Atatürk Olympic Stadium

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Atatürk Olimpiyat Stadı
Istanbul Atatürk Olympic Stadium 1.jpg
Full nameAtatürk Olimpiyat Stadı
LocationBaşakşehir, Istanbul, Turkey
Public transitIstanbul Metro Olimpiyat
OwnerTurkey
Executive suites34
Capacity80,597 (2002–2005)
76,092 (2005–present)[1]
Record attendance79,414 (GalatasarayOlympiacos, 31 July 2002)[2]
Field size105 x 68 m
SurfaceGrass
Scoreboard2 x 80m² [3]
Construction
Broke ground28 November 1997[4]
Built1997–2002
Opened31 July 2002; 16 years ago (2002-07-31)
Renovated2005
Construction cost$140 million
($190 million in 2017 dollars[5])[4]
ArchitectMichel Macary
Aymeric Zublena
Tenants
Turkey national football team
Galatasaray S.K. (2003–2004)
İstanbul Başakşehir F.K. (2007–2014)
Kasımpaşa S.K. (2007–2008)
Beşiktaş J.K. (2013–2016)
Website
www.ataturkolimpiyatstadi.gov.tr

The Ataturk Olympic Stadium (Turkish: Atatürk Olimpiyat Stadı, pronounced [aˈtaˌtyɾc]) located in İkitelli, a district in the western outskirts of Istanbul, is the largest-capacity stadium of Turkey. The stadium is named after Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the founder and first President of the Republic of Turkey. Its construction began in 1999 and was completed in 2002. It was built for Turkey's failed bid for the 2008 Olympic Games that were ultimately awarded to Beijing. It cost about 140 million USD.[4]

With its 76,092 (all-seater) capacity and Olympic size, it was granted the "5-star sports complex" title by the UEFA in 2004, enabling it to host the finals of UEFA events. The 2005 UEFA Champions League Final between Milan and Liverpool was played at the Atatürk Olympic Stadium on 25 May 2005. The stadium is also certified by the IAAF and IOC as a first-class venue for track and field, and has hosted several European athletic competitions. On 30 May 2020, the stadium is scheduled to stage its second Champions League final.

Süper Lig football team Istanbul BB used the venue as their home ground until they moved to the Başakşehir Fatih Terim Stadium in 2014. Galatasaray played its home games at the Atatürk Olympic Stadium during the 2003–2004 football season, due to the renovation of their own venue, the Ali Sami Yen Stadium. Galatasaray eventually returned to Ali Sami Yen for the 2004–2005 season, but played 2006–2007 UEFA Champions League group stage matches at the Atatürk Olympic Stadium. Sivasspor also played some of its Süper Lig home games at the Atatürk Olympic Stadium due to the bad weather conditions in their original hometown stadium. Beşiktaş used the arena in the 2013-14 season to play most of their home games, with the reasoning being the same as Galatasaray's, with their own ground, the Vodafone Arena, scheduled to undergo renovation.

Design and construction[edit]

Istanbul Atatürk Olympic Stadium was originally conceived for the city's 2008 Olympic Games bid.

The stadium's two steel roofs (weighing 2,800 t and 1,300 t) were produced by Tekfen's Steel Structure Fabrication Plant in Ceyhan, Adana. The west roof, designed in the form of a crescent and principally composed of a 1,000 t main beam called mega-truss, is supported by two reinforced concrete shafts with 196 m span.

With its 134 entrances and 148 exit gates, the Olympic Stadium allows 80,000 spectators to evacuate within 7.5 minutes, in case of an emergency. Two annex fields (for warm up / training purposes) are connected directly to the Olympic Stadium with an underground tunnel.

The Olympic Stadium's technical infrastructure and design ensure optimal visibility from all stands; a homogeneous sound level (102 decibels) with modern speaker systems, and a 1,400 lux illumination covering all areas of the stadium.

A 42,200 m2 commercial center is situated under the west roof, with a front facade length of 450 m and a total of 6 floors (3 floors below ground level.)

Facts[4][edit]

  • Excavation & Backfilling: 3,700,000 m3
  • Micropiles: 2,240 units
  • Concrete (cast in-situ): 60,000 m3
  • Concrete (precast): 11,000 m3
  • Reinforcement: 7,400 t
  • Prestressing & Cable Stays: 40 t
  • Steel Structures: 5,400 t
  • Roofing & Cladding: 52,000 m2
  • Pavement: 90,000 m2
  • 42,200 m2 commercial / facility building,
  • Amphi-theatre with 300 seats capacity,
  • Two elevated car parks with total capacity of 400 vehicles,
  • 36 private-view lodges each fully equipped with a TV set, meeting table, comfortable arm chair(s) and a (drink / snack) bar with high bar stools,
  • Each zone has its own access points, refreshment, first-aid and toilet facilities,
  • All zone separators comply with the latest international safety standards.

Renovation[edit]

2005 UEFA Champions League Final[edit]

From 2002 to 2005 the stadium had a capacity of 80,597 (all-seater). This was later reduced to 76,092 (all-seater) by removing the seats from where it was not possible to see the entire pitch, prior to the 2005 UEFA Champions League Final game between AC Milan and Liverpool F.C., which was played on 25 May 2005.

UEFA Euro 2016 plans[edit]

The stadium was part of the turkish UEFA Euro 2016 bid. To meet all requirements of the UEFA for being able to organize the Euro 2016 football championship, the authorities planned to take major reconstruction works on this stadium. It was planned to increase the stadium's capacity to over 90,000 spectators and making it to the world's largest stadium with every seat under cover. To increase the net and gross capacity to 81,106 and 94,555[6] respectively, the pitch would have been lowered by 2.15 metres. In order to provide better convenience for the VIP guests and the media, all existing hospitality areas at levels 3 and 4 would have been extended. Furthermore, 12 new boxes were planned to be added to the west stand and 32 to the east stand in order to add to the current number of 36 skyboxes; making a total of 80 skyboxes after the reconstruction.[7]

UEFA Euro 2024 plans[edit]

For the UEFA Euro 2024 bid the Turkish Football Federation plans to rebuilt the stadium. The stands will be closer to the pitch, making it a football stadium[8]. The stadium will have a capacity of 92,208[9] and 191 suites. This will likely end Turkey's olympic prospects to bid olympics in 2030 -century centering it to Istanbul if athletics track were removed. The rebuild was made by Manchester based British architecture company AFL Architects.

Concerts[edit]

U2 360° Tour[edit]

On 6 September 2010, the renowned Irish rock band U2 gave a concert at the stadium which reportedly attracted 54,278 fans, as a part of their U2 360° Tour, the opening act of which was performed by the group Snow Patrol.[10]

Records[edit]

Attendance Records
Rank Attendance Date Game
1 79,414[2] 31 July 2002 Galatasaray SKOlympiacos CFP
2 77,512[11] 22 September 2013 Beşiktaş JKGalatasaray SK
3 71,334[12] 21 September 2003 Galatasaray SKFenerbahçe SK
4 71,230[13] 12 September 2006 Galatasaray SKFC Girondins de Bordeaux
5 69,000[14][15] 25 May 2005 A.C. MilanLiverpool F.C.
6 66,300[16] 13 August 2003 Galatasaray SKPFC CSKA
7 65,110[17] 19 March 2015 Beşiktaş JKClub Brugge KV
8 63,324[18] 26 February 2015 Beşiktaş JKLiverpool F.C.
9 62,620[19] 9 August 2003 Galatasaray SKDiyarbakırspor
10 60,747[20] 29 August 2013 Beşiktaş J.K.Tromsø IL

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Stat Arama Detay TFF". Tff.org. Retrieved 2016-08-07.
  2. ^ a b "2006-07 UEFA CL Statistics handbook" (PDF). Kassiesa.net. Retrieved 2016-08-07.
  3. ^ [1][dead link]
  4. ^ a b c d "Tekfen Construction - ISTANBUL ATATÜRK OLYMPIC STADIUM". Tekfeninsaat.com. Retrieved 2016-08-07.
  5. ^ Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis Community Development Project. "Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–". Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Retrieved January 2, 2018.
  6. ^ [2] JSK Architects
  7. ^ "Official website for Turkey's Euro 2016 bid: The Atatürk Olympic Stadium in Istanbul". Archived from the original on 3 March 2012. Retrieved 24 February 2010.
  8. ^ picture of the project
  9. ^ UEFA EURO 2024 Turkey Bid Brochure
  10. ^ "U2'dan unutulmaz konser". Sabah (in Turkish). 2010-09-07. Retrieved 2010-09-07.
  11. ^ "İşte derbi ile ilgili gerçek rakamlar". haber1903. Archived from the original on 28 September 2013. Retrieved 25 September 2013.
  12. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 27 September 2013. Retrieved 2013-09-23.
  13. ^ "UCL Report Cover 07" (PDF). Uefa.com. Retrieved 2016-08-07.
  14. ^ [3][dead link]
  15. ^ "UEFA Champions League – Statistics Handbook 2012/13" (PDF). UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. p. 141. Retrieved 22 September 2013.
  16. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 27 September 2013. Retrieved 2013-09-23.
  17. ^ "Attendance record broken as Dynamo beat Everton - UEFA Europa League - News". UEFA.com. 2015-03-19. Retrieved 2016-08-07.
  18. ^ "UEFA Europa League - Timeline". Facebook. Retrieved 2016-08-07.
  19. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 27 September 2013. Retrieved 2013-09-23.
  20. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 30 August 2013. Retrieved 2013-08-30.

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Arena AufSchalke
Gelsenkirchen
UEFA Champions League
Final Venue

2005
Succeeded by
Stade de France
St-Denis
Preceded by
Wanda Metropolitano
Madrid
UEFA Champions League
Final Venue

2020
Succeeded by
TBA

Coordinates: 41°04′28.10″N 28°45′56.53″E / 41.0744722°N 28.7657028°E / 41.0744722; 28.7657028