Corner Brook

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For the submarine, see HMCS Corner Brook (SSK 878).
Corner Brook
City
City of Corner Brook
Overlooking City of Corner Brook
Overlooking City of Corner Brook
Coat of arms of Corner Brook
Coat of arms
Motto: "Our Spirit... Your Success"
Corner Brook is located in Newfoundland
Corner Brook
Coordinates: 48°57′N 57°57′W / 48.950°N 57.950°W / 48.950; -57.950
Country  Canada
Province  Newfoundland and Labrador
Census division 5
Settled 1956
Government
 • Type Municipal
 • Mayor Charles Pender
 • MHA Stelman Flynn (L)
Vaughn Granter (PC)
Eddie Joyce (L)
 • MP Gerry Byrne (L)
Area[1]
 • City 148.26 km2 (57.24 sq mi)
 • Metro 255.10 km2 (98.49 sq mi)
Elevation 0 - 304 m (0 – 998 ft)
Population (2011)[2]
 • City 19,886
 • Density 135.5/km2 (351/sq mi)
 • Metro 26,623
 • Metro density 104.4/km2 (270/sq mi)
Time zone Newfoundland Time (UTC-3:30)
 • Summer (DST) Newfoundland Daylight (UTC-2:30)
Area code(s) 709
Website cornerbrook.com

Corner Brook (2011 population: 19,886 CA 26,623) is a city located on the west coast of the island of Newfoundland in Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada.

Located on the Bay of Islands at the mouth of the Humber River, the city is the largest population centre in the province after St. John's. As such, Corner Brook functions as a service centre for western and northern Newfoundland.

It is the administrative headquarters of the Qalipu Mi'kmaq First Nations band government.[3]

History[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1945 5,464 —    
1951 13,835 +153.2%
1956 23,225 +67.9%
1961 25,185 +8.4%
1971 26,309 +4.5%
1981 24,339 −7.5%
1986 22,719 −6.7%
1991 22,410 −1.4%
1996 21,893 −2.3%
2001 20,103 −8.2%
2006 20,083 −0.1%
2011 19,886 −1.0%
[4][5][6][7][8][9][10] The 1945 and 1951 population figures have been adjusted to reflect the city's amalgamation on January 1, 1956.

The area was surveyed by Captain James Cook in 1767. The Captain James Cook Historic Site stands on Crow Hill overlooking the city.[11] By the middle of the 19th century the population of Corner Brook was less than 100, and the inhabitants were engaged in fishing and lumber work.[12]

The area was originally four distinct communities, each with unique commercial activities: Curling, with its fishery; Corner Brook West (also known as Humber West or Westside) with its retail businesses; Corner Brook East (also known as Humbermouth and the Heights) with its railway and industrial operations; and Townsite (known as Corner Brook), home to the employees of the pulp and paper mill. In 1956, these four communities were amalgamated to form the present-day City of Corner Brook.

Corner Brook Pulp & Paper Mill
The Corner Brook Pulp & Paper Mill
Mural of Sir Wilfred Grenfell
A mural of Sir Wilfred Grenfell in Corner Brook
A Corner Brook street in winter

Corner Brook is home to the Corner Brook Pulp & Paper Mill (owned by Kruger Inc.), which is a major employer for the region. The city has the largest regional hospital in western Newfoundland. It also has a wide array of shopping and retail businesses and federal and provincial government offices. It is also home to Grenfell Campus, Memorial University, as well as campuses of Academy Canada and College of the North Atlantic. Corner Brook is also home to the province's newest high school, Corner Brook Regional High, which is an amalgamation of the former Regina and Herdman Collegiate high schools.

Sports[edit]

Corner Brook is home to Marble Mountain Ski Resort, a downhill skiing resort, and Blow-Me-Down trails, a cross country ski area.[13]

The Corner Brook Royals play in the Central West Senior Hockey League and were the winners of the 1986 National Title, The Allan Cup. The Royals play their home games at the Pepsi Centre, formerly the Canada Games Centre. The arena was built in 1997 and was one of the main venues used when the city of Corner Brook hosted the 1999 Canada Games.[14]

Corner Brook was host of the 2011 Special Olympics Provincial Winter Games from February 18–20.[15] The city also twice hosted Raid the North Extreme, a televised 6-day multi-sport expedition race held in wilderness locations across Canada, and was a leg of the ITU World Cup Triathlon.[16]

Arts and culture[edit]

The Arts and Science building of Grenfell Campus, Corner Brook

Corner Brook is home to Grenfell Campus, Memorial University where a strong and vivacious arts community exists both within the school and well into the public. Corner Brook Arts and Culture Centre among other institutions thrive in promoting the arts on all levels from visual arts to theatre and well beyond.

Visual artists living and working within the community include Jordan Bennett, Rodney Mercer, Jillian Parsons, Jonathan S. Green, and Ellen J. Wareham.

Corner Brook is home to Stage West Theatre Festival, a summer theatre festival running through the month of July, and Gros Morne Summer Music, a classical music festival that spans July and August.

The March Hare literary festival occurs every March and celebrates poetry and written works from around the world, featuring poets from around Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada, and the world.

In April, the April Rabbit showcases new and young writers.

Corner Brook is also home to the region's only community radio station, Bay of Islands Radio. Presently broadcasting through the internet only, work is being done to bring the station to FM radio in the Bay of Islands. The radio station is located on Brook Street, in the city's down town district.

Municipal government[edit]

The former City Hall building for Corner Brook

The Corner Brook City Council has five city councillors, in addition to a mayor and deputy mayor. The current mayor of the city is Charles Pender. The deputy mayor is Bernd Staeben. Municipal elections in Corner Brook are held every four years, on the last Tuesday in September. In the 2009 municipal elections held on September 29, 2009; Neville Greeley was elected mayor in a close race against incumbent Charles Pender (2005-2009). In the most recent elections held on September 24, 2013, Greeley did not run for re-election and Charles Pender was again elected mayor over councillor Donna Francis.[17] The current mayor and council were sworn in on September 29, 2013.[18]

Transportation[edit]

Along the Trans-Canada Highway

Route 1, the Trans-Canada Highway, passes the south side of the city on a high ridge before descending to the east, into the Humber Valley.

The city is accessed by air services at Stephenville International Airport, 65 km (40 mi) southwest, and Deer Lake Regional Airport, 55 km (34 mi) northeast.

Corner Brook Transit is a privately operated local bus service.[19] The city is also served by four taxi cab companies.

Climate[edit]

Corner Brook
Climate data for Corner Brook
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 14.5
(58.1)
14.0
(57.2)
20.5
(68.9)
22.5
(72.5)
27.2
(81)
33.3
(91.9)
34.4
(93.9)
34.4
(93.9)
31.1
(88)
25.0
(77)
21.7
(71.1)
16.7
(62.1)
34.4
(93.9)
Average high °C (°F) −2.5
(27.5)
−3.2
(26.2)
1.1
(34)
6.4
(43.5)
12.1
(53.8)
17.7
(63.9)
21.8
(71.2)
21.1
(70)
16.7
(62.1)
10.5
(50.9)
4.9
(40.8)
0.2
(32.4)
8.9
(48)
Daily mean °C (°F) −6.1
(21)
−7.2
(19)
−3.0
(26.6)
2.7
(36.9)
7.7
(45.9)
13.1
(55.6)
17.3
(63.1)
16.9
(62.4)
12.7
(54.9)
7.2
(45)
2.3
(36.1)
−2.8
(27)
5.1
(41.2)
Average low °C (°F) −9.7
(14.5)
−11.2
(11.8)
−7.1
(19.2)
−1.1
(30)
3.3
(37.9)
8.4
(47.1)
12.6
(54.7)
12.6
(54.7)
8.6
(47.5)
3.8
(38.8)
−0.3
(31.5)
−5.7
(21.7)
1.2
(34.2)
Record low °C (°F) −31.7
(−25.1)
−31.7
(−25.1)
−29.4
(−20.9)
−18.5
(−1.3)
−7.5
(18.5)
−4.4
(24.1)
1.1
(34)
0.0
(32)
−2.8
(27)
−7.8
(18)
−16.1
(3)
−20.6
(−5.1)
−31.7
(−25.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 148.3
(5.839)
99.3
(3.909)
95.8
(3.772)
70.7
(2.783)
77.5
(3.051)
84.1
(3.311)
91.0
(3.583)
98.6
(3.882)
104.3
(4.106)
123.6
(4.866)
125.7
(4.949)
151.9
(5.98)
1,270.8
(50.031)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 105.5
(41.54)
77.6
(30.55)
51.6
(20.31)
24.3
(9.57)
5.2
(2.05)
0.2
(0.08)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.1
(0.04)
6.2
(2.44)
36.7
(14.45)
94
(37)
401.4
(158.03)
Source: Environment Canada[20]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Statistics Canada. "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses". Retrieved 2015-06-21. 
  2. ^ Statistics Canada (2006). "Corner Brook Community Profile". Retrieved 2008-04-10. 
  3. ^ http://qalipu.ca/
  4. ^ 140.pdf, Canada Year Book 1955
  5. ^ 126.pdf, Canada Year Book 1957-58
  6. ^ [1], Canada Year Book 1967
  7. ^ [2], E-STAT Table
  8. ^ [3], 1996 Census of Canada: Electronic Area Profiles
  9. ^ [4], Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2006 and 2001 censuses - 100% data
  10. ^ [5], Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses
  11. ^ Newfoundland and Labrador Tourism website
  12. ^ "Fast Facts & History". City of Corner Brook. Retrieved 2014-10-12. 
  13. ^ http://blowmedown.ca/
  14. ^ http://www.pepsicentre.ca/About%20Us.html
  15. ^ http://www.releases.gov.nl.ca/releases/2011/tcr/0118n04.htm
  16. ^ http://www.triathlon.org/events/event/2001_corner_brook_itu_triathlon_world_cup
  17. ^ http://www.cornerbrook.com/results/
  18. ^ http://www.thetelegram.com/News/Local/2013-09-30/article-3411387/New-Corner-Brook-council-sworn-in/1
  19. ^ City of Corner Brook. Transit
  20. ^ Environment CanadaCanadian Climate Normals 1971–2000, accessed 5 July 2012

External links[edit]