Chilean-Mexican relations refers to the historical and current bilateral relationship between the Republic of Chile and the United Mexican States. Both nations are members of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, Community of Latin American and Caribbean States, Latin American Integration Association, Organization of Ibero-American States, Organization of American States, Pacific Alliance and the United Nations.
History of diplomatic relations
Chile and Mexico both share a common history in that they were both hosts to advanced indigenous societies and were both colonized by Spain. Diplomatic relations were established in the 1820s soon after both nations obtained independence from Spain. Chile soon opened a consulate in Mexico City and in Mazatlán and Mexico opened a consulate in Valparaíso. In the early 1900s, both nations established resident embassies in each other's capitals respectively.
In 1914, Chile belonged to regional group called the ABC nations (which included Argentina, Brazil and Chile). These three nations made up the richest and most influential nations in South America at the time. That year, the ABC nations intervened in a diplomatic dispute between the United States and Mexico who were on verge of war over the Tampico Affair and the subsequent occupation of Veracruz by US forces. The ABC nations meet with representatives of the United States and Mexico in Niagara Falls, Canada to ease the tension between the two nations and to avoid war, which afterwards did not occur.
On 11 November 1974, then-Mexican President Luis Echeverría Álvarez severed diplomatic relations with Chile a year after the unconstitutional removal and death of elected President Salvador Allende by General Augusto Pinochet. For the next fifteen years, Mexico would receive thousands of Chilean refugees who were fleeing the government of Pinochet. Both nations re-established diplomatic relations on 23 March 1990. Since the re-establishment of diplomatic relations, both nations have increasingly become closer with regards to bilateral relations and trade. Chile and Mexico are the only two Latin American countries who are members of the OECD and both nations have developed deeper ties via the Pacific Alliance.
- President Salvador Allende (1972)
- President Patricio Aylwin (1990, 1992)
- President Eduardo Frei Ruiz-Tagle (1991, 1995)
- President Ricardo Lagos (2002, January & September 2004, 2005)
- President Michelle Bachelet (2007, 2009, 2010, 2014, 2015)
- President Sebastián Piñera (July & December 2011, 2012)
- President Adolfo López Mateos (1960)
- President Luis Echeverría (1972)
- President Carlos Salinas de Gortari (1990, 1991, 1993)
- President Ernesto Zedillo (1996, March & April 1998)
- President Vicente Fox (2001, 2004, 2006)
- President Felipe Calderón (2008, 2012)
- President Enrique Peña Nieto (2013, 2016)
Trade between the two nations has been steadily increasing over the years. Both nations signed a free trade agreement in 1999. Since the implementation of the free trade agreement, trade between the two nations amount to $3.5 billion USD in 2014 with 99.7% of trade being tariff free. Chile's main exports to Mexico include: lumber, plywood, salmon, peaches, cheese, wine and copper while Mexico's main exports to Chile include: automobiles and parts, tractors, electronics, machinery and beer.
Resident diplomatic missions
- Diplomatic relations between Chile and Mexico (in Spanish)
- Mexico breaks diplomatic relations with Chile (in Spanish)
- Reconoce Chile la solidaridad de México al abrir las puertas a miles de exiliados
- Salvador Allende: Universidad de Guadalajara (in Spanish)
- MANDATARIOS DE PAISES QUE ASISTIERON A LA PRIMERA REUNIÓN CUMBRE IBEROAMERICANA, Guadalajara, México, 18 y 19 de Julio, 1991 (in Spanish)
- Visitas recíprocas y reuniones entre los Presidentes de Chile y México (in Spanish)
- History of diplomatic relations between Mexico and Chile (in Spanish)
- Chile dona documentos de la visita de Adolfo López Mateos a ese país en 1960 (in Spanish)
- Luis Echeverría Álvarez: 1970-1976 (in Spanish)
- Giras y Visitas Internacionales del C. Presidente de la República: Ernesto Zedillo (in Spanish)
- Permisos concedidos al Presidente de la República Vicente Fox Quesada para ausentarse del territorio nacional (in Spanish)
- Viajes realizados al extranjero por el C. Felipe Calderón (in Spanish)
- Peña Nieto llega a Chile para Cumbre de la Alianza del Pacífico
- Mexican Ministry of the Economy: Chile (in Spanish)
- Free trade agreement between Chile and Mexico (in Spanish)
- Embassy of Chile in Mexico (in Spanish)
- Embassy of Mexico in Chile (in Spanish)