Atatürk Olympic Stadium

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Atatürk Olimpiyat Stadı
Istanbul Atatürk Olympic Stadium 1.jpg
Full nameAtatürk Olimpiyat Stadı
LocationBaşakşehir, Istanbul, Turkey
Public transitIstanbul Metro Line M9 Olimpiyat
OwnerTurkey
Executive suites34
Capacity74,753
List
  • 80,597 (2002–2005)
    76,092 (2005–2019)
    76,761 (2019–2020)
    75,145 (2020–2021)
    74,753 (2021–)[2]
Record attendance79,414 (GalatasarayOlympiacos, 31 July 2002)[4]
Field size105 x 68 m
SurfaceGrass
ScoreboardYes
Construction
Broke ground28 November 1997[1]
Built1997–2002
Opened31 July 2002; 18 years ago (2002-07-31)
Renovated2005, 2020
Construction cost$140 million
($201 million in 2020 dollars[3])[1]
ArchitectMichel Macary
Aymeric Zublena
Tenants
Turkey national football team
Galatasaray (2003–2004)
İstanbul Başakşehir (2007–2014)
Kasımpaşa (2007–2008)
Beşiktaş (2013–2016)
Fatih Karagümrük (2020–present)
Website
www.ataturkolimpiyatstadi.gov.tr

The Atatürk Olympic Stadium (Turkish: Atatürk Olimpiyat Stadı, pronounced [aˈtatyɾc]) is a stadium in Istanbul, Turkey. Located in the western district of İkitelli, it is the largest-capacity stadium in the country. The stadium is named after Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the founder and first President of the Republic of Turkey. Its construction began in 1999 and was completed in 2002. It was originally built for Turkey's failed bid for the 2008 Olympic Games that were ultimately awarded to Beijing, China. It cost about US$140 million.[1]

With its 76,761 (all-seater) capacity and Olympic size, it was granted the "5-star sports complex" title by the UEFA in 2004, enabling it to host the finals of UEFA events. The 2005 UEFA Champions League Final between Milan and Liverpool was played at the Atatürk Olympic Stadium on 25 May 2005. The stadium is also certified by the IAAF and IOC as a first-class venue for track and field, and has hosted several European athletic competitions. The stadium was originally scheduled to stage its second Champions League final on 30 May 2020, but following the COVID-19 pandemic in Europe the match was postponed and later rescheduled to August at the Estádio da Luz in Portugal behind closed doors; the stadium was then set to hold the 2021 final between Manchester City and Chelsea instead, but the match was once again moved to Portugal, this time at the Estádio do Dragão.[5]

Süper Lig football team Istanbul BB used the venue as their home stadium until they moved to the Başakşehir Fatih Terim Stadium in 2014. Galatasaray played its home games at the Atatürk Olympic Stadium during the 2003–2004 football season because their own venue, the Ali Sami Yen Stadium, was under renovation. Galatasaray eventually returned to Ali Sami Yen for the 2004–2005 season, but played 2006–2007 UEFA Champions League group stage matches at the Atatürk Olympic Stadium. Sivasspor also played some of its Süper Lig home games at the Atatürk Olympic Stadium due to bad weather conditions in their original hometown stadium. Beşiktaş used the arena in the 2013–14 season to play most of their home games, with the reasoning being the same as Galatasaray's, while their own stadium, the Vodafone Arena, was under construction.

Design and construction[edit]

Istanbul Atatürk Olympic Stadium was originally conceived for the city's 2008 Olympic Games bid.

The stadium's two steel roofs (weighing 2,800 t and 1,300 t) were produced by Tekfen's Steel Structure Fabrication Plant in Ceyhan, Adana. The west roof, designed in the form of a crescent and principally composed of a 1,000 t main beam called mega-truss, is supported by two reinforced concrete shafts with 196 m span.

With its 134 entrances and 148 exit gates, the Olympic Stadium allows 80,000 spectators to evacuate within 7.5 minutes, in case of an emergency. Two annex fields (for warm up / training purposes) are connected directly to the Olympic Stadium with a tunnel.

The Olympic Stadium's technical infrastructure and design ensure optimal visibility from all stands; a homogeneous sound level (102 decibels) with modern speaker systems, and a 1,400 lux illumination covering all areas of the stadium.

A 42,200 m2 commercial center is situated under the west roof, with a front facade length of 450 m and a total of 6 floors (3 floors below ground level.)

Facts[edit]

Atatürk Olympic Stadium
  • Excavation & Backfilling: 3,700,000 m3
  • Micropiles: 2,240 units
  • Concrete (cast in-situ): 60,000 m3
  • Concrete (precast): 11,000 m3
  • Reinforcement: 7,400 t
  • Pre-stressing & Cable Stays: 40 t
  • Steel Structures: 5,400 t
  • Roofing & Cladding: 52,000 m2
  • Pavement: 90,000 m2
  • 42,200 m2 commercial / facility building,
  • Amphitheatre with 300 seats capacity,
  • Two elevated car parks with total capacity of 400 vehicles,
  • 36 private-view lodges each fully equipped with a TV set, meeting table, comfortable arm chair(s) and a (drink / snack) bar with high bar stools,
  • Each zone has its own access points, refreshment, first-aid and toilet facilities,
  • All zone separators comply with the latest international safety standards.
  • The field inside the athletics track is a Hatko Hybrid Grass[6] playing surface

[1]

Renovation[edit]

2005 UEFA Champions League Final[edit]

The 2005 UEFA Champions League Final was the final match of the 2004–05 UEFA Champions League, Europe's primary club football competition. The showpiece event (dubbed "The Miracle of Istanbul") was contested between Liverpool F.C. of England and A.C. Milan of Italy at the Atatürk Olympic Stadium in Istanbul, Turkey, on 25 May 2005.

From 2002 to 2005 the stadium had a capacity of 80,597 (all-seater). This was later reduced to 76,092 (all-seater) by removing the seats from where it was not possible to see the entire pitch, prior to the 2005 UEFA Champions League Final game.

UEFA Euro 2016 plans[edit]

The stadium was part of the Turkish UEFA Euro 2016 bid. To meet all requirements of the UEFA for being able to organize the Euro 2016 football championship, the authorities planned to take major reconstruction works on this stadium. It was planned to increase the stadium's capacity to over 90,000 spectators and making it to the world's largest stadium with every seat under cover. To increase the net and gross capacity to 81,106 and 94,555[7] respectively, the pitch would have been lowered by 2.15 metres. In order to provide better convenience for the VIP guests and the media, all existing hospitality areas at levels 3 and 4 would have been extended. Furthermore, 12 new boxes were planned to be added to the west stand and 32 to the east stand in order to add to the current number of 36 skyboxes; making a total of 80 skyboxes after the reconstruction.[8]

2020/2021 UEFA Champions League Final[edit]

The 2020 UEFA Champions League Final was scheduled to be played at the stadium on 30 May 2020.[9] However the final was postponed due to the COVID-19 pandemic in Europe[10] and later relocated to the Estádio da Luz, Lisbon. It was due to stage the following season's final, however this was relocated by UEFA on 13 May 2021 because of the COVID-19 pandemic in Turkey.[11]

UEFA Euro 2024 plans[edit]

For the UEFA Euro 2024 bid the Turkish Football Federation planned to rebuild the stadium. The stands would be closer to the pitch, making it a football stadium.[12][13] Because of the removal of the athletics track, this would likely have ended Turkey's prospects for a future Summer Olympics. The rebuild was made by Manchester-based British architecture company AFL Architects. Ultimately, the Euro 2024 tournament would be awarded to Germany instead.

Concerts[edit]

U2 360° Tour[edit]

On 6 September 2010, the renowned Irish rock band U2 gave a concert at the stadium which reportedly attracted 54,278 fans, as a part of their U2 360° Tour, the opening act of which was performed by the group Snow Patrol.[14]

A panoramic view of Atatürk Olympic Stadium in Istanbul

Records[edit]

Attendance Records
Rank Attendance Date Game
1 79,414[4] 31 July 2002 Galatasaray SKOlympiacos CFP
2 77,512[15] 22 September 2013 Beşiktaş JKGalatasaray SK
3 71,334[16] 21 September 2003 Galatasaray SKFenerbahçe SK
4 71,230[17] 12 September 2006 Galatasaray SKFC Girondins de Bordeaux
5 69,000[18][19] 25 May 2005 A.C. MilanLiverpool F.C.
6 66,300[20] 13 August 2003 Galatasaray SKPFC CSKA
7 65,110[21] 19 March 2015 Beşiktaş JKClub Brugge KV
8 63,324[22] 26 February 2015 Beşiktaş JKLiverpool F.C.
9 62,620[23] 9 August 2003 Galatasaray SKDiyarbakırspor
10 60,747[24] 29 August 2013 Beşiktaş J.K.Tromsø IL

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Tekfen Construction - ISTANBUL ATATÜRK OLYMPIC STADIUM". Tekfeninsaat.com. Archived from the original on 6 January 2016. Retrieved 7 August 2016.
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ 1634 to 1699: Harris, P. (1996). "Inflation and Deflation in Early America, 1634–1860: Patterns of Change in the British American Economy". Social Science History. 20 (4): 469–505. JSTOR 1171338. 1700-1799: McCusker, J. J. (1992). How much is that in real money?: a historical price index for use as a deflator of money values in the economy of the United States (PDF). American Antiquarian Society. 1800–present: Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. "Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–". Retrieved 1 January 2020.
  4. ^ a b "2006-07 UEFA CL Statistics handbook" (PDF). Kassiesa.net. Retrieved 7 August 2016.
  5. ^ "UEFA competitions to resume in August". UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. 17 June 2020. Retrieved 17 June 2020.
  6. ^ https://www.hatkosport.com/hybrid-grass/
  7. ^ [2] Archived 24 June 2016 at the Wayback Machine JSK Architects
  8. ^ "Official website for Turkey's Euro 2016 bid: The Atatürk Olympic Stadium in Istanbul". Archived from the original on 3 March 2012. Retrieved 24 February 2010.
  9. ^ "Istanbul to host 2020 UEFA Champions League Final". UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. 24 May 2018. Retrieved 24 May 2018.
  10. ^ "UEFA competitions to resume in August". UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. 17 June 2020. Retrieved 17 June 2020.
  11. ^ "UEFA Champions League final to move to Portugal to allow 6,000 fans of each team to attend". UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. 13 May 2021. Retrieved 13 May 2021.
  12. ^ picture of the project
  13. ^ UEFA EURO 2024 Turkey Bid Brochure
  14. ^ "U2'dan unutulmaz konser". Sabah (in Turkish). 7 September 2010. Retrieved 7 September 2010.
  15. ^ "İşte derbi ile ilgili gerçek rakamlar". haber1903. Archived from the original on 28 September 2013. Retrieved 25 September 2013.
  16. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 27 September 2013. Retrieved 23 September 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  17. ^ "UCL Report Cover 07" (PDF). Uefa.com. Retrieved 7 August 2016.
  18. ^ (PDF) http://www.istanbul2020.com.tr/download/ist2020bidbookTR-EN.pdf. Retrieved 11 August 2012. Missing or empty |title= (help)[dead link]
  19. ^ "UEFA Champions League – Statistics Handbook 2012/13" (PDF). UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. p. 141. Retrieved 22 September 2013.
  20. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 27 September 2013. Retrieved 23 September 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  21. ^ "Attendance record broken as Dynamo beat Everton - UEFA Europa League - News". UEFA.com. 19 March 2015. Retrieved 7 August 2016.
  22. ^ "UEFA Europa League - Timeline". Facebook. Retrieved 7 August 2016.
  23. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 27 September 2013. Retrieved 23 September 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  24. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 30 August 2013. Retrieved 30 August 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Arena AufSchalke
Gelsenkirchen
UEFA Champions League
Final venue

2005
Succeeded by
Stade de France
Saint-Denis

Coordinates: 41°04′28.10″N 28°45′56.53″E / 41.0744722°N 28.7657028°E / 41.0744722; 28.7657028