Chevrolet Cavalier

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Chevrolet Cavalier
VogeysCavalier.JPG
Overview
ManufacturerChevrolet (General Motors)
Production1981–2005
2016–2021 (China)
Model years1982–2005
2016–2021 (China)
2019–present (Mexico)
Body and chassis
ClassCompact car
LayoutFront-engine, front-wheel-drive
PlatformJ-body (1981–2005)
Chronology
PredecessorChevrolet Monza
SuccessorChevrolet Cobalt (United States and Canada)
Chevrolet Optra (Mexico) and Chevrolet Aveo

The Chevrolet Cavalier is a line of compact cars produced by Chevrolet. Serving as the replacement of the Chevrolet Monza, the Cavalier was the second Chevrolet model line to adopt front-wheel drive. Three versions of the Cavalier have been sold, including three generations sold in North America sold from the 1982 to 2005 model years, a version produced by SAIC-GM for China from 2016 to 2021, and a SAIC-GM version produced for Mexico since the 2019 model year.

The Cavalier was among the inaugural vehicles of the GM J platform. One of the first "world cars" of General Motors, the J platform was developed for use by each North American GM division (with the exception of GMC), alongside models from Opel, Vauxhall, and Holden. Though sharing chassis underpinnings, J-body cars from Europe and Australia used slightly different body designs and different powertrains; in Europe, the Vauxhall Cavalier and Opel Ascona were marketed as mid-size cars. Initially a divisional counterpart of the Buick Skyhawk, Cadillac Cimarron, Oldsmobile Firenza, and Pontiac J2000, the Cavalier was primarily marketed alongside the Pontiac Sunbird (renamed the Pontiac Sunfire for 1995).

The 1982-2005 Cavalier was produced by multiple GM facilities across North America. For 2005, the Chevrolet Cobalt replaced the model line in North America.

Predecessors[edit]

The Cavalier began development in the late 1970s, as Chevrolet sought to replace the compact Monza with a front-wheel drive model line sized between the Chevrolet Chevette subcompact and the front-wheel drive Nova replacement (which was renamed the Chevrolet Citation for production). Serving as a replacement for the Vega, the Monza was offered as a 2-door notchback coupe, 3-door hatchback, and 3-door station wagon (sharing the body of the Vega wagon). Initially developed for the stillborn GM Wankel rotary engine, the rear-wheel drive Monza was reengineered to accommodate V6 and V8 engines up to 350 cu in (5.7 L).

Marketed as one of the smallest and lowest-price American cars, the Chevette hatchback was closer in size to the Volkswagen Beetle, competing primarily against subcompacts from Japanese-brand manufacturers, including the Honda Civic, Datsun B210 and Toyota Corolla. Following the introduction of the Dodge Omni and Ford Fiesta, American manufacturers began transitioning towards front-wheel drive in compacts and subcompacts, through domestically produced vehicles and through the use of captive imports.

Along with developing up-to-date chassis underpinnings to replace the Monza, GM sought to expand the market appeal of new model line by expanding the number of available body styles. The notchback coupe and three-door hatchback would make a return, joined by a four-door sedan and five-door station wagon (two body styles offered in mid-size and full-size Chevrolets).

First generation (1982–1987)[edit]

First generation
1st Chevrolet Cavalier sedan.jpg
1984 Chevrolet Cavalier sedan
Overview
Production1981–1987
Model years1982–1987
AssemblyUnited States: Lordstown, Ohio (Lordstown Assembly)
Lansing, Michigan (Lansing Car Assembly)
Janesville, Wisconsin (Janesville GM Assembly Plant)
South Gate, California (South Gate Assembly)
Kansas City, Missouri (Leeds Assembly)
DesignerIrvin Rybicki (1977)[1]
Body and chassis
Body style2-door convertible
bodystyle D27[2]
2-door coupe
bodystyle D27[2]
3-door hatchback
bodystyle E77[2]
4-door sedan
bodystyle D69[2]
4-door wagon
bodystyle D35[2]
PlatformGeneral Motors J platform
(Series 1J)[2]
RelatedBuick Skyhawk
Cadillac Cimarron
Oldsmobile Firenza
Pontiac Sunbird
Opel Ascona
Vauxhall Cavalier
Isuzu Aska
Holden Camira
Powertrain
Engine
  • 1,841 cc (112.3 cu in) L46 I4
  • 1,991 cc (121.5 cu in) LQ5 I4
  • 1,991 cc (121.5 cu in) LL8 I4
  • 2,837 cc (173.1 cu in) LB6 V6
Transmission4-speed Muncie M17 manual
5-speed Getrag 282 manual
3-speed Turbo-Hydramatic 125 C automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase101.2 in (2,570 mm)
LengthSedan: 174.5 in (4,432 mm)
Coupe: 173.5 in (4,407 mm)
Wagon: 177.9 in (4,519 mm)
1990–91 Wagon: 54.1 in (1,374 mm)
1992–94 Wagon: 53.8 in (1,367 mm)

1988–89: 178.6 in (4,536 mm) 1990–94: 182.3 in (4,630 mm) 1988–89 Wagon: 178.8 in (4,542 mm)

1990–94 Wagon: 181.1 in (4,600 mm)
WidthSedan & Coupe: 66.0 in (1,676 mm)
Wagon: 66.3 in (1,684 mm)
HeightSedan & Coupe: 52.0 in (1,321 mm)
Wagon: 54.2 in (1,377 mm)
Curb weight2,359 lb (1,070 kg) (coupe)
2,363 lb (1,072 kg) (sedan)
2,271 lb (1,030 kg) (RS coupe)
2,414 lb (1,095 kg) (RS sedan)
2,558 lb (1,160 kg) (Z24 coupe)
2,665 lb (1,209 kg) (Z24 convertible)
1982 Chevrolet Cavalier CL 2-Door Coupe & 1982 Chevrolet Cavalier CL Station Wagon
1986–1987 Chevrolet Cavalier coupe
1986–1987 Chevrolet Cavalier wagon
1982–1985 Chevrolet Cavalier Type 10 Hatchback

The Cavalier first went on sale in May 1981 as a 1982 model with front-wheel-drive,[3] a choice of two carbureted versions of the GM 122 series four-cylinder pushrod engines, and 2 and 4-door sedan, hatchback, and station wagon body styles. Convertibles were added in 1983, initial production totaling less than 1000. The Cavalier name originated from GM's then-British subsidiary Vauxhall, who applied it to badge engineered variants of the Opel Ascona, the third generation of which was the first J-body car to be released.

For 1982, the 1.8 liter carbureted L46 inline 4 was the sole engine available, and it could be mated to either a 4-speed manual, or 3-speed automatic transmission. The Cavalier could be bought in 4 body styles; a 2-door coupe, 3-door hatchback, 4-door sedan, and a 4-door station wagon and was offered with three trim packages to include the entry level Cadet, the mid-level Base and the upscale CL, which could be optioned with two-tone paint, accent stripes and aluminum alloy wheels.[2] The suspension was shared with the front-wheel-drive Citation and Celebrity, which consisted of MacPherson struts, lower control arms, coil springs and a stabilizer bar for the front, while a solid beam axle, trailing arms, variable-rate coil springs for the rear suspension on all body styles were unique to the Cavalier.[2]

For 1983, the 2.0 liter throttle body fuel-injected LQ5 inline 4 replaced the L46 engine found in the 1982 Cavalier, and a 5-speed manual transmission was made available. A convertible model produced by American Sunroof was added to the lineup late in the model year. This Cavalier model was the first convertible produced by Chevrolet since the Caprice convertible was discontinued in 1975.[2]

For 1984, the Cavalier's styling was lightly refreshed, featuring a new grill and quad headlight design. The Type 10 package, initially offered on only the hatchback, was added to the coupe and convertible models. 5,161 Cavaliers that originated from South Gate Assembly were equipped with an Olympic special appearance package to celebrate the 1984 Summer Olympics.[2]

For 1985, the 2.8 liter LB6 V6 was added as an option for the Cavalier. It was meant to debut with the Z24 package, but the Z24 package was delayed until 1986. The V6 was available as an option on all trim levels.

For 1986, the Z24 package was added as on option for the coupe and hatchback models. It features digital gauges, sport wheels, a ground effects kit, and a specific front facia. The Type 10 package was discontinued and replaced with the RS series, which was now available on all body styles.

For 1987, both available engines were refreshed for their second generation. The LQ5 inline-four was updated to the LL8 designation, which added 5 horsepower and replaced the distributor with a coil pack ignition system. The LB6 V6 added aluminum cylinder heads, different fuel injectors, and electronic spark control.

1986-1987 Chevrolet Cavalier CS sedan
Production figures[2]
Coupe Hatchback Sedan Wagon Convertible Yearly total
1982 38,589 34,906 78,368 43,194 - 195,057
1983 45,200 25,869 86,135 60,756 627 218,587
1984 103,204 44,146 200,318 109,457 5,486 462,611
1985 106,021 25,508 179,983 68,132 4,108 383,752
1986 147,676 25,776 193,021 59,843 5,785 432,101
1987 132,921 10,815 150,552 46,140 5,826 346,254
Total 573,611 167,020 888,377 387,522 21,832 2,038,362

Engines[edit]

  • 1982: 1.8 L L46 carbureted OHV I4
  • 1983-1986: 2.0 L LQ5 TBI OHV I4
  • 1987: 2.0 L LL8 TBI OHV I4
  • 1985–1989: 2.8 L LB6 MPFI OHV V6

Second generation (1988–1994)[edit]

Second generation
88-90 Chevrolet Cavalier sedan.jpg
Overview
Production1987–1994
Model years1988–1994
AssemblyLordstown, Ohio, United States
Lansing, Michigan, United States
Ramos Arizpe, Coahuila, Mexico (1990-1994)
DesignerIrvin Rybicki (1984)[4]
Body and chassis
Body style2-door coupe
2-door convertible
4-door sedan
5-door station wagon
PlatformGeneral Motors J platform
(Series 1J)[2]
RelatedPontiac Sunbird
Powertrain
Engine1,991 cc (121.5 cu in) LL8 I4
2,189 cc (133.6 cu in) LM3 I4
2,189 cc (133.6 cu in) LN2 I4
2,837 cc (173.1 cu in) LB6 V6
3,135 cc (191.3 cu in) LH0 V6
Transmission5-speed Getrag 282 manual
3-speed Turbo-Hydramatic 125 C automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase1988–89: 101.2 in (2,570 mm)
1990–94: 101.3 in (2,573 mm)
Length1988–89: 178.6 in (4,536 mm)
1988–89 Wagon: 178.8 in (4,542 mm)
1990–94: 182.3 in (4,630 mm)
1990–94 Wagon: 181.1 in (4,600 mm)
Width66.3 in (1,684 mm)
1988–89 Sedan/Coupe/Wagon: 66.0 in (1,676 mm)
Height1988–1991 Coupe & 1990–91 Convertible: 52.0 in (1,321 mm)
1988–1991 Sedan: 53.6 in (1,361 mm)
1988–89 & 1992–95 Convertible: 52.2 in (1,326 mm)
1988–89 Wagon: 54.3 in (1,379 mm)
1990–91 Wagon: 54.1 in (1,374 mm)
1992–95 Wagon: 53.8 in (1,367 mm)
1992–95 Coupe: 51.9 in (1,318 mm)
1992–95 Sedan: 53.5 in (1,359 mm)
Curb weight2,359 lb (1,070 kg) (coupe)
2,363 lb (1,072 kg) (sedan)
2,271 lb (1,030 kg) (RS coupe)
2,414 lb (1,095 kg) (RS sedan)
2,558 lb (1,160 kg) (Z24 coupe)
2,665 lb (1,209 kg) (Z24 convertible)

The Cavalier was restyled in 1987 for the 1988 model year.[5] The 3-door hatchback was dropped, while the coupe, sedan, wagon and convertible carried over. The sedan and wagon were unchanged from the doors back, while the coupe's exterior was completely redesigned. This resulted in different trunk designs for the coupe and sedan. Three trim levels were available for 1988: VL for Value Leader,[2] RS, and Z24.[2] The convertible was only available as a Z24, and the dashboard unit from the Type 10 was installed in coupes and convertibles with the Z24 appearance, while the VL and RS used the dashboard unit shared with the Sunbird and Cimarron.[2] The VL and RS came standard with the 2.0 L OHV L4 engine, now upgraded to throttle-body injection, or TBI, producing 90 hp (67 kW), while the 2.8 L V6 producing 125 hp (93 kW) was optional on the RS and standard on the Z24.[6] With two-door models, a 5-speed manual transmission was standard and a 3-speed automatic was optional, however the 3-speed automatic was made standard on sedans and wagons. An electronic dashboard was available with the RS and Z24 trims, while the front suspension carried over from the previous generation and the rear suspension adopted the torsion-beam rear axle, along with coil springs and rear stabilizer bars from the discontinued Buick Skyhawk, Oldsmobile Firenza and Cadillac Cimarron.[2]

1989 Cavalier Z24 convertible
1991–1994 Cavalier wagon

For 1989, the steering column was redesigned. The new self-aligning steering wheel was designed so as to reduce injuries in a collision by bending to conform to the driver's chest. Also, rear shoulder belts became standard on all models. RS and Z24 custom cloth seating received a new style of front bucket seats with integral headrests. The optional V6 was retooled to 130 hp.[7]

For 1990, the base engine was enlarged to a 2.2 L OHV L4, and power increased to 95 horsepower (71 kW). Door-mounted automatic front seatbelts were added due to US passive restraint legislation. The optional V6 engine was also upgraded to the 3.1 L V6 and 140 horsepower.[8] The convertible was dropped from availability to prevent internal competition with a planned Beretta convertible. However, the Beretta convertible was shelved at the eleventh hour, before a 1990 Cavalier convertible could be prepared.

1991–1994 Cavalier VL coupe

The 1991 Cavalier got a more extensive restyling that involved a new hood, bumpers, headlights, taillights, wheel covers and a redesigned interior; however, the body style remained unchanged. Most notably, the cooling system was redesigned to draw air from the bumper, giving it a Ford Taurus-style bumper and grille-less nose. The new bumpers were unpainted, with the option to have them colored grey, black or white, the latter only available on white-colored models. The RS and the Z24 eschewed this for a color keyed body package. Z24 models also gained the options for a height-adjustable driver's seat and a CD player. The platform and trim lines were carried over, while the convertible was brought back mid-year in the RS trim only with the V6 standard.[9]

Minor changes for 1991 also included the Alpha Tech ignition lock cylinder, which incorporated a dual-bit key that was larger and thicker in size in comparison to the old single-bit lock cylinder system that had been used for years. The lock system was intended to be a stronger deterrent to vehicle theft, but constant problems were reported with the lock jamming. It was dropped after an improved dual-bit single key system was introduced for the 1995 model year and redesign.

For 1992, the 2.2 L OHV standard engine adopted multi-point fuel injection, or MPFI to improve output to 110 horsepower (82 kW), however unlike the SFI version of the 2.2L in the Chevrolet Corsica.[10] The convertible was now available in both RS and Z24 trims, with the V6 standard in the Z24 and optional with the RS. Anti-lock brakes were added as a standard feature, as Delco Moraine had managed to develop a low-cost system. Power locks were also standard, and were designed to automatically lock when the car is shifted out of park, or if the car is traveling at least 8 miles per hour in manual transmission equipped coupe models.

Model year 1993 brought minimal changes to the Cavalier line. The convertibles received a glass rear window, allowing rear window defrost as an option.[11] Also, the RS trim received a minor styling change, doing away with its grille slot.

1994 Cavalier Z24 Convertible

The 1994 models were also carryovers, as a redesign of the Cavalier was in development. Both of the wagon's trim levels—the VL and RS—were dropped, but the body style continued to be marketed in an unnamed base trim that was essentially the same as the VL.[12] The 2.2 L OHV L4 was now converted to the SFI version found in the Corsica, which delivered an output of 120 horsepower.[13] Additional changes included a slightly redesigned climate control interface and the power locking system being again redesigned: the doors would still lock automatically when put into gear, but they would also unlock automatically when the ignition was switched off.

Production figures[2]
Coupe Sedan Wagon Convertible Yearly total
1988 158,098 126,290 29,806 8,745 322,939
1989 227,433 107,569 28,549 13,075 376,626
1990 185,071 103,384 22,046 - 310,501
1991 171,759 125,713 23,493 5,882 326,847
1992 126,117 70,786 19,685 9,045 225,633
1993 127,229 96,545 19,207 8,609 251,590
1994 147,528 98,966 18,149 7,932 272,575
Total 1,143,235 729,253 160,935 53,288 2,086,711

Mexico[edit]

The Chevrolet Cavalier was introduced in Mexico in model year 1990 to replace the Chevrolet Celebrity, which had been until then the entry point to the Mexican GM lineup. The initial offering consisted only of a 4-door sedan with a 2.8 L MPFI V6 with a 5-speed manual gearbox, or a 3-speed automatic as an option.

For 1991, it got the same redesign as in the United States and was now also offered as a coupé. The coupé Cavalier Z24 was also introduced in Mexico with a 3.1 L V6, with both manual or automatic transmissions. For 1992, the Mexican Cavalier continued unchanged.

For 1993, the Mexican Chevrolet Cavalier adopted the aesthetics from the Pontiac Sunbird. For 1993 and 1994, the Cavaliers sold there featured Sunbird body panels, as opposed to US-spec Cavalier panels and the Mexican Chevrolet Cavalier Z24 took on the appearance of the Pontiac Sunbird GT sold in the United States. No wagons and convertibles were offered in Mexico.

Third generation (1995–2005)[edit]

Third generation
2000-2002 Chevrolet Cavalier sedan.jpg
2000-2002 Cavalier sedan
Overview
Also calledToyota Cavalier (Japan)
ProductionAugust 1994–October 2005[14]
Model years1995–2005
AssemblyLordstown, Ohio, United States
Lansing, Michigan, United States
Ramos Arizpe, Coahuila, Mexico
Valencia, Carabobo, Venezuela
DesignerChuck Jordan (1991)[15]
Body and chassis
Body style2-door convertible
2-door coupe
4-door sedan
PlatformGeneral Motors J platform
(Series 1J)[2]
RelatedPontiac Sunfire
Powertrain
Engine
  • 2,189 cc (133.6 cu in) LN2 OHV I4
  • 2,198 cc (134.1 cu in) L61/L42 DOHC I4
  • 2,260 cc (137.9 cu in) LD2 DOHC I4
  • 2,392 cc (146.0 cu in) LD9 DOHC I4
Transmission3-speed 3T40 automatic
4-speed 4T40-E automatic
5-speed Getrag F23 manual
5-speed Getrag 282 manual
5-speed Isuzu manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase104.1 in (2,644 mm)
Length1995–97: 180.3 in (4,580 mm)
1998–2002: 180.7 in (4,590 mm)
2003–05: 180.9 in (4,595 mm)
Width2-Door: 68.7 in (1,745 mm)
4-Door: 67.9 in (1,725 mm)
Height1995–97 Coupe: 53.2 in (1,351 mm)
1995–97 Sedan: 54.8 in (1,392 mm)
1995–97 Convertible: 53.9 in (1,369 mm)
1998–2005 Coupe: 53.0 in (1,346 mm)
1998–99 Convertible: 54.1 in (1,374 mm)
1998–2005 Sedan: 54.7 in (1,389 mm)
2000–02 Convertible: 53.7 in (1,364 mm)
Curb weight2,562–2,900 lb (1,162–1,315 kg)
Chronology
SuccessorChevrolet Cobalt (For United States and Canada)
Chevrolet Optra (For Mexico)
1995–1999 Chevrolet Cavalier coupe
1995-1999 Chevrolet Cavalier sedan
1998–1999 Chevrolet Cavalier Z24 convertible
2000-2002 Chevrolet Cavalier coupe
2000-2002 Chevrolet Cavalier Z24 coupe
1995-1999 Chevrolet Cavalier
2003-2005 Chevrolet Cavalier coupe
2000-2002 Chevrolet Cavalier coupe, rear view

The Cavalier received its first total redesign for 1995, with expanded dimensions and more aerodynamic styling, incorporating minor design cues from the fourth generation Chevrolet Camaro. Some of the basic styling cues remained however, such as the bumper-integrated grille and the coupes' dipped beltline. Coupe, sedan, and convertible options were offered, however the wagon model was discontinued, and later replaced with the Chevrolet HHR in 2005. The car now had the available option of 15 and 16-inch wheels. By 1997, the Cavalier became the best selling car within the entire GM lineup.

For the third generation, powertrain options were limited to inline-four engines. The option for a V6 engine, which had been available in the first and second generation, was dropped and replaced by a new four-cylinder of similar power output. Base and RS models still retained the 2.2-litre pushrod four-cylinder engine (2.2 L OHV) of the previous models, which was primarily mated to a 3-speed automatic, but was available with 5-speed manual in the two-door models, in particular the RS models. As of 1996 a new 4-speed automatic became available in any trim; this had originally been intended to be introduced along with the redesign but General Motors' cash shortage delayed it.[16] The Z24 and LS convertible used the 2.3 L LD2 Quad-4 engine in 1995, but they received a new engine in 1996, the 2.4 liter DOHC LD9. This engine could also be special ordered on a 4-door LS model. This engine produced 150 hp (112 kW) and 155 lb⋅ft (210 N⋅m) of torque and was used until 2002.

In 2000, the car gained a minor facelift consisting of bigger headlights and an improved grille, lost the "CHEVROLET" text badge at the trunklid and gained a new "CAVALIER" badge along with new "five spoke" hubcaps. The 2.4-litre engine came mated standard with the Getrag F23 5-speed manual transmission on the Z24 models, or with the optional 4-speed automatic on both the Z24 and the LS models. The Z24 only came in 2-door coupe models until 2001 and featured a sport-tuned suspension, 16-inch tires, alloy wheels and improved interior electronics. Aesthetically little changed from the other models other than a ground effects kit and taller rear spoiler. In 2000, a 4-door Z24 Sedan debuted, featuring the same mechanics but having a less sporty body. The Z24 trim also received several other upgrades including a wider front sway bar and FE2 Sports Suspension for better handling characteristics, and less aggressive ABS anti-lock braking system.

In 2002, the 3-speed automatic was dropped from the base models equipped with the 2.2, and the 4-speed automatic became the main offering across the entire lineup, with 5-speed still available in the two-door cars. Also, the RS was replaced by the LS Sport line, which featured the new Ecotec L61 motors with 140 hp (104 kW) and 150 lb⋅ft (203 N⋅m) torque. These engines improved fuel economy, featuring the same displacement as the GM 122 Pushrod Engine (2.2 L OHV) while maintaining most of the power of the older LD9 motors. The new Ecotec motors replaced the GM 122 Pushrod Engine (2.2 L OHV) in base models in 2003, and became the sole engine choice in the entire Cavalier line-up until 2005 when the Chevrolet Cavalier was replaced by the Chevrolet Cobalt.

A GM Eaton M45 Supercharger kit was also offered for the Z24 trim as well. The supercharger kit was developed and tested by General Motors and could only be installed at a GM dealer. This upgrade increased performance considerably due to a pressure of 4.7 PSI which in turn added approximately 40 hp (30 kW) and 40 lb⋅ft (54 N⋅m) of torque increase; raising the Z24's ratings to approximately 190 hp (142 kW) and 195 lb⋅ft (264 N⋅m) of torque.

Facelifts[edit]

The third generation Cavalier had two facelifts. There was a minor one in 1999 with new front and rear bumper fascias which included revised headlamps and taillamps for 2000 models.[17] There was a more extensive refresh in 2002 for the 2003 model year, which included a complete new front end design, revised taillamps with a full-width rear reflector, a new rear spoiler and rear bumper fascia.[18]

2003-2005 Chevrolet Cavalier LS Sport coupe, rear view
Production figures[citation needed]
Year Coupe Sedan Convertible Yearly total
1995 131,866 73,680 7,230 212,766
1996 205,218 65,912 5,992 277,122
1997 130,777 68,147 4,237 203,161
1998 181,707 71,783 2,611 256,101
1999 200,067 72,035 20 272,122
2000 149,871 86,930 2 236,803
2001 139,375 93,923 - 233,298
2002 130,294 107,931 - 238,225
2003 137,500 119,004 - 256,550
2004 92,612 103,663 - 195,275
2005 8,958 10,002 - 18,960
2006 159 296 - 355
2007 15 42 - 57

Safety[edit]

The third-generation Cavalier earned several low scores in crash tests by the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety and National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Also, IIHS fatality risks statistics rated the Cavalier among the "highest rates of driver deaths", with 150 (four-door) to 171 (two-door) driver deaths per million registered vehicle years. Average for the Cavalier class (small) was 103 (four-door) to 134 (two-door) driver deaths per million registered vehicle years.[19]

The IIHS gave the 1995-2005 Cavalier a "poor" overall score in their frontal offset collision test.[20]

2005 National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) Crash Test Ratings (coupe):[21]

  • Frontal driver:
  • Frontal passenger:
  • Side rear driver: *safety concern*
  • Side rear passenger:
  • Rollover:

2002 National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) Crash Test Ratings (sedan):[22]

  • Frontal driver:
  • Frontal passenger:
  • Side rear driver: *safety concern*
  • Side rear passenger:
  • Rollover:

Toyota Cavalier[edit]

1998 Toyota Cavalier coupé (Japanese export model with amber rear turn signals, right hand drive and flecked red-grey interior)
Toyota Cavalier sedan (Japan)

As part of a wider effort to avoid additional restrictions on exports to the US, the third generation model was briefly sold in Japan by Toyota under an agreement with GM, badged as the Toyota Cavalier [ja].

Aside from the fact that it was right hand drive, the Toyota Cavalier also featured a leather-wrapped shift knob, steering wheel and park brake lever, wider front fenders, amber turn signals for Japanese regulations, power folding side mirrors, side turn signal repeater lights on the front fenders, and carpeting on the inside of the trunk lid. Interior seats were often flecked with color, and the rear seat had a fold-down armrest. Vehicles produced from February through December 1998 were available with a leather interior equipped with an automatic transmission only.

All models featured wheels borrowed from the Pontiac Sunfire. The Toyota Cavalier was available in 2.4G and 2.4Z trim levels. While all Chevrolet-badged Cavaliers received a facelift for 2000, the Toyota did as well with the updated center console, head-lights/hood/front bumper, tail-lights, and colors available. TRD made a body kit and rear wing for the Cavalier, available exclusively in Japan. The car was sold only at Toyota Store Japanese dealerships.

The Cavalier was not the only GM product sold in Japan; the Saturn S-series was sold at Saturn dealerships (some former Isuzu dealerships) from 1996 until 2003, and some Toyota Vista Stores also retailed Saturns.

The Cavalier was entirely produced by GM in the US at the Lordstown Assembly location, and sold from 1995 to 2000. The 1996-2000 Toyota Cavaliers came equipped with the 2.4 L LD9 engine, while the 1995 used the 2.3 L Quad 4. Due to the engine displacement and width dimensions (1,740 mm (69 in) for the coupe, 1,735 mm (68 in) for the sedan) exceeding Japanese government regulations concerning exterior dimensions and maximum engine displacement, it was not considered a "compact" so it was sold as a "normal-class car" like the Toyota Mark II and Nissan Skyline. Prices for the coupe started at 2 million yen for the coupe, and 1.81 million yen for the sedan. the final Toyota Cavalier was imported in 2000.

Toyota Cavalier with amber side and rear turn signals

The introduction of the Toyota Cavalier was not the first time the Cavalier was sold in Japan. Yanase Co., Ltd., a Japanese retail dealership that started importing European and North American vehicles soon after the end of World War II, sold various GM products including the Cavalier. When the decision was made to sell the Cavalier as a Toyota, this disrupted operations at Yanase. When the Toyota Cavalier was cancelled, Yanase continued to sell Chevrolet and other GM products. Yanase also provides complete maintenance services for all vehicles sold.

Due to higher than typically average vehicle inspection costs, a fair number of these vehicles are re-exported as Japanese used cars, most notably to Australia and New Zealand. Production of the Toyota Cavalier ceased in June 2000. Despite Toyota making considerable efforts to sell the Cavalier on the domestic market, the Japanese public perceived the quality of workmanship to not be up to the standard typically expected of locally built cars.[23] The car was also introduced while Japan was in a recession following the 1991 collapse of the Japanese asset price bubble or "bubble economy."

Production[edit]

Most Cavaliers were built at Lordstown Assembly, although they have also been produced at South Gate Assembly (1982 model year only), Lansing Car Assembly (1995-1998 coupes), Lansing Craft Centre (1996-2000 convertibles), Janesville Assembly, Ramos Arizpe, and Leeds Assembly. The Cavalier was discontinued in 2005.

Fourth generation (2016)[edit]

Fourth generation
2018 SAIC-GM-Chevrolet Cavalier, front 8.8.18.jpg
Chevrolet Cavalier sedan (China)
Overview
Production2016–2021
AssemblyChina: Wuhan, Hubei (SAIC-GM)[24]
Body and chassis
Body style4-door sedan
LayoutFront-engine, front-wheel-drive
PlatformDelta II platform
Powertrain
Engine1.5 L S-TEC III I4
Transmission5-speed manual
6-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,600 mm (102.4 in)
Length4,544 mm (178.9 in)
Width1,779 mm (70.0 in)
Height1,467 mm (57.8 in)
Chronology
PredecessorChevrolet Sonic (Mexico)[25]
SuccessorChevrolet Monza/Cavalier
Chevrolet Cavalier

Chevrolet reintroduced the Cavalier name on a new China-only compact sedan below the Cruze, with the Chinese name being Chevrolet Kewozi (科沃兹).[26] The Cavalier was introduced at the 2016 Chengdu Auto Show on September 2, 2016. It was developed on the same platform as the first generation Cruze, the Delta II platform, and uses the 1.5-liter four-cylinder engine that powers many compact GM models in China, including the Chevrolet Sail. Its pricing sets the Cavalier exactly between the smaller Sail and the more modern second generation Cruze. Deliveries started in September, with almost 10,000 units sold in its first month, but there are indications the Cavalier cannibalizes sales of the similarly priced first-generation Cruze, which continues to be sold in China. As of 2018, the fourth-generation Cavalier is also sold in Mexico with the same name, replacing the Chevrolet Sonic.[25] There, the 1.5 L engine produces 107 hp (80 kW) and 104 lb⋅ft (141 N⋅m) torque.

The Cavalier was updated for the 2020 model year for Mexico with minor changes, adding three new colors, new alloy design, four airbags and ABS brakes, three-point seatbelts, and stability control as well as minor changes to the interior for the LT trim line including a 7" with Chevrolet myLink and Smartphone Integration for Apple CarPlay. The 2020 Cavalier went on sale on 23 September 2019.[27] In 2019, the car was discontinued in the Chinese domestic market after being replaced by the Chevrolet Monza (科鲁泽), although it continued to be built for export. The 科沃兹 (kewozi) name is now used on the Chevrolet Onix, which is positioned below the Monza.

Fifth generation (2021)[edit]

2022 Chevrolet Cavalier Turbo Premier (Mexico)

The fifth-generation Cavalier is marketed in Mexico since in late 2021 as a 2022 model. It is a rebadged version of the Chevrolet Monza sedan produced in China. Reflecting the new engine, it is marketed as the Cavalier Turbo.[28] The engine is a 1,298 cc inline-four producing 161 hp (120 kW) and 170 lb⋅ft (230 N⋅m).

Sales[edit]

Year United States[citation needed] China[29] Mexico Japan
1982 58,904 - - -
1983 268,587 - - -
1984 462,611 - - -
1985 383,752 - - -
1986 432,101 - - -
1987 346,254 - - -
1988 322,939 - - -
1989 376,626 - - -
1990 310,501 - - -
1991 326,847 - - -
1992 225,633 - - -
1993 251,590 - - -
1994 254,426 - - -
1995 212,766 - - 68
1996 277,122 - - 1,628
1997 203,161 - - 3,706
1998 256,101 - - 3,992
1999 272,122 - - 2,505
2000 236,803 - - 702
2001 233,298 - - 3
2002 238,225 - - -
2003 256,550 - - -
2004 195,275 - - -
2005 18,960 - - -
2006 355 - - -
2007 57 - - -
2016 - 50,786 - -
2017 - 189,459 - -
2018 - 252,108 16,255[30] -
2019 - 101,765 13,141[31] -
2020 - 39,261 6,270[32] -

Engines[edit]

  • 1982 — 1.8 L OHV 2-barrel inline-4, 88 horsepower
  • mid 1982–1984 — 2.0 L OHV 2-barrel inline-4, 90 horsepower
  • 1983–1989 — 2.0 L OHV TBI inline-4, 86 horsepower (1983–1984), 88 horsepower (1985–1986), 90 horsepower (1987–89)
  • 1985–1989 — 2.8 L OHV MPFI V6, 120-130 horsepower (125 in 1985, 120 in 1986, 130 in 1987, 125 in 1988, and 130 in 1989)
  • 1990–1994 — 2.8 L OHV MPFI V6, 130 horsepower (Mexico and Venezuela only, *Colombia used a version of 116 hp.
  • 1990–1991 — 2.2 L OHV TBI inline-4, 95 horsepower (71 kW)
  • 1990–1994 — 3.1 L OHV MPFI V6, 140 horsepower (100 kW)
  • 1992–2002 — 2.2 L OHV MPFI L4, 110 horsepower (1992–93), 120 horsepower (1994–97, 1994 upgrade to SFI), 115 horsepower (1998–2002)
  • 1995 — 2.3 L DOHC MPFI Quad 4, 150 horsepower (110 kW)
  • 1996–2002 — 2.4 L DOHC SFI L4, 150 horsepower (110 kW)
  • 2002–2005 — 2.2 L DOHC Ecotec SFI L4, 140 horsepower (100 kW)

References[edit]

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  5. ^ "Cars for 1988". Ebony. Vol. 43, no. 1. Johnson Publishing Company. Nov 1987. p. 172. ISSN 0012-9011. Retrieved 2019-08-15.
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  7. ^ "1989 Chevrolet Cavalier". HowStuffWorks. 2007-08-04. Retrieved 2019-08-15.
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  11. ^ "1993 Chevrolet Cavalier". HowStuffWorks. 2007-08-04. Retrieved 2019-08-15.
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  14. ^ "The story behind GM's costly J-car launch". WardsAuto. 1995-04-01. Retrieved 2019-08-15.
  15. ^ Schefter, James (1998-01-21). All Corvettes Are Red. Simon and Schuster. p. 104. ISBN 978-0-671-68501-0.
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  18. ^ "Classifieds". Poughkeepsie Journal. 2002-09-03. p. 6E. Retrieved 2019-08-15.
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  23. ^ "The Toyota Cavalier And The Truth About Japanese Import Barriers". The Truth About Cars. 2010-01-19. Retrieved 2019-08-15.
  24. ^ "Chevrolet Cavalier Starts Deliveries from China to Mexico". media.chevrolet.com. 12 July 2017. Retrieved 2021-12-24.
  25. ^ a b Roy, Cesar. "Chevrolet Aveo y Sonic se descontinúan; regresa Cavalier (Cobalt) en subcompacto B". Al Volante. Al Volante. Retrieved May 2, 2018.
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  27. ^ Santillán, Miriam (9 September 2019). "Chevrolet Cavalier 2020 llega a México, ofreciendo mejoras en seguridad y diseño". Autocosmos (in Spanish).
  28. ^ Centeno, Deivis (2021-06-22). "Chevy Monza To Arrive In Mexico As Chevy Cavalier Turbo". GM Authority. Retrieved 2021-06-25.
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  30. ^ García, Enrique (2019-01-11). "Ventas 2018, México: El año de Suzuki". Autodato (in Spanish). Retrieved 2021-12-22.
  31. ^ Auto Dato (Ventas 2019, México: La mayor caída en diez años)
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External links[edit]