This is a good article. Click here for more information.
Page semi-protected

Meghan, Duchess of Sussex

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Meghan
Duchess of Sussex (more)
Meghan, Duchess of Sussex.jpg
The Duchess in New Zealand, 2018
BornRachel Meghan Markle
(1981-08-04) August 4, 1981 (age 39)
Los Angeles, California, USA
Spouse
(m. 2011; div. 2013)
(m. 2018)
IssueArchie Mountbatten-Windsor
HouseWindsor (by marriage)
FatherThomas Markle
MotherDoria Ragland
SignatureMeghan's signature
OccupationActress
Years active2002–2017
Television

Meghan, Duchess of Sussex (born Rachel Meghan Markle; August 4, 1981), is an American member of the British royal family, a former actress and a celebrity philanthropist.

Markle was born and raised in Los Angeles, California. While studying at Northwestern University, her early acting career began. However, she is most known for playing Rachel Zane in the American legal drama Suits from 2011 to 2017. Identifying as mixed-race and a feminist, Markle has promoted gender equality and her lifestyle blog, The Tig, featured a column profiling influential women. She has also represented charity organizations and received recognition for her fashion and style, having released a line of clothing in 2016.

In 2017, Markle became engaged to marry Prince Harry, retired from acting, closed social media accounts, and commenced attending public events with the British royal family. Upon their marriage in 2018, she became Duchess of Sussex. The couple have a son, Archie Mountbatten-Windsor. In 2020, they stepped down as senior members of the royal family and moved to her native Southern California.

Early life and education

Rachel Meghan Markle[1] was born August 4, 1981 in Los Angeles, California.[2] At age six, her parents divorced.[3][4] Markle has a close relationship with her mother, Doria Ragland.[5][6][7] Markle's father, Thomas Markle Sr., worked as a television director of photography and lighting, and Meghan often visited his film sets as a child.[8][9] She is reportedly estranged from her paternal half-siblings, Samantha Markle and Thomas Markle Jr..[10] Her mother is descended from enslaved Africans,[11] while her father is descended from European settlers.[12][13][14] In regard to ethnicity, Markle self-identifies as being "mixed-race".[15]

Growing up in Los Angeles,[16] Markle attended Hollywood Little Red Schoolhouse.[17][18] At age eleven, she convincingly wrote to Procter & Gamble to gender-neutralize a dishwashing soap commercial on national television.[19] Raised as a Protestant,[20] she graduated from Immaculate Heart High School, an all-girl Catholic school.[21] In 1999, Markle was admitted to Northwestern University (NU) in Evanston, where she joined Kappa Kappa Gamma sorority.[22][23] After her junior year, Markle interned at the American embassy in Buenos Aires and considered a political career.[24][25] However, she did not score high enough in the Foreign Service Officer Test to proceed further with the US State Department,[26] and returned to NU. She also attended a study abroad program in Madrid.[23] In 2003, Markle earned her bachelor's degree with a double major in theater and international studies from Northwestern's School of Communication.[27][24]

Acting career

Markle had some difficulty getting roles early in her career due to being "ethnically ambiguous" because "I wasn't black enough for the black roles and I wasn't white enough for the white ones."[28] To support herself between acting jobs, she worked as a freelance calligrapher and taught bookbinding.[8][29] Her first on-screen appearance was a small role as a nurse in an episode of the daytime soap opera General Hospital.[30][31] Markle had small guest roles on the television shows Century City (2004), The War at Home (2006) and CSI: NY (2006).[31] She also did several contract acting and modeling jobs, including a stint as a "briefcase girl" on the US game show Deal or No Deal.[8] She appeared in Fox's series Fringe as Junior Agent Amy Jessup in the first two episodes of its second season.[32]

Markle with Suits co-star Patrick J. Adams at Paley Center for Media, 2013

Markle appeared in three 2010 films; Get Him to the Greek, Remember Me and The Candidate. Then, one film, Horrible Bosses in 2011.[33] She was paid $187,000 for her role in Remember Me and $171,429 for her role in the short film The Candidate.[34] In July 2011, Markle joined the cast of the USA Network show Suits through to late 2017 and the seventh season. Her character, Rachel Zane, began as a paralegal and eventually became an attorney.[35] While working on Suits, Markle lived for nine months each year in Toronto.[36][37] Fortune magazine estimated that Markle was paid $50,000 per episode, amounting to an equivalent annual salary of $450,000.[38]

Personal life

Markle began a relationship with American film producer Trevor Engelson in 2004.[39][40] They were married in Ocho Rios, Jamaica on September 10, 2011[41] and concluded a no-fault divorce in August 2013,[42] citing irreconcilable differences.[43] Markle's subsequent relationship with Canadian celebrity chef and restaurateur Cory Vitiello ended in July 2016 after almost two years.[44]

Markle and Prince Harry on Christmas Day 2017

In June 2016, Markle began a relationship with British Prince Harry,[45][46][47] a grandson of Elizabeth II. In November, the prince directed his communications secretary to release a statement on his behalf to express personal concern about pejorative and false comments made about his girlfriend by mainstream media and Internet trolls.[48][49] In September 2017, Markle and Prince Harry first appeared together in public at the Invictus Games in Toronto, of which Harry is patron.[50][51]

Marriage to Prince Harry

Meghan Markle's engagement to Prince Harry was announced on November 27, 2017 by Harry's father Charles, Prince of Wales.[52][53][45][54] The announcement prompted generally positive comments about having a mixed-race person as a member of the royal family,[55] especially in regard to Commonwealth countries with populations of blended or native ancestry.[56] Markle announced that she would retire from acting,[57][58] and began the lengthy process of becoming a British citizen,[59] which is subject to strict immigration rules concerning the number of days lived outside of the UK.[60]

In preparation for the wedding, the archbishop of Canterbury, Justin Welby, baptized Markle and confirmed her into the Church of England on March 6, 2018.[61] The private ceremony, performed with water from the River Jordan, took place in the Chapel Royal at St James's Palace.[61] The marriage ceremony was held on May 19 at St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle.[62] It was reportedly agreed in advance that excess funds generated from the BBC broadcast of the ceremony would go to a charity chosen by the newlywed couple.[63] In April 2020, Feeding Britain (which provides food packages to families in food poverty) was nominated to receive £90,000 from the BBC.[64]

After the wedding, the Duke and Duchess lived at Nottingham Cottage on the grounds of Kensington Palace in London.[65] They later moved to Frogmore Cottage in the Home Park of Windsor Castle.[66][67][68] The Duchess gave birth to a son, Archie Mountbatten-Windsor, on May 6, 2019.[69] The Duke and Duchess of Sussex's office moved to Buckingham Palace[70] and officially closed on March 31, 2020 when the Sussexes ceased "undertaking official engagements in support of the Queen".[71] After some months in Canada and the United States, the couple bought a house in June 2020 on the former estate of Riven Rock in Montecito, California.[72] The next month, the Duchess suffered a miscarriage.[73]

Political views

Members of the British royal family are politically neutral by convention, and Dickie Arbiter, former press secretary to Prince Charles, expected Markle would follow suit.[74] However, Markle was politically vocal before marrying Prince Harry. She backed Hillary Clinton during the 2016 United States presidential election and publicly denounced the opponent, Donald Trump. The same year, when the referendum on the United Kingdom's membership of the European Union resulted in favor of Brexit, Markle expressed her disappointment on Instagram.[74] As an eligible United States citizen on National Voter Registration Day 2020, she released a video with her husband encouraging others to register accordingly for the upcoming presidential election. Some media outlets took it as an implicit endorsement of the Democratic candidate, Joe Biden.[75]

Fashion and style

Markle at the New York Fashion Week in 2013

In 2014, Markle founded her own lifestyle blog The Tig. She wrote about food, fashion, beauty, travel and inspirational women.[76] The viewing audience consisted primarily of the fans of Markle and Suits. Promotion of the blog on other social media platforms targeted 3 million followers on Instagram, 800,000 on Facebook, and 350,000 on Twitter. In April 2017, The Tig closed. In January 2018, Markle took all articles offline and deleted her social media accounts.[77] It is estimated that Markle's social media activities annually earned her about $80,000 from endorsements and sponsorships.[34]

Markle became known through The Tig for her fashion sense,[37] releasing two fashion collections with Canadian clothing company Reitmans in 2015 and 2016.[77] The lines were based on her personal style and that of her Suits character.[37] Markle has cited Emmanuelle Alt as her style inspiration.[78][79]

Shortly after her engagement to Prince Harry in 2017, Markle caused a surge of interest in Scottish retailer Strathberry after carrying one of its handbags to a public event.[80][81] This was reported as an indication that her fashion choices would produce a variation of the Kate Middleton effect.[80][82] After Markle and Prince Harry's first appearance as a couple, brands Mackage, Birks, R&R Jewelers, Crown Jewelers and Everlane noted an upswing in their website hits and sales.[83][84][81] It was speculated that Markle's effect would be broader internationally because she already had a strong American appeal.[82] Consequently, the United States saw a boost in yellow gold jewelry sales in the first quarter of 2018.[85]

In 2018, Tatler named the Duchess with other senior royal women on its list of Britain's best dressed people.[86] Following the announcement of her pregnancy, the Duchess appeared in a Karen Gee dress that resulted in the Australian designer's website crashing.[87] Fashion website Net-a-Porter ranked the Duchess as one of the best dressed women in 2018.[88] and was nominated for the 2018 Teen Choice Awards in the category Choice Style Icon.[89] In 2019, British brand Reiss reported a growth in profits after the Duchess was seen wearing a mini-dress by them on International Women's Day.[90]

Public life

Royal duties

Markle greeting the public in Belfast, March 2018

After becoming engaged, Markle's first official public appearance with Prince Harry was at a World AIDS Day walkabout in Nottingham on December 1, 2017.[91][92] On March 12, the 2018 Commonwealth Day service at Westminster Abbey was the first royal event she attended with the Queen.[93] On March 23, Harry and Meghan made an unannounced day visit to Northern Ireland.[94] In total, Markle attended 26 public engagements prior to the wedding.[95]

The Duchess's first official engagement after marriage was on May 22, when she and her husband attended a garden party celebrating the charity work of the Prince of Wales.[96] In July 2018, Meghan's first official trip abroad as a royal was to Dublin, Ireland with Harry.[97][98]

In October 2018, the Duke and Duchess traveled to Sydney, Australia for the 2018 Invictus Games.[99] This formed part of a Pacific tour that included Australia, Fiji, Tonga and New Zealand.[100][101] As representatives of the Queen, the couple were greeted warmly by crowds in Sydney, and the announcement of the Duchess's pregnancy hours after their arrival delighted the public and media.[101][102]

The Duke and Duchess of Sussex welcomed to New Zealand, October 2018

During their visit to Morocco in February 2019, the Duke and Duchess focused on projects centered on "women's empowerment, girls' education, inclusivity and encouragement of social entrepreneurship".[103] It is otherwise noted that the Duchess participated in her husband's work as youth ambassador to the Commonwealth, which included overseas tours.[104][105]

As part of establishing a separate office from Kensington Palace in 2019, the Duke and Duchess created an Instagram social media account, which broke the record for fastest account to reach 1 million followers to date.[106] In August 2019, the Duke and Duchess of Sussex were criticized by environmental campaigners for using private jets regularly when taking their personal trips abroad, which would leave more carbon footprint per person compared to commercial planes. The criticism was in line with the reactions the royal family faced in June 2019, after it was revealed that they "had doubled [their] carbon footprint from business travel".[107][108]

In September and October 2019, a Southern African tour included Malawi, Angola, South Africa and Botswana. Because infant son Archie traveled with the Sussexes, this was "their first official tour as a family".[109]

Stepping down

In January 2020, the Duke and Duchess returned to the UK from a vacation in Canada and announced that they were stepping back from their role as senior members of the royal family, and would balance their time between the United Kingdom and North America.[110][111] A statement released by the Palace confirmed that the Duke and Duchess were to become financially independent and cease to represent the Queen.[112] The couple would retain their HRH stylings but not be permitted to use them.[113] The formal role of the Duke and Duchess would be subject to a twelve-month review period, ending in March 2021. The Duchess's final solo engagement as a senior royal was a visit to Robert Clack School on March 7 in Dagenham ahead of International Women's Day.[114]

Post-royal work

The Duke and the Duchess remain president and vice president respectively of The Queen's Commonwealth Trust (QCT). Periodically, online QCT chat sessions are conducted and uploaded to YouTube for general public viewing.[115] In September 2020, the Sussexes signed a private commercial deal with Netflix "to develop scripted and unscripted series, film, documentaries, and children programming for the streaming service".[116]

Charity work and activism

Markle addressing the audience during a USO show at Naval Station Rota, Spain, December 6, 2014[117]

Markle spoke at the 2014 summit for the international charity One Young World in Dublin[118] and attended the 2016 opening ceremony in Ottawa.[119] Also in 2014, she toured Afghanistan and Spain with the United Service Organizations.[120][121][122]

In 2016, Markle became a global ambassador for World Vision Canada, traveling to Rwanda for the Clean Water Campaign.[123][124][28] After a trip to India focused on raising awareness for women's issues, she penned an op-ed for Time magazine concerning stigmatization of women in regard to menstrual health.[125] She has also worked with the United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women as an Advocate.[123][126] The Duchess is a vocal feminist and intended to use her role as a member of the royal family to continue supporting women's rights and social justice.[127] In 2017, Markle joined Prince Harry in teaming up with the charity Elephants Without Borders to assist with the conservation efforts taking place in Botswana.[128]

In January 2018, Markle became interested in the Hubb Community Kitchen run by survivors of the Grenfell Tower fire. She visited the kitchen regularly, and suggested that the displaced women publish a cookbook to assist in funding for the group.[129] Together: Our Community Cookbook, her first charity project as Duchess of Sussex, was announced in September.[130]

Royal patronages and interests

The Duchess's patronage of London's National Theatre, the Association of Commonwealth Universities, Smart Works, and Mayhew reflects her earlier interests in the arts, access to education, women's empowerment, and animal well-being, respectively.[131] In March 2019, the Duchess was appointed the vice president of the Queen's Commonwealth Trust.[132] In October 2019, the Duchess voiced a Public Health England announcement with other members of the royal family for the "Every Mind Matters" mental health program.[133]

In 2019, the Duchess was a contributor and guest editor for the September issue of British Vogue and highlighted the works of 15 women from different areas, who were described as "Forces for Change".[134] Edward Enninful, editor-in-chief of the British Vogue, later revealed that the issue had become the "fastest-selling issue in the history of British Vogue".[135] In the same issue, it was announced that she had collaborated with a number of British fashion houses and stores to launch a capsule collection, called The Smart Set, in September 2019 to benefit the charity Smart Works, of which she is a patron. The collection sought to help "unemployed and disadvantaged women", through selling items "on a one-for-one basis, meaning an item is donated for each item purchased".[136] Taking advantage of "the Meghan effect" (driving consumer purchases), in 10 days the collection provided a year's worth of clothes for the charity.[137]

The Royal Foundation

Before their marriage, Meghan attended the first annual forum of The Royal Foundation in February 2018 with Harry.[138] After her marriage into the royal family, the Duchess became the foundation's fourth patron, alongside Prince Harry, his brother Prince William, and sister-in-law Catherine.[139] In June 2019, it was announced that the Duke and Duchess of Sussex would split from the charity and establish their own charity foundation by the end of 2019. It was reported that the couples would collaborate on mutual projects, such as the mental health initiative Heads Together.[140][141]

Sussex Royal Foundation

In July 2019, Harry and Meghan's new charity was registered in England and Wales under the title "Sussex Royal The Foundation of The Duke and Duchess of Sussex".[142] However, it was confirmed on February 21, 2020 that "Sussex Royal" would not be used as a brand name for the couple following their step back from public life as working royals.[143] In July 2020, relevant paperwork was filed with UK authorities to formally close the Sussex Royal charity.[144]

Celebrity philanthropy

In March 2020, it was announced that Meghan's first post-royal project would be the narration of Disneynature's documentary Elephant, which was released on April 3.[145] In support of elephants, Disneynature and the Disney Conservation Fund would donate to Elephant Without Borders for species conservation in Botswana.[146]

In April 2020, the Duchess volunteered with her husband in a private capacity to personally deliver foods prepared by the Project Angel Food to Los Angeles residents amidst the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States.[147] In July 2020, Meghan spoke in support of the Black Lives Matter movement.[148]

Archewell Foundation

In April 2020, Meghan and Harry confirmed their new foundation (in lieu of Sussex Royal) would be called "Archewell".[149] The name stems from the Greek word "arche", which means "source of action"; the same word that inspired the name of their son.[149] Archewell was registered in the United States.[150] Its website was officially launched in October 2020.[151]

Privacy and the media

In 2018, Time magazine included the Duchess on its list of the 100 Most Influential People in the World[152] and placed her on its shortlist for Person of the Year.[153] She was also chosen as one of the most influential women in the United Kingdom by British Vogue magazine.[154] Her influence was also recognized in both the 2019 and 2020 editions of Powerlist, the 100 most influential Britons of African and Afro-Caribbean descent.[155]

In May 2019, Splash News issued a formal apology to the Sussexes for sending photographers to their Cotswolds residence, which put their privacy at risk. The agency also agreed to pay a "substantial" sum of damages and legal costs associated with the case.[156][157] In January 2020, lawyers for the Duke and Duchess issued a legal warning to the press in general after paparazzi photographs were published in the media.[158]

At the end of the tour of Southern African countries in September and October 2019, it emerged that the Duchess was suing The Mail on Sunday and MailOnline for alleged breach of privacy, infringement of copyright, and breach of the Data Protection Act 2018 over the publication of a letter she had sent to her father.[159][160][161] The Duchess lost the first round in the High Court of Justice case with the Daily Mail in 2020, and was ordered to pay £67,000 legal costs for Associated Newspapers Limited (ANL).[162] In September, ANL successfully applied to use the recently published biographical book Finding Freedom, alleging that the Duchess had passed information onto the authors.[163][164] The two sides return to court in January 2021.[165][166]

In July 2020, the Duchess jointly launched legal action with her husband against an unnamed individual for taking pictures of their son in Los Angeles.[167] American news agency X17 issued an apology. It also agreed to reimburse some of the other party's legal fees, hand over photos on hand, destroy any copies in its possession and cease distribution of the images.[168]

Titles, styles, and arms

The Duchess of Sussex's monogram

Meghan became a princess of the United Kingdom upon her marriage to Prince Harry, entitled to the style of Royal Highness. After her marriage, she was styled "Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Sussex". She also holds the titles of Countess of Dumbarton and Baroness Kilkeel.[169][170][171] She is the first person to hold the title "Duchess of Sussex".[172][173] Following the Duke and Duchess's decision to step back from royal duties in 2020, the couple agreed not to use the style of "Royal Highness" in practice, but still technically retain the style. [174][175][176]

Coat of arms of the Duchess of Sussex
Coat of arms of Meghan, Duchess of Sussex.svg
Notes
Meghan bears the arms of her husband impaled with her own. Thomas Woodcock, Garter King of Arms, the senior officer of the College of Arms, helped the Duchess with the design, which was approved by the Queen.[177][178]
Adopted
May 25, 2018
Coronet
Coronet of a child of the heir apparent.[177]
Escutcheon
Quarterly 1st and 4th Gules three lions passant guardant in pale Or armed and langed Azure (England), 2nd Or a lion rampant Gules armed and langued Azure within a double tressure flory counterflory (Scotland), 3rd Azure a harp Or stringed Argent (Ireland), the whole differenced by a label of five points Argent, the first, third and fifth points charged with an escallop Gules (Prince Harry); Impaled with a shield Azure a feather bendwise Argent quilled Or between two bendlets Or all between two like feathers Argent quilled Or (Markle).[179]
Supporters
On the dexter side the lion used as a supporter by the Duke of Sussex and to the sinister a songbird Argent wings spread, unguled Or and gorged with the coronet of the Duke of Sussex.
Compartment
Below the shield, a mount of grass with golden poppies and wintersweet in flower.
Symbolism
The blue background of the shield represents the Pacific Ocean off the California coast, while the two golden rays across the shield are symbolic of the sunshine of the Duchess's home state. The three quills represent communication and the power of words. Beneath the shield on the grass sits a collection of golden poppies, California's state flower, and wintersweet, which grows at Kensington Palace. The songbird with wings elevated as if flying and an open beak represents the power of communication.[177][178]

Filmography

Television

Year Title Role Notes
2002 General Hospital Jill 1 episode[30][31]
2004 Century City Natasha 1 episode "A Mind is a Terrible Thing to Lose" (season 1: episode 4)
2005 Cuts Cori 1 episode "My Boyfriend's Back" (season 1: episode 5)
2005 Love, Inc. Teresa Santos 1 episode "One on One" (season 1: episode 9)
2006 1 vs. 100 Herself 1 episode Mob member number 7
2006 The War at Home Susan 1 episode "The Seventeen-Year Itch" (season 1: episode 17)
2006 CSI: NY Veronica Perez 1 episode "Murder Sings the Blues" (season 3: episode 7)
2006 Deceit Gwen Television movie
Deal or No Deal Herself Holder of Case #24; 34 episodes[180]
2008 Good Behavior Sadie Valencia Television movie
2008 90210 Wendy 1 episode "We're Not in Kansas Anymore" (season 1: episode 1)
"The Jet Set" (season 1: episode 2)
2008 'Til Death Tara 1 episode "Joy Ride" (season 3: episode 2)
2008 The Apostles Kelly Calhoun Television movie
2009 Knight Rider Annie Ortiz 1 episode "Fight Knight" (season 1: episode 14)
2009 Without a Trace Holly Shepard 1 episode "Chameleon" (season 7: episode 15)
2009 Fringe Junior FBI Agent Amy Jessup 2 episodes "A New Day in the Old Town" (season 2: episode 1)
"Night of Desirable Objects" (season 2: episode 2)
2009 The League Random Girl 1 episode "The Bounce Test" (season 1: episode 2)
2010 CSI: Miami Officer Leah Montoya 1 episode "Backfire" (season 8: episode 20)
2010 The Boys & Girls Guide to Getting Down Dana Television movie
2011–2018 Suits Rachel Zane Series regular (seasons 1–7), 108 episodes
2012 Castle Charlotte Boyd/Sleeping Beauty 1 episode "Once Upon a Crime" (season 4: episode 17)
2014 When Sparks Fly Amy Peterson Hallmark Channel television movies
2016 Dater's Handbook Cassandra Brand

Film

Year Title Role Notes
2005 A Lot like Love Passenger on plane
2010 Remember Me Megan
2010 Get Him to the Greek Tatiana Uncredited
2010 The Candidate Kat Short film
2011 Horrible Bosses Jamie
2012 Dysfunctional Friends Terry
2013 Random Encounters Mindy UK Title: A Random Encounter
2015 Anti-Social Kirsten
2020 Elephant Narrator Disneynature film; credit: Meghan, The Duchess of Sussex[146]

Authored articles

  • Markle, Meghan (May 2015). "It's All Enough". Darling Magazine., republished online, November 6, 2018.
  • Markle, Meghan (July 2015). "I'm More Than An 'Other'". ELLE., republished online, December 22, 2016.
  • Markle, Meghan (November 9, 2016). "With Fame Comes Opportunity, But Also A Responsibility". ELLE.
  • Markle, Meghan (March 8, 2017). "How Periods Affect Potential". Time.
  • HRH The Duchess of Sussex, "Foreword", in: The Hubb Community Kitchen (2018). Together: Our Community Cookbook. Ebury Press. ISBN 978-1529102925. OCLC 1055685147.
  • HRH The Duchess of Sussex (July 29, 2019). "HRH The Duchess of Sussex Introduces The September Issue In Her Own Words". Vogue (British ed.).
  • HRH The Duchess of Sussex (July 31, 2019). "HRH The Duchess of Sussex Shares A New Smart Works Initiative". Vogue (British ed.).
  • Meghan, The Duchess of Sussex (November 25, 2020). "The Losses We Share". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331.

References

  1. ^ "The Birth of Rachel Markle". California Birth Index. Archived from the original on June 8, 2019. Retrieved October 27, 2019. Rachel Meghan Markle was born on August 4, 1981, in Los Angeles County, California. Her father's last name is Markle, and her mother's maiden name is Ragland.
  2. ^ "Meghan Markle (1981–)". Biography.com. Archived from the original on September 23, 2019. Retrieved October 27, 2019.
  3. ^ John, Tara (November 27, 2017). "Meet Meghan Markle, Prince Harry's Fiancee And Britain's Newest Royal-To-Be". Time. Archived from the original on November 28, 2017. Retrieved November 30, 2017.
  4. ^ "Meghan Markle's half-sister to write a tell-all book about her 'pushy' sibling". The Daily Telegraph. April 3, 2017. Archived from the original on June 11, 2017. Retrieved November 30, 2017.
  5. ^ Dewan, Angela. "Doria Ragland: Meghan Markle's mother by her side on wedding day". CNN. Archived from the original on May 20, 2018. Retrieved May 31, 2018.
  6. ^ Boyle, Danny (November 8, 2016). "Who is Meghan Markle? Everything we know about Prince Harry's girlfriend". The Daily Telegraph. London. Archived from the original on November 12, 2016. Retrieved November 12, 2016. (subscription required)
  7. ^ Morris, Regan (September 27, 2017). "'Meghan who?' LA shrugs over Harry's hometown girlfriend". BBC News. Archived from the original on September 30, 2017. Retrieved November 28, 2017. But Markle's mother lives in the View Park-Windsor Hills neighbourhood, which is one of the wealthiest, primarily African American areas in the US.
  8. ^ a b c Goulet, Matt (July 13, 2013). "Meghan Markle Talks Suits, Catholic Childhood and Growing Up On Set of Married With Children". Esquire. Hearst Communications, Inc. Archived from the original on February 27, 2017. Retrieved January 14, 2014.
  9. ^ Hicks, Tony (November 1, 2016). "Prince Harry ready to meet Meghan Markle's father". Mercury News. Archived from the original on November 12, 2016. Retrieved November 12, 2016.
  10. ^ Davies, Caroline (May 15, 2018). "The royal in-laws: Meghan Markle's family". The Guardian. Archived from the original on July 10, 2018. Retrieved July 10, 2018.
  11. ^ "Meghan Markle's Jonesboro roots". The Times. London. Archived from the original on December 6, 2017. Retrieved December 6, 2017.
  12. ^ "Tracing Meghan Markle's 'German roots'". Deutsche Welle. May 11, 2018. Archived from the original on May 22, 2018. Retrieved May 23, 2018.
  13. ^ Child, Christopher (December 15, 2017). "The Hastings Connection". New England Historic Genealogical Society. Archived from the original on December 16, 2017. Retrieved December 16, 2017. As Gary Boyd Roberts indicated in his press release, 'Meghan Markle is related to Prince Harry hundreds of times over'
  14. ^ "Meghan Markle: Six things you didn't know about Prince Harry's girlfriend". The Week. November 8, 2016. Archived from the original on November 10, 2016. Retrieved November 10, 2016.
  15. ^ Markle, Meghan (August 17, 2015). "I'm More Than An 'Other'". Elle UK. Archived from the original on November 4, 2016. Retrieved November 4, 2016.
  16. ^ Morris, Regan (September 26, 2017). "'Meghan who?' LA shrugs over Harry's hometown girlfriend". BBC. Archived from the original on October 26, 2017. Retrieved October 26, 2017.
  17. ^ "Duchess of Sussex – Education". UK Gov. 2018. Archived from the original on May 20, 2018. Retrieved May 21, 2018.
  18. ^ Woustra, Kristy. "Who Is Meghan Markle: The Actress Was Changing The World At Age 11". HuffPost. Canada. Archived from the original on November 12, 2016. Retrieved November 8, 2016.
  19. ^ Boedeker, Hal (November 30, 2017). "Meghan Markle at 11: Fighting sexism on TV". Orlando Sentinel. Archived from the original on December 1, 2017. Retrieved December 1, 2017.
  20. ^ Said-Moorhouse, Lauren (March 9, 2018). "Meghan Markle baptized in private ceremony". CNN. Archived from the original on May 27, 2018. Retrieved May 26, 2018.
  21. ^ Simon, Mallory; Carroll, Jason (May 17, 2018). "This is what Meghan Markle's high school teacher remembers most about her". CNN. Archived from the original on April 10, 2019. Retrieved June 29, 2019.
  22. ^ Swartz, Tracy (April 17, 2018). "New Meghan Markle book rehashes time at Northwestern". Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on June 26, 2019. Retrieved April 21, 2018.
  23. ^ a b Swartz, Tracy (May 9, 2018). "Meghan Markle recalled as dignified, charitable during her Northwestern days". Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on May 13, 2018. Retrieved May 13, 2018.
  24. ^ a b Willgress, Lydia; Boyle, Danny (September 21, 2017). "Who is Meghan Markle? Everything we know about Prince Harry's girlfriend". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on January 7, 2017. Retrieved April 22, 2017.
  25. ^ Vesey-Byrne, Joe (December 5, 2017). "Meghan Markle was an intern for the US embassy in Argentina. But you probably didn't hear about that". Indy100. Retrieved October 21, 2020.
  26. ^ "Meghan Markle exclusive: Diana's biographer Andrew Morton on how the Suits star made it to the heart of the Establishment". The Times. London. April 1, 2018. Archived from the original on April 4, 2018.
  27. ^ "Meghan Markle exclusive: Diana's biographer Andrew Morton on how the Suits star made it to the heart of the Establishment". The Times. London. April 1, 2018. Archived from the original on April 4, 2018.
  28. ^ a b Judith Vonberg. "Meghan Markle: Who is Prince Harry's bride-to-be?". CNN. Archived from the original on November 27, 2017.
  29. ^ Petit, Stephanie; Perry, Simon (September 30, 2019). "Meghan Markle Just Received a Custom Gift for Archie During a Surprise Outing in Africa". People. Archived from the original on October 10, 2019. Retrieved October 9, 2019.
  30. ^ a b Eades, Chris (December 5, 2017). "Meghan Markle Started Her Acting Career on General Hospital". ABC Soaps In Depth. United States: Bauer Publications. Archived from the original on December 30, 2017. Retrieved January 26, 2018.
  31. ^ a b c Ivie, Devon (November 28, 2017). "Beyond Suits: Your Guide to Meghan Markle's TV Work". Vulture. Archived from the original on November 29, 2017. Retrieved November 28, 2017.
  32. ^ Andreeva, Nellie (June 23, 2009). "Meghan Markle joins 'Fringe'". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on June 29, 2011. Retrieved June 24, 2009.
  33. ^ Hibberd, James (August 24, 2010). "Meghan Markle books lead role on 'Legal Mind'". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on January 23, 2017. Retrieved November 16, 2016.
  34. ^ a b Dangremond, Sam. "Meghan Markle Net Worth 2017". Town & Country. Archived from the original on December 2, 2017. Retrieved April 4, 2018.
  35. ^ "Meghan Markle's final episode of 'Suits' features her in a wedding dress". The Irish Times. April 26, 2018. Archived from the original on September 19, 2018. Retrieved May 22, 2018.
  36. ^ Horton, Helena (December 12, 2017). "Meghan Markle's Toronto home – where Prince Harry stayed – up for sale". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on December 12, 2017. Retrieved December 5, 2017.
  37. ^ a b c Murphy, Jessica (May 18, 2018). "Meghan's pageboys and Toronto 'royalty'". BBC News. Archived from the original on May 27, 2018. Retrieved May 26, 2018.
  38. ^ "Prince Harry and Meghan Markle: What's Their Net Worth?". Fortune. April 4, 2018. Archived from the original on April 4, 2018.
  39. ^ Porter, Tom (November 27, 2017). "Who Is Meghan Markle's Ex-Husband, Trevor Engelson?". Newsweek. Archived from the original on December 11, 2017. Retrieved December 21, 2017.
  40. ^ "How Meghan Markle's Jewish Ex-Husband Became The Guy Who Lost Future Royal Bride". Forward.com. November 19, 2017. Archived from the original on May 26, 2018. Retrieved May 26, 2018.
  41. ^ "Hitched, Hatched, Hired". The Hollywood Reporter. September 27, 2011. Archived from the original on October 24, 2012. Retrieved February 2, 2013.
  42. ^ "36 things we've learnt about Meghan Markle in the past year". The Daily Telegraph. September 5, 2017. Archived from the original on August 18, 2017.
  43. ^ "Meghan Markle's Ex-Husband Trevor Engelson Just Got Engaged". Town & Country. June 4, 2018. Archived from the original on May 2, 2019. Retrieved July 15, 2018.
  44. ^ Rayner, Gordon (October 31, 2016). "Prince Harry 'met new girlfriend while she was still dating celebrity chef'". The Telegraph. ISSN 0307-1235. Archived from the original on July 16, 2018. Retrieved July 16, 2018.
  45. ^ a b Rayner, Gordon. "The Duke of Cambridge approved Prince Harry's plea to trolls to leave Meghan Markle alone". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on September 12, 2017. Retrieved September 5, 2017.
  46. ^ Furness, Hannah (November 27, 2017). "Prince Harry and Meghan Markle engaged: 'She didn't even let me finish!' Couple describe 'sweet, natural and very romantic' proposal". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on November 27, 2017. Retrieved November 28, 2017.
  47. ^ "Prince Harry, Meghan Markle to finally tie the knot". CBC News. Archived from the original on November 27, 2017.
  48. ^ Vallance, Adam (November 8, 2016). "A Statement by the Communications Secretary to Prince Harry". The Royal Family. Archived from the original on September 27, 2017. Retrieved September 26, 2017.
  49. ^ Booth, Robert; Lisa O'Carroll (November 8, 2016). "Prince Harry attacks press over 'wave of abuse' of girlfriend Meghan Markle". The Guardian. Archived from the original on September 7, 2017.
  50. ^ "Meghan Markle attends Invictus Games". BBC News Online. September 24, 2017. Archived from the original on September 27, 2017. Retrieved September 26, 2017.
  51. ^ "Prince Harry, Meghan Markle make first official public appearance". ABC News. September 26, 2017. Archived from the original on September 25, 2017. Retrieved September 26, 2017.
  52. ^ "Prince Harry and Ms. Meghan Markle are engaged to be married". royal.gov.uk. The Official Website of the British Royal Family. Retrieved August 15, 2020.
  53. ^ Frost, Katie. "Prince Harry and Meghan Markle Are Engaged! (Nov. 27, 2017)". Town and Country magazine. Retrieved August 15, 2020.
  54. ^ Bourke, Latika (November 27, 2017). "Royal wedding: Prince Harry and Meghan Markle announce engagement". The Age. Archived from the original on November 27, 2017. Retrieved November 27, 2017.
  55. ^ Katwala, Sunder (May 25, 2018). "Meghan Markle has already changed the way we think about race". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on July 13, 2018. Retrieved July 12, 2018.
  56. ^ Grigoriadis, Vanessa (December 19, 2018). "Inside the Markle Family Breakdown". Vanity Fair. Retrieved October 24, 2020.
  57. ^ Falzone, Diana. "Meghan Markle will quit acting following engagement to Prince Harry". Fox News Channel. Archived from the original on November 27, 2017. Retrieved November 27, 2017.
  58. ^ "Prince Charles to walk Meghan down the aisle". May 18, 2018. Archived from the original on August 24, 2018. Retrieved July 21, 2018 – via www.bbc.com.
  59. ^ "How will Meghan Markle become a British citizen?". BBC News. December 1, 2017. Archived from the original on July 3, 2018. Retrieved July 12, 2018.
  60. ^ Troy-Pryde, Jadie (January 26, 2020). "Meghan Markle has reportedly 'given up bid to become British citizen'". marie claire. Retrieved October 23, 2020.
  61. ^ a b Walter, Stephen (March 8, 2018). "Meghan Markle 'baptised by Archbishop of Canterbury ahead of wedding to Prince Harry'". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on March 9, 2018. Retrieved March 9, 2018.
  62. ^ Vickers, Hugo (May 18, 2018). "St George's Chapel: Inside the Windsor Castle venue for tomorrow's royal wedding". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on May 18, 2018. Retrieved May 18, 2018.
  63. ^ Betancourt, Bianca (April 15, 2020). "Prince Harry and Meghan Markle Donate Over $100,000 to a British Hunger Organization amid Coronavirus". Harper's Bazaar. Archived from the original on April 29, 2020. Retrieved October 18, 2020.
  64. ^ "Prince Harry and Meghan Markle donate £90,000 to hunger charity amid pandemic". The Independent. April 16, 2020. Retrieved July 30, 2020.
  65. ^ Ward, Victoria (May 22, 2018). "Nottingham Cottage: The Kensington home where Meghan and Harry live as a married couple". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on July 5, 2018. Retrieved July 12, 2018.
  66. ^ "With child coming, it's off to the country for Prince Harry and Meghan Markle". NBC News. November 24, 2018. Archived from the original on November 24, 2018. Retrieved November 24, 2018.
  67. ^ "Prince Harry and Meghan are moving to the suburbs". CBS News. November 24, 2018. Archived from the original on November 24, 2018. Retrieved November 24, 2018.
  68. ^ "Harry and Meghan taxpayer-funded renovations cost £2.4m". BBC News. Archived from the original on June 24, 2019. Retrieved June 25, 2019.
  69. ^ Barry, Ellen; Karasz, Palko (May 6, 2019). "Meghan, Duchess of Sussex, gives birth to a boy". The New York Times. Archived from the original on May 6, 2019. Retrieved May 6, 2019.
  70. ^ Hill, Erin (March 14, 2019). "Meghan Markle and Prince Harry Have Split Royal Households from Kate Middleton and Prince William". People. Archived from the original on April 2, 2019. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
  71. ^ Murphy, Victoria (February 19, 2020). "Prince Harry and Meghan Markle to Officially Close Buckingham Palace Office at the End of March". Town & Country. Retrieved November 25, 2020.
  72. ^ "Harry and Meghan buy home on Santa Barbara estate that was subject of 1998 novel Riven Rock". Daily Telegraph. August 13, 2020. Retrieved August 14, 2020.
  73. ^ "Meghan: Duchess of Sussex tells of miscarriage 'pain and grief'". BBC News. November 25, 2020. Retrieved November 25, 2020.
  74. ^ a b Booth, Robert (November 30, 2017). "Meghan Markle's activism to be held in check by royal protocol". The Guardian. Archived from the original on March 2, 2019. Retrieved January 6, 2019.
  75. ^ Concha, Joe (September 23, 2020). "Trump wishes Prince Harry 'luck' with Meghan Markle after Biden endorsement: 'Not a fan'". Retrieved September 23, 2020.
  76. ^ "Meghan: From actress to duchess". BBC. October 15, 2018. Archived from the original on May 23, 2018. Retrieved January 6, 2018.
  77. ^ a b Russon, Mary-Ann (March 24, 2018). "Meghan Markle: The wellness guru she could have been". BBC. Archived from the original on March 24, 2018. Retrieved January 6, 2018.
  78. ^ Pentelow, Orla (June 19, 2018). "The Duchess Of Sussex: Style File". British Vogue. Archived from the original on July 9, 2018. Retrieved July 8, 2018.
  79. ^ Bayley, Leanne (May 22, 2017). "Meghan Markle chats to GLAMOUR about VB dresses, her personal style & her fashion cringe moments". Glamour UK. Archived from the original on July 13, 2018. Retrieved July 9, 2018.
  80. ^ a b Ward, Victoria (December 1, 2017). "Scottish family handbag firm feels the 'Meghan effect' as Strathberry orders soar". The Telegraph. ISSN 0307-1235. Archived from the original on February 10, 2018. Retrieved February 9, 2018.
  81. ^ a b Friedman, Vanessa (April 25, 2018). "Meghan Markle: The Biggest Influencer of All?". The New York Times. Archived from the original on July 10, 2018. Retrieved July 9, 2018.
  82. ^ a b Hirsch, Afua; Croft, Claudia (May 18, 2018). "The Meaning Of Meghan". British Vogue. Archived from the original on May 28, 2018. Retrieved May 31, 2018.
  83. ^ "How to Dress Meghan Markle (Hint: You Probably Can't)". The Business of Fashion. May 16, 2018. Archived from the original on May 24, 2018. Retrieved May 24, 2018.
  84. ^ "Meghan Markle makes gold sales sparkle". CNBC. May 25, 2018. Archived from the original on May 25, 2018. Retrieved May 31, 2018.
  85. ^ Young, Renita D. (May 25, 2018). "Meghan Markle makes gold sales sparkle". Reuters. Archived from the original on December 7, 2018. Retrieved September 6, 2019.
  86. ^ "Royal Family lead Tatler's 2018 best-dressed Brits list". BBC. August 2, 2018. Archived from the original on October 18, 2018. Retrieved October 18, 2018.
  87. ^ Morton, Becky (October 17, 2018). "Meghan's maternity and the fashion brands hoping to strike gold". BBC. Archived from the original on October 18, 2018. Retrieved October 18, 2018.
  88. ^ "Best Dressed 2018". Net a Porter. Archived from the original on December 30, 2018. Retrieved December 29, 2018.
  89. ^ Cohen, Jess (June 13, 2018). "Teen Choice Awards 2018: Avengers: Infinity War, Black Panther and Riverdale Among Top Nominees". E! News. Archived from the original on June 13, 2018. Retrieved June 13, 2018.
  90. ^ Abraham, Tamara (August 23, 2019). "The Duchess of Sussex effect: how Reiss got its mojo back". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on August 26, 2019. Retrieved August 27, 2019.
  91. ^ Davies, Caroline (December 1, 2017). "Meghan Markle begins royal induction with Nottingham walkabout". The Guardian. Archived from the original on December 3, 2017. Retrieved December 4, 2017.
  92. ^ "Prince Harry and Meghan Markle wow Nottingham crowds on first joint visit". BBC. December 1, 2017. Archived from the original on December 3, 2017.
  93. ^ "Meghan Markle joins Queen for first time at official royal event". The Times. London. March 12, 2018. Archived from the original on March 12, 2018. Retrieved March 12, 2018.
  94. ^ "Prince Harry and Meghan Markle in Northern Ireland: Couple's rapturous welcome on unannounced visit". The Daily Telegraph. March 23, 2018. Archived from the original on March 23, 2018. Retrieved March 23, 2018.
  95. ^ "Royal wedding facts and figures: From how many people are invited, to the cost of Windsor parking". The Daily Telegraph. May 21, 2018. Archived from the original on May 21, 2018. Retrieved May 21, 2018.
  96. ^ Furness, Hannah (May 22, 2018). "Duke and Duchess of Sussex make first appearance as a married couple at Prince Charles' 70th birthday party". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on May 22, 2018. Retrieved May 22, 2018.
  97. ^ "Britain's Prince Harry and Meghan Markle set for first trip abroad as newlyweds with Dublin tour". Independent.ie. June 19, 2018. Archived from the original on June 19, 2018. Retrieved June 19, 2018.
  98. ^ "Prince Harry and Meghan Markle to visit Dublin". The Irish Times. June 19, 2018. Archived from the original on July 2, 2018. Retrieved June 19, 2018.
  99. ^ "Prince Harry and Meghan to visit Australia in October for Invictus Games". The Guardian. June 11, 2018. Retrieved October 18, 2020.
  100. ^ "Royal tour: Harry and Meghan's overseas trip so far". BBC. October 31, 2018. Archived from the original on December 18, 2018. Retrieved December 19, 2018.
  101. ^ a b Lyons, Kate (October 19, 2018). "Bearing a baby and banana bread, Harry and Meghan enchant Australia". The Guardian. Archived from the original on December 21, 2018. Retrieved December 19, 2018.
  102. ^ Furness, Hannah (October 16, 2018). "Duchess of Sussex says 'we're ready and excited to join the club' after pregnancy announcement". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on December 20, 2018. Retrieved December 19, 2018.
  103. ^ Perry, Simon; Hill, Erin (February 23, 2019). "Meghan Markle and Prince Harry Arrive Hand-in-Hand in Morocco for Last Royal Tour Before Baby". People. Archived from the original on February 24, 2019. Retrieved February 24, 2019.
  104. ^ Furness, Hannah (April 16, 2018). "Prince Harry reveals Meghan Markle will take on Commonwealth role". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on December 20, 2018. Retrieved December 19, 2018.
  105. ^ Foussianes, Chloe (January 19, 2020). "What Will Prince Harry and Meghan Markle's New Roles in the British Commonwealth Look Like?". Town & Country. Retrieved October 18, 2020.
  106. ^ "Harry and Meghan's new Instagram account is a record-breaking hit with millions". USA TODAY. Archived from the original on April 20, 2019. Retrieved April 20, 2019.
  107. ^ Webster, Ben (August 19, 2019). "Prince Harry used private jet twice in a week after climate talks". The Times. London. Archived from the original on August 21, 2019. Retrieved August 22, 2019.
  108. ^ Britton, Bianca (August 20, 2019). "Harry and Meghan branded hypocrites for using private jets". CNN. Archived from the original on August 21, 2019. Retrieved August 22, 2019.
  109. ^ Gonzales, Erica (September 6, 2019). "Meghan Markle, Prince Harry, and Archie's Royal Tour of Southern Africa: Everything You Need to Know". Harper's Bazaar. Retrieved October 20, 2020.
  110. ^ "Duke and Duchess of Sussex step back from senior royal duties. Read their full statement". CNN. January 8, 2020. Archived from the original on January 9, 2020. Retrieved January 8, 2020.
  111. ^ Booth, William; Adam, Karla (January 8, 2020). "Prince Harry and Meghan to 'step back' as senior royals and split time between Britain and North America". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on April 4, 2020. Retrieved January 8, 2020.
  112. ^ Elser, Daniela (January 20, 2020). "Queen rejects Harry and Meghan's plan". news.com.au. Retrieved October 21, 2020.>
  113. ^ Elser, Daniela (January 20, 2020). "Queen rejects Harry and Meghan's plan". news.com.au. Retrieved October 21, 2020.</ref
  114. ^ "Duchess of Sussex marks final solo visit as a royal with feminist speech - and a hug from schoolboy". Telegraph. March 7, 2020. Retrieved October 21, 2020.
  115. ^ "The Queen's Commonwealth Trust". YouTube. Retrieved October 21, 2020.
  116. ^ "Netflix Teams With Prince Harry And Meghan Markle For Overall Deal". mxdwn Television. September 2, 2020. Retrieved September 3, 2020.
  117. ^ "2014 CJCS Holiday USO Tour". Defense Visual Information Distribution Service. December 6, 2014. Archived from the original on November 28, 2018. Retrieved November 28, 2018.
  118. ^ Stack, Sarah. "Meghan Markle: I had to refuse being filmed in just a towel every day". The Irish Independent. Dublin, Ireland: Independent News & Media. Archived from the original on December 12, 2014.
  119. ^ "Justin Trudeau welcomes Emma Watson, Bob Geldoff, and other star activists to Parliament Hill". Ottawa.ctvnews.ca. Archived from the original on May 9, 2017. Retrieved May 23, 2017.
  120. ^ "The Year in USO Entertainment". United Service Organizations. Archived from the original on February 1, 2017. Retrieved December 3, 2017.
  121. ^ "A Look Back at Meghan Markle's Pre-Royal Life". E!. Archived from the original on December 2, 2017. Retrieved December 3, 2017.
  122. ^ Ruiz, Michelle. "Meet Meghan Markle: Prince Harry's Feminist, Philanthropist, Actress Girlfriend". Vogue. Archived from the original on September 15, 2017. Retrieved December 3, 2017.
  123. ^ a b Blair, Olivia (October 31, 2016). "Who is Meghan Markle: The 'Suits' actress, humanitarian, activist and gender equality campaigner". The Independent. Archived from the original on September 15, 2017. Retrieved September 15, 2017.
  124. ^ Watkins, Janelle (February 29, 2016). "Meghan Markle 'Suits' Up for Success". Ebony. Archived from the original on April 21, 2016. Retrieved June 29, 2016.
  125. ^ "The Duchess of Sussex". The Royal Family. May 18, 2018. Archived from the original on May 20, 2018. Retrieved May 18, 2018.
  126. ^ Singh, Harmeet (August 7, 2015). "UN Women turn on the light". Strategy Online. Brunico Communications Ltd. Archived from the original on August 17, 2015. Retrieved November 28, 2016.
  127. ^ Furness, Hannah (May 21, 2018). "Meghan Markle to fight for feminism: New Duchess of Sussex given palace blessing to champion women's rights". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on July 13, 2018. Retrieved July 12, 2018.
  128. ^ Petit, Stephanie (August 12, 2019). "Meghan Markle and Prince Harry Share Never-Before-Seen Photos with Elephants from 2017 Botswana Trip". People. Archived from the original on August 12, 2019. Retrieved August 12, 2019.
  129. ^ Davies, Caroline (September 17, 2018). "Meghan launches Grenfell recipe book in first project as Duchess of Sussex". Archived from the original on January 12, 2019.
  130. ^ Mackintosh, Eliza (September 17, 2018). "Meghan cooks for Grenfell: Duchess announces support for charity cookbook". Archived from the original on January 1, 2019. Retrieved January 1, 2019.
  131. ^ "Meghan made patron of National Theatre". BBC. January 10, 2019. Archived from the original on January 10, 2019. Retrieved January 10, 2019.
  132. ^ Barry, Ellen (March 8, 2019). "Meghan Markle 'Moved the Dial' for British Royal Family in Women's Day Talk". The New York Times. Archived from the original on March 9, 2019. Retrieved March 8, 2019.
  133. ^ Nolasco, Stephanie (October 7, 2019). "Prince Harry, Meghan Markle reunite with Prince William, Kate Middleton for mental health PSA". Fox News. Archived from the original on October 8, 2019. Retrieved October 8, 2019.
  134. ^ Adam, Karla (July 29, 2019). "Meghan, Duchess of Sussex, guest-edits British Vogue, revealing women she admires". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on July 30, 2019. Retrieved July 30, 2019.
  135. ^ Woodyatt, Amy (February 14, 2020). "Meghan wears a glittery party hat in behind-the-scenes footage of Vogue guest editorship". CNN. Archived from the original on February 14, 2020. Retrieved February 14, 2020.
  136. ^ Gonzales, Erica (July 30, 2019). "Meghan Markle Is Launching a Collection of Workwear for a Good Cause". Harper's Bazaar. Archived from the original on July 30, 2019. Retrieved July 31, 2019.
  137. ^ Foussianes, Chloe (September 24, 2019). "Meghan Markle's Collection Has Already Provided Her Patronage with a Year's Worth of Clothing". Town and Country. Archived from the original on September 25, 2019. Retrieved September 25, 2019.
  138. ^ McCluskey, Megan (February 28, 2018). "Meghan Markle Shines at First Royal Engagement With Prince Harry, Prince William and Kate Middleton". Time. Archived from the original on March 13, 2018. Retrieved March 9, 2018.
  139. ^ Holden, Michael (February 28, 2018). "Britain's royal 'Fab Four' attend first official event together". Reuters. Archived from the original on February 28, 2018. Retrieved March 9, 2018.
  140. ^ Foster, Max; Britton, Bianca (June 20, 2019). "Meghan and Harry split from joint charity with William and Kate". CNN. Archived from the original on June 20, 2019. Retrieved June 20, 2019.
  141. ^ Furness, Hannah (June 20, 2019). "Royal charity split: Duke and Duchess of Sussex to leave Royal Foundation". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on June 20, 2019. Retrieved June 20, 2019.
  142. ^ "The Duke and Duchess of Sussex have named their royal foundation". Harper's Bazaar. July 19, 2019. Archived from the original on July 29, 2019. Retrieved July 29, 2019.
  143. ^ Young, Julius (February 21, 2020). "Prince Harry, Meghan Markle won't use 'Sussex Royal' after stepping back as senior members of royal family". Fox News. Archived from the original on April 7, 2020. Retrieved February 21, 2020.
  144. ^ Perry, Simon (July 3, 2020). "Meghan Markle and Prince Harry Take Another Formal Step Away from Their Ex-Royal Life". People. Retrieved October 23, 2020.
  145. ^ Austin, Henry (March 26, 2020). "Meghan, Duchess of Sussex, to narrate movie about elephants in first post-royal project". NBC News. Archived from the original on March 26, 2020. Retrieved March 26, 2020.
  146. ^ a b Vary, Adam B. (March 26, 2020). "Meghan Markle Narrating Disney Plus Nature Documentary 'Elephants'". Variety. Archived from the original on March 26, 2020. Retrieved March 26, 2020.
  147. ^ Andrew, Scottie (April 16, 2020). "Prince Harry and Meghan quietly delivered meals to Los Angeles residents in need". CNN. Archived from the original on April 29, 2020. Retrieved May 2, 2020.
  148. ^ "Meghan Markle says being complacent about racism makes 'people complicit' in call following Black Lives Matter protests". The Independent. July 6, 2020.
  149. ^ a b Foussianes, Chloe (April 6, 2020). "Prince Harry and Meghan Markle's New Non-Profit Archewell Has a Sweet Tie to Baby Archie". Town & Country. Archived from the original on April 10, 2020. Retrieved April 17, 2020.
  150. ^ Cartwright, Lexie (June 18, 2020). "Harry and Meghan's Archewell trademark application rejected". news.com.au. Retrieved October 24, 2020.
  151. ^ Cartwright, Lexie (October 23, 2020). "Meghan Markle, Prince Harry launch website for charitable venture Archewell". news.com.au. Retrieved October 23, 2020.
  152. ^ Furness, Hannah (December 10, 2018). "Ruth Davidson named in Time's 100 most influential people of 2018". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on August 11, 2019. Retrieved January 8, 2020.
  153. ^ Cramb, Auslan (April 19, 2018). "Duchess of Sussex shortlisted for Time magazine's 'Person of the Year' – along with Trump and Putin". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on August 16, 2019. Retrieved January 8, 2020.
  154. ^ "The Vogue 25: Meet The Women Shaping 2018". British Vogue. May 31, 2018. Archived from the original on May 31, 2018. Retrieved May 31, 2018.
  155. ^ Rawlinson, Kevin (October 23, 2018). "Duchess of Sussex in Powerlist of top 100 black people in Britain". The Guardian. Archived from the original on March 4, 2020. Retrieved April 20, 2020.
  156. ^ "Prince Harry accepts damages over Splash News Agency photos". BBC. May 16, 2019. Archived from the original on May 22, 2019. Retrieved May 16, 2019.
  157. ^ Picheta, Rob; Foster, Max (May 16, 2019). "Prince Harry accepts 'substantial' damages after helicopter photos forced royal couple from their home". CNN. Archived from the original on January 27, 2020. Retrieved May 16, 2019.
  158. ^ Quinn, Ben (January 21, 2020). "Harry and Meghan legal warning latest twist in royal paparazzi feud". The Guardian. Archived from the original on January 21, 2020. Retrieved January 21, 2020.
  159. ^ "Meghan and Harry's tour ends as Mail on Sunday vows to defend itself in court". BBC. October 2, 2019. Archived from the original on April 3, 2020. Retrieved January 8, 2020.
  160. ^ "Prince Harry condemns 'ruthless campaign' against Meghan, saying he lost his mother to 'powerful forces' and fears history repeating". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on October 1, 2019. Retrieved October 1, 2019.
  161. ^ "Meghan Markle's Privacy Case Hits Another Snag". Town&Country. October 29, 2020. Retrieved October 22, 2020.
  162. ^ "Meghan Markle to pay $130,000 in legal costs, losing first round of court battle with publisher". NZ Herald. July 29, 2020. ISSN 1170-0777. Retrieved July 29, 2020.
  163. ^ "Meghan Markle Loses Latest Round in Court Battle With Associated Newspapers". VARIETY. September 29, 2020. Retrieved October 22, 2020.
  164. ^ "Meghan Markle to hand over emails, WhatsApp messages in Daily Mail case". news.com.au. September 23, 2020. Retrieved October 22, 2020.
  165. ^ "Harry and Meghan will return to the UK for court and not Christmas, a source close to the couple claims". TATLER. October 19, 2020. Retrieved October 24, 2020.
  166. ^ "Meghan Markle wins bid to delay court battle against 'Mail On Sunday' for nine months". yahoo! news. October 29, 2020. Retrieved October 29, 2020.
  167. ^ "Harry and Meghan sue over 'drone photos' of son Archie case". BBC News. July 24, 2020. Retrieved October 22, 2020.
  168. ^ "Harry and Meghan: News agency apology over 'drone photos' of son". BBC News. October 8, 2020. Retrieved October 22, 2020.
  169. ^ "Birth certificate shows baby Archie's birth place and Meghan's job". Sky News. May 17, 2019. Archived from the original on May 17, 2019. Retrieved May 17, 2019.
  170. ^ "Royal wedding: Harry and Meghan appointed Baron and Baroness of Kilkeel". Belfast Telegraph. May 19, 2018. Archived from the original on May 19, 2018. Retrieved May 19, 2018.
  171. ^ Fitzmaurice, Rosie (May 19, 2018). "Meghan Markle is officially a Duchess — here's her new title". Business Insider. Archived from the original on May 24, 2018.
  172. ^ "First Duke of Sussex was unlucky in love". May 19, 2018. Archived from the original on June 13, 2018. Retrieved July 21, 2018 – via www.bbc.com.
  173. ^ "Prince Harry and Ms. Meghan Markle: Announcement of Titles". The Royal Family. May 19, 2018. Archived from the original on May 19, 2018. Retrieved May 19, 2018.
  174. ^ "Sussex website". Archived from the original on March 10, 2020. Retrieved March 20, 2020.
  175. ^ "Harry and Meghan will not use HRH titles – palace". January 18, 2020. Archived from the original on April 4, 2020. Retrieved January 18, 2020.
  176. ^ Caroline Davies (January 18, 2020). "Harry and Meghan sought a half-in half-out deal, but are 'out'". The Guardian. Archived from the original on April 5, 2020. Retrieved January 19, 2020. Though Harry and Meghan still technically retain their HRH styles, they have agreed they will not use them. They have not been stripped of them, unlike Harry’s mother Diana, Princess of Wales following her divorce.
  177. ^ a b c "Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Sussex: Coat of Arms". The Royal Family. May 25, 2018. Archived from the original on May 25, 2018. Retrieved May 25, 2018.
  178. ^ a b "Royal Wedding 2018: Meghan Markle coat of arms revealed". BBC. May 29, 2018. Archived from the original on October 14, 2018. Retrieved October 14, 2018.
  179. ^ "Pacific Ocean features in new royal Markle's Coat of Arms". Reuters. May 25, 2018. Archived from the original on May 25, 2018. Retrieved May 25, 2018.
  180. ^ McGooran, Cara (November 30, 2017). "Meghan Markle was a Deal or No Deal suitcase model – so what happened to the rest of them?". London: Telegraph Media Group Limited. Archived from the original on April 13, 2018.

External links

Orders of precedence in the United Kingdom
Preceded by
The Duchess of Cambridge
Ladies
The Duchess of Sussex
Followed by
Autumn Phillips