Cocktail (1988 film)
|Directed by||Roger Donaldson|
|Screenplay by||Heywood Gould|
by Heywood Gould
|Edited by||Neil Travis|
|Music by||J. Peter Robinson|
|Distributed by||Buena Vista Pictures Distribution (United States)|
Warner Bros. (International)
|Box office||$171.5 million|
Cocktail is a 1988 American romantic comedy-drama film directed by Roger Donaldson and written by Heywood Gould, whose screenplay was based on his book of the same name. The film tells the story of a young New York City business student, Brian Flanagan, who takes up bartending in order to make ends meet. The film stars Tom Cruise, Bryan Brown, and Elisabeth Shue.
Released on 29 July 1988, by Buena Vista Pictures (under its adult film label Touchstone Pictures), Cocktail features an original music score composed by J. Peter Robinson. Despite earning overwhelmingly negative reviews from critics, and winning the Golden Raspberry Award for Worst Picture, the film was a huge box office success, grossing more than $170 million worldwide against a budget of $20 million.
Brian Flanagan, having just finished his stint in the Army, heads back to New York City to make a million dollars. Brian gets a part-time job as a bartender at night while studying for a business degree by day in order to be accepted in a corporate job. Over time, he learns the tricks of the trade, including flairing, from his mentor, Doug Coughlin. Brian quits college, maintaining his personal aspirations, but Doug is wary of the two starting their own bar together. Doug intends to call his bar "Cocktails & Dreams." Eventually, Brian and Doug's bartending act becomes popular and they end up working at a trendy nightclub. As their popularity rises, Brian becomes the focus of attention from a woman named Coral, a wealthy photographer. Doug is alarmed that Coral is coming between their partnership and bets Brian that Coral will leave by week's end. Unbeknownst to Brian, Doug tricks Coral into sleeping with him. He secures his bet by sharing a kiss with Coral in front of Brian. Coral breaks up with Brian, leading to Brian and Doug fighting and ending their partnership.
Two years later, Brian has taken a job in Jamaica as a bartender at a resort to raise money for his own place. He finds a romantic partner in Jordan Mooney, an aspiring artist and waitress. Doug shows up in Jamaica, now married to Kerry, a wealthy woman who openly flirts with other men. Doug bets Brian that he couldn't "pick up" a new customer named Bonnie, a wealthy older woman. Brian accepts the challenge and wins Bonnie over. As they go back to Bonnie's room, Jordan sees them. Devastated, she takes a plane back to New York City.
The next morning, Brian regrets sleeping with Bonnie. He goes to find Jordan but learns that she's gone. Doug teases Brian about the situation but Brian decides to upstage Doug by returning to New York with Bonnie. He reluctantly assumes the role of kept-boy and grows annoyed by her lifestyle. They have a blow-up during an art exhibit when Brian gets into a fight with the artist. Brian and Bonnie break up. Brian shows up at the diner where Jordan works in an attempt to reconcile, but she tells him she is pregnant with his child and tells him to leave. Jordan refuses his advances, not wanting to be hurt again. He decides to prove to her that, despite being a bartender, he would make a worthy father. Jordan's wealthy father attempts to buy Brian off, but he refuses the money.
Brian meets up with Doug, who confides that his wife's money is nearly gone, lost in the commodities market. Later, Brian takes Kerry to her apartment, where she attempts to seduce him. Brian stops it, much to Kerry's anger. Doug then commits suicide because he thinks his life was a sham. Reeling from losing his friend to suicide, he returns to Jordan's parents' home and begs her again for forgiveness. He tells her that Doug killed himself because he was too proud to ask for help and that he doesn't want to make the same mistake. He promises to take care of her and their child. Brian and Jordan leave together, with her father pledging not to give a dime to the couple. Brian and Jordan get married and have their wedding reception at his Uncle Pat's bar in Queens. Uncle Pat lends Brian the money to open a neighborhood bar called "Flanagan's Cocktails & Dreams", and Brian runs his own bar. At the grand opening, Jordan reveals that she is pregnant with twins.
The film was based on Heywood Gould's semi-autobiographical novel published in 1984. Gould had worked as a bartender in New York from 1969 to 1981 to support his writing career. Gould said he "met a lot of interesting people behind the bar and very rarely was it someone who started out wanting to be a bartender. They all had ambitions, some smoldering and some completely forgotten or suppressed."
Gould says the lead character "is a composite of a lot of people I met, including myself in those days. I was in my late 30s, and I was drinking pretty good, and I was starting to feel like I was missing the boat. The character in the book is an older guy who has been around and starting to feel that he's pretty washed-up."
Universal bought the film rights and Gould wrote the script, changing it from his novel. He says the studio put the project in turnaround "because I wasn't making the character likable enough." Disney picked up the project "and I went through the same process with them. I would fight them at every turn, and there was a huge battle over making the lead younger, which I eventually did."
Gould later admitted that the people who wanted him to make changes "were correct. They wanted movie characters. Characters who were upbeat and who were going to have a happy ending and a possible future in their lives. That's what you want for a big commercial Hollywood movie. So I tried to walk that thin line between giving them what they wanted and not completely betraying the whole arena of saloons in general."
Tom Cruise expressed interest in playing the role, which helped get it financed.
"There were a lot of bartenders around like Tom Cruise, younger guys who came on and were doing this for a while—and then 10 years later, still doing it," said Gould. "It wasn't as if I was betraying the character. It was a matter of making the character more idealistic, more hopeful—he's got his life ahead of him. He turns on the charm, without the cynical bitter edge of the older guys."
Bryan Brown later said the original script "was one of the very best screenplays I had ever read. Very dark... about the cult of celebrity and everything about it.... Tom Cruise is a very sweet man, he was then and still is. But when Tom came in, the movie had to change. The studio made the changes to protect the star and it became a much slighter movie because of it."
Gould says the tricks involving throwing bottles was not in the book, but something he showed Cruise and Bryan Brown. They used it and it became a prominent feature of the film.
Kelly Lynch later said the film "was actually a really complicated story about the ’80s and power and money, and it was really re-edited where they completely lost my character's backstory—her low self-esteem, who her father was, why she was this person that she was—but it was obviously a really successful movie, if not as good as it could’ve been." She claimed Disney reshot "about a third of the film... and turned it into flipping the bottles and this and that.... But we had a really great time. And Tom was so much fun, just a ball to work with, both on and off camera."
Cocktail earned $78.2 million at the North American box office, and $93.3 million international to a total of $171.5 million worldwide, almost nine times its $20 million budget, and ranking as the eighth highest-grossing film of 1988 worldwide.
Despite its box office success, Cocktail received overwhelmingly negative reviews from critics. Review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes reports that 7% of 44 film critics have given the film a positive review, with a rating average of 3.94/10. The website's critical consensus reads, "There are no surprises in Cocktail, a shallow, dramatically inert romance that squanders Tom Cruise's talents in what amounts to a naive barkeep's banal fantasy." On Metacritic, the film has a 12 out of 100 score based on 14 reviews, indicating "overwhelming dislike". Audiences polled by CinemaScore gave the film an average grade of "B+" on an A+ to F scale.
Vincent Canby of The New York Times gave a negative review, calling it "an upscale, utterly brainless variation on those efficient old B-movies of the 1930s and 40s about the lives, loves and skills of coal miners, sand hogs, and telephone linemen, among others." Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times was also critical, explaining that "the more you think about what really happens in Cocktail, the more you realize how empty and fabricated it really is."
"I was not happy with the final product," said Gould. "It got so savaged by the critics ... I was accused of betraying my own work, which is stupid. So I was pretty devastated. I literally couldn't get out of bed for a day. The good thing about that experience is that it toughened me up."
In 1992, Cruise said the film "was not a crowning jewel" in his career.
However, the official soundtrack single, The Beach Boys' "Kokomo", was commercially successful and topped the charts in America, Australia and Japan. The song was nominated for a Grammy and a Golden Globe.
Cocktail won two Golden Raspberry Awards for Worst Picture and Worst Screenplay while Cruise was nominated as Worst Actor and Donaldson as Worst Director. The film is listed in Golden Raspberry Award founder John Wilson's book The Official Razzie Movie Guide as one of "The 100 Most Enjoyably Bad Movies Ever Made". The film was also nominated for Worst Picture at the 1988 Stinkers Bad Movie Awards but lost to Caddyshack II.
Additionally, Cruise's other film in 1988 was his co-starring role in the Best Picture-winning film Rain Man, alongside Dustin Hoffman. In doing so, he became the first (and as of 2020, only) actor to star in a Worst Picture Razzie winner and Best Picture Oscar winner in the same year. The film has gone on to attain cult film status.
|Cocktail (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack)|
|Soundtrack album by |
|Australian Albums (ARIA)||1|
|Austrian Albums Chart||3|
|Canadian Albums Chart||1|
|Dutch Albums Chart||22|
|German Albums Chart||4|
|New Zealand Album Charts||2|
|Swedish Albums Chart||3|
|Swiss Album Charts||3|
|US Billboard 200||2|
|Australian Albums Chart||19|
|Austrian Albums Chart||26|
|Canadian Albums Chart||31|
|Swiss Albums Chart||27|
|Australia (ARIA)||4× Platinum||280,000^|
|Canada (Music Canada)||Diamond||1,000,000^|
|Hong Kong (IFPI Hong Kong)||Gold||10,000*|
|New Zealand (RMNZ)||Platinum||15,000^|
|Switzerland (IFPI Switzerland)||Gold||25,000^|
|United Kingdom (BPI)||Gold||100,000^|
|United States (RIAA)||4× Platinum||4,000,000^|
* Sales figures based on certification alone.
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- "Cinemascore :: Movie Title Search". 20 December 2018. Archived from the original on 20 December 2018. Retrieved 27 July 2020.
- Canby, Vincent (29 July 1988). "Movie Review – Cocktail". The New York Times. Retrieved 14 February 2013.
- Ebert, Roger (29 July 1988). "Cocktail :: rogerebert.com :: Reviews". The Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved 17 April 2021.
- "Tom Cruise". Rolling Stone. May 1992.
- Wilson, John (23 August 2000). "The Razzie Awards – 1988 Archive". Golden Raspberry Award. Archived from the original on 16 July 2012. Retrieved 14 February 2013.
- Wilson, John (2005). The Official Razzie Movie Guide: Enjoying the Best of Hollywood's Worst. Grand Central Publishing. ISBN 978-0-446-69334-9.
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- "Soundtrack – Cocktail" (in Dutch). Dutch Charts Portal. Retrieved 26 May 2014.
- "Soundtrack, Cocktail" (in German). charts.de. Retrieved 26 May 2014.
- "Soundtrack – Cocktail". New Zealand Charts Portal. Retrieved 16 February 2013.
- "Soundtrack – Cocktail". Swedish Charts Portal. Retrieved 16 February 2013.
- "Soundtrack – Cocktail". Swiss Charts Portal. Retrieved 26 May 2014.
- "Billboard 200 : Oct 29, 1988". Billboard Magazine. Retrieved 14 February 2013.
- "End Of Year Charts – Top 50 Albums 1989". ARIA Charts. Archived from the original on 11 June 2011. Retrieved 26 May 2014.
- "JAHRESHITPARADE ALBEN 1989" (in German). Austrian Charts Portal. Retrieved 26 May 2014.
- "Top Albums/CDs – Volume 51, No. 8, December 23, 1989". RPM. Archived from the original on 17 February 2015. Retrieved 26 May 2014.
- "SCHWEIZER JAHRESHITPARADE 1989" (in German). Swiss Charts Portal. Archived from the original on 5 November 2013. Retrieved 26 May 2014.
- "1989 – Aria Album Chart". Aria Charts. Retrieved 6 August 2020.
- "Canadian album certifications – Various – Cocktail OST". Music Canada.
- "Les Certifications depuis 1973: Albums". Infodisc.fr. Retrieved 6 August 2020. (select "B.O.F." from drop-down list)
- "IFPIHK Gold Disc Award − 1990". IFPI Hong Kong. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
- "New Zealand album certifications – Various – Cocktail OST". Recorded Music NZ. Retrieved 30 January 2020.
- Fernando Salaverri (September 2005). Sólo éxitos: año a año, 1959–2002 (1st ed.). Spain: Fundación Autor-SGAE. p. 953. ISBN 84-8048-639-2.
- "Guld- och Platinacertifikat − År 1987−1998" (PDF) (in Swedish). IFPI Sweden. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 May 2011.
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