European Canadian

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European Canadian
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Total population
76.6% of the total Canadian population (2015)
Regions with significant populations
All areas of Canada, Rural regions of Canada

see Languages in Canada

Predominantly Christian
also Judaism, Deism, Agnostic, Atheist, Muslim, Baha'i, pagan/Wiccan, Unitarian Universalism

European Canadians are Canadian people of European origin, descent, birth, or ancestry. English Canadians (21%), French Canadians (18%), Scottish Canadians (15%) and Irish Canadians (15%) were the four largest self-reported ancestry groups in the Canada 2001 Census.

The number of immigrants from European countries other than Britain or France increased dramatically in the first half of the 20th century, from 9% in 1901 to 20% in 1941, mostly from Northern and Western Europe in the earlier years, and Southern, Central and Eastern Europe in later years. The Canadian Immigration Act of 1952 established the rights of admission to Canada. It was amended in 1962 and again in 1966.[2][3][4] European Canadians make up approximate 76.7% of the Canadian population, while minorities and Aboriginals make up 23.3% of the Canadian population according to the 2011 National Household Survey.

Statistics Canada produces statistics about the Canadian population, including composition by ethnic self-identification. Those of European origins are divided into several subcategories: British Isles, French, Western European, Northern European, Eastern European, Southern European, and Other.[5]

Canadians by European ethnicity or nationality[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1996 24,531,640 —    
2001 24,678,880 +0.6%
2006 25,000,150 +1.3%
2011 25,186,890 +0.7%

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "National Household Survey (NHS) Profile, 2011". 2013-05-08. Retrieved 2013-05-27. 
  2. ^ "The Cold War and Economic Boom & Bust: 1950-1960". Retrieved 2008-11-05. 
  3. ^ Healey, Joseph F. (2006). Race, Ethnicity, Gender, and Class: The Sociology of Group Conflict and Change. Pine Forge Press. p. 442. ISBN 1-4129-1521-X. 
  4. ^ Pietrobruno, Sheenagh (2006). Salsa and Its Transnational Moves. Lexington Books. p. 206. ISBN 0-7391-1468-9. 
  5. ^ "Ethnic Origin (247), Single and Multiple Ethnic Origin Responses (3) and Sex (3) for the Population of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2006 Census - 20% Sample Data". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2008-11-06. 
  6. ^ Statistics Canada, Total Population by Visible Minority Population, for Canada, 1996 Census (20% Sample Data)
  7. ^ NHS Profile, Canada, 2011
  8. ^ For 2011 Census: Total non visible minority population minus the North American Aboriginal origins group.

Further reading[edit]