Dublin, Georgia

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Dublin, Georgia
City
City of Dublin
Dublin City Hall
Dublin City Hall
Nickname(s): The Emerald City
Location in Laurens County and the state of Georgia
Location in Laurens County and the state of Georgia
Coordinates: 32°32′15″N 82°55′6″W / 32.53750°N 82.91833°W / 32.53750; -82.91833Coordinates: 32°32′15″N 82°55′6″W / 32.53750°N 82.91833°W / 32.53750; -82.91833
Country United States
State Georgia
County Laurens
Government
 • Mayor Phil Best
 • City Manager Lance Jones
Area
 • City 13.3 sq mi (34.4 km2)
 • Land 13.2 sq mi (34.2 km2)
 • Water 0.1 sq mi (0.2 km2)
Elevation 220 ft (67 m)
Population (2010)
 • City 16,201
 • Density 1,200.7/sq mi (203.9/km2)
 • Urban 48,434
 • Metro 57,595
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 31021, 31027, 31040
Area code(s) 478
FIPS code 13-24376[1]
GNIS feature ID 0313692[2]
Website http://www.cityofdublin.org/

Dublin is a city in Laurens County, Georgia, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 16,201.[3] The city is the county seat of Laurens County.[4]

History[edit]

The original settlement was named after Dublin, Ireland.[5] Because of Dublin's location as a midpoint between Savannah and Atlanta, the town in recent decades became home to a small assortment of industrial distribution centers, which complemented various industries—textiles, furniture, and paper, among others—that had already established themselves there in the second half of the 20th century. Historically, however, Dublin's economy was based on the local cotton, corn, and soybean trades, which blossomed as the town's central location enabled it to thrive with the growth of the railroad.

Jackson street in Dublin, c. 1945

Originally, Dublin and the surrounding area was home to Native Americans of the Muskogee people. Most of the Muskogee fled westward with the arrival of European settlers, many of them organizing themselves into armed resistance units, which fought government forces and British militias to protect their native territory well into the early 19th century. Ultimately, most of the Muskogee diaspora settled in what is now Oklahoma.

Post Office and U.S. Courthouse

Despite the Irish ancestry of Dublin's first non-indigenous settlers, the town, like most of Middle Georgia, by the late 19th century had evolved from mixture of ethnicities. Most of the population descended from Scottish, English, and other western European immigrants. The considerable African-American population descended from most of whose roots lay in Angola or throughout west Africa. By the end of the 20th century, the town had also become home to a growing population of recent immigrants, many of them professionals from India, Korea, and Latin America. As labor migrations from Mexico and Central America shifted from the southwest U.S. to much of the southeast, many immigrants from those regions also moved to Dublin in the first decade of the 21st century.

Veterans Administration building

Dublin, according to a historical marker[6] at the town's main Oconee bridge, was one of the last encampments at which Confederate President Jefferson Davis and his family stayed before being captured by Union forces in May 1865.

Geography[edit]

Dublin is located at 32°32′15″N 82°55′6″W / 32.53750°N 82.91833°W / 32.53750; -82.91833 (32.537463, -82.918358).[7] The town, named such because the Middle Georgia piedmont reminded Irish settlers of terrain in their native country, was founded on the Oconee River, which starts in the foothills of the Blue Ridge Mountains in northern Georgia before combining with the Ocmulgee River to form the Altamaha, a river which then proceeds to its mouth on the Atlantic Ocean.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 13.3 square miles (34 km2), of which 13.2 square miles (34 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) (0.45%) is water.

Historic Districts[edit]

Dublin has two historic districts designated by the National Register of Historic Places: the Dublin Commercial Historic District and the Stubbs Park-Stonewall Street Historic District.[8] The Dublin Commercial Historic District consists of the original downtown commercial core, with the earliest extant building in the district, the Hicks Building, dating to 1893. The historic district contains 78 contributing properties, including the Dublin Carnegie Library, First National Bank Building, and the former United States Post Office building. Structures within the district represent a wide range of architectural styles, including Colonial Revival, Neoclassical, Commercial, and Art Deco.[9]

The Stubbs Park-Stonewall Street Historic District is located west of Dublin's central business district. The district contains 470 contributing properties, most of which are residential homes constructed between the late 1910s to the early 1940s. The predominant architectural styles of the area consist of Craftsman, Gothic Revival, Folk Victorian, and Georgian Cottage. In addition to historic residences, the district also contains properties including historic churches, historic cemeteries, and Dublin’s first public park, Stubbs Park.[10]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 574
1890 862 50.2%
1900 2,987 246.5%
1910 5,795 94.0%
1920 7,707 33.0%
1930 6,681 −13.3%
1940 7,814 17.0%
1950 10,232 30.9%
1960 13,814 35.0%
1970 15,143 9.6%
1980 16,083 6.2%
1990 16,312 1.4%
2000 15,857 −2.8%
2010 16,201 2.2%
Est. 2015 16,197 [11] 0.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[12]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 15,857 people, 6,130 households, and 4,027 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,200.7 people per square mile (463.5/km²). There were 6,977 housing units at an average density of 528.3 per square mile (203.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 45.54% White, 51.42% African American, 0.20% Native American, 1.75% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.29% from other races, and 0.76% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.14% of the population.

There were 6,130 households out of which 31.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.2% were married couples living together, 23.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.3% were non-families. 31.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the city, the population was spread out with 26.7% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 24.8% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, and 17.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 85.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $28,532, and the median income for a family was $36,463. Males had a median income of $30,830 versus $21,553 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,560. About 22.5% of families and 27.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 41.1% of those under age 18 and 21.2% of those age 65 or over.

Dublin Micropolitan Statistical Area[edit]

Location of the Dublin Micropolitan Statistical Area in Georgia

Dublin is the principal city of the Dublin Micropolitan Statistical Area, a micropolitan area that covers Johnson and Laurens counties[13] and had a combined population of 53,434 at the 2000 census.[1]

Government[edit]

Dublin's city government is made up of a mayor and a city council composed of seven council members. Four of the council members represent wards, or districts, within the city boundaries; the remaining three members are considered council members at large, representing the entire city as legislative members.[14]

The City of Dublin was chosen as a City of Excellence by the Georgia Municipal Association and Georgia Trend Magazine in 2000.[15] This distinction recognized Dublin as one of the ten best managed and most livable cities in Georgia when evaluated on areas like public safety, cultural activities, fiscal management, and downtown viability.

In 2005, Dublin was designated as a "Signature Community" by the Georgia Department of Community Affairs.[16]. Additionally, Dublin was recognized by the American Association of Retirement Communities (AARC) as a Seal of Approval Community in 2009.[17]

The United States Postal Service operates the Dublin Post Office and the Court Square Station in Dublin.[18][19]

The Carl Vinson Veterans Administration Medical Center is located in Dublin. It was originally commissioned as Naval Hospital Dublin on January 22, 1945 as an ideal location for the convalescence from Rheumatic Fever. As such it was the site of the commissioning of Naval Medical Research Unit Four on May 31, 1946 to study Rheumatic Fever. The Navy transferred the hospital to the Veterans Affairs Department in November 1947 and it was subsequently named for congressman Carl Vinson who was responsible for getting it built in Dublin. Today, the medical center provides a range of services to Veterans in Middle and South Georgia, including primary care, mental health, ambulatory and urgent care, optometry, women's health, and extended care. The medical center features a 340 operating-bed facility and has approximately 1,100 employees.[20]

Dublin's Laurens County Library is also known for its genealogy department, with archives and records going back two hundred years.

Arts & Culture[edit]

Theatre Dublin[edit]

Theatre Dublin, originally known as the Martin Theater, was constructed in 1934 in Dublin's Historic Downtown Commercial District. The theatre features Art Deco architectural design, with flat symmetrical wall surfacing and horizontal bands, in addition to an overhanging marquis and neon sign.[21]

Since its renovation in 1996, Theatre Dublin has served as a performing arts center for Dublin-Laurens County and surrounding areas. The theatre houses a regular variety of events and performances, including musical artists, plays and performances, orchestras, concerts, and showings of both classical and contemporary films.

Dublin Carnegie Library[edit]

The Dublin Carnegie Library was built in 1904 by a grant from Andrew Carnegie. It is located in Dublin's Historic Downtown Commercial District, and the Dublin Carnegie is one of only three surviving Carnegie Libraries in the state of Georgia listed on the National Registry of Historic Places and still in its original form. The Dublin Carnegie served as public library for the region until the 1960s, at which point the City and County constructed a larger public library. In the late 1970s, the Dublin Carnegie Library was structurally stabilized and maintained by the Dublin-Laurens Historical Society. For more than 35 years, the building served as the home of the Dublin-Laurens Museum.[22]

In 2014, the Dublin-Laurens Museum moved to a new location, leaving the Dublin Carnegie Library unoccupied. The Dublin Downtown Development Authority then renovated the building to its historic stature, restoring many of the building's original features. Since the renovation by the DDA in 2014, the Dublin Carnegie has served as an event space and fine arts gallery, featuring local and statewide art displays.[23]

Education[edit]

Dublin City School District[edit]

The Dublin City School District holds pre-school to grade twelve, and consists of two elementary schools, a middle school, a high school, and an alternative school.[24] The district has approximately 2,400 students as of 2016.[25]

  • Hillcrest Elementary School
  • Susie Dasher Elementary School
  • Dublin Middle School
  • Dublin High School
  • Moore Street School (Alternative)

Laurens County School District[edit]

The Laurens County School District holds grades pre-school to grade twelve, and consists of four elementary schools, two middle schools, and two high schools.[26] The district has 381 full-time teachers and over 6,034 students.[27]

Private Schools[edit]

Higher education[edit]

Notable events[edit]

Festivals[edit]

Dublin is known for its St Patrick’s festival which takes place annually during March.[31]

Pageants[edit]

Dublin is home to several scholarship pageants, which are largely popular in the Southern United States:

  • The Miss Saint Patrick's Scholarship pageant, sponsored by the Pilot Club, is held every year in March in conjunction with the Saint Patrick's Day celebration.
  • Dublin and Laurens County's America's Junior Miss Pageant is a scholarship competition held yearly for high school juniors. The winners of both the Dublin and Laurens County pageants advance to the state pageant. Its new name is Distinguished Young Women.
  • The Miss Outstanding Teen Irish Capital Scholarship Pageant is an official Miss America preliminary pageant and is held in the fall.

In popular culture[edit]

The town, along with a reference to the Oconee River and Laurens County, is mentioned in the opening page of James Joyce's Finnegans Wake: "nor had topsawyer's rocks by the stream Oconee exaggerated themselves to Laurens County's gorgios while they went doublin their mumper all the time." (Joyce explained in a letter: "Dublin, Laurens Co, Georgia, founded by a Dubliner, Peter Sawyer, on r. Oconee. Its motto: Doubling all the time.")[32]

Notable people[edit]

  • Erik Walden is a football player in the National Football League.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved January 31, 2008. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008. 
  3. ^ "Dublin (city) QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau". Quickfacts.census.gov. Retrieved March 24, 2013. 
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on July 12, 2012. Retrieved June 7, 2011. 
  5. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 109. 
  6. ^ "GeorgiaInfo :: Carl Vinson Institute of Government :: University of Georgia". Cviog.uga.edu. Retrieved March 24, 2013. 
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011. 
  8. ^ National Park Service.
  9. ^ National Park Service.
  10. ^ National Park Service.
  11. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  12. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  13. ^ MICROPOLITAN STATISTICAL AREAS AND COMPONENTS Archived June 29, 2007, at the Wayback Machine., Office of Management and Budget, May 11, 2007. Retrieved 2008-07-27.
  14. ^ [1] Charter of the City of Dublin, retrieved from MuniCode on May 15, 2017.
  15. ^ [2] Dublin-Laurens Development Authority, retrieved May 15, 2017
  16. ^ Dublin-Laurens Development Authority, retrieved May 15, 2017
  17. ^ Georgia Municipal Association, retrieved May 15, 2017.
  18. ^ "Post Office Location - DUBLIN." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on September 7, 2010.
  19. ^ "Post Office Location - COURT SQUARE STATION." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on September 7, 2010.
  20. ^ Veterans Administration Facility Guide, retrieved May 15, 2017.
  21. ^ National Park Service, Digital Asset Guide, retrieved May 15, 2017.
  22. ^ Friends of the Dublin Carnegie, Inc., retrieved on May 15, 2017.
  23. ^ Friends of the Dublin Carnegie, Inc., retrieved on May 15, 2017.
  24. ^ Dublin City Schools, Retrieved May 12, 2017.
  25. ^ Georgia Department of Education, Retrieved May 12, 2017.
  26. ^ Georgia Board of Education, Retrieved June 4, 2010.
  27. ^ School Stats, Retrieved June 4, 2010.
  28. ^ Georgia Military College, retrieved August 31, 2015.
  29. ^ Oconee Fall Line Technical College, retrieved June 4, 2010.
  30. ^ Middle Georgia State University, retrieved August 31, 2015.
  31. ^ [3]
  32. ^ "The James Joyce Society: Archive for 2001". Joycesociety.org. Retrieved March 24, 2013. 

External links[edit]