Mohammed bin Rashid Space Centre

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Mohammed bin Rashid Space Centre
Mohammed bin Rashid Space Center Logo.jpg
MBRSC Official logo
Agency overview
Formed 2015 (2015)
Jurisdiction Emirate government of Dubai
Headquarters Dubai
Agency executive
  • H.E. Yousuf Hamad Alshaibani, Director General
Website www.mbrsc.ae

The Mohammed bin Rashid Space Centre (MBRSC), encompassing the Emirates Institution for Advanced Science and Technology (EIAST),[1] is a Dubai government entity established in 2015, as part of the United Arab Emirates' national initiative to develop and guide a world-class national space sector that supports sustainable development.[2]

About[edit]

The Emirates Institution for Advanced Science and Technology (EIAST) was first established on 6 February 2006 by His Highness Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, the Vice President and Prime Minister of the United Arab Emirates, and Ruler of Dubai.[3][4] It was rolled into the Mohammed bin Rashid Space Centre on 17 April 2015.[5]

The Mohammed bin Rashid Space Centre aims to promote advanced research and technological innovation, more specifically satellite technology; to build a well established internationally competitive base for human skills development; to position Dubai and the United Arab Emirates as a hub for space technology development internationally; to optimize the potential of its satellite programs through broadening their applications; and lastly to provide support to decision makers in all sectors through application of its specialist skills.[4][6]

In order for it to achieve its goal of using space technologies and applications effectively, the Centre has pursued four programs: research and development of outer space, satellite manufacturing and system development, Earth observation from satellite images, and ground station services and support to other satellites.[4]

Satellite programs[edit]

DubaiSat-1[edit]

Main article: DubaiSat-1
DubaiSat-1, is the United Arab Emirates' first Earth observation satellite.

DubaiSat-1 was the first Earth observation satellite program in the United Arab Emirates. The satellite was designed and developed by Satrec Initiative – a satellite manufacturing company in South Korea, along with a team of Emirati engineers. DubaiSat-1 is a catalyst project for the advanced satellites technology of the United Arab Emirates. The satellite was launched on July 29, 2009 from Baikonur launch site in Kazakhstan on board a Dpner rocket.[7][8]

DubaiSat-1 is a remote sensing satellite that observes the Earth at a Low Earth Orbit and generates high resolution optical images at 2.5m panchromatic and 5m multispectral bands. These images provide decision makers in the UAE and EIAST clients with a valuable tool for a wide range of applications including infrastructure development, urban planning as well as environment monitoring and protection. DubaiSat-1 images are also used extensively to promote geosciences and remote sensing research in the region and support different scientific disciplines in private and academic sectors.[9][10]

Images of the Earth captured by DubaiSat-1 are transmitted to the MBRSC ground station in Dubai.[11][12]

DubaiSat-1 Images have been used to monitor progress on the The World megaproject in Dubai, Palm Islands and Al Maktoum International Airport as well as other landmarks of national interest.[13][14] The United Nations also used DubaiSat-1 images to monitor, assess, and plan for the relief efforts following the earthquake and tsunami in Japan in 2011.

DubaiSat-1 was used to highlight London, United Kingdom, the host city for the 2012 Summer Olympics in July 27 to August 12, 2012.[15]

The total cost of the program, including the research and development of the satellite, was estimated to be about $50 million.[16]

DubaiSat-2[edit]

Main article: DubaiSat-2

DubaiSat-2 is the second satellite program of MBRSC. The DubaiSat-2 project was a conceived as a joint development program between EIAST and Satrec Initiative of South Korea, in which 20 engineers from the United Arab Emirates worked on the design, development, testing and manufacturing of the satellite.[17] The satellite was launched by ISC Kosmotras on board a Dnepr rocket from Yasny cosmodrome in Russia.[18] The remote sensing satellite features an electro-optical Earth observation satellite system with a Ground Sampling Distance of 1m at 600 kilometres (370 mi) sun-synchronous orbit.[19] It weighs 300 kilograms (660 lb), a third more than its predecessor. The satellite orbits closer to the Earth at a faster speed and covers 17,000 square metres per day, more than the 12,000 metres covered by DubaiSat-1.[20] DubaiSat-2 incorporates a wide range of new technologies not implemented in its predecessor, allowing it to exceed the performance of most spacecraft in its weight class.

Khalifasat[edit]

Main article: Khalifasat

The third satellite to be conceptualised at EIAST, DubaiSat-3 was renamed KhalifaSat by His Highness Sheikh Mohammed Bin Rashid Al Maktoum, in honour of His Highness Sheikh Khalifa Bin Zayed Al Nahyan, President of the UAE. It is scheduled to launch in 2017[21] on a Japanese H-2A rocket.[22]

KhalifaSat will be 100% developed at MBRSC by the Centre's Emirati engineers.[23]

The four-year programme to develop KhalifaSat began in 2013. When complete, it will provide satellite imaging capabilities at an industry competitive Ground Sampling Distance of 0.7m panchromatic and 4m in multispectral bands to governmental and commercial entities and corporations worldwide.

Nayif-1[edit]

Nayif-1 is a cubesat being developed in conjunction with students at the American University of Sharjah. Its payload will include a British AMSAT FUNcube communications package.[24] Nayif-1, is scheduled to be launched from Florida on-board a Falcon-9 rocket by the end of 2015.[25]

Emirates Mars Mission[edit]

Main article: Mars Hope

The Emirates Mars Mission intends to conceive, design, integrate, construct and launch an unmanned probe to attain Mars orbit by 2021.[26] The probe, named Hope (Amal in Arabic),[27] will conduct tests intended to build the first truly global picture of the Martian atmosphere.

Gallery[edit]

The following are some of the satellite images taken by DubaiSat-1:

Satellite image of The World in Dubai by DubaiSat-1 
Satellite image of Palm Islands by DubaiSat-1 
Satellite image of Al Maktoum International Airport by DubaiSat-1 
Satellite image of The Pyramids of Giza, Egypt by DubaiSat-1 
Satellite image of Ferrari World in Abu Dhabi by DubaiSat-1 
Satellite image of United Arab Emirates by DubaiSat-1 

References[edit]

  1. ^ "UAE to build new space research centre in Al Ain". May 26, 2015. Retrieved 26 May 2015. 
  2. ^ "About EIAST". Emirates Institution for Advanced Science and Technology. Retrieved July 11, 2012. 
  3. ^ "Law No. 2/2006 Relating to the Establishment of the Emirates Institution for Advanced Science and Technology" (PDF). Emirates Institution for Advanced Science and Technology. Retrieved July 13, 2012. 
  4. ^ a b c "DubaiSat-1: A shot of the Ancient Egyptian civilisation". Zawya. May 31, 2012. Retrieved July 14, 2012. 
  5. ^ "Mohammed bin Rashid Space Centre established | The National". Retrieved 2015-05-28. 
  6. ^ Ammari, Siba Sami (August 4, 2009). "Emirates Institution for Advanced Science and Technology launches new corporate identity". AMEinfo.com. Retrieved July 13, 2012. 
  7. ^ Al Rais, Adnan et al. "DUBAISAT-1: Mission Overview, Development Status and Future Applications" (PDF). Emirates Institution for Advanced Science and Technology. pp. V196 – V199. Retrieved July 14, 2012. 
  8. ^ Hamilton, Charlie (July 29, 2009). "After years of work and delays, DubaiSat-1 finally ready for lift-off". The National. Retrieved July 14, 2012. 
  9. ^ Choi, Young-Wan et al. (October 2009). "IAC-09.B1.3.10 DUBAISAT-1 Camera: Pre-Launch Performance Characterization" (PDF). Satrec Initiative. pp. 1–5. Retrieved July 14, 2012. 
  10. ^ "DubaiSat-1 Space Segment". Emirates Institution for Advanced Science and Technology. Retrieved July 15, 2012. 
  11. ^ "DubaiSat-1 images help UN efforts in Japan". UN - SPIDER. March 29, 2011. Retrieved July 14, 2012. 
  12. ^ "DubaiSat-1 images help UN efforts in Japan". The Gulf Today. March 29, 2011. Retrieved July 15, 2012. 
  13. ^ "DubaiSat-1 starts to transmit images of the UAE from space". Gulf News. August 6, 2009. Retrieved July 14, 2012. 
  14. ^ "DubaiSat-1 sends first series of images from space". Dubai Chronicle. August 10, 2009. Retrieved July 14, 2012. 
  15. ^ "DubaiSat-1 captures UK's Millennium Dome". Emirates 24/7. April 24, 2012. Retrieved July 14, 2012. 
  16. ^ Hamilton, Charlie (June 4, 2009). "Countdown begins for DubaiSat-1". The National. Retrieved July 14, 2012. 
  17. ^ "New remote satellite results revealed for DubaiSat-2 launch". MediaME. May 26, 2011. Retrieved July 15, 2012. 
  18. ^ "Dubai Sat 2 | MBRSC". mbrsc.ae. Retrieved 2015-05-28. 
  19. ^ "DubaiSat-2 Introduction". Emirates Institution for Advanced Science and Technology. Retrieved July 15, 2012. 
  20. ^ Conroy, Erin (May 26, 2012). "DubaiSat-2 to be an improvement on predecessor". The National. Retrieved July 15, 2012. 
  21. ^ KhaleejTimes Newspaper (December 30, 2013). "Khalifa Sat to be ready for 2017 launch: Mohammed". KhaleejTimes Newspaper. Retrieved February 11, 2014. 
  22. ^ France, UAE Sign Cooperative Space Accord. Space news, Peter B. de Selding. 9 April 2015.
  23. ^ "KhalifaSat set to be launched in 2017: EIAST". GulfNews. Retrieved February 11, 2014. 
  24. ^ "Nayif-1 - a new mission for FUNcube". Welcome to the FUNcube Web Site. Retrieved 2015-05-28. 
  25. ^ "EIAST and AUS launch UAE’s first CubeSat Mission | MBRSC". mbrsc.ae. Retrieved 2015-05-28. 
  26. ^ Mission, Prototype. "Emirates Mars Mission". www.emiratesmarsmission.ae. Retrieved 2015-05-28. 
  27. ^ "UAE’s Mars space mission has a new name: Hope | The National". Retrieved 2015-05-28. 

External links[edit]