This is a good article. Click here for more information.
Page semi-protected

Meghan, Duchess of Sussex

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Meghan
Duchess of Sussex (more)
Meghan Markle - 2018 (cropped).jpg
BornRachel Meghan Markle
(1981-08-04) August 4, 1981 (age 40)
West Park Hospital, Canoga Park, Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Spouses
Issue
HouseWindsor (by marriage)
FatherThomas Markle Sr.
MotherDoria Ragland
Alma materNorthwestern University
Occupation
  • Actress
  • author
Years active2002–2017 (actress)
Works
Signature
Signature of the HRH Meghan, Duchess of Sussex.svg

Meghan, Duchess of Sussex (/ˈmɛɡən/; born Rachel Meghan Markle; August 4, 1981) is an American member of the British royal family and former actress.

Markle was born and raised in Los Angeles, California. Her acting career began while at Northwestern University. Her last and most significant on-screen role was that of Rachel Zane for seven seasons (2011–2018) in the American TV legal drama Suits. She also developed a social media presence. This included The Tig (2014–2017) lifestyle blog which garnered recognition for her fashion sense and led to the creation and release of two clothing lines in 2015–2016. During The Tig period, Markle became involved in charity work focused primarily on women's issues and social justice.

Markle was married to American film producer Trevor Engelson from 2011 until their divorce in 2013. She retired from acting upon her marriage to Prince Harry, Duke of Sussex in 2018 and became known as the Duchess of Sussex. In January 2020, the pair stepped down as senior members of the royal family and later settled in her native California. In October 2020, they launched Archewell Inc., an American public organization that focuses on non-profit activities and creative media ventures. They have two children, Archie and Lilibet Mountbatten-Windsor.

Early life and education

Rachel Meghan Markle[1] was born on August 4, 1981, at West Park Hospital in Canoga Park, Los Angeles, California,[2] and identifies as being mixed race.[3] Her parents separated when she was two years old and divorced four years later.[4][5][6] Markle's father, Thomas Markle Sr. (b. 1944),[7] worked as a director of photography and lighting for Married... with Children, and Meghan frequently visited the set of the television series as a child,[8][9] but she is now estranged from her father and paternal half-siblings, Samantha Markle and Thomas Markle Jr.[10][11] She has a close relationship with her mother, Doria Ragland (b. 1956).[12][13]

Growing up in Los Angeles,[14] Markle attended Hollywood Little Red Schoolhouse.[15][16] At age 11, she and her classmates wrote to Procter & Gamble to gender-neutralize a dishwashing soap commercial on national television. Three months later, P&G changed the commercial.[17] She was raised as a Protestant,[18] but she graduated from L.A.'s Immaculate Heart High School, an all-girl Catholic school.[19] In 1999, Markle was admitted to Northwestern University (NU) in Evanston, Illinois, where she joined Kappa Kappa Gamma sorority.[20][21] After her junior year, she secured an internship as a junior press officer at the American embassy in Buenos Aires, reportedly with the help of her uncle Michael Markle,[22] and considered a political career.[23][24] However, she did not score high enough in the Foreign Service Officer Test to proceed further with the US State Department,[25] and returned to NU. She also attended a study abroad program in Madrid.[21] In 2003, Markle earned her bachelor's degree with a double major in theater and international studies from Northwestern's School of Communication.[23][25] In her youth, she worked at a local frozen yogurt shop and later as a waitress and babysitter.[26][27] She also volunteered for the Glass Slipper Project and at a soup kitchen in Skid Row, Los Angeles.[28][29]

Acting career

Markle with Suits co-star Patrick J. Adams at Paley Center for Media, 2013

According to Markle, she had some difficulty getting roles early in her career due to being "ethnically ambiguous" because "I wasn't black enough for the black roles and I wasn't white enough for the white ones."[30] To support herself between acting jobs, she worked as a freelance calligrapher and taught bookbinding.[8][31] Her first on-screen appearance was a small role as a nurse in an episode of the daytime soap opera General Hospital,[32][33] a show for which her father served as a lighting director.[34] Markle had small guest roles on the television shows Century City (2004), The War at Home (2006) and CSI: NY (2006).[33] For her role in Century City, she initially told the casting directors that she was a SAG-AFTRA member, but after being cast as a non-union member the employers helped her join the union according to the Taft–Hartley Act.[35] She also did several contract acting and modeling jobs, including a stint as a "briefcase girl" on the US-version of the game show Deal or No Deal.[8] She appeared in Fox's series Fringe as Junior Agent Amy Jessup in the first two episodes of its second season.[36]

Markle appeared in small roles in the films Get Him to the Greek, Remember Me (produced by her then-partner Trevor Engelson) and The Candidate in 2010 and the film Horrible Bosses in 2011.[37] She was paid $187,000 for her role in Remember Me and $171,429 for her role in the short film The Candidate.[38] In July 2011, she joined the cast of the USA Network show Suits through to late 2017 and the seventh season. Her character, Rachel Zane, began as a paralegal and eventually became an attorney.[39] While working on Suits, she lived for nine months each year in Toronto.[40][41] Fortune magazine estimated that she was paid $50,000 per episode, amounting to an equivalent annual salary of $450,000.[42]

Personal life

Markle and American film producer Trevor Engelson began dating in 2004.[43][44] They were married in Ocho Rios, Jamaica on September 10, 2011[45] and concluded a no-fault divorce in August 2013,[46] citing irreconcilable differences.[47] Markle's subsequent relationship with Canadian celebrity chef and restaurateur Cory Vitiello ended in May 2016 after almost two years.[48]

Markle and Prince Harry on Christmas Day 2017

In July 2016, Markle began a relationship with Prince Harry,[49][50] a grandson of Queen Elizabeth II. In November, the prince directed his communications secretary to release a statement on his behalf to express personal concern about pejorative and false comments made about his girlfriend by mainstream media and internet trolls.[51][52] In September 2017, Markle and Prince Harry first appeared together in public in Toronto at the Invictus Games, of which Harry is founding patron.[53][54]

Marriage to Prince Harry

Meghan Markle's engagement to Prince Harry was announced on November 27, 2017, by Harry's father Charles, Prince of Wales.[55] The announcement was greeted with enthusiasm by the British media, and prompted generally positive comments about having a mixed-race person as a member of the royal family,[56] especially in regard to Commonwealth countries with populations of blended or native ancestry.[57] Markle announced that she would retire from acting,[58][59] and her intention to become a British citizen.[60]

In preparation for the wedding, the Archbishop of Canterbury, Justin Welby, baptized Markle and confirmed her into the Church of England on March 6, 2018.[61] The private ceremony, performed with water from the River Jordan, took place in the Chapel Royal at St James's Palace.[61] The marriage ceremony was held on May 19 at St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle.[62] Her wedding dress was designed by the British designer Clare Waight Keller.[63] Markle later revealed that there was a private exchange of vows three days before with the Archbishop of Canterbury in the couple's garden.[64] However, this private exchange of vows was not an official legally recognised marriage.[65][66]

Carriage procession through streets of Windsor, May 2018

It was reportedly agreed in advance that excess funds generated from the BBC broadcast of the wedding ceremony would go to a charity chosen by the newlywed couple.[67] In April 2020, Feeding Britain (which provides food packages to families in food poverty) was nominated to receive £90,000 from the BBC.[68]

After the wedding, the Duke and Duchess lived at Nottingham Cottage within the grounds of Kensington Palace in London.[69] They later moved to Frogmore Cottage in the Home Park of Windsor Castle.[70][71] The Crown Estate refurbished the cottage at a cost of £2.4 million, paid out of the Sovereign Grant, with the Duke later reimbursing expenses beyond restoration and ordinary maintenance.[72][73] Meghan gave birth to a son, Archie Mountbatten-Windsor, on May 6, 2019.[74] The Duke and Duchess of Sussex's office moved to Buckingham Palace and officially closed on March 31, 2020, when the Sussexes withdrew from undertaking official royal engagements.[75][76] After some months in Canada and the United States, the couple bought a house in June 2020 on the former estate of Riven Rock in Montecito, California,[77] where they own a chicken coop with hens rescued from a factory farm.[78] The next month, Meghan suffered a miscarriage.[79] She gave birth to a daughter, Lilibet Mountbatten-Windsor, on June 4, 2021.[80]

Political views

Members of the British royal family are politically neutral by convention.[81] However, Markle was politically vocal before marrying Prince Harry. At age 10, she and her friends reportedly campaigned against the Gulf War.[28] Decades later, she backed Hillary Clinton during the 2016 United States presidential election and publicly denounced the opponent and eventual winner, Donald Trump. The same year, when the referendum on the United Kingdom's membership of the European Union resulted in favor of Brexit, Markle expressed her disappointment on Instagram.[82] In 2017, Markle recommended the book Who Rules the World? by left-wing intellectual Noam Chomsky on her Instagram account.[83] In July 2018, she was criticized for breaching the protocol that prohibits royals from interfering in politics after Irish Senator Catherine Noone tweeted that the Duchess was "pleased to see the result" of the Irish referendum on legalizing abortion.[84] Noone later deleted her tweet and emphasized that her statement was misleading and "the Duchess was not in any way political".[84] As an eligible voter in the United States, she released a video with her husband encouraging others to register for the 2020 United States presidential election on National Voter Registration Day. Some media outlets took it as an implicit endorsement of the Democratic candidate, Joe Biden, which prompted then-President Trump to dismiss their messaging at a press conference.[85] In October 2021, she penned an open letter to Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer and House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, advocating for paid leave for parents.[86] Her remarks were met by backlash from Republican representatives Jason Smith and Lisa McClain, who found her statement "out of touch" and criticized her interference with American politics while utilizing her British royal titles.[87] Meghan has reportedly lobbied senators from both parties on the issue of paid family leave, including Democratic senators Patty Murray and Kirsten Gillibrand, as well as Republican senators Shelley Moore Capito and Susan Collins.[88][89] She has also publicly spoken in support of federal voting protections.[90]

Public life

Royal duties

Markle greeting the public in Belfast, March 2018

After becoming engaged, Markle's first official public appearance with Prince Harry was at a World AIDS Day walkabout in Nottingham on December 1, 2017.[91][92] On March 12, the 2018 Commonwealth Day service at Westminster Abbey was the first royal event she attended with the Queen.[93] On March 23, Harry and Meghan made an unannounced day visit to Northern Ireland.[94] In total, Markle attended 26 public engagements prior to the wedding.[95] Meghan's first official engagement after marriage was on May 22, when she and her husband attended a garden party celebrating the charity work of the Prince of Wales.[96]

In July 2018, Meghan's first official trip abroad as a royal was to Dublin, Ireland, alongside Harry.[97][98] In October 2018, the Duke and Duchess traveled to Sydney, Australia for the 2018 Invictus Games.[99] This formed part of a Pacific tour that included Australia, Fiji, Tonga and New Zealand.[100][101] As representatives of the Queen, the couple were greeted warmly by crowds in Sydney, and the announcement of Meghan's pregnancy hours after their arrival delighted the public and media.[101][102] During their visit to Morocco in February 2019, the Duke and Duchess focused on projects centered on "women's empowerment, girls' education, inclusivity and encouragement of social entrepreneurship".[103] It is otherwise noted that Meghan participated in her husband's work as youth ambassador to the Commonwealth, which included overseas tours.[104][105]

As part of establishing a separate office from Kensington Palace in 2019, the Duke and Duchess created an Instagram social media account, which broke the record for the fastest account to date to reach a million followers.[106] In August 2019, Meghan and her husband were criticized by environmental campaigners for using private jets regularly when taking their personal trips abroad, which would leave more carbon footprint per person compared to commercial planes. The criticism was in line with similar criticism faced by the royal family in June 2019, after it was claimed that they "had doubled [their] carbon footprint from business travel".[107][108]

In September and October 2019, a Southern African tour included Malawi, Angola, South Africa and Botswana. Because infant son Archie traveled with the Sussexes, this was "their first official tour as a family".[109]

Stepping back

In January 2020, Meghan and Harry returned to the UK from a vacation in Canada and announced that they were stepping back from their role as senior members of the royal family, and would balance their time between the United Kingdom and North America.[110][111] A statement released by the Palace confirmed that the Duke and Duchess were to cease to undertake royal duties, as representatives of the Queen, and would therefore no longer receive the relevant financial support.[112] The couple would retain their HRH stylings but not use them.[112] The formal role of the Duke and Duchess was subject to a twelve-month review period, ending in March 2021. Meghan's final solo engagement as a senior royal was a visit to Robert Clack School on March 7, 2020, in Dagenham ahead of International Women's Day.[113]

Further career and investments

In summer 2019, before announcing their decision to step down in January 2020, Meghan and her husband were involved in talks with Jeffrey Katzenberg, the founder of the now-defunct streaming platform Quibi, over a possible role in the service without gaining personal profits, but they eventually decided against joining the project.[114] In September 2019, it was reported that the couple had hired New York-based PR firm Sunshine Sachs.[115][116] In June 2020, they signed with the Harry Walker Agency, owned by media company Endeavor, to conduct paid public speaking engagements.[117] In September 2020, the Sussexes signed a private commercial deal with Netflix "to develop scripted and unscripted series, film, documentaries, and children programming for the streaming service".[118] In October 2020, the couple hosted a special episode of Time 100 Talks with the theme being on "Engineering a Better World".[119] In December 2020, it was announced that Meghan had invested in Clevr Blends, a coffee company based in Southern California.[120][121] In the same month, Meghan and Harry signed a multi-year deal with Spotify to produce and host their own programs through their audio producing company, Archewell Audio.[122] A holiday special was released by the couple on the service in December 2020,[123] while Meghan's podcast, titled Archetypes, will premiere in the summer of 2022.[124]

The Bench, a picture book written by Meghan, was published in June 2021 by Random House Children's Books. It is based on her perception of the relationship between her husband and their son.[125] The book received a mixed response; it garnered praise for its illustrations and messaging but was criticized for its structure and writing.[126][127][128] Following its release, Meghan, alongside Archewell, donated 2,000 copies of The Bench to libraries, schools, and other nonprofit programs across the United States.[129] On June 17, the book reached number one on the children's picture books category of The New York Times Best Seller list.[130] In July 2021, it was announced that Meghan would executive-produce, alongside David Furnish, a Netflix animated series called Pearl.[131] The series was originally pitched to Netflix in 2018.[132][133] Pearl would depict the adventures of a 12-year-old girl who is inspired by influential women from history,[134] but the project was canceled in May 2022.[135] In the same month it was reported that Meghan and Harry had signed a four-book publishing deal that includes a wellness guide by Meghan and a memoir by Harry.[136] In September 2021, Meghan and Harry went to New York, where they visited the 9/11 Memorial with New York governor Kathy Hochul and New York City mayor Bill de Blasio, and held meetings with the U.N. Deputy Secretary-General Amina J. Mohammed and the U.S. ambassador to the U.N. Linda Thomas-Greenfield.[137][138] In October 2021, Meghan and Harry announced their partnership with Ethic, a sustainable investment firm based in New York City, which also manages the couple's investments.[139][140] According to state filings from Delaware, where the couple's Archewell foundation is registered, Meghan and Harry incorporated 11 companies and a trust beginning in early 2020 which include Orinoco Publishing LLC and Peca Publishing LLC to hold the rights for their books as well as Cobblestone Lane LLC and IPHW LLC which are holders of their foundation's logos.[141]

Charity work and advocacy

Markle addressing the audience during a USO show at Naval Station Rota, Spain, December 2014[142]

Markle spoke at the 2014 summit for the international charity One Young World in Dublin[143] and attended the 2016 opening ceremony in Ottawa.[144] Also in 2014, she toured Spain, Italy, Turkey, Afghanistan and England with the United Service Organizations.[145] During her time in Toronto, she volunteered for the Community Meals Program of St. Felix Centre and donated food from the set of Suits.[146][147]

In 2016, Markle became a global ambassador for World Vision Canada, traveling to Rwanda for the Clean Water Campaign.[148][149][30] After a trip to India focused on raising awareness for women's issues, she penned an op-ed for Time magazine concerning stigmatization of women in regard to menstrual health.[150] She has also worked with the United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women as an advocate.[148][151] Meghan is a vocal feminist and intended to use her role as a member of the royal family to continue supporting women's rights and social justice.[152] In 2017, Markle joined Prince Harry in teaming up with the charity Elephants Without Borders to assist with the conservation efforts taking place in Botswana.[153]

In January 2018, Markle became interested in the Hubb Community Kitchen run by survivors of the Grenfell Tower fire. She visited the kitchen regularly, and suggested that the displaced women publish a cookbook to assist in funding for the group.[154] Together: Our Community Cookbook, her first charity project as Duchess of Sussex, was announced in September.[155] In March 2021, Meghan used proceeds from the cookbook to donate £10,000 to the UK-based charity Himmah to assist them with stocking the group's food bank, provide them with equipment and help the Salaam Shalom Kitchen, the only Muslim and Jewish community kitchen in the UK.[156]

In March 2020, it was announced that Meghan's first post-royal project would be the narration of Disneynature's documentary Elephant, which was released on April 3.[157] In support of elephants, Disneynature and the Disney Conservation Fund would donate to Elephant Without Borders for species conservation in Botswana.[158] In April 2020, Meghan and her husband, in a private capacity, volunteered to personally deliver foods prepared by the Project Angel Food to Los Angeles residents amidst the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States.[159] In June 2020, the couple backed the Stop Hate for Profit campaign and encouraged CEOs of different companies to join the movement.[160] In July 2020, she spoke in support of the Black Lives Matter movement.[161] In August 2020, Meghan and Harry collaborated with Baby2Baby and participated in drive-through distribution of school supplies to students.[162]

In April 2021, the couple were announced as campaign chairs for Vax Live: The Concert to Reunite the World, an event organized by Global Citizen to increase access to COVID-19 vaccinations.[163] They also announced their support for a vaccine equity fundraiser initiated by the same organization,[164] and penned an open letter to the pharmaceutical industry CEOs urging them to address the vaccine equity crisis.[165] In July 2021, Meghan and Harry were among people who were selected by UK-based charity Population Matters to receive the Change Champions award for their decision to have only two children and help with maintaining a smaller and more sustainable population.[166] In August 2021, to mark her 40th birthday, Meghan launched 40x40, a campaign that asks people around the world to spend 40 minutes of their time mentoring women reentering the workforce.[167] In September 2021, Meghan and Harry spoke again in support of vaccine equity at the Global Citizen Live concert.[168] In the following month and ahead of the 2021 G20 Rome summit, the couple penned an open letter together with the Director-General of the World Health Organization Tedros Adhanom, asking the G20 leaders to expedite efforts for the global distribution of COVID-19 vaccines.[169]

In January 2022 and following criticism aimed at Spotify for their handling of COVID-19 misinformation, Meghan and Harry made an announcement stating that since April 2021 they had begun "expressing concerns" about the issue on the platform.[170] In February 2022, the couple were selected to receive NAACP's President's Award for their works on causes related to social justice and equity.[171] In the following month, they were among more than a hundred people who signed an open letter published by the People's Vaccine Alliance, asking for free global access to COVID-19 vaccines and calling out the UK, EU and Switzerland for opposing a waiver that would allow vaccine intellectual property protections to be lifted.[172]

Patronages and interests

From January 2019 to February 2021 Meghan was patron of London's National Theatre and the Association of Commonwealth Universities.[173][174] She continued her role as the private patron of Mayhew until 2022.[175] She remains a private patron of Smart Works.[174] From March 2019 to February 2021, she was the vice president of The Queen's Commonwealth Trust.[176][174] Until February 2021, periodically, online QCT chat sessions were conducted and uploaded to YouTube for general public viewing.[177] In October 2019, along with other members of the royal family, Meghan voiced a Public Health England announcement, for the "Every Mind Matters" mental health program.[178]

In 2019 Meghan was a contributor and guest editor for the September issue of British Vogue and highlighted the works of 15 women from different areas, who were described as "Forces for Change".[179] Edward Enninful, editor-in-chief of the British Vogue, later revealed that the issue had become the "fastest-selling issue in the history of British Vogue".[180] In the same issue, it was announced that she had collaborated with a number of British fashion houses and stores to launch a capsule collection, called The Smart Set, in September 2019 to benefit the charity Smart Works. The collection sought to help "unemployed and disadvantaged women", through selling items "on a one-for-one basis, meaning an item is donated for each item purchased".[181] Taking advantage of "the Meghan effect" (driving consumer purchases), in 10 days the collection provided a year's worth of clothes for the charity.[182]

Sussex Royal and Archewell

In February 2018, Markle and fiancé Harry attended the first annual forum of The Royal Foundation.[183] After marriage Meghan became the foundation's fourth patron alongside Prince Harry, Prince William and his wife, Catherine.[184] In May 2019, as a part of their Heads Together initiative, the Duchess of Sussex together with her husband and in-laws, launched Shout, a text messaging service for those who suffer from mental issues.[185] In June 2019, it was announced that Harry and Meghan would split from the charity and establish their own foundation. Nevertheless, the couples would collaborate on mutual projects, such as the mental health initiative Heads Together.[186][187] The following month, "Sussex Royal The Foundation of The Duke and Duchess of Sussex" was registered in England and Wales.[188] However, it was confirmed on February 21, 2020, that "Sussex Royal" would not be used as a brand name for the couple, following their step back from official life as working royals.[189] On August 5, 2020, Sussex Royal Foundation was renamed "MWX Foundation" and dissolved the same day.[190]

In March 2021, it was reported that the Charity Commission for England and Wales was conducting a review of the Sussex Royal organization in a "regulatory and compliance case" regarding its conduct under charity law during dissolution.[191] Representatives for the couple claimed that Sussex Royal was "managed by a board of trustees" and that "suggestion of mismanagement" directed exclusively at the Duke and Duchess would be incorrect.[191] The commission later concluded that the foundation did not act unlawfully, but criticized the board of directors for expending a "substantial proportion of funds" to setting up and closing the charity.[192][193]

In April 2020, Meghan and Harry confirmed that an alternative foundation (in lieu of Sussex Royal) would be called "Archewell".[194] The name stems from the Greek word "arche", which means "source of action"; the same word that inspired the name of their son.[194] Archewell was registered in the United States.[195] Its website was officially launched in October 2020.[196]

Public image and style

Markle (third from left) at New York Fashion Week in 2013

Between 2010 and 2012, Markle anonymously ran the blog The Working Actress, which detailed the "pitfalls and triumphs of struggling to make it in Hollywood".[197] In 2014, she founded her own lifestyle blog The Tig, which posted articles about food, fashion, beauty, travel and inspirational women.[198] The viewing audience consisted primarily of the fans of Markle and Suits. Promotion of the blog on other social media platforms targeted three million followers on Instagram, 800,000 on Facebook, and 350,000 on Twitter. In April 2017, The Tig closed. In January 2018, she took all articles offline and deleted her social media accounts.[199] It is estimated that Markle's social media activities annually earned her about $80,000 from endorsements and sponsorships.[38]

Markle became known through The Tig for her fashion sense,[41] releasing two fashion collections with Canadian clothing company Reitmans in 2015 and 2016.[199] The lines were based on her personal style and that of her Suits character.[41] Markle has cited Emmanuelle Alt as her style inspiration.[200][201]

Markle was featured in the cover story for the October 2017 issue of Vanity Fair.[202] Shortly after her engagement to Prince Harry in 2017, she caused a surge of interest in Scottish retailer Strathberry after carrying one of its handbags to a public event.[203][204] This was reported as an indication that her fashion choices would produce results similar to the Kate Middleton effect.[203][205] After Markle and Prince Harry's first appearance as a couple, brands Mackage, Birks, R&R Jewelers, Crown Jewelers and Everlane noted an upswing in their website hits and sales.[206][207][204] It was speculated that Markle's effect would be broader internationally because she already had a strong American appeal.[205] Consequently, the United States saw a boost in yellow gold jewelry sales in the first quarter of 2018.[208]

In 2018, Tatler included Meghan with other senior royal women on its list of Britain's best-dressed people.[209] Following the announcement of her pregnancy she appeared in a Karen Gee dress that resulted in the Australian designer's website crashing.[210] Fashion website Net-a-Porter ranked Meghan as one of the best dressed women in 2018.[211] and was nominated for the 2018 Teen Choice Awards in the category Choice Style Icon.[212] In 2019, British brand Reiss reported a growth in profits after Meghan was seen wearing a mini-dress by them on International Women's Day.[213] In 2022, the black Armani dress worn by Meghan during her Oprah interview was selected by the Fashion Museum, Bath as Dress of the Year 2021.[214]

In 2018, Time magazine selected Meghan as one of the 100 Most Influential People in the World[215] and placed her on its shortlist for Person of the Year.[216] Her name appeared again on the listicle in 2021 and she and her husband were featured on one of the magazine's seven worldwide covers.[217] In 2019, the magazine named Meghan and Harry among the 25 Most Influential People on the Internet.[218] She was also chosen as one of the 25 most influential women in the United Kingdom by British Vogue magazine in 2018 and 2019, and 2021.[219][220][221] Her influence was also recognized in both the 2019 and 2020 editions of Powerlist, the 100 most influential Britons of African and Afro-Caribbean descent.[222] In 2022, she was named as one of the 50 Women Changing the World over the past year by Worth magazine.[223]

Privacy and the media

Court cases

Associated Newspapers Limited

In October 2019, the Duchess launched a lawsuit against Associated Newspapers Limited (ANL), the publisher of The Mail on Sunday and MailOnline over the publication of a letter she had sent to her father.[224][225] Thomas Markle Sr. had provided the publisher with excerpts of the letter after five of Meghan's friends referenced it in a People article.[4][226][227] The Duchess subsequently received support from more than 70 female MPs from different parties who in an open letter condemned the use of "outdated, colonial undertones" against her in some national media outlets.[228] In May 2020, the court dismissed claims of the tabloid's alleged dishonesty and malice, as they were deemed either vague or irrelevant to the case.[229] In February 2021, the High Court of Justice found in summary judgment that ANL's Mail on Sunday had invaded the Duchess's privacy by publishing the letter,[230] and she won her claim for "misuse of private information and copyright infringement" in May 2021.[231] She was given a £450,000 downpayment on her £1.5 million legal fees as an interim payment, and pursuant to copyright law, her legal team asked for a front-page statement by The Mail on Sunday and MailOnline to acknowledge her legal victory.[232]

The Court of Appeal granted ANL permission to appeal against the ruling.[233] The appeal was subsequently launched by ANL in November 2021.[234] Meghan and Harry's former communications secretary Jason Knauf—who had previously denied co-authoring the letter with Meghan[235]—gave a statement to the court of appeal, mentioning that the Duchess of Sussex gave him briefing points to share with Finding Freedom's authors Omid Scobie and Carolyn Durand and the Duke of Sussex welcomed the suggestion that they should conceal their involvement, while they both discussed the book "on a routine basis".[236] ANL had previously applied to use the book in their defense, arguing that the Duke and Duchess had "co-operated with the authors of the recently published book Finding Freedom to put out their version of certain events".[237][238] Knauf also revealed that the Duchess wondered whether she should refer to her father as "daddy" in the letter, as she believed "in the unfortunate event that it leaked, it would pull at the heartstrings".[236] Meghan subsequently apologized to the court for not remembering the emails earlier and stated she "had absolutely no wish or intention to mislead the defendant or the court", adding that the "extent of the information" Knauf shared with the book's authors was "unknown" to her and her exchanges with Knauf were "a far cry from the very detailed personal information that the defendant alleges that I wanted or permitted to put into the public domain".[239] In December 2021, three senior appeal judges upheld the judgement of the High Court against ANL, prompting Meghan to call for reform of the tabloid industry.[240] In the same month, ANL's The Mail on Sunday and MailOnline published a front-page statement on Boxing Day acknowledging the Duchess's victory, adding that there had been an agreement on "financial remedies".[241] In addition to covering a portion of Meghan's legal costs, the outlet agreed to pay her £1 in damages for invading her privacy and a confidential sum for infringing her copyright.[242] They were also banned from naming the Duchess's friends, who had spoken to People magazine about the letter in 2018.[242]

Other cases and complaints

In November 2016, the MailOnline was criticized for running an article on Markle's family background titled "(Almost) Straight Outta Compton", which triggered a response from Prince Harry's Communications Secretary.[14] In the same month, The Sun ran the headline "Harry girl's on Pornhub".[52] The outlet denied any smear after it was revealed that the clips were illegally uploaded scenes from the TV series Suits, and not pornographic material.[52] They subsequently apologized via an official statement in February 2017.[243] In February 2018, a letter containing white powder and a racist note addressing Markle was sent to St James's Palace, triggering counter-terrorism and racist hate crime investigations by Scotland Yard.[244] Meghan and Harry obtained a formal apology in May 2019 from the Splash News for privacy invasion.[245][246] The couple had a legal warning issued to the press in general in January 2020 after the publication of paparazzi photographs.[247] In March 2020, the couple took Splash UK to court after Meghan and her son were photographed without permission in Canada during a "private family outing". The case was settled later that year with Splash UK agreeing to no longer take unauthorized photos of the family.[248] The Duke and Duchess announced in April that they would no longer cooperate with the Daily Mail, The Sun, Daily Mirror and Daily Express.[249] They won an apology in October from American news agency X17 for taking photographs of their son at their home using drones.[250]

In March 2021, ITV News reported the Duchess had complained directly to ITV's CEO about Piers Morgan's comments on mental health following her interview with Oprah Winfrey.[251] Ofcom received over 57,000 complaints about the program including one from the Duchess of Sussex.[252][253] In the same month, it was reported that an American private investigator unlawfully handed over personal details about Meghan to The Sun, including her Social Security number, cellphone number and address, when she first started dating Harry in 2016. Meghan and her husband condemned the "predatory practices" of the British tabloids, while The Sun stated that the investigator "was instructed clearly in writing to act lawfully", and they did not "use the information he provided for any unlawful practice".[254]

In July 2021, the Duchess filed legal complaints against The Times for two separate articles, with the first one covering an unproven allegation from Robert Lacey's book that she had left an engagement in Fiji for not being appointed by UN Women as a goodwill ambassador and the second one claiming that the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge had refused to talk to Harry after Prince Philip's funeral due to fears of a potential leak.[255][256] In January 2022, the couple mutually filed a legal complaint against The Times for an article reporting on Archewell raising less than $50,000 in 2020.[257] In the same month, she complained to the BBC regarding their five-part podcast Harry, Meghan and the Media, in which the presenter Amol Rajan stated that the Duchess had "apologized for misleading" the Court of Appeal in her case against the Mail on Sunday.[258][259] The BBC responded by issuing a statement on its "corrections and clarifications" website to emphasize that she had "apologized to the court for not remembering email exchanges".[259]

In March 2022, her half-sister, Samantha Markle, sued Meghan by filing a defamation lawsuit in Florida, accusing her of lying in the Oprah interview and disseminating false statements via her communications secretary for the book Finding Freedom, and sought damages in excess of $75,000.[260][261] Meghan's lawyers described the lawsuit as "a continuation of a pattern of disturbing behavior."[261] In a response filed in May 2022, Meghan's attorneys argued that her sister's claims were "demonstrably false", and the statements made by Meghan during the Oprah interview were either "non-actionable opinion or substantially true".[262] They also added that the defamatory statements Samantha had referred to either were true or could not be found in Finding Freedom or in the emails that Meghan had sent to her communications secretary, for which Meghan could not be held accountable under Florida's two-year statute of limitations and due to the fact that she did not write the book herself.[262]

Bullying allegations and Oprah interview

In 2021, shortly before the Duke and Duchess were due to be interviewed by Oprah Winfrey, The Times reported that the Duchess's former communications secretary, Jason Knauf, complained in October 2018 that her conduct at Kensington Palace had caused two personal assistants to quit and had undermined the morale of a third employee,[263] prompting an investigation by Buckingham Palace into the bullying allegations.[264][265] The palace hired an external law firm to examine the claims, with ten aides reported to cooperate with the review.[266][267] Criticism of the Duchess for twice wearing earrings gifted from Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman in 2018, after he was accused of complicity in the assassination of Jamal Khashoggi, appeared at the same time.[268][263][269] Her representatives denied her awareness of the accusations against Mohammed bin Salman, and said The Times was being used by Buckingham Palace for "a smear campaign" against her.[270][263] In an updated epilogue for the couple's unauthorized biography, Finding Freedom by Omid Scobie and Carolyn Durand, the authors claimed that "two of the individuals mentioned in [Knauf's] email asked for any allegations made to HR about their experiences with Meghan to be rescinded".[271] Speaking on behalf of the Duchess in a BBC documentary, Jenny Afia, a lawyer who represents Meghan in her case against ANL stated that the bullying allegations were "just not true".[272]

The television special Oprah with Meghan and Harry was broadcast on CBS on March 7, 2021.[273] Meghan spoke about her personal and royal life and public pressure. She discussed contemplating suicide during her time as a working royal and talked about a perceived lack of protection for her and her son while being part of the royal institution.[274] There was a wide and polarized reaction to the interview.[275]

On Twitter and other platforms

In March 2019, European consulting firm 89up reported on their discovery of 1,103 highly connected Twitter accounts with more than two and a half million tweets in favor of the Duchess of Sussex, most of which appeared to be cyborgs carrying out "coordinated attacks" on royal correspondents who had reported negatively on Meghan.[276][277] In the same year, CNN had reported on a research by Hope not Hate, stating that out of 5,200 "abusive tweets directed at Meghan" in January and February 2019, 3,600 came from a small group of trolls.[276] In October 2021, Twitter analytics service Bot Sentinel released their analysis of more than 114,000 tweets about the Duke and Duchess of Sussex, as a result of which they found 83 accounts with a combined number of 187,631 followers that were possibly responsible for approximately 70% of the negative content posted about the couple.[278] The report prompted an investigation by Twitter.[278] Twitter stated that it found no evidence of "widespread coordination" between the accounts, and said that it had taken action against users who violated Twitter's conduct policy.[278][279] Bot Sentinel also released three more reports in the following months, arguing that the accounts were part of a "bot network" and a similar network could be found on YouTube.[280][281] In January 2022, the BBC named Meghan and Harry among people whose photos and videos were used in fake instant profits advertisements and bitcoin-related investment schemes.[282]

Titles, styles, and arms

Royal monogram

Meghan became a princess of the United Kingdom upon her marriage to Prince Harry, entitled to the style of Royal Highness.[283] After her marriage, she was styled "Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Sussex". She also holds the titles of Countess of Dumbarton and Baroness Kilkeel.[284] She is the first person to hold the title "Duchess of Sussex".[285][286] Following the Duke and Duchess's decision to step back from royal duties in 2020, the couple agreed not to use the style of "Royal Highness" in practice, but still technically retain the style.[287][288][289]

Coat of arms of the Duchess of Sussex
Coat of arms of Meghan, Duchess of Sussex.svg
Notes
The Duchess bears the arms of her husband impaled with her own. Thomas Woodcock, Garter King of Arms, the senior officer of the College of Arms, helped the Duchess with the design, which was approved by the Queen.[290][291]
Adopted
May 25, 2018
Coronet
Coronet of a child of the heir apparent.[290]
Escutcheon
Quarterly 1st and 4th Gules three lions passant guardant in pale Or armed and langed Azure (England), 2nd Or a lion rampant Gules armed and langued Azure within a double tressure flory counterflory (Scotland), 3rd Azure a harp Or stringed Argent (Ireland), the whole differenced by a label of five points Argent, the first, third and fifth points charged with an escallop Gules (Prince Harry); Impaled with a shield Azure a feather bendwise Argent quilled Or between two bendlets Or all between two like feathers Argent quilled Or (Markle).[292]
Supporters
On the dexter side the lion used as a supporter by the Duke of Sussex and to the sinister a songbird Argent wings spread, unguled Or and gorged with the coronet of the Duke of Sussex.
Compartment
Below the shield, a mount of grass with golden poppies and wintersweet in flower.
Symbolism
The blue background of the shield represents the Pacific Ocean off the California coast, while the two golden rays across the shield are symbolic of the sunshine of the Duchess's home state. The three quills represent communication and the power of words. Beneath the shield on the grass sits a collection of golden poppies, California's state flower, and wintersweet, which grows at Kensington Palace. The songbird with wings elevated as if flying and an open beak represents the power of communication.[290][291]

Filmography

Television

Year Title Role Notes
1995 Married... with Children Student 1 episode "The Undergraduate" (season 9: episode 26); uncredited
2002 General Hospital Jill 1 episode[32][33]
2004 Century City Natasha 1 episode "A Mind is a Terrible Thing to Lose" (season 1: episode 4)
2005 Cuts Cori 1 episode "My Boyfriend's Back" (season 1: episode 5)
Love, Inc. Teresa Santos 1 episode "One on One" (season 1: episode 9)
2006 1 vs. 100 Herself 1 episode "Mob member number 7" (Episode 101)
The War at Home Susan 1 episode "The Seventeen-Year Itch" (season 1: episode 17)
Deceit Gwen Television movie
CSI: NY Veronica Perez 1 episode "Murder Sings the Blues" (season 3: episode 7)
2006–2007 Deal or No Deal Herself Holder of Case #24; 34 episodes[293]
2008 90210 Wendy 1 episode "We're Not in Kansas Anymore" (season 1: episode 1)
"The Jet Set" (season 1: episode 2)
'Til Death Tara 1 episode "Joy Ride" (season 3: episode 2)
The Apostles Kelly Calhoun Television movie
Good Behavior Sadie Valencia Television movie
2009 Knight Rider Annie Ortiz 1 episode "Fight Knight" (season 1: episode 14)
Without a Trace Holly Shepard 1 episode "Chameleon" (season 7: episode 15)
Fringe Junior FBI Agent Amy Jessup 2 episodes "A New Day in the Old Town" (season 2: episode 1)
"Night of Desirable Objects" (season 2: episode 2)
The League - 1 episode "The Bounce Test" (season 1: episode 2)
2010 CSI: Miami Officer Leah Montoya 1 episode "Backfire" (season 8: episode 20)
The Boys & Girls Guide to Getting Down Dana Television movie
2011–2018 Suits Rachel Zane Series regular (seasons 1–7), 108 episodes
(Markle's final scene was filmed in 2017)
2012 Castle Charlotte Boyd/Sleeping Beauty 1 episode "Once Upon a Crime" (season 4: episode 17)
2014 When Sparks Fly Amy Peterson Hallmark Channel television movies
2016 Dater's Handbook Cassandra Brand
2018 Queen of the World Herself HBO documentary
2019 Harry & Meghan: An African Journey ITV documentary
2021 Oprah with Meghan and Harry CBS Special interview
TBA Heart of Invictus Herself Netflix[294]

Film

Year Title Role Notes
2005 A Lot like Love - Cameo
2010 Remember Me Megan
Get Him to the Greek Tatiana Uncredited
The Candidate Kat Short film
2011 Horrible Bosses Jamie
2012 Dysfunctional Friends Terry
2013 Random Encounters Mindy UK Title: A Random Encounter
2015 Anti-Social Kirsten
2020 Elephant Narrator Disneynature film; credit: Meghan, The Duchess of Sussex[158]

Bibliography

Books

  • Markle, Meghan (1996). A Face without Freckles... Is a Night without Stars.
  • HRH The Duchess of Sussex, "Foreword", in: The Hubb Community Kitchen (2018). Together: Our Community Cookbook. Ebury Press. ISBN 978-1529102925. OCLC 1055685147.
  • Meghan, The Duchess of Sussex (2021). The Bench. Illustrated by Christian Robinson. Random House Children's Books. ISBN 978-0593434512.

Authored articles and letters

References

  1. ^ "The Birth of Rachel Markle". California Birth Index. Archived from the original on June 8, 2019. Retrieved October 27, 2019. Rachel Meghan Markle was born on August 4, 1981, in Los Angeles, California. Her father's last name is Markle, and her mother's maiden name is Ragland.
  2. ^ "Meghan Markle and Prince Harry: a timeline of how their lives collided". The Sunday Times. May 20, 2018. Retrieved December 16, 2020.
  3. ^ Markle, Meghan (August 17, 2015). "I'm More Than An 'Other'". Elle UK. Archived from the original on November 4, 2016. Retrieved November 4, 2016.
  4. ^ a b Tauber, Michelle (February 6, 2019). "The Truth About Meghan Markle's Dad — and the Letter She Wrote Him After the Wedding". People. Retrieved November 12, 2021.
  5. ^ John, Tara (November 27, 2017). "Meet Meghan Markle, Prince Harry's Fiancee And Britain's Newest Royal-To-Be". Time. Archived from the original on November 28, 2017. Retrieved November 30, 2017.
  6. ^ "Meghan Markle's half-sister to write a tell-all book about her 'pushy' sibling". The Daily Telegraph. April 3, 2017. Archived from the original on June 11, 2017. Retrieved November 30, 2017.
  7. ^ "Tracing Meghan Markle's 'German roots'". Deutsche Welle. May 11, 2018. Archived from the original on May 22, 2018. Retrieved May 23, 2018.
  8. ^ a b c Goulet, Matt (July 13, 2013). "Meghan Markle Talks Suits, Catholic Childhood and Growing Up On Set of Married With Children". Esquire. Hearst Communications, Inc. Archived from the original on February 27, 2017. Retrieved January 14, 2014.
  9. ^ Hicks, Tony (November 1, 2016). "Prince Harry ready to meet Meghan Markle's father". Mercury News. Archived from the original on November 12, 2016. Retrieved November 12, 2016.
  10. ^ "Meghan's estranged father Thomas Markle says he does not think royal family is racist". abc.net.au. March 9, 2021. Retrieved March 19, 2021.
  11. ^ Davies, Caroline (May 15, 2018). "The royal in-laws: Meghan Markle's family". The Guardian. Archived from the original on July 10, 2018. Retrieved July 10, 2018.
  12. ^ Dewan, Angela. "Doria Ragland: Meghan Markle's mother by her side on wedding day". CNN. Archived from the original on May 20, 2018. Retrieved May 31, 2018.
  13. ^ Boyle, Danny (November 8, 2016). "Who is Meghan Markle? Everything we know about Prince Harry's girlfriend". The Daily Telegraph. London. Archived from the original on November 12, 2016. Retrieved November 12, 2016.
  14. ^ a b Morris, Regan (September 26, 2017). "'Meghan who?' LA shrugs over Harry's hometown girlfriend". BBC. Archived from the original on October 26, 2017. Retrieved October 26, 2017.
  15. ^ "Duchess of Sussex – Education". UK Gov. 2018. Archived from the original on May 20, 2018. Retrieved May 21, 2018.
  16. ^ Woustra, Kristy. "Who Is Meghan Markle: The Actress Was Changing The World At Age 11". HuffPost. Canada. Archived from the original on November 12, 2016. Retrieved November 8, 2016.
  17. ^ Boedeker, Hal (November 30, 2017). "Meghan Markle at 11: Fighting sexism on TV". Orlando Sentinel. Archived from the original on December 1, 2017. Retrieved December 1, 2017.
  18. ^ Said-Moorhouse, Lauren (March 9, 2018). "Meghan Markle baptized in private ceremony". CNN. Archived from the original on May 27, 2018. Retrieved May 26, 2018.
  19. ^ Simon, Mallory; Carroll, Jason (May 17, 2018). "This is what Meghan Markle's high school teacher remembers most about her". CNN. Archived from the original on April 10, 2019. Retrieved June 29, 2019.
  20. ^ Swartz, Tracy (April 17, 2018). "New Meghan Markle book rehashes time at Northwestern". Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on June 26, 2019. Retrieved April 21, 2018.
  21. ^ a b Swartz, Tracy (May 9, 2018). "Meghan Markle recalled as dignified, charitable during her Northwestern days". Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on May 13, 2018. Retrieved May 13, 2018.
  22. ^ Fowler, Bella (November 30, 2019). "Meghan Markle's uncle lashes out in bizarre, scathing interview". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved October 7, 2021.
  23. ^ a b Willgress, Lydia; Boyle, Danny (September 21, 2017). "Who is Meghan Markle? Everything we know about Prince Harry's girlfriend". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on January 7, 2017. Retrieved April 22, 2017.
  24. ^ Vesey-Byrne, Joe (December 5, 2017). "Meghan Markle was an intern for the US embassy in Argentina. But you probably didn't hear about that". Indy100. Retrieved October 21, 2020.
  25. ^ a b Morton, Andrew (April 1, 2018). "Meghan Markle exclusive: Diana's biographer Andrew Morton on how the Suits star made it to the heart of the Establishment". The Times. London. Archived from the original on April 4, 2018.
  26. ^ Newcomb, Alyssa (March 8, 2021). "For some, news of Meghan Markle's job at Humphrey Yogart was the night's biggest 'scoop'". Today. Retrieved March 9, 2021.
  27. ^ Fung, Katherine (October 20, 2021). "Read Meghan Markle's Heartfelt Letter Urging Congress to Pass Paid Family Leave". Newsweek. Retrieved October 20, 2021.
  28. ^ a b Nicholl, Katie (November 5, 2019). "Meghan Markle's Early Activism Revealed in New Documentary". Vanity Fair. Retrieved November 24, 2021.
  29. ^ "Meghan Markle reveals how she volunteered at a Skid Row soup kitchen in Los Angeles". Fox News. December 31, 2017. Retrieved November 24, 2021 – via news.com.au.
  30. ^ a b Judith Vonberg. "Meghan Markle: Who is Prince Harry's bride-to-be?". CNN. Archived from the original on November 27, 2017.
  31. ^ Petit, Stephanie; Perry, Simon (September 30, 2019). "Meghan Markle Just Received a Custom Gift for Archie During a Surprise Outing in Africa". People. Archived from the original on October 10, 2019. Retrieved October 9, 2019.
  32. ^ a b Eades, Chris (December 5, 2017). "Meghan Markle Started Her Acting Career on General Hospital". ABC Soaps In Depth. United States: Bauer Publications. Archived from the original on December 30, 2017. Retrieved January 26, 2018.
  33. ^ a b c Ivie, Devon (November 28, 2017). "Beyond Suits: Your Guide to Meghan Markle's TV Work". Vulture. Archived from the original on November 29, 2017. Retrieved November 28, 2017.
  34. ^ Williams, Janice (May 16, 2018). "Everything to know about Thomas Markle, Meghan Markle's dad". Newsweek. Retrieved May 25, 2018.
  35. ^ ATX Festival Q&A: Suits (2015). ATX TV. June 24, 2015. Event occurs at 21:26. Archived from the original on December 21, 2021. Retrieved September 24, 2021. Yeah, I think I, oh, I was Taft–Hartley-ed, uh, which is I, I, like pretended that I was union and you have to... It was a pilot called Century City, with Héctor Elizondo and... Ioan Gruffudd and, um, and I got there and they were like, "So you're union?" I'm like, "Of course, I'm union. Yeah, absolutely, I'm union," and then I wasn't, and casting, to this day, those casting directors will never hire me, they never... I can't even remember what their names were. I told them I was union and then they had to Taft–Hartley me, which really is just, like, them sending one piece of paperwork to the union.
  36. ^ Andreeva, Nellie (June 23, 2009). "Meghan Markle joins 'Fringe'". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on June 29, 2011. Retrieved June 24, 2009.
  37. ^ Hibberd, James (August 24, 2010). "Meghan Markle books lead role on 'Legal Mind'". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on January 23, 2017. Retrieved November 16, 2016.
  38. ^ a b Dangremond, Sam. "Meghan Markle Net Worth 2017". Town & Country. Archived from the original on December 2, 2017. Retrieved April 4, 2018.
  39. ^ "Meghan Markle's final episode of 'Suits' features her in a wedding dress". The Irish Times. April 26, 2018. Archived from the original on September 19, 2018. Retrieved May 22, 2018.
  40. ^ Horton, Helena (December 12, 2017). "Meghan Markle's Toronto home – where Prince Harry stayed – up for sale". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on December 12, 2017. Retrieved December 5, 2017.
  41. ^ a b c Murphy, Jessica (May 18, 2018). "Meghan's pageboys and Toronto 'royalty'". BBC News. Archived from the original on May 27, 2018. Retrieved May 26, 2018.
  42. ^ "Prince Harry and Meghan Markle: What's Their Net Worth?". Fortune. April 4, 2018. Archived from the original on April 4, 2018.
  43. ^ Porter, Tom (November 27, 2017). "Who Is Meghan Markle's Ex-Husband, Trevor Engelson?". Newsweek. Archived from the original on December 11, 2017. Retrieved December 21, 2017.
  44. ^ "How Meghan Markle's Jewish Ex-Husband Became The Guy Who Lost Future Royal Bride". Forward.com. November 19, 2017. Archived from the original on May 26, 2018. Retrieved May 26, 2018.
  45. ^ "Hitched, Hatched, Hired". The Hollywood Reporter. September 27, 2011. Archived from the original on October 24, 2012. Retrieved February 2, 2013.
  46. ^ "36 things we've learnt about Meghan Markle in the past year". The Daily Telegraph. September 5, 2017. Archived from the original on August 18, 2017.
  47. ^ "Meghan Markle's Ex-Husband Trevor Engelson Just Got Engaged". Town & Country. June 4, 2018. Archived from the original on May 2, 2019. Retrieved July 15, 2018.
  48. ^ Rayner, Gordon (October 31, 2016). "Prince Harry 'met new girlfriend while she was still dating celebrity chef'". The Telegraph. ISSN 0307-1235. Archived from the original on July 16, 2018. Retrieved July 16, 2018.
  49. ^ Rayner, Gordon (November 30, 2016). "The Duke of Cambridge approved Prince Harry's plea to trolls to leave Meghan Markle alone". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on September 12, 2017. Retrieved September 5, 2017.
  50. ^ Furness, Hannah (November 27, 2017). "Prince Harry and Meghan Markle engaged: 'She didn't even let me finish!' Couple describe 'sweet, natural and very romantic' proposal". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on November 27, 2017. Retrieved November 28, 2017.
  51. ^ Vallance, Adam (November 8, 2016). "A Statement by the Communications Secretary to Prince Harry". The Royal Family. Archived from the original on September 27, 2017. Retrieved September 26, 2017.
  52. ^ a b c Booth, Robert; Lisa O'Carroll (November 8, 2016). "Prince Harry attacks press over 'wave of abuse' of girlfriend Meghan Markle". The Guardian. Archived from the original on September 7, 2017.
  53. ^ "Meghan Markle attends Invictus Games". BBC News Online. September 24, 2017. Archived from the original on September 27, 2017. Retrieved September 26, 2017.
  54. ^ "Prince Harry, Meghan Markle make first official public appearance". ABC News. September 26, 2017. Archived from the original on September 25, 2017. Retrieved September 26, 2017.
  55. ^ "Prince Harry and Ms. Meghan Markle are engaged to be married". royal.gov.uk. The Official Website of the British Royal Family. November 27, 2017. Retrieved August 15, 2020.
  56. ^ Katwala, Sunder (May 25, 2018). "Meghan Markle has already changed the way we think about race". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on July 13, 2018. Retrieved July 12, 2018.
  57. ^ Grigoriadis, Vanessa (December 19, 2018). "Inside the Markle Family Breakdown". Vanity Fair. Retrieved October 24, 2020.
  58. ^ Falzone, Diana. "Meghan Markle will quit acting following engagement to Prince Harry". Fox News Channel. Archived from the original on November 27, 2017. Retrieved November 27, 2017.
  59. ^ "Prince Charles to walk Meghan down the aisle". BBC News. May 18, 2018. Archived from the original on August 24, 2018. Retrieved July 21, 2018.
  60. ^ "How will Meghan Markle become a British citizen?". BBC News. December 1, 2017. Archived from the original on July 3, 2018. Retrieved July 12, 2018.
  61. ^ a b Walter, Stephen (March 8, 2018). "Meghan Markle 'baptised by Archbishop of Canterbury ahead of wedding to Prince Harry'". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on March 9, 2018. Retrieved March 9, 2018.
  62. ^ Vickers, Hugo (May 18, 2018). "St George's Chapel: Inside the Windsor Castle venue for tomorrow's royal wedding". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on May 18, 2018. Retrieved May 18, 2018.
  63. ^ Samaha, Barry (April 23, 2020). "Clare Waight Keller Reminisces About Designing Meghan Markle's Wedding Dress". Harper's Bazaar. Retrieved April 25, 2021.
  64. ^ "Meghan and Harry interview: Racism claims, duke 'let down' by dad, and duchess on Kate". BBC News. March 9, 2021.
  65. ^ Swerling, Gabriella; Ward, Victoria; Tominey, Camilla (March 8, 2021). "Prince Harry and Meghan's 'secret wedding' an exchange of vows and not legal ceremony". The Daily Telegraph. sources within both the Church of England and those working for the Sussexes moved to clarify that the vows presided over by the Most Rev Justin Welby in the garden did not constitute a legal marriage. Instead, the "marriage" was merely a personal and private exchange of vows between the couple.
  66. ^ Siddique, Haroon (March 8, 2021). "Meghan's claim of private garden wedding sparks confusion". The Guardian. Retrieved March 10, 2021.
  67. ^ Betancourt, Bianca (April 15, 2020). "Prince Harry and Meghan Markle Donate Over $100,000 to a British Hunger Organization amid Coronavirus". Harper's Bazaar. Archived from the original on April 29, 2020. Retrieved October 18, 2020.
  68. ^ "Prince Harry and Meghan Markle donate £90,000 to hunger charity amid pandemic". The Independent. April 16, 2020. Archived from the original on May 12, 2022. Retrieved July 30, 2020.
  69. ^ Ward, Victoria (May 22, 2018). "Nottingham Cottage: The Kensington home where Meghan and Harry live as a married couple". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on July 5, 2018. Retrieved July 12, 2018.
  70. ^ "With child coming, it's off to the country for Prince Harry and Meghan Markle". NBC News. November 24, 2018. Archived from the original on November 24, 2018. Retrieved November 24, 2018.
  71. ^ "Prince Harry and Meghan are moving to the suburbs". CBS News. November 24, 2018. Archived from the original on November 24, 2018. Retrieved November 24, 2018.
  72. ^ "Harry and Meghan taxpayer-funded renovations cost £2.4m". BBC News. Archived from the original on June 24, 2019. Retrieved June 25, 2019.
  73. ^ "Prince Harry: Frogmore Cottage renovation cost repaid". BBC News. September 7, 2020. Retrieved November 25, 2020.
  74. ^ Barry, Ellen; Karasz, Palko (May 6, 2019). "Meghan, Duchess of Sussex, gives birth to a boy". The New York Times. Archived from the original on May 6, 2019. Retrieved May 6, 2019.
  75. ^ Hill, Erin (March 14, 2019). "Meghan Markle and Prince Harry Have Split Royal Households from Kate Middleton and Prince William". People. Archived from the original on April 2, 2019. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
  76. ^ Murphy, Victoria (February 19, 2020). "Prince Harry and Meghan Markle to Officially Close Buckingham Palace Office at the End of March". Town & Country. Retrieved November 25, 2020.
  77. ^ "Harry and Meghan buy home on Santa Barbara estate that was subject of 1998 novel Riven Rock". Daily Telegraph. August 13, 2020. Archived from the original on January 10, 2022. Retrieved August 14, 2020.
  78. ^ Petit, Stephanie (March 8, 2021). "What Is Archie's Chick Inn? The Sweet Moment You Missed from Meghan and Harry's Oprah Interview". People. Retrieved January 18, 2022.
  79. ^ "Meghan: Duchess of Sussex tells of miscarriage 'pain and grief'". BBC News. November 25, 2020. Retrieved November 25, 2020.
  80. ^ "Prince Harry and Meghan announce birth of baby girl". BBC. June 6, 2021. Retrieved June 6, 2021.
  81. ^ "The royals and politics: Can we ever know what they really think?". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. October 11, 2020. Retrieved December 29, 2020.
  82. ^ Booth, Robert (November 30, 2017). "Meghan Markle's activism to be held in check by royal protocol". The Guardian. Archived from the original on March 2, 2019. Retrieved January 6, 2019.
  83. ^ "Meghan Markle could shake up monarchy, says Noam Chomsky". The Guardian. December 1, 2017. Retrieved May 15, 2021.
  84. ^ a b Baker, Sinéad (July 11, 2018). "Meghan Markle might have broken royal protocol by speaking out in favour of legalizing abortion in Ireland". Insider. Retrieved October 7, 2021.
  85. ^ Concha, Joe (September 23, 2020). "Trump wishes Prince Harry 'luck' with Meghan Markle after Biden endorsement: 'Not a fan'". Retrieved September 23, 2020.
  86. ^ Ritschel, Chelsea (October 20, 2021). "Meghan Markle recalls childhood as she demands paid leave for all in letter to congress: 'I grew up on $4.99 Sizzler salad bar'". The Independent. Archived from the original on May 12, 2022. Retrieved October 20, 2021.
  87. ^ "Meghan Markle under fire for writing a letter to US Congress with her Duchess title". Geo News. October 23, 2021. Retrieved October 23, 2021.
  88. ^ "Meghan Markle Treats Nonprofit Campaign Staff With A Sweet Surprise During Their Fight For Paid Leave". Marie Claire Australia. November 1, 2021. Retrieved November 3, 2021.
  89. ^ Turner, Trish (November 3, 2021). "Meghan Markle calling: Duchess lobbies Republican senators for paid family leave". ABC News. Retrieved November 3, 2021.
  90. ^ Choe, Brandon (February 26, 2022). "Prince Harry, Meghan Markle Call For "Era Of Digital Justice Movement" At NAACP Image Awards". Deadline. Retrieved February 27, 2022.
  91. ^ Davies, Caroline (December 1, 2017). "Meghan Markle begins royal induction with Nottingham walkabout". The Guardian. Archived from the original on December 3, 2017. Retrieved December 4, 2017.
  92. ^ "Prince Harry and Meghan Markle wow Nottingham crowds on first joint visit". BBC. December 1, 2017. Archived from the original on December 3, 2017.
  93. ^ "Meghan Markle joins Queen for first time at official royal event". The Times. London. March 12, 2018. Archived from the original on March 12, 2018. Retrieved March 12, 2018.
  94. ^ "Prince Harry and Meghan Markle in Northern Ireland: Couple's rapturous welcome on unannounced visit". The Daily Telegraph. March 23, 2018. Archived from the original on March 23, 2018. Retrieved March 23, 2018.
  95. ^ "Royal wedding facts and figures: From how many people are invited, to the cost of Windsor parking". The Daily Telegraph. May 21, 2018. Archived from the original on May 21, 2018. Retrieved May 21, 2018.
  96. ^ Furness, Hannah (May 22, 2018). "Duke and Duchess of Sussex make first appearance as a married couple at Prince Charles' 70th birthday party". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on May 22, 2018. Retrieved May 22, 2018.
  97. ^ "Britain's Prince Harry and Meghan Markle set for first trip abroad as newlyweds with Dublin tour". Independent.ie. June 19, 2018. Archived from the original on June 19, 2018. Retrieved June 19, 2018.
  98. ^ "Prince Harry and Meghan Markle to visit Dublin". The Irish Times. June 19, 2018. Archived from the original on July 2, 2018. Retrieved June 19, 2018.
  99. ^ "Prince Harry and Meghan to visit Australia in October for Invictus Games". The Guardian. June 11, 2018. Retrieved October 18, 2020.
  100. ^ "Royal tour: Harry and Meghan's overseas trip so far". BBC. October 31, 2018. Archived from the original on December 18, 2018. Retrieved December 19, 2018.
  101. ^ a b Lyons, Kate (October 19, 2018). "Bearing a baby and banana bread, Harry and Meghan enchant Australia". The Guardian. Archived from the original on December 21, 2018. Retrieved December 19, 2018.
  102. ^ Furness, Hannah (October 16, 2018). "Duchess of Sussex says 'we're ready and excited to join the club' after pregnancy announcement". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on December 20, 2018. Retrieved December 19, 2018.
  103. ^ Perry, Simon; Hill, Erin (February 23, 2019). "Meghan Markle and Prince Harry Arrive Hand-in-Hand in Morocco for Last Royal Tour Before Baby". People. Archived from the original on February 24, 2019. Retrieved February 24, 2019.
  104. ^ Furness, Hannah (April 16, 2018). "Prince Harry reveals Meghan Markle will take on Commonwealth role". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on December 20, 2018. Retrieved December 19, 2018.
  105. ^ Foussianes, Chloe (January 19, 2020). "What Will Prince Harry and Meghan Markle's New Roles in the British Commonwealth Look Like?". Town & Country. Retrieved October 18, 2020.
  106. ^ "Harry and Meghan's new Instagram account is a record-breaking hit with millions". USA TODAY. Archived from the original on April 20, 2019. Retrieved April 20, 2019.
  107. ^ Webster, Ben (August 19, 2019). "Prince Harry used private jet twice in a week after climate talks". The Times. London. Archived from the original on August 21, 2019. Retrieved August 22, 2019.
  108. ^ Britton, Bianca (August 20, 2019). "Harry and Meghan branded hypocrites for using private jets". CNN. Archived from the original on August 21, 2019. Retrieved August 22, 2019.
  109. ^ Gonzales, Erica (September 6, 2019). "Meghan Markle, Prince Harry, and Archie's Royal Tour of Southern Africa: Everything You Need to Know". Harper's Bazaar. Retrieved October 20, 2020.
  110. ^ "Duke and Duchess of Sussex step back from senior royal duties. Read their full statement". CNN. January 8, 2020. Archived from the original on January 9, 2020. Retrieved January 8, 2020.
  111. ^ Booth, William; Adam, Karla (January 8, 2020). "Prince Harry and Meghan to 'step back' as senior royals and split time between Britain and North America". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on April 4, 2020. Retrieved January 8, 2020.
  112. ^ a b Elser, Daniela (January 20, 2020). "Queen rejects Harry and Meghan's plan". news.com.au. Retrieved October 21, 2020.
  113. ^ "Duchess of Sussex marks final solo visit as a royal with feminist speech – and a hug from schoolboy". Telegraph. March 7, 2020. Archived from the original on January 10, 2022. Retrieved October 21, 2020.
  114. ^ Mandell, Sean (April 2, 2021). "Meghan Markle And Prince Harry's Meetings With Quibi Came At Request Of Founder Jeffrey Katzenberg". ET Canada. Retrieved April 3, 2021.
  115. ^ Spranklen, Annabelle (September 3, 2019). "Have Meghan and Harry just hired a new crisis PR firm in the US?". Tatler. Retrieved November 11, 2021.
  116. ^ Vallejo, Justin (November 14, 2020). "Prince Harry and Meghan Markle hire US public relations team including ex-Pinterest executive". The Independent. Archived from the original on May 12, 2022. Retrieved November 9, 2021. The Duke and Duchess of Sussex named former Pinterest communications head Christine Schirmer to join their team along with Hollywood PR firm Sunshine Sachs.
  117. ^ Richwine, Lisa (June 24, 2020). "Harry and Meghan sign with A-list agency to hit the speaking circuit". Reuters. Retrieved December 15, 2020.
  118. ^ "Netflix Teams With Prince Harry And Meghan Markle For Overall Deal". mxdwn Television. September 2, 2020. Retrieved September 3, 2020.
  119. ^ Petit, Stephanie (October 16, 2020). "Meghan Markle and Prince Harry to Host Virtual Talk on Improving the Digital World". People. Retrieved September 13, 2021.
  120. ^ Harper, Zach (December 14, 2020). "Duchess Meghan invests in startup that makes instant oat milk lattes". Hello!. Retrieved December 15, 2020.
  121. ^ Murphy, Victoria (December 14, 2020). "Meghan Markle Invests in Oat Milk Lattes and Oprah Is a Fan". Town & Country. Retrieved December 15, 2020.
  122. ^ "Prince Harry and Meghan Markle's media empire expands with Spotify podcast deal". CNN. December 15, 2020. Retrieved December 15, 2020.
  123. ^ "Meghan Markle and Prince Harry's Holiday Podcast Just Dropped — Hear Archie Talk for the First Time!". People. Retrieved December 29, 2020.
  124. ^ Chan, J. Clara (March 24, 2022). "Meghan Markle's First Spotify Podcast Series to Examine Stereotypes About Women". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved March 24, 2022.
  125. ^ Victoria Ward (May 4, 2021). "Meghan, Duchess of Sussex to publish children's book based on Prince Harry's relationship with their son Archie". Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on January 10, 2022. Retrieved May 4, 2021.
  126. ^ O'Connell, Alex. "The Bench by Meghan, Duchess of Sussex review — lacking a good story and basic rhythm". The Times. Retrieved June 8, 2021.
  127. ^ "The Bench review: Meghan Markle's children's book is 'soothing, loving, although a little schmaltzy in places'". Evening Standard. Retrieved June 8, 2021.
  128. ^ Lyall, Sarah (June 11, 2021). "The Tortured Rhyme and Reason of Meghan Markle's Picture Book Debut". New York Times. Archived from the original on December 28, 2021. Retrieved June 12, 2021.
  129. ^ Roberto, Melissa (June 10, 2021). "Meghan Markle aims to 'nourish communities through reading' with free donations of her book 'The Bench'". Fox News. Retrieved December 27, 2021.
  130. ^ "Meghan Markle's 'The Bench' tops New York Times bestsellers list in children's picture books category". Fox News. June 16, 2021. Retrieved June 17, 2021.
  131. ^ "Meghan, Prince Harry to develop new Netflix animated series". Associated Press. July 14, 2021. Retrieved July 14, 2021.
  132. ^ Ward, Victoria (July 18, 2021). "Duchess of Sussex pitched David Furnish Netflix project prior to US departure". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on January 10, 2022. Retrieved July 28, 2021.
  133. ^ Sykes, Tom (July 27, 2021). "Meghan and Harry Planned Money-Making Schemes Long Before They Left the Royal Fold, Embittered Staffers Claim". The Daily Beast. Retrieved July 28, 2021.
  134. ^ Goldberg, Lesley (July 14, 2021). "Prince Harry and Meghan Markle Set Animated Series at Netflix". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved July 14, 2021.
  135. ^ Fleming Jr, Mike (May 1, 2022). "Meghan Markle-Created Animated Series 'Pearl' Gets An Undesirable Royal Flush In Netflix Cutbacks; Streamer Nixes Meghan & Prince Harry's Archewell Productions Project". Deadline. Retrieved May 1, 2022.
  136. ^ "Prince Harry reportedly secures lucrative four-book publishing deal". The Telegraph. July 24, 2021. Archived from the original on July 25, 2021. Retrieved October 4, 2021.
  137. ^ Nichols, Michelle; Psaledakis, Daphne (September 25, 2021). "When Harry - and Meghan - met the deputy U.N. chief in New York". Reuters. Retrieved October 23, 2021.
  138. ^ Betancourt, Bianca (September 23, 2021). "Meghan Markle Wears the Perfect Camel Coat for a Meeting in New York City". Harper's Bazaar. Retrieved October 23, 2021.
  139. ^ La Monica, Paul R. (October 12, 2021). "Meghan and Harry are getting into the sustainable investing game". CNN. Retrieved October 12, 2021.
  140. ^ Thomas, Daniel (October 12, 2021). "Harry and Meghan become partners at ethical investment firm". BBC. Retrieved October 12, 2021.
  141. ^ Dalton, Jane (January 21, 2022). "Prince Harry and Meghan 'set up 11 companies in tax haven'". The Independent. Archived from the original on May 12, 2022. Retrieved January 22, 2022.
  142. ^ "2014 CJCS Holiday USO Tour". Defense Visual Information Distribution Service. December 6, 2014. Archived from the original on November 28, 2018. Retrieved November 28, 2018.
  143. ^ Stack, Sarah. "Meghan Markle: I had to refuse being filmed in just a towel every day". The Irish Independent. Dublin, Ireland: Independent News & Media. Archived from the original on December 12, 2014.
  144. ^ "Justin Trudeau welcomes Emma Watson, Bob Geldoff, and other star activists to Parliament Hill". Ottawa.ctvnews.ca. September 28, 2016. Archived from the original on May 9, 2017. Retrieved May 23, 2017.
  145. ^ Moynihan, Sandi (March 29, 2018). "Meghan Markle and Prince Harry Were USO Supporters Before They Were Engaged". United Service Organizations. Retrieved November 11, 2021.
  146. ^ Harper, Zach (December 9, 2019). "Unseen photo of Duchess Meghan volunteering in Toronto shelter's kitchen surfaces". Hello! Canada. Retrieved November 24, 2021.
  147. ^ Vincent, Brittany (December 9, 2019). "Meghan Markle Was Unrecognizable During an Early Charity Visit in a Baseball Cap and Jacket". InStyle. Retrieved November 24, 2021.
  148. ^ a b Blair, Olivia (October 31, 2016). "Who is Meghan Markle: The 'Suits' actress, humanitarian, activist and gender equality campaigner". The Independent. Archived from the original on September 15, 2017. Retrieved September 15, 2017.
  149. ^ Watkins, Janelle (February 29, 2016). "Meghan Markle 'Suits' Up for Success". Ebony. Archived from the original on April 21, 2016. Retrieved June 29, 2016.
  150. ^ "The Duchess of Sussex". The Royal Family. May 18, 2018. Archived from the original on May 20, 2018. Retrieved May 18, 2018.
  151. ^ Singh, Harmeet (August 7, 2015). "UN Women turn on the light". Strategy Online. Brunico Communications Ltd. Archived from the original on August 17, 2015. Retrieved November 28, 2016.
  152. ^ Furness, Hannah (May 21, 2018). "Meghan Markle to fight for feminism: New Duchess of Sussex given palace blessing to champion women's rights". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on July 13, 2018. Retrieved July 12, 2018.
  153. ^ Petit, Stephanie (August 12, 2019). "Meghan Markle and Prince Harry Share Never-Before-Seen Photos with Elephants from 2017 Botswana Trip". People. Archived from the original on August 12, 2019. Retrieved August 12, 2019.
  154. ^ Davies, Caroline (September 17, 2018). "Meghan launches Grenfell recipe book in first project as Duchess of Sussex". The Guardian. Archived from the original on January 12, 2019.
  155. ^ Mackintosh, Eliza (September 17, 2018). "Meghan cooks for Grenfell: Duchess announces support for charity cookbook". Archived from the original on January 1, 2019. Retrieved January 1, 2019.
  156. ^ Betancourt, Bianca (March 24, 2021). "Duchess Meghan Donates More than $13,000 to U.K. Grassroots Organization Himmah". Harper's Bazaar. Retrieved March 24, 2021.
  157. ^ Austin, Henry (March 26, 2020). "Meghan, Duchess of Sussex, to narrate movie about elephants in first post-royal project". NBC News. Archived from the original on March 26, 2020. Retrieved March 26, 2020.
  158. ^ a b Vary, Adam B. (March 26, 2020). "Meghan Markle Narrating Disney Plus Nature Documentary 'Elephants'". Variety. Archived from the original on March 26, 2020. Retrieved March 26, 2020.
  159. ^ Andrew, Scottie (April 16, 2020). "Prince Harry and Meghan quietly delivered meals to Los Angeles residents in need". CNN. Archived from the original on April 29, 2020. Retrieved May 2, 2020.
  160. ^ Scobie, Omid (June 27, 2020). "Prince Harry and Duchess Meghan Support #StopHateForProfit Facebook Advertising Boycott". Harper's Bazaar. Retrieved February 27, 2022.
  161. ^ "Meghan Markle says being complacent about racism makes 'people complicit' in call following Black Lives Matter protests". The Independent. July 6, 2020. Archived from the original on May 12, 2022.
  162. ^ MacKelden, Amy (August 30, 2020). "Duchess Meghan and Prince Harry Appear in Previously Unseen Baby2Baby Volunteering Footage". Harper's Bazaar. Retrieved October 23, 2021.
  163. ^ "Vax Live: Harry and Meghan to join Covid vaccine concert". BBC News. April 27, 2021. Retrieved April 27, 2021.
  164. ^ "Prince Harry and Meghan Markle ask people to donate $5 for Archie's birthday to fund vaccine drive". Independent. May 6, 2021. Archived from the original on May 12, 2022. Retrieved May 20, 2021.
  165. ^ Hitchings-Hales, James (May 6, 2021). "Prince Harry and Meghan, The Duke and Duchess of Sussex, Call on Big Pharma CEOs to Combat Vaccine Equity Crisis". Global Citizen. Retrieved September 23, 2021.
  166. ^ McKee, Brianna (July 13, 2021). "Prince Harry and Meghan Markle win award for saving the planet two kids at a time". Sky News Australia. Retrieved July 13, 2021.
  167. ^ Stump, Scott (August 4, 2021). "Meghan Markle teams up with Melissa McCarthy to celebrate 40th birthday in new video". Today. Retrieved August 4, 2021.
  168. ^ "Meghan Markle and Prince Harry Promote Vaccine Equity at Global Citizen Live: 'A Basic Human Right'". People. September 25, 2021. Retrieved September 25, 2021.
  169. ^ Petit, Stephanie (October 29, 2021). "Meghan Markle and Prince Harry Call Out Vaccine Equity Divide: 'Where Are the Doses?'". People. Retrieved October 29, 2021.
  170. ^ Foster, Max; Cotovio, Vasco; Picheta, Rob (January 30, 2022). "Harry and Meghan express 'concerns' to Spotify over misinformation". CNN. Retrieved January 30, 2022.
  171. ^ Bernabe, Angeline Jane (February 24, 2022). "Prince Harry, Meghan to receive NAACP President's Award". ABC News. Retrieved February 24, 2022.
  172. ^ Javed, Saman (March 12, 2022). "Prince Harry and Meghan Markle sign open letter calling for vaccine equity". The Independent. Archived from the original on May 12, 2022. Retrieved March 15, 2022.
  173. ^ "Meghan made patron of National Theatre". BBC News. January 10, 2019. Archived from the original on January 10, 2019. Retrieved January 10, 2019.
  174. ^ a b c "Harry and Meghan not returning as working members of Royal Family". BBC News. February 19, 2021. Retrieved February 19, 2021.
  175. ^ "Meghan Markle writes emotional open letter sharing 'heartbreak' after death of friend". The Independent. April 6, 2022. Archived from the original on May 12, 2022. Retrieved April 6, 2022. Although we have mutually agreed not to extend the patronage, as a committed rescue pet parent, The Duchess will continue to support Mayhew and champion our ambitions.
  176. ^ Barry, Ellen (March 8, 2019). "Meghan Markle 'Moved the Dial' for British Royal Family in Women's Day Talk". The New York Times. Archived from the original on March 9, 2019. Retrieved March 8, 2019.
  177. ^ "The Queen's Commonwealth Trust". YouTube. Retrieved October 21, 2020.
  178. ^ Nolasco, Stephanie (October 7, 2019). "Prince Harry, Meghan Markle reunite with Prince William, Kate Middleton for mental health PSA". Fox News. Archived from the original on October 8, 2019. Retrieved October 8, 2019.
  179. ^ Adam, Karla (July 29, 2019). "Meghan, Duchess of Sussex, guest-edits British Vogue, revealing women she admires". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on July 30, 2019. Retrieved July 30, 2019.
  180. ^ Woodyatt, Amy (February 14, 2020). "Meghan wears a glittery party hat in behind-the-scenes footage of Vogue guest editorship". CNN. Archived from the original on February 14, 2020. Retrieved February 14, 2020.
  181. ^ Gonzales, Erica (July 30, 2019). "Meghan Markle Is Launching a Collection of Workwear for a Good Cause". Harper's Bazaar. Archived from the original on July 30, 2019. Retrieved July 31, 2019.
  182. ^ Foussianes, Chloe (September 24, 2019). "Meghan Markle's Collection Has Already Provided Her Patronage with a Year's Worth of Clothing". Town and Country. Archived from the original on September 25, 2019. Retrieved September 25, 2019.
  183. ^ McCluskey, Megan (February 28, 2018). "Meghan Markle Shines at First Royal Engagement With Prince Harry, Prince William and Kate Middleton". Time. Archived from the original on March 13, 2018. Retrieved March 9, 2018.
  184. ^ Holden, Michael (February 28, 2018). "Britain's royal 'Fab Four' attend first official event together". Reuters. Archived from the original on February 28, 2018. Retrieved March 9, 2018.
  185. ^ Kosin, Julie (May 9, 2019). "The Cambridges & Sussexes Launch Mental Health Texting Service Shout". Harper's Bazaar. Archived from the original on May 10, 2019. Retrieved May 10, 2019.
  186. ^ Foster, Max; Britton, Bianca (June 20, 2019). "Meghan and Harry split from joint charity with William and Kate". CNN. Archived from the original on June 20, 2019. Retrieved June 20, 2019.
  187. ^ Furness, Hannah (June 20, 2019). "Royal charity split: Duke and Duchess of Sussex to leave Royal Foundation". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on June 20, 2019. Retrieved June 20, 2019.
  188. ^ "The Duke and Duchess of Sussex have named their royal foundation". Harper's Bazaar. July 19, 2019. Archived from the original on July 29, 2019. Retrieved July 29, 2019.
  189. ^ Young, Julius (February 21, 2020). "Prince Harry, Meghan Markle won't use 'Sussex Royal' after stepping back as senior members of royal family". Fox News. Archived from the original on April 7, 2020. Retrieved February 21, 2020.
  190. ^ Perry, Simon (July 3, 2020). "Meghan Markle and Prince Harry Take Another Formal Step Away from Their Ex-Royal Life". People. Retrieved October 23, 2020.
  191. ^ a b Newell, Claire; Rushton, Katherine; Ward, Victoria; Tominey, Camilla (March 5, 2021). "Exclusive: Charity Commission reviewing Prince Harry and Meghan's Sussex Royal organisation". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on January 10, 2022. Retrieved March 5, 2021.
  192. ^ "Meghan and Harry's Former Charity Didn't Mismanage Funds, Says the U.K. Charity Commission". Vanity Fair. May 25, 2021. Retrieved May 26, 2021.
  193. ^ Ward, Victoria (May 25, 2021). "Sussex Royal cleared over claims that it misused charity funds". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on January 10, 2022.
  194. ^ a b Foussianes, Chloe (April 6, 2020). "Prince Harry and Meghan Markle's New Non-Profit Archewell Has a Sweet Tie to Baby Archie". Town & Country. Archived from the original on April 10, 2020. Retrieved April 17, 2020.
  195. ^ Cartwright, Lexie (June 18, 2020). "Harry and Meghan's Archewell trademark application rejected". news.com.au. Retrieved October 24, 2020.
  196. ^ Cartwright, Lexie (October 23, 2020). "Meghan Markle, Prince Harry launch website for charitable venture Archewell". news.com.au. Retrieved October 23, 2020.
  197. ^ Stacey, Danielle (August 13, 2020). "Meghan Markle's secret blog revealed - details". Hello!. Retrieved April 8, 2022.
  198. ^ "Meghan: From actress to duchess". BBC. October 15, 2018. Archived from the original on May 23, 2018. Retrieved January 6, 2018.
  199. ^ a b Russon, Mary-Ann (March 24, 2018). "Meghan Markle: The wellness guru she could have been". BBC. Archived from the original on March 24, 2018. Retrieved January 6, 2018.
  200. ^ Pentelow, Orla (June 19, 2018). "The Duchess Of Sussex: Style File". British Vogue. Archived from the original on July 9, 2018. Retrieved July 8, 2018.
  201. ^ Bayley, Leanne (May 22, 2017). "Meghan Markle chats to GLAMOUR about VB dresses, her personal style & her fashion cringe moments". Glamour UK. Archived from the original on July 13, 2018. Retrieved July 9, 2018.
  202. ^ Kashner, Sam (September 6, 2017). "Meghan Markle, Wild About Harry!". Vanity Fair. Archived from the original on May 7, 2021. Retrieved July 21, 2021.
  203. ^ a b Ward, Victoria (December 1, 2017). "Scottish family handbag firm feels the 'Meghan effect' as Strathberry orders soar". The Telegraph. ISSN 0307-1235. Archived from the original on February 10, 2018. Retrieved February 9, 2018.
  204. ^ a b Friedman, Vanessa (April 25, 2018). "Meghan Markle: The Biggest Influencer of All?". The New York Times. Archived from the original on July 10, 2018. Retrieved July 9, 2018.
  205. ^ a b Hirsch, Afua; Croft, Claudia (May 18, 2018). "The Meaning Of Meghan". British Vogue. Archived from the original on May 28, 2018. Retrieved May 31, 2018.
  206. ^ "How to Dress Meghan Markle (Hint: You Probably Can't)". The Business of Fashion. May 16, 2018. Archived from the original on May 24, 2018. Retrieved May 24, 2018.
  207. ^ "Meghan Markle makes gold sales sparkle". CNBC. May 25, 2018. Archived from the original on May 25, 2018. Retrieved May 31, 2018.
  208. ^ Young, Renita D. (May 25, 2018). "Meghan Markle makes gold sales sparkle". Reuters. Archived from the original on December 7, 2018. Retrieved September 6, 2019.
  209. ^ "Royal Family lead Tatler's 2018 best-dressed Brits list". BBC. August 2, 2018. Archived from the original on October 18, 2018. Retrieved October 18, 2018.
  210. ^ Morton, Becky (October 17, 2018). "Meghan's maternity and the fashion brands hoping to strike gold". BBC. Archived from the original on October 18, 2018. Retrieved October 18, 2018.
  211. ^ "Best Dressed 2018". Net a Porter. Archived from the original on December 30, 2018. Retrieved December 29, 2018.
  212. ^ Cohen, Jess (June 13, 2018). "Teen Choice Awards 2018: Avengers: Infinity War, Black Panther and Riverdale Among Top Nominees". E! News. Archived from the original on June 13, 2018. Retrieved June 13, 2018.
  213. ^ Abraham, Tamara (August 23, 2019). "The Duchess of Sussex effect: how Reiss got its mojo back". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on August 26, 2019. Retrieved August 27, 2019.
  214. ^ Prisco, Jacopo (February 24, 2022). "Meghan's Oprah interview dress is named fashion museum's Dress of the Year". CNN. Retrieved February 24, 2022.
  215. ^ Furness, Hannah (December 10, 2018). "Ruth Davidson named in Time's 100 most influential people of 2018". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on August 11, 2019. Retrieved January 8, 2020.
  216. ^ Cramb, Auslan (April 19, 2018). "Duchess of Sussex shortlisted for Time magazine's 'Person of the Year' – along with Trump and Putin". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on August 16, 2019. Retrieved January 8, 2020.
  217. ^ McLaughlin, Kelly (September 15, 2021). "Prince Harry and Meghan Markle feature on Time's cover as they make its 100 'most influential' people list". Insider. Retrieved September 15, 2021.
  218. ^ Petit, Stephanie (July 16, 2019). "Meghan Markle and Prince Harry Named to Time's List of Most Influential People on the Internet". People. Retrieved September 15, 2021.
  219. ^ "The Vogue 25: Meet The Women Shaping 2018". British Vogue. May 31, 2018. Archived from the original on May 31, 2018. Retrieved May 31, 2018.
  220. ^ "The Vogue 25: Meet The Women Shaping 2019". British Vogue. June 7, 2019. Retrieved August 6, 2021.
  221. ^ "Discover The Extraordinary Women Who Make Up This Year's Vogue 25". British Vogue. August 5, 2021. Retrieved August 6, 2021.
  222. ^ Rawlinson, Kevin (October 23, 2018). "Duchess of Sussex in Powerlist of top 100 black people in Britain". The Guardian. Archived from the original on March 4, 2020. Retrieved April 20, 2020.
  223. ^ "Ground Breakers 2022: 50 Women - Meghan Markle". Worth. Retrieved April 1, 2022.
  224. ^ "Meghan and Harry's tour ends as Mail on Sunday vows to defend itself in court". BBC. October 2, 2019. Archived from the original on April 3, 2020. Retrieved January 8, 2020.
  225. ^ Furness, Hannah (October 2019). "Prince Harry condemns 'ruthless campaign' against Meghan, saying he lost his mother to 'powerful forces' and fears history repeating". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on October 1, 2019. Retrieved October 1, 2019.
  226. ^ Harrison, Lily (February 10, 2019). "Meghan Markle's Father Shares Heartbreaking Letter Allegedly Sent From the Duchess". E! News. Retrieved February 11, 2019.
  227. ^ Hodge, Mark (February 11, 2019). "'If you love me, as you tell the press you do, please stop': Meghan's tragic letter to dad". news.com.au. Retrieved February 11, 2019.
  228. ^ Davies, Caroline (October 29, 2019). "Cross-party female MPs condemn UK media's treatment of Meghan". The Guardian. Retrieved March 10, 2021.
  229. ^ Puente, Maria (May 1, 2020). "Duchess Meghan loses opening legal battle against British tabloid; she vows to press case". USA Today. Retrieved November 11, 2021.
  230. ^ Moisescu, Cristiana (February 11, 2021). "Meghan, Duchess of Sussex, wins court case against newspaper". CNN. Retrieved February 11, 2021.
  231. ^ Lee, Joseph (May 5, 2021). "Meghan wins remaining copyright claim over father's letter". BBC News. Retrieved May 5, 2021.
  232. ^ Davies, Caroline (March 2, 2021). "Meghan granted £450k interim payment in Mail on Sunday privacy case". The Guardian. Retrieved December 26, 2021.
  233. ^ Stacey, Danielle (June 24, 2021). "Meghan Markle's privacy case heading back to court as Mail on Sunday appeals against ruling". Hello!. Retrieved June 24, 2021.
  234. ^ Holden, Michael (November 9, 2021). "UK tabloid starts appeal against privacy ruling on Duchess Meghan letter". Reuters. Retrieved November 9, 2021.
  235. ^ Perrett, Connor; Schild, Darcy (May 5, 2021). "Meghan Markle won a copyright claim over the letter she wrote to her father before her wedding". Insider. Retrieved January 8, 2022. At the hearing on Wednesday, the High Court heard that Knauf "emphatically" denied co-authoring Meghan's letter to her father, the BBC reported.
  236. ^ a b Ambrose, Tom (November 10, 2021). "Meghan admits aide gave biography authors information with her knowledge". The Guardian. Retrieved November 10, 2021.
  237. ^ "Meghan Markle Loses Latest Round in Court Battle With Associated Newspapers". Variety. September 29, 2020. Retrieved October 22, 2020.
  238. ^ "Meghan Markle to hand over emails, WhatsApp messages in Daily Mail case". news.com.au. September 23, 2020. Retrieved October 22, 2020.
  239. ^ "Duchess of Sussex apologises to court for biography exchanges". BBC. November 10, 2021. Retrieved November 10, 2021.
  240. ^ Giordano, Chiara (December 2, 2021). "Meghan Markle: Mail on Sunday loses appeal in privacy battle over letter to estranged father". The Independent. Archived from the original on May 12, 2022. Retrieved December 2, 2021.
  241. ^ Brown, Mark (December 26, 2021). "Mail on Sunday publishers to pay 'financial remedies' to Duchess of Sussex". The Guardian. Retrieved December 26, 2021.
  242. ^ a b Waterson, Jim (January 5, 2022). "Meghan to receive just £1 from Mail on Sunday for privacy invasion". The Guardian. Retrieved January 5, 2022.
  243. ^ Hassan, Jennifer; Adam, Karla (July 30, 2019). "For Britain's vicious tabloids, Meghan remains a constant target". The Washington Post. Retrieved January 8, 2022.
  244. ^ Dodd, Vikram (February 22, 2018). "White powder letter sent to Meghan Markle treated as racist hate crime". The Guardian. Retrieved July 2, 2021.
  245. ^ "Prince Harry accepts damages over Splash News Agency photos". BBC. May 16, 2019. Archived from the original on May 22, 2019. Retrieved May 16, 2019.
  246. ^ Picheta, Rob; Foster, Max (May 16, 2019). "Prince Harry accepts 'substantial' damages after helicopter photos forced royal couple from their home". CNN. Archived from the original on January 27, 2020. Retrieved May 16, 2019.
  247. ^ Quinn, Ben (January 21, 2020). "Harry and Meghan legal warning latest twist in royal paparazzi feud". The Guardian. Archived from the original on January 21, 2020. Retrieved January 21, 2020.
  248. ^ "Meghan settles case over Archie photos with Splash UK agency". BBC News. December 18, 2020. Retrieved December 31, 2020.
  249. ^ Gold, Hadas (April 20, 2020). "Meghan and Harry tell four British tabloids they can expect 'zero engagement'". CNN. Retrieved December 31, 2020.
  250. ^ "Harry and Meghan: News agency apology over 'drone photos' of son". BBC News. October 8, 2020. Retrieved October 22, 2020.
  251. ^ "Piers Morgan quit Good Morning Britain after Meghan complaint". ITV News. March 10, 2021. Retrieved March 10, 2021.
  252. ^ "Duchess of Sussex has complained to Ofcom over Piers Morgan comments". BBC News. March 12, 2021. Retrieved March 12, 2021.
  253. ^ "Piers Morgan's Meghan comments break Ofcom complaints record". BBC News. March 17, 2021. Retrieved March 17, 2021.
  254. ^ Adam, Karla (March 19, 2021). "Private investigator says he skirted laws to get info on Meghan Markle, sell it to the Sun tabloid". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 19, 2021.
  255. ^ Low, Valentine (June 21, 2021). "Meghan walked out of Fiji engagement over feud with UN Women, says Robert Lacey book". The Times. Retrieved July 2, 2021. This article is the subject of a legal complaint by The Duchess of Sussex.
  256. ^ Low, Valentine (June 22, 2021). "William and Kate feared private talks with Harry would be leaked". The Times. Retrieved July 2, 2021. This article is the subject of a legal complaint by The Duchess of Sussex.
  257. ^ Whitworth, Damian (January 6, 2022). "Archewell's $50,000 slow start, and the truth about celebrity fundraising". The Times. Retrieved January 10, 2022. This article is the subject of a legal complaint by the Duke and Duchess of Sussex.
  258. ^ Kanter, Jake (January 17, 2022). "Meghan complains to BBC over claim she misled privacy case". The Times. Retrieved January 19, 2022.
  259. ^ a b Furness, Hannah (January 17, 2022). "Meghan, Duchess of Sussex complains after BBC podcast said she apologised for 'misleading' court". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on January 18, 2022. Retrieved January 19, 2022.
  260. ^ Clark, Meredith (March 4, 2022). "Meghan Markle sued by half-sister over claims made in Oprah tell-all interview". The Independent. Archived from the original on May 12, 2022. Retrieved March 5, 2022.
  261. ^ a b Roberto, Melissa (March 4, 2022). "Meghan Markle sued by half-sister over Oprah Winfrey tell-all interview". Fox News. Retrieved March 5, 2022.
  262. ^ a b Cohen, Rebecca; Grindell, Samantha (May 13, 2022). "Meghan Markle says her sister Samantha's defamation suit against her doesn't have 'any merit'". Insider. Retrieved May 13, 2022.
  263. ^ a b c Low, Valentine (March 2, 2021). "Royal aides reveal Meghan bullying claim before Oprah interview". The Times. Retrieved March 2, 2021.
  264. ^ Ward, Victoria (March 3, 2021). "Buckingham Palace to investigate Duchess of Sussex bullying claims". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on January 10, 2022. Retrieved March 3, 2021.
  265. ^ Ellery, Ben. "Top royal aides face questions on Meghan bullying claims". Times. Times. Retrieved March 5, 2021.
  266. ^ Foster, Max. "Buckingham Palace hires external law firm to investigate bullying claims against Meghan". CNN. Retrieved October 16, 2021.
  267. ^ Sykes, Tom (March 4, 2021). "Report: Ten Aides Ready to Testify in Meghan Markle Bullying Investigation". The Daily Beast. Retrieved October 16, 2021.
  268. ^ O' Neil, Katie. "Meghan wore earrings gifted by Prince Salman after Jamal Khashoggi was murdered". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on January 10, 2022. Retrieved March 3, 2021.
  269. ^ Hallemann, Caroline (March 3, 2021). "Meghan Markle Denies Accusations of Bullying Palace Staff". Town & Country. Retrieved March 3, 2021.
  270. ^ "Meghan Markle Denies Accusations of Bullying Palace Staff". Town & Country. March 3, 2021. Retrieved March 3, 2021.
  271. ^ Mc Rady, Rachel (August 31, 2021). "'Finding Freedom': New Epilogue Says Staffers Rescinded Bullying Claims Against Meghan Markle". Entertainment Tonight. Retrieved August 31, 2021.
  272. ^ Petit, Stephanie (November 23, 2021). "Meghan Markle's Lawyer Addresses 'Difficult Boss' Claims: It's 'Just Not True'". People. Retrieved November 23, 2021.
  273. ^ "Meghan and Harry Oprah interview: Diana discussed in teaser clips". BBC News. March 1, 2021. Retrieved March 3, 2021.
  274. ^ Jones, Zoe Christen; Linton, Caroline (March 7, 2021). "Live Updates: The Harry and Meghan interview with Oprah". www.cbsnews.com. CBS News. Retrieved March 8, 2021.
  275. ^ "Global reaction to Harry and Meghan interview pours in". Chicago Sun-Times. Associated Press. March 8, 2021. Archived from the original on March 11, 2021. Retrieved March 12, 2021.
  276. ^ a b Tominey, Camilla; Furness, Hannah (March 9, 2019). "'Megbot' army linked to Russian conspiracy theories tweeting 'obsessive' support for Duchess, says report". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on January 10, 2022. Retrieved October 28, 2021.
  277. ^ Treble, Patricia (March 12, 2019). "Meghan Markle's Twitter bot network: 'The whole thing is a bit insane'". Maclean's. Retrieved October 28, 2021.
  278. ^ a b c Cheng, Amy (October 27, 2021). "Meghan, Duchess of Sussex, was target of organized hate campaign on Twitter, report says". The Washington Post. Retrieved October 27, 2021.
  279. ^ Woollacot, Emma. "Researchers Uncover 'Coordinated Campaign' Against Harry And Meghan On Twitter". Forbes. Retrieved October 28, 2021.
  280. ^ Mercado, Mia; Truffaut-Wong, Olivia (January 18, 2022). "There Really Is a Coordinated Online Attack on Meghan Markle". The Cut. Retrieved January 19, 2022.
  281. ^ "Coordinated Hate Campaign Targeting Harry and Meghan, Duke and Duchess of Sussex" (PDF). Bot Sentinel. January 18, 2022. Retrieved January 27, 2022.
  282. ^ Coughlan, Sean (January 19, 2022). "Harry and Meghan misused in fake investment endorsement". BBC. Retrieved January 20, 2022.
  283. ^ "Birth certificate shows baby Archie's birth place and Meghan's job". Sky News. May 17, 2019. Archived from the original on May 17, 2019. Retrieved May 17, 2019.
  284. ^ "The Duchess of Sussex". royal.uk. The Official Website of the British Royal Family. May 18, 2018. Retrieved February 26, 2022. The Duchess' official titles are The Duchess of Sussex, Countess of Dumbarton and Baroness Kilkeel.
  285. ^ "First Duke of Sussex was unlucky in love". BBC News. May 19, 2018. Archived from the original on June 13, 2018. Retrieved July 21, 2018.
  286. ^ "Prince Harry and Ms. Meghan Markle: Announcement of Titles". The Royal Family. May 19, 2018. Archived from the original on May 19, 2018. Retrieved May 19, 2018.
  287. ^ "Sussex website". Archived from the original on March 10, 2020. Retrieved March 20, 2020.
  288. ^ "Harry and Meghan will not use HRH titles – palace". January 18, 2020. Archived from the original on April 4, 2020. Retrieved January 18, 2020.
  289. ^ Caroline Davies (January 18, 2020). "Harry and Meghan sought a half-in half-out deal, but are 'out'". The Guardian. Archived from the original on April 5, 2020. Retrieved January 19, 2020. Though Harry and Meghan still technically retain their HRH styles, they have agreed they will not use them. They have not been stripped of them, unlike Harry's mother Diana, Princess of Wales following her divorce.
  290. ^ a b c "Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Sussex: Coat of Arms". The Royal Family. May 25, 2018. Archived from the original on May 25, 2018. Retrieved May 25, 2018.
  291. ^ a b "Royal Wedding 2018: Meghan Markle coat of arms revealed". BBC. May 29, 2018. Archived from the original on October 14, 2018. Retrieved October 14, 2018.
  292. ^ "Pacific Ocean features in new royal Markle's Coat of Arms". Reuters. May 25, 2018. Archived from the original on May 25, 2018. Retrieved May 25, 2018.
  293. ^ McGooran, Cara (November 30, 2017). "Meghan Markle was a Deal or No Deal suitcase model – so what happened to the rest of them?". The Telegraph. London: Telegraph Media Group Limited. Archived from the original on April 13, 2018.
  294. ^ "Prince Harry & Meghan Markle's Archewell Productions Scores First Netflix Order With Invictus Docuseries". Deadline. April 6, 2021. Retrieved April 6, 2021.

External links

Orders of precedence in the United Kingdom
Preceded by Ladies
The Duchess of Sussex
Followed by
Princess Beatrice