Gumbo is a spicy, hearty stew or soup, found typically on the Gulf of Mexico in the United States,in the state of Louisiana, in which it is native to that state. It is also found in other areas such as, Southeast Texas, southern Mississippi and the Lowcountry around Charleston, South Carolina, and down past Brunswick, Georgia due to it being brought from Louisiana to those areas. It is eaten year round, but is usually found in kitchens more during the colder months. This is due to the warmness and heartiness it brings to the body in the winter months, like hot soups and stews in many cold areas.
Gumbo usually consists of shellfish, and sausage along with the Holy Trinity of vegetables for a seafood Gumbo and is usually made in large batches. A chicken and Sausage Gumbo would contain just that with the "Trinity" of vegetables. Tomatoes and/or tomato paste is usually added to Seafood Gumbo in Southeast Louisiana, but never to Chicken and Sausage Gumbo. These Gumbos from Southeast Louisiana are typically known as "Creole" Gumbos, meaning "from the City Of New Orleans." Cajun Gumbos of South Louisiana never contain tomatoes in any variety. Left-over Gumbo can be frozen for later use, but that is not common. Usually it will stay on the back burner of a stove, and eaten on all day. If some is left over, it is usually refrigerated until it is consumed entirely. Rice is made fresh daily. The rice is prepared separately from the stew, and the two are mixed only in the serving bowl.
The gumbo broth/gravy can contain seafood (typically crab and shrimp from the Gulf of Mexico, or fowl (usually duck, quail, chicken), and other meats, used as seasoning; tasso (Cajun smoked pork), Cajun-style andouille (smoked sausage), and other smoked or preserved meats. Crawfish is rarely used, if used at all for this dish. A traditional lenten variety called Gumbo Z'Herbes pronounced like "Gumbo Zab," Zab sounding like the word jab. From the French Gumbo Aux Herbes), it is essentially a gumbo of smothered greens thickened with roux. (read more . . .)
Andrew Jackson Young, Jr. (born March 12, 1932) is an American civil rights activist, former mayor of Atlanta, Georgia, and was the United States' first African-American ambassador to the United Nations. Young is the namesake of the Andrew Young School of Policy Studies at Georgia State University in Atlanta, Georgia. International Boulevard, near the Centennial Olympic Park, has been re-named Andrew Young International Boulevard, in honor of his efforts to secure the Olympic bid for Atlanta.
Young was appointed to serve as pastor of a church in Marion, Alabama. It was there in Marion that he met Jean Childs, whom later became his wife. Also while in Marion, Young began to study the writings of Mohandas Gandhi. Young became interested in Gandhi's concept of non-violent resistance as a tactic for social change. He encouraged African-Americans to register to vote in Alabama, and sometimes faced death threats while doing so. He became a friend and ally of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. at this time. In 1957, Young moved to New York City to accept a job with the National Council of Churches. However, as the Civil Rights Movement gained momentum, Young decided that his place was back in the South. He moved to Atlanta, Georgia and again worked on drives to register black voters. In 1960 he joined the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. Young was jailed for his participation in civil rights demonstrations, both in Selma, Alabama and in St. Augustine, Florida. Young played a key role in the events in Birmingham, Alabama serving as a mediator between the white and black communities. In 1964 Young was named executive director of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC), becoming, in that capacity, one of Dr. King's principal lieutenants. He was with King in Memphis, Tennessee when King was assassinated in 1968. (read more . . . )