Malabon

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Malabon
Highly Urbanized City
City of Malabon
Malabon City Hall
Malabon City Hall
Official seal of Malabon
Seal
Map of Metro Manila with Malabon highlighted
Map of Metro Manila with Malabon highlighted
Malabon is located in Philippines
Malabon
Malabon
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°40′N 120°58′E / 14.66°N 120.96°E / 14.66; 120.96Coordinates: 14°40′N 120°58′E / 14.66°N 120.96°E / 14.66; 120.96
Country Philippines
RegionNational Capital Region (NCR)
Provincenone (Former part of Rizal province until 1975)
DistrictLone district
FoundedMay 21, 1599
CharteredJune 11, 1901
Cityhood and HUCApril 21, 2001
Barangays21 (see Barangays)
Government[1]
 • TypeSangguniang Panlungsod
 • MayorAntolin A. Oreta III
 • Vice MayorJeannie Sandoval
 • CongressmanFederico Sandoval II
 • Councilors
 • Electorate194,733 voters (2016)
Area[2]
 • Total15.71 km2 (6.07 sq mi)
Population (2015 census)[3]
 • Total365,525
 • Density23,000/km2 (60,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code1470–1480
PSGC137502000
IDD:area code+63 (0)02
Climate typeTropical monsoon climate
Income class1st city income class
Revenue (₱)1,133,792,091.89 (2016)
Native languagesTagalog
Taglish
English
Websitewww.malabon.gov.ph

Malabon, officially the City of Malabon, (Tagalog: Lungsod ng Malabon), or simply known as Malabon City, is a 1st class highly urbanized city in Metro Manila, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 365,525 people.[3]

Located just north of Manila, it is primarily a residential and industrial town and is one of the most densely populated cities in the metropolis. It has a total land area of 15.96 square kilometers.

Malabon is part of the sub-region of Metro Manila informally called CAMANAVA, which consists of CAloocan, MAlabon, NAvotas, and VAlenzuela cities. Caloocan lies to the south and east, Navotas to the west, and Valenzuela to the north. Malabon also borders the town of Obando in the province of Bulacan to the northwest.

History[edit]

Legend considers the city's name to be a contraction of the Tagalog phrase maraming labóng ("plenty of bamboo shoots"), as the place once abounded in this edible root. Originally called Tambobong, Malabon was founded as a visita (hamlet) of Tondo by the Augustinians on May 21, 1599. It remained under the administrative jurisdiction of the Province of Tondo from 1627 to 1688.

Malabon played an important economic role in the late 19th century with the founding of La Princesa Tabacalera tobacco company in 1851 and the Malabon Sugar Company in 1878. La Princesa was under the corporate umbrella of Compañia General de Tabacos de Filipinas (owned by the Spanish Crown), while the latter pioneered the refined sugar industry in the Philippines.

The newspaper La Independencia was first printed in Malabon's Asilo de Huérfanos (Orphanage), where children orphaned by the Plague of 1882 were housed.[4][5]

Malabon was officially made a municipality of the newly created Province of Rizal on June 11, 1901 by virtue of Philippine Commission Act No. 137.[6] When Act No. 942 was promulgated, Malabon was united with Navotas under a new government.[7] On January 16, 1906, Act No. 1441 partitioned Malabon from Navotas into two separate municipalities of Rizal. The first Mayor of Malabon was Don Agustín Salamante, a Spanish mestizo originally from Cavite. The first Filipino Mayor of Malabon was Don Vicente P. Villongco. This was in 1899 at the onset of the American regime.

Malabon remained a municipality of Rizal until November 7, 1975, by virtue of Presidential Decree No. 824, when Malabon became a part of Metropolitan Manila or the National Capital Region. Malabon became a highly urbanized city on April 21, 2001, under Republic Act No. 9019, 407 years after its founding.

Geography[edit]

Malabon is one of the most densely populated cities in the Philippines and its low-lying, flat terrain makes it prone to frequent flooding, especially during high tides, heavy rains and when river and dams overflow. The four cities in CAMANAVA are commonly affected by interconnected rivers, one of which is the Tullahan River.

The river system used to be navigable and fishing was the major livelihood activity in the area. The river used to be wider and deeper with better quality water, and was a regular source of different species of fish, an important food source for local residents. Also, trees and crops like palay (rice) and vegetables used to be grown along the riverbanks. However, these agricultural plots have been replaced by industrial yards, which also became home to thousands of informal settlers who built makeshift dwellings without legal claim to the land.

Floods have worsened in recent years, occurring more frequently and reaching depths of several feet. Most affected are families in the communities that are along or near the riverbanks. The river has become narrower and shallower over the years, and its capacity to hold water has decreased. With more frequent intense rains, the riverbanks flood regularly and flooding reaches farther into low-lying and densely populated areas of the city[8]

Barangays[edit]

Political map of Malabon

Before the present-day Malabon, the town was originally composed of sitios (barangay) and others were further divided into two or more purok (zone).

  • Baritan
  • Bayan-bayanan
  • Concepcion
  • Dampalit
  • Hulong Duhat
  • Flores
  • Ibaba
  • Maysilo
  • Panghulo
  • San Agustin
  • Tañong
  • Tonsuya
  • Niugan
  • Longos
  • Tinajeros
  • Catmon
  • Potrero

Malabon City is now divided into 21 barangays.

District I
  • Baritan
  • Bayan-bayanan
  • Catmon
  • Concepcion
  • Dampalit
  • Flores
  • Hulong Duhat
  • Ibaba
  • Maysilo
  • Muzon
  • Niugan
  • Panghulo
  • San Agustin
  • Santolan
  • Tañong
District II
  • Acacia
  • Longos
  • Potrero
  • Tinajeros
  • Tonsuya
  • Tugatog

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Malabon
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 20,136—    
1918 21,695+0.50%
1939 33,285+2.06%
1948 46,455+3.77%
1960 76,438+4.24%
1970 141,514+6.35%
1975 174,878+4.34%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1980 191,001+1.78%
1990 280,027+3.90%
1995 347,484+4.13%
2000 338,855−0.54%
2007 363,681+0.98%
2010 353,337−1.04%
2015 365,525+0.65%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][9][10][11]

Religion[edit]

La Inmaculada Concepcion de Malabon Parish

Malabon belongs to the Roman Catholic Diocese of Kalookan under the episcopal seat of Bishop Pablo Virgilo David. Almost 80% of the people here adhere to this religion. The seat of the Bishop of Kalookan in Malabon is in San Roque Cathedral Parish, A. Mabini St. Caloocan City. Today there are eight Roman Catholic Parishes in Malabon: San Bartolome, Sto. Rosario, Immaculate Conception, Exaltation of the Holy Cross, San Antonio de Padua, Sacred Heart of Jesus, Immaculate Heart of Mary and Sts. Peter and John. Another parish church, Santa Clara of Assisi in Barangay Longos, is in the planning stages.

Other religions in Malabon include Iglesia Filipina Independiente (belongs to the Diocese of Rizal and Pampanga, Parish of La Purisima Concepcion de Malabon), Baptists, Jesus the Living Stone International Assembly of God, Iglesia ni Cristo or Church of Christ, Members of the Church of God International, Jesus Is Lord Church, IEMELIF and Seventh-day Adventist.

Economy[edit]

Rufina Patis & Bagoong Factory

Malabon industries include sugar refinery, patis- (fish sauce) making, cigar-making, candle production, fishing and ilang-ilang flower-extract production (the distilled perfume is exported).

Tourism[edit]

The Malabon City Tourism Office launched the Malabon Tricycle Tours in December 2014. The tours take visitors to eight heritage sites including the newly renovated 400-year-old San Bartolome Church as well as to notable heritage houses like the Raymundo House and Ibaviosa House.[12]

On March 14, 2015, the tours started to offer visitors a unique gastronomic experience through visits to the city's home-based eateries. This culinary aspect was the brainchild of current Mayor Antolin Oreta III's wife Melissa Oreta, who is a chef by profession.[13]

The Malabon Zoo and Aquarium, located in Potrero, is a small, humble zoo that features an array of caged animals, along with an aquarium and gardens.

Politics and government[edit]

On April 21, 2008, Malabon City's newly constructed 11-storey city hall building along F. Sevilla Blvd. in Barangay San Agustin, was inaugurated by Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo on Malabon's 7th City anniversary. It was dubbed as a “potential business center of the city,” a one-stop shop for government transactions, due to its state-of-the-art facilities such as 3 high-speed elevators and the new city hall building and its offices' “digital system.”[14][15]

The Sangguniang Kabataan Federation led by Von Paulo Oreta III (grandson of mayor Tito Oreta) developed a system of the politics which became the key to the acceleration of the development of cities with the help the other chairmen.

The city's representative to National Sangguniang Kabataan Federation of the Philippines is Noly Miranda of Navotas, whereby the city has won the award of "Best Implementing Rule And Objection Of The Year".

Culture[edit]

The city is considered as the local Venice, due to year-long floods and gradual sinking. The City of Malabon is a place famous for its Pancit Malabon and its predominantly Atlantic ambience. It is also famous for other variety of foods (kakanin), such as puto sulot, puto bumbong, sapin-sapin, broas, bibingka and camachile. The culinary delights are abundant in its specialty eateries.

Its most famous festival is the "Pagoda-Caracol", a fluvial procession with street dancing to commemorate the Feast of the Immaculate Conception every 8 December.

The city of Malabon is also home for famous personalities including Epifanio de los Santos (historian and hero), Don Pedro A. Siochi (one of the founding fathers and the first president of the Philippine Constructors Association, Inc. in 1945), Doña Carmen S. Villongco (one of the founders of LVN Pictures, Inc. in 1936), Florentino F. Cayco, Sr. (founder of Arellano University), Timoteo Paez (hero), Nonoy Marcelo (cartoonist), Ildefonso Santos (poet) and his son Ildefonso P. Santos Jr. (National Artist in Architecture), Gregorio Sanciangco (writer), Loren Legarda (senator), Angelika de la Cruz (artist), Erik Santos (artist and singer), Rochelle Pangilinan (artist), Phil Younghusband (football player), and Dexter Facelo of Alamid band (Songwriter of the famous song Your Love).

Heritage houses[edit]

Malabon houses several old homes of historical value: the Dionisio family home, the Rivera house, the Villongco house, the Luna house, the Martinez house, the Chikiamco house, the Rojas-Borja house, the (Teodoro) Luna house, the Santos-Lapus house, the Pantaleon Bautista house, the Syjuco (formerly Gaza) house, and the Raymundo house, considered to be the oldest located along C. Arellano Street. Other old but well-preserved heritage houses in Malabon include the Asilo de Huérfanos, the Paez House, and the Nepomuceno House.[16]

Education[edit]

Tertiary level[edit]

  • The De La Salle Araneta University is the seventh campus of De La Salle Philippines. It was formerly known as the Gregorio Araneta University Foundation which was established in 1946 as the Araneta Institute of Agriculture in Bulacan, then transferred to Malabon the year after. In 1978 it was renamed as the Gregorio Araneta University Foundation. Integration of the university to the DLS System started since 1987 and in 2002 became an official member of the system. The university specializes in Veterinary Medicine and Agricultural Sciences.
    • As an agricultural University - Salikneta Farm (formerly known as Saliksik-Araneta) located at the City of San Jose Del Monte, Bulacan. Its total land area is 64 hectares of farmland originally owned by Gregorio Araneta University Foundation. The wide farmland is used for forestry and agricultural operations for student training purposes. Aside from serving as a laboratory and research facility, an agricultural-forestry-ecology-tourism-integrated farm complete with recreational facilities such as horse back riding, carabao cart-pulling for passengers, fishing, camping, mini-zoo and conference area is envisioned in Salikneta.
  • Arellano University-Jose Rizal Campus and Elisa Esguerra Campus, established in 1950, is the fifth campus of Arellano University.
  • The City of Malabon University (CMU) is the city university. It is located in Barangay Longos, Malabon City.
  • There are also TESDA-accredited schools in the city. It includes the City of Malabon Polytechnic Institute, I.Learn Center Philippines, St. Catherine Institute of Technology,and St. Amatiel College.

Secondary schools[edit]

  • Malabon National High School or MNHS is the pilot secondary school and the most populous school in the city. The school offers three curriculum: Engineering and Science Education Program (ESEP; popularly known as Special Science Class or SSC), Special Program in the Arts (SPA) and the K-to-12 Education Curriulum.
  • There are other twelve public secondary schools in Malabon namely the Malabon National High School and Malabon National High School-Concepcion Voc-Tech Annex, Tinajeros National High School and Tinajeros National High School-Acacia Annex, Catmon Integrated School, Col. Ramon Camus Integrated School, Longos National High School, Panghulo National High School, Potrero National High School, Tañong Integrated School, Tañong National High School and Tugatog National High School.
  • There are also a number of private schools in Malabon area such as Immaculate Conception Parochial School, St. James Academy, St. Therese of the Child Jesus to name a few.

Sister cities[edit]

Local[edit]

International[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^
  2. ^ "Province: NCR, THIRD DISTRICT (Not a Province)". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  3. ^ a b c Census of Population (2015). "National Capital Region (NCR)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  4. ^ manilastandardtoday.com, Malabon City: A sight of progress
  5. ^ wikimapia.org, Malabon City Hall
  6. ^ "An Act Extending the Provisions of the Provincial Government Act to the Province of Rizal". LawPH.com. Retrieved 2011-04-12.
  7. ^ "An Act Reducing the Thirty-two Municipalities of the Province of Rizal to Fifteen". LawPH.com. Retrieved 2011-04-12.
  8. ^ CDKN INSIDE STORY: Understanding the risk of flooding in the city: The case of Barangay Potrero, Metro Manila
  9. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "National Capital Region (NCR)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  10. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "National Capital Region (NCR)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  11. ^ "Province of Metro Manila, 3rd (Not a Province)". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  12. ^ Fenix, Micky (25 December 2014). "Food trip: A taste of Malabon via tricycle". Inquirer. Retrieved 4 April 2015.
  13. ^ Granali, Rima (29 March 2015). "Malabon City 'tricycle tours': Narrow streets, wide choices". Inquirer. Retrieved 4 April 2015.
  14. ^ PGMA to inaugurate new 11-storey Malabon City Hall building tomorrow
  15. ^ Inauguration of the new Malabon City Hall Building
  16. ^ Inquirer.net, Malabon’s old houses survive time and tide Archived 2008-02-22 at the Wayback Machine.
  17. ^ "Overseas Sister Cities". Daejeon Jung-gu District. Retrieved 4 February 2015.

External links[edit]