Atatürk Olympic Stadium

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Atatürk Olimpiyat Stadı
Atatürk Olimpiyat.jpg
Full name Atatürk Olimpiyat Stadı
Location Başakşehir, Istanbul, Turkey
Owner Turkey
Executive suites 34
Capacity 80,597 (2002-2005)
76,092 (2005-present)[1]
Record attendance 79,414 (GalatasarayOlympiacos, 31 July 2002)[2]
Field size 105 x 68 m
Surface Grass
Scoreboard 2 x 80m² [3]
Broke ground 28 November 1997[4]
Built 1997–2002
Opened 31 July 2002; 15 years ago (2002-07-31)[6]
Renovated 2005
Construction cost $140 million
($186 million in 2016 dollars[5])[4]
Architect Michel Macary
Aymeric Zublena
Turkey national football team
Galatasaray S.K. (2003–2004)
İstanbul Başakşehir F.K. (2007–2014)
Beşiktaş J.K. (2013–2016)

The Atatürk Olympic Stadium (Turkish: Atatürk Olimpiyat Stadı, pronounced [aˈtaˌtyɾc]) located in İkitelli, a district in the western outskirts of Istanbul, is the largest-capacity stadium of Turkey. The stadium is named after Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the founder and first President of the Republic of Turkey. Its construction began in 1999 and was completed in 2002. It was built for Turkey's failed bid for the 2008 Olympic Games that were ultimately awarded to Beijing. It cost about 140 million USD.[4]

With its 76,092 (all-seater) capacity and Olympic size, it was granted the "5-star sports complex" title by the UEFA in 2004, enabling it to host the finals of UEFA events. The 2005 UEFA Champions League Final between Milan and Liverpool was played at the Atatürk Olympic Stadium on 25 May 2005. The stadium is also certified by the IAAF and IOC as a first-class venue for track and field, and has hosted several European athletic competitions.

Süper Lig football team Istanbul BB used the venue as their home ground until they moved to the Başakşehir Fatih Terim Stadium in 2014. Galatasaray played its home games at the Atatürk Olympic Stadium during the 2003–2004 football season, due to the renovation of their own venue, the Ali Sami Yen Stadium, and this was criticized by other teams. Galatasaray eventually returned to Ali Sami Yen for the 2004–2005 season, but played 2006–2007 UEFA Champions League group stage matches at the Atatürk Olympic Stadium. Sivasspor also played some of its Süper Lig home games at the Atatürk Olympic Stadium due to the bad weather conditions in their original hometown stadium. Beşiktaş used the arena in the 2013-14 season to play most of their home games, with the reasoning being the same as Galatasaray's, with their own ground, the Vodafone Arena, scheduled to undergo renovation.

Design and construction[edit]

Istanbul Atatürk Olympic Stadium was originally conceived for the city's 2008 Olympic Games bid.

The stadium's two steel roofs (weighing 2,800 t and 1,300 t) were produced by Tekfen's Steel Structure Fabrication Plant in Ceyhan, Adana. The west roof, designed in the form of a crescent and principally composed of a 1,000 t main beam called mega-truss, is supported by two reinforced concrete shafts with 196 m span.

With its 134 entrances and 148 exit gates, the Olympic Stadium allows 80,000 spectators to evacuate within 7.5 minutes, in case of an emergency. Two annex fields (for warm up / training purposes) are connected directly to the Olympic Stadium with an underground tunnel.

The Olympic Stadium's technical infrastructure and design ensure optimal visibility from all stands; a homogeneous sound level (102 decibels) with modern speaker systems, and a 1,400 lux illumination covering all areas of the stadium.

A 42,200 m2 commercial center is situated under the west roof, with a front facade length of 450 m and a total of 6 floors (3 floors below ground level.)


  • Excavation & Backfilling: 3,700,000 m3
  • Micropiles: 2,240 units
  • Concrete (cast in-situ): 60,000 m3
  • Concrete (precast): 11,000 m3
  • Reinforcement: 7,400 t
  • Prestressing & Cable Stays: 40 t
  • Steel Structures: 5,400 t
  • Roofing & Cladding: 52,000 m2
  • Pavement: 90,000 m2
  • 42,200 m2 commercial / facility building,
  • Amphi-theatre with 300 seats capacity,
  • Two elevated car parks with total capacity of 400 vehicles,
  • 36 private-view lodges each fully equipped with a TV set, meeting table, comfortable arm chair(s) and a (drink / snack) bar with high bar stools,
  • Each zone has its own access points, refreshment, first-aid and toilet facilities,
  • All zone separators comply with the latest international safety standards.


2005 UEFA Champions League Final[edit]

The 2005 UEFA Champions League Final game between AC Milan and Liverpool F.C. was played at the Atatürk Olympic Stadium.

From 2002 to 2005 the stadium had a capacity of 80,597 (all-seater). This was later reduced to 76,092 (all-seater) by removing the seats from where it was not possible to see the entire pitch, prior to the 2005 UEFA Champions League Final game between AC Milan and Liverpool F.C., which was played on 25 May 2005.


U2 360° Tour[edit]

On 6 September 2010, the renowned Irish rock band U2 gave a concert at the stadium which reportedly attracted 54,278 fans, as a part of their U2 360° Tour, the opening act of which was performed by the group Snow Patrol.[7]


Attendance Records
Rank Attendance Date Game
1 79,414[2] 31 July 2002 Galatasaray SKOlympiacos CFP
2 77,512[8] 22 September 2013 Beşiktaş JKGalatasaray SK
3 72,059[9] 25 May 2005 AC MilanLiverpool F.C.
4 71,334[10] 21 September 2003 Galatasaray SKFenerbahçe SK
5 71,230[11] 12 September 2006 Galatasaray SKFC Girondins de Bordeaux
6 66,300[12] 13 August 2003 Galatasaray SKPFC CSKA
7 65,110[13] 19 March 2015 Beşiktaş JKClub Brugge KV
8 63,324[14] 26 February 2015 Beşiktaş JKLiverpool F.C.
9 62,620[15] 9 August 2003 Galatasaray SKDiyarbakırspor
10 60,747[16] 29 August 2013 Beşiktaş J.K.Tromsø IL

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Stat Arama Detay TFF". Retrieved 2016-08-07. 
  2. ^ a b "2006-07 UEFA CL Statistics handbook" (PDF). Retrieved 2016-08-07. 
  3. ^ [1][dead link]
  4. ^ a b c d "Tekfen Construction - ISTANBUL ATATÜRK OLYMPIC STADIUM". Retrieved 2016-08-07. 
  5. ^ Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis Community Development Project. "Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–". Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Retrieved January 2, 2017. 
  6. ^ "Atatürk Olimpiyat Stadyumu – World of Stadiums". 2002-07-31. Retrieved 2016-08-07. 
  7. ^ "U2'dan unutulmaz konser". Sabah (in Turkish). 2010-09-07. Retrieved 2010-09-07. 
  8. ^ "İşte derbi ile ilgili gerçek rakamlar". haber1903. Retrieved 25 September 2013. 
  9. ^ [2][dead link]
  10. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 27 September 2013. Retrieved 2013-09-23. 
  11. ^ "UCL Report Cover 07" (PDF). Retrieved 2016-08-07. 
  12. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 27 September 2013. Retrieved 2013-09-23. 
  13. ^ "Attendance record broken as Dynamo beat Everton - UEFA Europa League - News". 2015-03-19. Retrieved 2016-08-07. 
  14. ^ "UEFA Europa League - Timeline". Facebook. Retrieved 2016-08-07. 
  15. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 27 September 2013. Retrieved 2013-09-23. 
  16. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 30 August 2013. Retrieved 2013-08-30. 

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Arena AufSchalke
UEFA Champions League
Final Venue

Succeeded by
Stade de France

Coordinates: 41°04′28.10″N 28°45′56.53″E / 41.0744722°N 28.7657028°E / 41.0744722; 28.7657028