Azerbaijan National Aerospace Agency

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Azerbaijan National Aerospace Agency
Azərbaycan Milli Aero Kosmik Agentliyi
HeadquartersBaku, Azerbaijan
Alchin Shirinzade

Azerbaijan National Aerospace Agency (MAKA; Azerbaijani: Azərbaycan Milli Aerokosmik Agentliyi) is a governmental body that coordinates all Azerbaijani space research programs with scientific and commercial goals. National Aerospace Agency has been operating as a "Kaspiy" Scientific Center within the National Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan since 1974 and the Space Exploration Scientific Production Association (CTEB) was established based on "Kaspiy" Scientific Center in 1981. Azerbaijan National Aerospace Agency was established in 1992 by the Decree No. 580 of Azerbaijani President in place of the Kaspiy scientific research center of the National Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan.[1][2][3][4]


The Azerbaijani space programme is mostly carried out through international cooperation as during the Soviet era, a few Azerbaijani plants produced equipment for the Soviet Union’s space projects, but their facilities are now out-of-date.[5] The programme has included a sequence of satellite missions, both national ones and in cooperation with other nations.

In 2006, the agency transferred to Ministry of Defence Industry of Azerbaijan.[6] In 2009, Azerbaijani space industry boosted as new agency set up under the state program for development of space industry after Ilham Aliyev's approval.[7] As part of the program, by 2013 it is planned to make proposals for the in-country assembly and production of VSAT (Very Small Aperture satellite Terminal). A small earth station for satellite transmission that handles up to 56 kbit/s of digital transmission. VSATs that handle the T1 data rate (up to 1.544 Mbit/s) are called "TSATs. and parts of other terminal stations, satellite receivers of different types and functions (internet, direct TV, GPS, etc.) in order to create the space industry.

On 30 June 2014, MAKA with cooperation from Airbus launched SPOT 7 Earth observation satellite.[8][9][10] They form a constellation of Earth-imaging satellites designed to provide continuity of high-resolution, wide-swath data up to 2024.[11]

Missions and projects[edit]

Organizations included[edit]

  • Institute for Space Research of Natural Resources
  • Research Institute of Aerospace Information
  • Institute of Ecology
  • Space Instrument Engineering Experimental Plant
  • Special Design Bureau of Instrument Engineering
  • Special Design -Technological Bureau (Lenkoran city) [4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Azerbaijan National Aerospace Agency (ANASA) Archived May 15, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ Azərbaycan Milli Aero Kosmik Agentliyi GPS/QLONASS qəbuledicilərinin telematik modullarının istehsal edəcək Archived 2011-10-08 at the Wayback Machine (in Azerbaijani)
  3. ^ "Azərbaycan Milli Aerokosmik Agentliyinin direktoru: "Kosmonavt hazırlamağa tam hüququmuz və imkanlarımız var" – MÜSAHİBƏ". (in Azerbaijani). Retrieved 12 August 2014.
  4. ^ a b "National Aerospace Agency".
  5. ^ Baku developing satellite to kick off national space program
  6. ^ "Müəssisə haqqında". (in Azerbaijani). Retrieved 12 August 2014.
  7. ^ Azerbaijan to set up a new agency under the state program for development of space industry.
  8. ^ Chester, Simon. "SPOT 7 successfully launched". Retrieved 3 July 2014.
  9. ^ "Launch of SPOT 7 completes Airbus Defence and Space observation satellite constellation". Retrieved 3 July 2014.
  10. ^ "ISRO prepares for historic 100th mission". Retrieved 2012-08-22.
  11. ^ Orujova, Nigar. "Airbus Defense and Space, Azercosmos launch low orbit satellite". Retrieved 3 July 2014.