|Alternative names||Kappalandi Mittai|
|Place of origin||India|
|Region or state||India, Pakistan, Bangladesh|
|Main ingredients||Peanuts, jaggery|
Chikki is a traditional Indian sweet (brittle) generally made from peanuts and jaggery. There are several different varieties of chikki in addition to the most common groundnut (peanut) chikki. Each variety of chikki is named depending upon the ingredients used, which include puffed or roasted Bengal gram, sesame, puffed rice, beaten rice, or Khobara (desiccated coconut).
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In regions of North India, especially Bihar and Uttar Pradesh, this sweet is called Layiya Patti. In Sindh and Sindhi regions of India, it is called Layee or Lai and in Bangladesh, it is known as gur badam. Similar dishes are also very popular in Brazil, where it is known as pé-de-moleque, and in Paraguay, where it is called Ka'í Ladrillo.
Some chikkis are made using a combination of ingredients. Special chikkis are made out of cashews, almonds, and pistachios also sesame seed called an ellu in Tamil. Though jaggery is the usual sweetener material, sugar is used as the base in certain types of chikkis. It is a very popular sweet item in both rural and urban South Asia (spanning India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal and Sri Lanka). Some also add glucose to the chikkis, which are usual there. It started from a single flavor of jaggery and peanuts. And today there are different exotic flavors such as strawberry, cranberry available in the market.
In the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu, the preparation is with a larger proportion of nuts to jaggery and the mixture is formed into balls and slabs. The most common versions are kadalai urundai (peanut balls), ellu urundai (sesame balls) and pori urundai (puffed rice balls). In Kerala, it is made in both slab and ball forms. Peanut based sweet is called as kadala mithai or kappalandi mithai or in some places as abhayaarthi katta . And the sesame based sweet is called as ellunda. Lonavla, the hill station in the Indian state of Maharashtra is synonymous with Chikki; no trip is complete without tourists picking up a few packets of their favourite chikki to take back home.
The preparation of chikkis consists of first preparing the hot jaggery syrup with a minimum of water, adding nuts to the syrup to coat them (with the syrup) and then transferring the nuts to a wooden mould, then rolling them to a thickness of about 6–8 mm using a wooden roller, then placing into a steel plate for cooling, cutting into slabs, and packing. In homes, smaller quantities are hand rolled with wooden rollers.
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- Lonavala chikki
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