Champhai district

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This article is about the district. For its eponymous headquarters, see Champhai.
Champhai district
District of Mizoram
Location of Champhai district in Mizoram
Location of Champhai district in Mizoram
Country India
State Mizoram
Headquarters Champhai
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituencies Mizoram
 • Assembly seats 5
Area
 • Total 3,185 km2 (1,230 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 125,745
 • Density 39/km2 (100/sq mi)
 • Urban 38.59
Demographics
 • Literacy 93.51%
 • Sex ratio 984
Website Official website

Champhai district is one of the eight districts of Mizoram state in India. The district is bounded on the north by Churachandpur district of Manipur state, on the west by Aizawl and Serchhip districts, and on the south and east by Myanmar. The district occupies an area of 3185.83 km². Champhai town is the administrative headquarters of the district.[1]

Geography[edit]

Climate[edit]

Champhai district has a moderate climate. In winter the temperature varies from 10 °C to 20 °C and in summer, the temperature varies between 15 °C and 30 °C.

Divisions[edit]

The district divided into four tehsils: East Lungdar (part[2]), Khawzawl, Khawbung, and Ngopa.[3] It has four Rural Development Blocks: Champhai, Khawbung, Khawzawl, and Ngopa. The district has five Legislative Assembly constituencies. These are Champhai, Khawbung, Khawhai, Khawzawl, and Ngopa. There are eighty-eight inhabited villages in this district, seventy-six of which are revenue villages.[3]

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Champhai district has a population of 125,370, roughly equal to the nation of Grenada.[4] This gives it a ranking of 610th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 39 inhabitants per square kilometre (100/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 16.01%. Champhai has a sex ratio of 984 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 95.91%.[5]

The major religious groups in this districts are: the Christians (105,061), the Hindus (2,248) and the Muslims (432).

Flora and fauna[edit]

In 1991 Champai district became home to Murlen National Park, which has an area of 200 km2 (77.2 sq mi).[6] It is also home to the Lengteng Wildlife Sanctuary, which was established in 1999 and has an area of 120 km2 (46.3 sq mi).[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011. 
  2. ^ East Lungdar tehsil is divided between Champhai District and Serchhip District. Bhatt, S. C.; Bhargava, Gopal K., eds. (2006). "Chapter 7. Government and Politics". Land and People of Indian States and Union Territories, volume 19 Mizoram. Delhi, India: Kalpaz Publications. pp. 65–70, page 69. ISBN 81-7835-375-X. 
  3. ^ a b "Mizoram villages" (PDF). Land Records Information Systems Division, NIC. Archived (PDF) from the original on 6 August 2014. 
  4. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Grenada 108,419 July 2011 est. 
  5. ^ census2011. "Champhai District : Census 2011 data". census2011.co.in. Archived from the original on 14 September 2014. 
  6. ^ a b Indian Ministry of Forests and Environment. "Protected areas: Mizoram". Archived from the original on 23 August 2011. Retrieved 25 September 2011. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 23°28′28″N 93°19′32″E / 23.47444°N 93.32556°E / 23.47444; 93.32556