirage F1||France||fighter||2|
|CASA C-295||Spain||utility / transport||1|
|Mil Mi-8||Russia||utility / transport||Mi-8/17||6|
|MiG-21||Soviet Union||fighter / interceptor||14||placed in storage|
|MiG-17||Soviet Union||fighter||MiG-17F||8||placed in storage|
|C-47 Dakota||United States||transport||2|
|Ilyushin Il-14||Soviet Union||transport||2|
|MiG-15||Soviet Union||jet trainer||MiG-15UTi||1||placed in storage|
Arms suppliers and personnel training
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Armed Forces of the Republic of the Congo for other armed services.
- "Heart of Darkness: the Tragedy of the Congo, 1960-67". Worldatwar.net. Retrieved 2015-08-17.
- "World Air Forces 2017". Flightglobal Insight. 2017. Retrieved 26 March 2017.
- "World Air Forces 1994 pg. 38". Flightglobal Insight. 1994. Retrieved 21 March 2015.
- "World Air Forces 2004 pg. 38". Flightglobal Insight. 1994. Retrieved 21 March 2015.
- Dorling Kinnersley World reference atlas for 1994
- Tri-service pocketbook- Soviet and East European Major Combat Aircraft for 1990,
- This article incorporates public domain material from the CIA World Factbook document "2003 edition".
- Tri-service pocketbook- NATO Major Combat Aircraft for 1990,
- A news clipping on the helicopter and transport plane of about the same date.
- Prentice Hall/Salamander Books book- An Illustrated Guide to Aircraft Markings (1989).
- Aircraft information files Bright star publishing File 358 sheet 2