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Eiman (永万) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō,, lit. "year name") after Chōkan and before Nin'an. This period spanned the years from June 1165 through August 1166. The reigning emperor was Emperor Rokujō-tennō (六条天皇).
Change of era
- February 13, 1165 Eiman gannen (永万元年): The new era name was created to mark an event or series of events. The previous era ended and a new one commenced in Chōkan 3, on the 5th day of the 6th month in the year 1165.
Events of the Eiman era
- 1165 (Eiman 1): The infant son of Emperor Nijō was named heir apparent; and this Crown Prince will soon become Emperor Rokujō.
- August 3, 1165 (Eiman 1, 25th day of the 6th month): In the 7th year of Emperor Nijō's reign (桓武天皇7年), the emperor fell so very ill that he abdicated, and the succession (senso) was received by his son. Shortly thereafter, Emperor Rokujō is said to have acceded to the throne (sokui).
- September 4, 1165 (Eiman 1, 27th day of the 7th month): The former-Emperor Nijō died at age 22.
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Eiman" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 171, p. 171, at Google Books; n.b., Louis-Frédéric is pseudonym of Louis-Frédéric Nussbaum, see Deutsche Nationalbibliothek Authority File.
- Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 194-195; Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, pp. 329-330; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki. p. 212.
- Brown, p. 328.
- Kitagawa, H. (1975). The Tale of the Heike, p. 783.
- Titsingh, p. 194; Brown, p. 329; Varley, p. 44; a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami.
- Brown, p. 328; Kitagawa, p.783.
- Brown, Delmer M. and Ichirō Ishida, eds. (1979). Gukanshō: The Future and the Past. Berkeley: University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-03460-0; OCLC 251325323
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128
- Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Nihon Odai Ichiran; ou, Annales des empereurs du Japon. Paris: Royal Asiatic Society, Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland. OCLC 5850691
- Varley, H. Paul. (1980). A Chronicle of Gods and Sovereigns: Jinnō Shōtōki of Kitabatake Chikafusa. New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 9780231049405; OCLC 6042764
- National Diet Library, "The Japanese Calendar" -- historical overview plus illustrative images from library's collection
| Era or nengō