Censuses in Ukraine
Censuses in Ukraine (Ukrainian: Переписи населення України, Perepysy naselennya Ukrayiny) is a sporadic event that since 2001 has been conducted by the State Statistics Committee of Ukraine under the jurisdiction of the Government of Ukraine.
The first steps
The first official census in the territory of Ukraine took place in 1818 when Western Ukraine was part of the Austrian Empire. However a modern census did not take place until 1857. Since then the next censuses took place in the dual-power state of the Austria-Hungary in 1869, 1880, 1890, 1900, 1910. Those last five censuses also included the territory of the today Zakarpattia Oblast which was part of the Kingdom of Hungary. The further censuses discontinued as the country fell apart. The rest of Ukraine which was part of another empire of Russia conducted its first census as part of the 1897 Russian Census. Remarkable is the fact that the next national census in Russia did not take place until after World War I and the formation of the Soviet Union. In 1920, a census was conducted only in those areas that were not involved in the Russian Civil War.
The next census conducted in most of the territory of Western Ukraine (Eastern Galicia) was the Polish census of 1921, while the 1921 Czechoslovakia Census took place on the territory of the Zakarpattia Oblast. In 1930 another census took place in the both regions as part of their respective national censuses that were conducted in the same year. Also the area of today Chernivtsi Oblast saw its first national census in 1930 for the first time since the last one that was conducted in the Austria-Hungary in 1910, while the area of Budjak of today Odessa Oblast along with the rest of Bessarabia had the Russian demographic statistic data back from 1897. Already during the World War II one more census took place in 1941 in Hungary which previously sacked and occupied the territory of Carpatho-Ukraine (today Zakarpattia Oblast). As it was mentioned before, the first national Russian Census since 1897 took place only in 1926 as part of the First All-Union Census in the USSR. The next census in the Soviet Union took place in 1937, but it was recognized as unofficial and was never disclosed. The census was also recognized as a conspiracy against the Soviet regime. Just before the World War II in 1939, the Soviet Union conducted another census that was accepted as the official one.
After World War II, Ukraine was united in its current borders (including Crimea) and within the Soviet Union. The first Soviet Census after the war took place in 1959, followed by three more in 1970, 1979 and 1989. The next planned census never took place as the Soviet Union dissolved in 1991.
- Ukrainian population census will be held in 2020 – Cabinet decree, Interfax-Ukraine (22 December 2015)
- Historical information on the website of the Ukrainian Census
- Official website of the Ukrainian Census
- 2001 Census of Ukraine
- List of all censuses of the Russian Empire, Soviet Union and Russian Federation at "Demoscope Weekly". Demography Institute of the National Research University "The Highest School of Economics"