British Rail Class 98

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British Rail Class 98
Rheidol Railway.jpg
No 8 Llywelyn apart from being allocated a TOPS code, was also painted in rail blue livery.
Specifications
Gauge 1 ft 11 34 in (603 mm), VoRH only
4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge

TOPS Class 98 has been used to cover all steam locomotives used on the mainline in Britain, but also has a particular usage for the three Vale of Rheidol Railway-design 2-6-2T locomotives that remained in the ownership of British Rail (BR) after the end of mainline steam traction in August 1968. The locomotives on the Vale of Rheidol Railway were the only steam locomotives ever officially to carry the British Rail corporate blue and the double arrow logo.

The number 98010 was assigned to an 0-6-0 Diesel-hydraulic locomotive acquired by BR in 1987. This locomotive also worked the Vale of Rheidol and was sold along with the steam locomotives. 98010 was built by the Brecon Mountain Railway, using parts supplied by Baguley-Drewry.[1]

Vale of Rheidol locomotives[edit]

These three steam locomotives, numbered 7-9 by the Great Western Railway and British Railways, were the only ones to survive in BR's ownership after the end of mainline steam traction in August 1968. Under TOPS they were allocated Class 98 and were nominally numbered 98007-98009, but these numbers were never actually carried on the locomotives.

Registered steam locomotives[edit]

The Class 98 series has also been used for privately owned steam locomotives registered to run on the mainline since 1971. The first two digits are the class designation, in this case 98, the remaining three digits are allocated as follows:

The third digit represents the power classification, which was assigned (with a few exceptions) to all British Railways locomotives. The narrow gauge VoRR locomotives were not assigned a power class, but for TOPS purposes were allocated to power class 0. Three standard gauge locomotives have run on the mainline that were not previously in BR stock; Lady Armaghdale (Hunslet works No. 686 of 1898) was assigned power class 1F on the basis of its tractive effort, Barbara a Hunslet Austerity 0-6-0ST (works No. 2890 of 1943/rebuilt 1962 as 3882[1]), assigned power class 4F on the basis of the classification given to LNER Class J94 of the same design, and the replica A1 Pacific locomotive Tornado assigned power class 8P on the basis of the power class assigned to the LNER Peppercorn Class A1 on which it was based. Additionally, two engines in LMS stock but not BR stock were given their LMS power classification 1P.

The fourth and fifth digits usually represent the locomotive's BR number, with a few exceptions. Some ex-LNER locomotives have numbers based on their LNER pre-1946 numbers, these being Class A3 Flying Scotsman (4472), Class A4s Mallard (4468) and Sir Nigel Gresley (4498), LNER Class J36 Maude (NBR 673, LNER pre-1946 9673) and Class V2 Green Arrow (4771). Furthermore, the aforementioned locomotives not of BR origin obviously cannot have numbers based on non-existent BR numbers, so Lady Armaghdale number is based on the works number 686, Barbara on the works number of its 1962 rebuild, and Tornado is assigned the number it carries, 60163, being one greater than the last of the previous Peppercorn A1s.

In a few cases, this process results in the duplication of an existing number, so another is assigned. SR Class U 31625 is TOPS 98426 as it would otherwise duplicate GWR 7325 (TOPS 98425), BR Standard Class 8 71000 Duke of Gloucester (TOPS No. 98802) as it would otherwise duplicate GWR King Class 6000 King George V (TOPS No. 98800).

List of locomotives assigned TOPS numbers[edit]

The following is a list of locomotives assigned TOPS numbers. In the power class column, * denotes that this locomotive was not ex-BR and therefore was not assigned a power class by BR. In some cases the names indicated have only been applied during the preservation period.

The given power classes are based on the ones used in the locomotive's TOPS number. BR changed the rating of a few classes e.g. LNER V2 were classified as 6MT, but this was later changed to 7P6F.

An up-to-date list of active mainline locomotives is maintained here.[1]

TOPS
number
Other
number(s)
Name Class(es)/Type Power class Wheel arrangement
TOPS loco diagram
98007 7 Owain Glyndŵr VoR 0F 2-6-2T 98-0??
98008 8 Llewelyn VoR 0F 2-6-2T 98-0??
98009 9, 1213 Prince of Wales VoR 0F 2-6-2T 98-0??
98010 10 VoR 0-6-0DH 98-0??
98017[1] 34 Portbury Avonside works No. 1764 of 1917 0-6-0ST
98166 1466 GWR 1400 Class 1P 0-4-2T 98-1??
98150 1450 GWR 1400 Class 1P 0-4-2T 98-1??
98173[1] 673 Midland Railway 115 Class 1P 4-2-2
98186 Lady Armaghdale Hunslet works No. 686 of 1898 1F* 0-6-0T 98-1AV
98190[1] 790 Hardwicke LNWR Improved Precedent Class 1P 2-4-0
98212 41312 LMS Ivatt Class 2 2-6-2T 2MT 2-6-2T 98-2JV
98219 55189 Caledonian Railway 439 Class 2P 0-4-4T 98-2EV
98221 46521 LMS Ivatt Class 2 2-6-0 2MT 2-6-0 98-2HV
98238 1638 GWR 1600 Class 2F 0-6-0PT 98-2DV
98240 3440, 3717 City of Truro GWR 3700 Class 2P 4-4-0 98-2BV
98241 46441 LMS Ivatt Class 2 2-6-0 2MT 2-6-0 98-2CV
98243 46443 LMS Ivatt Class 2 2-6-0 2MT 2-6-0 98-2CV
98253 30053 LSWR M7 class 2P 0-4-4T 98-2GV
98254 58926, 1054 LNWR Webb Coal Tank 2F 0-6-2T 98-2FV
98273 65243, 673 Maude NBR Class C/LNER Class J36 2F 0-6-0 98-2AV
98315 7715, L99 GWR 5700 Class 3F 0-6-0PT 98-3CV
98321 69621 A.J.Hill GER Class L77/LNER Class N7 3MT 0-6-2T 98-3BV
98372 30072 USATC S100 Class/SR USA class 3F 0-6-0T 98-3AV
98400 41000 Midland Railway 1000 Class 4P 4-4-0 98-4BV
98406 43106 LMS Ivatt Class 4 4MT 2-6-0 98-4AV
98414 75014 BR Standard Class 4 4-6-0 4MT 4-6-0 98-4EV
98425 7325 GWR 4300 Class 4MT 2-6-0 98-4??
98426 31625 SR U class 4MT 2-6-0 98-4LU
98427 44027 LMS Fowler Class 4F 4F 0-6-0 98-4CV
98435 80135 BR Standard Class 4 2-6-4T 4MT 2-6-4T 98-4HV
98452 7752, L94 GWR 5700 Class 4F 0-6-0PT 98-4PV
98455 4555 GWR 4500 Class 4MT 2-6-2T 98-4DV
98457 9600 GWR 5700 Class 4F 0-6-0PT 98-4PV
98460 7760 GWR 5700 Class 4F 0-6-0PT 98-4PV
98466 9466 GWR 9400 Class 4F 0-6-0PT 98-4KV
98469 75069 BR Standard Class 4 4-6-0 4MT 4-6-0 98-4EV
98472 5572 GWR 4575 Class 4MT 2-6-2T 98-4DV
98476 76079 BR Standard Class 4 2-6-0 4MT 2-6-0 98-4??
98478 68078 Hunslet Austerity 0-6-0ST/LNER Class J94 4F 0-6-0ST 98-4BV
98479 80079 BR Standard Class 4 2-6-4T 4MT 2-6-4T 98-4HV
98480 80080 BR Standard Class 4 2-6-4T 4MT 2-6-4T 98-4HV
98482 (3882) Barbara Hunslet Austerity 0-6-0ST 4F* 0-6-0ST 98-4IV
98488 4588 GWR 4575 Class 4MT 2-6-2T 98-4DV
98494 65894 LNER Class J27 4F 0-6-0 98-4NV
98498 80098 BR Standard Class 4 2-6-4T 4MT 2-6-4T 98-4HV
98500 45000, 5000 LMS Stanier Class 5 4-6-0 5MT 4-6-0 98-5BV
98502 7802 Bradley Manor GWR 7800 Class 5MT 4-6-0 98-5HV
98505 45305, 5305 Alderman A. E. Draper LMS Stanier Class 5 4-6-0 5MT 4-6-0 98-5BV
98506 61306 Mayflower LNER Thompson Class B1 5MT 4-6-0 98-5KV
98507 45407, 5407 Lancashire Fusilier LMS Stanier Class 5 4-6-0 5MT 4-6-0 98-5BV
98510 45110 RAF Biggin Hill LMS Stanier Class 5 4-6-0 5MT 4-6-0 98-5BV
98512 7812 Erlestoke Manor GWR 7800 Class 5MT 4-6-0 98-5HV
98519 7819 Hinton Manor GWR 7800 Class 5MT 4-6-0 98-5HV
98525 45025 LMS Stanier Class 5 4-6-0 5MT 4-6-0 98-5BV
98526 30925 Cheltenham SR V Schools class 5P 4-4-0 98-5EV
98528 45428 Eric Treacy LMS Stanier Class 5 4-6-0 5MT 4-6-0 98-5BV
98529 73129 BR Standard Class 5 5MT 4-6-0 98-5IV
98530 4930 Hagley Hall GWR 4900 Class 5MT 4-6-0 98-5GV
98531 45231 Sherwood Forester LMS Stanier Class 5 4-6-0 5MT 4-6-0 98-5BV
98532 44932 LMS Stanier Class 5 4-6-0 5MT 4-6-0 98-5BV
98536 4936 Kinlet Hall GWR 4900 Class 5MT 4-6-0 98-5GV
98549 4965 Rood Ashton Hall GWR 4900 Class 5MT 4-6-0 98-5GV
98553 4953 Pitchford Hall GWR 4900 Class 5MT 4-6-0 98-5GV
98560 6960 Raveningham Hall GWR 6959 Class 5MT 4-6-0 98-5GV
98564 61264, 1264 LNER Thompson Class B1 5MT 4-6-0 98-5KV
98565 42765, 2765 LMS Hughes Crab 5MT 2-6-0 98-5CV
98567 44767 George Stephenson LMS Stanier Class 5 4-6-0 5MT 4-6-0 98-5AV
98568 42968, 2968 LMS Stanier Class 5 2-6-0 5MT 2-6-0 98-5JV
98571 44871, 4871 LMS Stanier Class 5 4-6-0 5MT 4-6-0 98-5BV
98572 5972 Olton Hall/Hogwarts Castle GWR 4900 Class 5MT 4-6-0 98-5GV
98577 30777, 777 Sir Lamiel LSWR N15 class 5P 4-6-0 98-5DV
98596 73096 BR Standard Class 5 5MT 4-6-0 98-5IV
98598 6998 Burton Agnes Hall GWR 6959 Class 5MT 4-6-0 98-5GV
98605 62005, 2005 Lord of the Isles LNER Thompson/Peppercorn Class K1 6MT 2-6-0 98-6BV
98625 30825, 825 LSWR S15 class 6F 4-6-0 98-6GV
98628 30828, 828 Harry A. Frith LSWR S15 class 6F 4-6-0 98-6GV
98641 30841, 841 LSWR S15 class 6F 4-6-0 98-6GV
98642 61994, 3442 The Great Marquess LNER Class K4 6MT 2-6-0 98-6CV
98690 45690, 5690 Leander LMS Jubilee Class 6P5F 4-6-0 98-6AV
98693 45593, 5593 Kolhapur LMS Jubilee Class 6P5F 4-6-0 98-6AV
98696 45596, 5596 Bahamas LMS Jubilee Class 6P5F 4-6-0 98-6AV
98699 45499, 5699 Galatea LMS Jubilee Class 6P5F 4-6-0 98-6AV
98700 70000 Britannia BR Standard Class 7 7P 4-6-2 98-7GV
98701 34101 Hartland Southern Railway Rebuilt West Country Class 7P 5FA 4-6-2 98-7DV
98702 46100,6100 Royal Scot LMS Rebuilt Royal Scot Class 7P 4-6-0 98-7BV
98709 53809, 89 S&DJR Class 7F 7F 2-8-0 98-7CV
98713 70013 Oliver Cromwell BR Standard Class 7 7P 4-6-2 98-7GV
98715 46115, 6115 Scots Guardsman LMS Rebuilt Royal Scot Class 7P 4-6-0 98-7BV
98716 34016 Bodmin Southern Railway Rebuilt West Country Class 4-6-2 98-7DV
98727 34027 Taw Valley Southern Railway Rebuilt West Country Class 4-6-2 98-7DV
98728 5029 Nunney Castle GWR 4073 Class 7P 4-6-0 98-7FV
98729 7029 Clun Castle GWR 4073 Class 7P 4-6-0 98-7FV
98743 5043 Earl of Mount Edgcumbe GWR 4073 Class 7P 4-6-0 98-7FV
98746 34046 Braunton Southern Railway Rebuilt Battle of Britain Class 4-6-2 98-7DV
98750 30850, 850 Lord Nelson SR Lord Nelson class 4-6-0 98-7EV
98751 5051 Earl Bathurst GWR 4073 Class 7P 4-6-0 98-7FV
98767 34067, 21C167 Tangmere Southern Railway Unrebuilt Battle of Britain Class 4-6-2 98-7DV
98771 60800, 4771 Green Arrow LNER Class V2 7P6F 2-6-2 98-7HV
98772 34072 257 Squadron Southern Railway Unrebuilt Battle of Britain Class 4-6-2 98-7DV
98780 5080 Defiant GWR 4073 Class 7P 4-6-0 98-7FV
98792 34092 City of Wells Southern Railway Unrebuilt West Country Class 4-6-2 98-7DV
98800 6000 King George V GWR 6000 Class 8P 4-6-0 98-8EV
98801 46201, 6201 Princess Elizabeth LMS Princess Royal Class 8P 4-6-2 98-8CV
98802 71000 Duke of Gloucester BR Standard Class 8 8P 4-6-2 98-8JV
98803 46203, 6203 Princess Margaret Rose LMS Princess Royal Class 8P 4-6-2 98-8CV
98805 35005 Canadian Pacific SR Merchant Navy class 8P 4-6-2 98-8DV
98809 60009, 4488 Union of South Africa LNER Class A4 8P6F 4-6-2 98-8AV
98819 60019, 4464 Bittern, Dominion of New Zealand LNER Class A4 8P6F 4-6-2 98-8AV
98824 6024 King Edward I GWR 6000 Class 8P 4-6-0 98-8EV
98828 35028 Clan Line SR Merchant Navy class 8P 4-6-2 98-8DV
98829 46229, 6229 Duchess of Hamilton LMS Coronation Class 8P 4-6-2 98-8BV
98832 60532, 532 Blue Peter LNER Peppercorn Class A2 8P7F 4-6-2 98-8FV
98834 46233, 6233 Duchess of Sutherland LMS Coronation Class 8P 4-6-2 98-8IV
98851 48151 Gauge O Guild LMS Stanier Class 8F 8F 2-8-0 98-8IV
98857 2857 GWR 2800 Class 8F 2-8-0 98-8HV
98863 60163 Tornado LNER Peppercorn Class A1 8P* 4-6-2
98868 60022, 4468 Mallard LNER Class A4 8P6F 4-6-2 98-8AV
98872 60103, 4472 Flying Scotsman LNER Class A3 4-6-2 98-8GV
98873 48773, 8233 LMS Stanier Class 8F 8F 2-8-0 98-8IV
98898 60007, 4498 Sir Nigel Gresley LNER Class A4 8P6F 4-6-2 98-8AV
98920 92220 Evening Star BR Standard Class 9F 9F 2-10-0 98-9AV

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Harris, Roger (2004). The Allocation History of BR Diesels & Electrics (Part Four). Roger Harris, Bromsgrove, UK. 

External links[edit]