Brittle (food)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Golden peanut brittle cracked on a serving dish
Main ingredientsSugar, nuts, water, butter

Brittle is a type of confection consisting of flat broken pieces of hard sugar candy embedded with nuts such as pecans, almonds, or peanuts,[1] and which are usually less than 1 cm thick.


It has many variations around the world, such as pasteli in Greece; sohan in Iran;[2] croquant in France;[3] alegría or palanqueta in Mexico;[4] pé-de-moleque in Brazil; panocha mani, panutsa mani, or samani in the Philippines (which can also be made with pili nut);[5] gozinaki in Georgia; gachak in Indian Punjab, chikki in other parts of India; kotkoti in Bangladesh;[6] sohan halwa in Pakistan;[citation needed] huasheng tang (花生糖) in China; thua tat (ถั่วตัด) in Thailand; and kẹo lạc, kẹo hạt điều in Vietnam. In parts of the Middle East, brittle is made with pistachios,[7] while many Asian countries use sesame seeds and peanuts.[8] Peanut brittle is the most popular brittle recipe in the United States.[9] The term "brittle" in the context of the food first appeared in print in 1892, though the candy itself has been around for much longer.[10]


Traditionally, a mixture of sugar and water is heated to the hard crack stage corresponding to a temperature of approximately 146 to 154 °C (295 to 309 °F), although some recipes also call for ingredients such as glucose and salt in the first step.[11] Nuts are mixed with the caramelized sugar. At this point spices, leavening agents, and often peanut butter or butter are added. The hot candy is poured out onto a flat surface for cooling, traditionally a granite, a marble slab or a baking sheet. The hot candy may be troweled to uniform thickness. When the brittle is cool enough to handle, it is broken into pieces.[12] It is also rare to break the brittle into equal pieces.


Nougatine is a similar confection to brittle, but made of sliced almonds instead of whole peanuts, which are embedded in clear caramel.[13]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Kate Hopkins (2012). Sweet Tooth: The Bittersweet History of Candy. Macmillan. p. 34. ISBN 9781250011190. Retrieved April 11, 2013.
  2. ^ Dinah Corley (2011). Gourmet Gifts: 100 Delicious Recipes for Every Occasion to Make Yourself & Wrap with Style. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. p. 251. ISBN 978-1558324350.
  3. ^ Lisa Abend (2011). The Sorcerer's Apprentices: A Season in the Kitchen at Ferran Adrià's elBulli. Simon and Schuster. p. 82.
  4. ^ "El origen de la palabra Palanqueta y La Fiesta del Maíz". December 21, 2015.
  5. ^ Polistico, Edgie (2017). Philippine Food, Cooking, & Dining Dictionary. Anvil Publishing, Inc. ISBN 9786214200870.
  6. ^ "Peanut or Cheena Badam is popular outdoor leisure snack food in Bangladesh". January 11, 2011.
  7. ^ Joel Denker (2007). The World on a Plate: A Tour Through the History of America's Ethnic Cuisine. University of Nebraska Press. p. 33. ISBN 978-0803260146. Retrieved April 11, 2013. brittle pistachios middle east.
  8. ^ Leela Punyaratabandhu (April 12, 2011). "Goddesses and peanut brittle: This year, celebrate Songkran in supernatural style". CNN. Retrieved April 11, 2013.
  9. ^ Chu, Anita. Field Guide to Candy: How to Identify and Make Virtually Every Candy Imaginable. Philadelphia: Quirk, 2009.
  10. ^ Olver, Lynne. "Brittle". The Food Timeline.
  11. ^ "Peanut Brittle Recipe *Video Recipe*".
  12. ^ Paula Deen (2011). Paula Deen's Southern Cooking Bible: The New Classic Guide to Delicious Dishes with More Than 300 Recipes. Simon & Schuster. p. 418. ISBN 9781416564126. Retrieved April 11, 2013.
  13. ^ Gisslen, Wayne (2017). Professional baking (Seventh ed.). Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons. p. 656. ISBN 978-1-119-14844-9. OCLC 944179855.

External links[edit]