Sineperver Sultan

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Sineperver Sultan
سینه پرور ساطان
İstanbul 6000.jpg
The tomb of Sinepervar Sultan
at the Fountain (Şadırvan) Courtyard of
Eyüp Sultan Mosque in Eyüp, Istanbul
Valide sultan of the Ottoman Empire
Tenure 29 May 1807 – 28 July 1808
Predecessor Mihrişah Sultan
Successor Nakşidil Sultan
Born Sonia
c. 1761
Bulgaria
Died 11 December 1828 (aged 67)
Istanbul, Ottoman Empire
Burial Eyüp Sultan Mosque, Eyüp, Istanbul
Spouse Abdulhamid I
Issue Mustafa IV[1]
Full name
Turkish: Sineperver Sultan
English: Sinaparwar Sultan
Ottoman Turkish: سینه پرور سلطان
House House of Osman (by marriage)
Religion Sunni Islam , previously Orthodox Christian

Sineperver Sultan (Ottoman Turkish: سینه پرور سلطان‎; c. 1761 – 11 December 1828) alias Ayşe (Ottoman Turkish: عایشه‎) was the wife of Sultan Abdulhamid I and Valide Sultan to their son Sultan Mustafa IV of the Ottoman Empire.[2][3][4][5]

Life[edit]

Sineperver Sultan performed Valide Sultan's obligations as de facto co-ruler of the Ottoman Sultan for fourteen months from 29 May 1807 until 28 July 1808. She was responsible for his education, but Mustafa preferred to live a life of pleasure instead of focusing on his studies. Her regency culminated by the deposition of Mustafa IV as a result of an insurrection led by Alemdar Mustafa Pasha on 28 July 1808. She apparently fell on hard times, for she wrote Mahmud II a letter in which she asked him for a house to live in.[2]

She lived more than twenty years after the execution of Mustafa IV by order of the next Ottoman Sultan Mahmud II. She died on 11 December 1828 in Constantinople. Her burial place is located at The Fountain (Şadırvan) Courtyard of Eyüp Sultan Mosque in Eyüp, Istanbul.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Yavuz Bahadıroğlu, Resimli Osmanlı Tarihi, Nesil Yayınları (Ottoman History with Illustrations, Nesil Publications), 15th Ed., 2009, page 395, ISBN 978-975-269-299-2
  2. ^ a b Fanny Davis (1986). The Ottoman Lady: A Social History from 1718 to 1918. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 6. ISBN 978-0-313-24811-5. 
  3. ^ John Freely (2001). Inside the Seraglio: private lives of the sultans in Istanbul. Penguin. 
  4. ^ Leslie P. Peirce (1993). The Imperial Harem: Women and Sovereignty in the Ottoman Empire. 198 Madison Avenue, New York, New York 10016-4314: Oxford University Press. p. 312. ISBN 978-0-19-508677-5. 
  5. ^ Gábor Ágoston, Bruce Alan Masters (1 Jan 2009). Encyclopedia of the Ottoman Empire. Infobase Publishing. p. 414. ISBN 978-1-438-11025-7. 
  6. ^ M. Çağatay Uluçay (2011). Padişahların kadınları ve kızları. Ötüken. pp. 248–49. ISBN 978-9-754-37840-5. 
Ottoman royalty
Preceded by
Mihrişah Sultan
Valide Sultan
29 May 1807 – 28 July 1808
Succeeded by
Nakşidil Sultan