Putnam County Courthouse in Eatonton
Location in Putnam County and the state of Georgia
|• Total||20.7 sq mi (53.5 km2)|
|• Land||20.6 sq mi (53.2 km2)|
|• Water||0.1 sq mi (0.3 km2)|
|Elevation||568 ft (173 m)|
|• Density||326.8/sq mi (126.4/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0331628|
Eatonton is a city in Putnam County, Georgia, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 6,480. The city is the county seat of Putnam County. It was named after William Eaton, an officer and diplomat involved in the First Barbary War. The name consists of his surname with the English suffix "ton," meaning "town."
The Rock Eagle Effigy Mound, a Native American archaeological site, is located adjacent to Georgia 4-H's Rock Eagle 4-H Center north of the city. Rock Hawk Effigy Mound is located just to the east. They are the only such sites discovered in Georgia east of the Mississippi River, and were made by the Mississippian peoples who inhabited the area 900-1500 A.D.
Eatonton was founded in 1807 as the seat of newly formed Putnam County. Eatonton was incorporated as a town in 1809 and as a city in 1879.
Eatonton is known as the "Dairy Capital of Georgia" (in honor of its major industry, dairy farming).
Eatonton is located at (33.326302, -83.387798).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 20.7 square miles (54 km2). 20.6 square miles (53 km2) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) of it (0.63%) is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 6,760 people, 2,553 households, and 1,817 families residing in the city. The population density was 329.1 people per square mile (127.0/km²). There were 2,723 housing units at an average density of 129.8 per square mile (50.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 35.50% White and 64.50% African American
There were 2,553 households out of which 34.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.4% were married couples living together, 24.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.1% were non-families. 26.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.20.
In the city the population was spread out with 9.8% from 18 to 24, 29.3% from 25 to 44, 20.3% from 45 to 64, and 12.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 90.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.9 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $23,391, and the median income for a family was $29,751. Males had a median income of $24,883 versus $18,193 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,951. About 20.4% of families and 25.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 32.5% of those under age 18 and 16.4% of those age 65 or over.
Putnam County School District
The Putnam County School District holds grades pre-school to grade twelve, and consists of one primary school, an elementary school, a middle school, a high school, and an alternative school. The district has 165 full-time teachers and over 2,474 students.
- Putnam County Primary School
- Putnam County Elementary School
- Putnam County Middle School
- Putnam County High School
- Putnam County Achievement Academy
The city is the birthplace of several noted writers, such as Alice Walker (author of The Color Purple), Joel Chandler Harris (journalist and author of the Uncle Remus stories), and Henry Grady Weaver (author of The Mainspring of Human Progress).
On November 22, 1992 a F4 tornado with winds up to 260 mph hit the south portions of the city. The storm caused $27,000,000 in damages to houses and businesses. The tornado took five lives and injured 86 others.
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