|Length:||6.5 km (4.0 mi)|
|North end:||Monumento in Caloocan|
|9th Avenue Extension, 5th Avenue, R. Papa, Jose Abad Santos, Aurora Boulevard, Blumentritt Road, Tayuman Street, Bambang, Doroteo Jose, Claro M. Recto Avenue
West Avenue (C3), EDSA (includes Rizal Ave. Extension)
|South end:||Carriedo Street in Quiapo, Manila|
Rizal Avenue also known as "Avenida" or "Avenida Rizal" is one of Manila's main thoroughfares. Named after the national hero José Rizal, it is a part of Radial Road 9 (R-9). The LRTA's LRT Line 1 elevated railroad is built above the street in its entire length, and several jeepneys ply the area taking passengers from Caloocan and Quezon City. Most of the street is within the Sta. Cruz district.
Rizal Avenue is a part of the Pan-Philippine Highway, connecting MacArthur Highway to Ronquillo and Bustos Streets, which further connects it to Plaza Santa Cruz, crossing the Pasig River via MacArthur Bridge towards Padre Burgos Avenue.
The LRT-1 stations are the main landmarks of the avenue; there are nine of them at Rizal Avenue. Shopping malls found along the Avenue are Araneta Square, Uniwide Sales, Gotesco Grand Central Mall, SM City San Lazaro (a walking distance from Tayuman Street) and at the south end is the Isetann Carriedo mall. Right before the southern end was the Manila Grand Opera House, now the Manila Grand Opera Hotel. In front of Isetann is Plaza Lacson (formerly Plaza Goiti). The avenue also provides access to the entrance and exit gates of the Manila Chinese Cemetery. The San Lazaro Compound (which hosts the San Lazaro Hospital, the Dr. Jose Reyes Memorial Medical Center and the Department of Health) and the Espiritu Santo Parish Church are the other landmarks along the avenue.
The Avenida Rizal was created by Manila City ordinance in 1911 from two streets – Calle Dulumbayan (literally the edge of town) and Calle Salcedo. It lengthened in the next two decades all the way up to Caloocan and the then new monument honoring Andres Bonifacio. It became the city's longest street before being overshadowed by EDSA later in the century. Prior to and right after World War II, the avenue was center of the city's social life, with the street lined with shops, restaurants and movie theaters. The theaters were designed by the prominent architects of the day, many of whom would become National Artists.
Two National Artists for architecture, Pablo Antonio and Juan Nakpil, created several of the movie theaters along the avenue. Antonio designed the Galaxy, the Ideal, the Scala and the Lyric theaters, while Nakpil designed the Capitol, the Ever and the Avenue theaters. As the years went by, the area was victimized by urbal renewal.
The main culprit of the deterioration of the area was the LRT-1; the train was to ease traffic in Rizal Avenue and Taft Avenue south of the Pasig River but it also killed business along the route. The cinemas themselves resorted to showing double feature B-movies and soft porn, as people transferred to the newer and more modern Ortigas Center and the Ayala Center.
In 2000, during the mayorship of Lito Atienza, the stretch from C.M. Recto Avenue to Palanca Street was turned into a pedestrian-only thoroughfare by laying bricks on the road, with the buildings and the LRT-1 painted as part of an urban renewal project. This caused vehicles to use the secondary roads such as Tomas Mapua and Doroteo Jose Streets in order to go to and from Plaza Lacson. The Ideal Theater was previously demolished, the Galaxy, Scala and Lyric theaters are now misused. The first level of the Ever Theater is occupied by stalls, while the upper levels are abandoned. Only the refurbished Capitol Theater, now a dimsum palace, survived the modern times and is still active. The pedetrianization of Rizal Avenue was completed on 2003 and was meant to only last for a short time but it has persisted until 2008.
The Avenue Theater, which survived the Battle of Manila of 1945, was demolished in 2006 to give way to a parking area. The costs of maintaining the facility were too high, as compared for it to be converted as a parking area. The National Historical Institute (NHI) and several private entities tried to prevent the building from being torn down.
Prevented from running a fourth conservative term as mayor, Atienza's party nominated his son Ali Atienza for the mayoral race, but he was beaten by then Senator Alfredo Lim, Atienza's predecessor as mayor (Lim resigned his Senate seat and Atienza was later appointed by President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo as Environment and Natural Resources Secretary). One of Lim's first decisions was to reopen the pedestrian-only section of Rizal Avenue, which has elicited complaints from shopkeepers due to decreased traffic of people, and from commuters which caused traffic jams on secondary streets. Since the cost of the tiles for the pedestrianization was about P40 each, the tiles had been carefully removed for it to be used in future projects.
On July 17, 2007, Lim attended the ceremony reopening the closed portion of Rizal Avenue, and it has remained open to this day.
Train stations along Rizal Avenue
All are LRT Line 1 stations:
In addition, the LRT Line 2 crosses the avenue at C.M. Recto Avenue, and the Recto Station is a short walk away from the avenue. The Philippine National Railways also crosses Rizal Avenue Extension, with Blumentritt railway station also a short walk away.
Other Rizal Avenues
"Rizal Avenue" and its variations thereof such as "Rizal Street" are one of the most common street names in the Philippines. It usually serves as the main street of a town or city, and in cases towns and cities in the Luzon mainland, the street that leads to Manila is "Rizal Street". J.P. Rizal Avenue in Makati is one such street.
- Alcazaren, Paulo (5 March 2005). "Manila's Broadway". The Philippine Star (Philstar.com). Retrieved 25 March 2012.
- Jalbuena, Katice (4 June 2006). "Rizal Avenue landmark gone". The Manila Times (Yehey.com). Retrieved 20 January 2009.
- Lopez, Allison (2 July 2007). "Lim reopens Rizal Avenue, forest park". The Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 20 January 2009.
- Lopez, Allison (17 July 2007). "Rizal Avenue old-timers welcome reopening". The Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 20 January 2009.
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