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For the location in Pokémon, see Hoenn.
|History of Japan|
Hōen (保延?) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō,?, lit. "year name") after Chōshō and before Eiji. This period spanned the years from September 1135 through July 1141. The reigning emperor was Sutoku-tennō (崇徳天皇?).
Change of Era
- February 15, 1035 Hōen gannen (保延元年?): The new era name Hōen was created to mark an event or a series of events. The previous era ended and the new one commenced in Chōshō 4, on the 27th day of the 4th month of 1135.
Events of the Hōen Era
- 1136 (Hōen 2, 3rd month): The former-Emperor Toba hosted a grand dinner party.
- 1136 (Hōen 2, 5th month): The sadaijin Fujiwara Ieyetada died at age 75.
- 1136 (Hōen 2, 12th month): The udaijin Minamoto no Arihito was named sadaijin; and the naidaijin Fujiwara Munetada was named udaijin.
- 1136 (Hōen 2, 12th month): Fujiwara Yorinaga was appointed Minister of the Center (naidaijin) at the age of 17.
- 1138 (Hōen 4, 2nd month): The udaijin Munetada shaved his head at age 77; and he became a Buddhist priest.
- 1138 (Hōen 4, 9th month): The former-Emperor Toba went to Mount Hiei, where he stayed for seven days.
- May 2, 1140 (Hōen 6, 14th day of the 4th month): The priests of the Buddhist temples on Mount Hiei banded together to burn down the Mii-dera again.
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Hōen" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 339, p. 339, at Google Books; n.b., Louis-Frédéric is pseudonym of Louis-Frédéric Nussbaum, see Deutsche Nationalbibliothek Authority File[permanent dead link].
- Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des emepereurs du japon, pp. 181-185; Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, pp. 322-324; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, pp. 204-205.
- Brown, p. 323.
- Titsingh, p. 184.
- Brown, p. 324; Titsingh, p. 185.
- Brown, Delmer M. and Ichirō Ishida, eds. (1979). Gukanshō: The Future and the Past. Berkeley: University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-03460-0; OCLC 251325323
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128
- Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Nihon Odai Ichiran; ou, Annales des empereurs du Japon. Paris: Royal Asiatic Society, Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland. OCLC 5850691
- Varley, H. Paul. (1980). A Chronicle of Gods and Sovereigns: Jinnō Shōtōki of Kitabatake Chikafusa. New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 9780231049405; OCLC 6042764
- National Diet Library, "The Japanese Calendar" -- historical overview plus illustrative images from library's collection
|Era or nengō