Family tree of English monarchs

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This is the family tree for monarchs of England (and Wales after 1282) from Alfred the Great to Elizabeth I of England. The House of Wessex family tree precedes this family tree and the family tree of the British royal family follows it.

As to the medieval histories of Scotland and Wales:

For a simplified family tree see family tree of British monarchs (and alternative successions of the English and British crown for unsuccessful claimants' family trees).

Key[edit]

  • : The red border (bold or thin) indicates monarchs
  • : The bold black border indicates children of monarchs
  • : The thin black border indicates other relatives

Houses of Wessex, Knýtlinga and Godwinson[edit]

Alfred
the Great

King of Wessex
(849–899)
r. 871–899
Ealhswith
(d. 902)
Æthelred
Lord of the Mercians
(d. 911)
Æthelflæd
Lady of the Mercians
(c. 870–918)
EcgwynnEdward
the Elder

King of the Anglo-Saxons
(c. 874/877–924)
r. 899–924
Eadgifu
of Kent

(c. 903–966)
ÆlfflædÆthelweard
(d. 920 or 922)
Ælfthryth
(877–929)
Baldwin II
the Bald

Margrave of Flanders
(c. 865–918)
Ælfwynn
Ruler of Mercia
(b.c. 888)
Æthelstan
(c. 893/895–939)
King of the Anglo-Saxons
r. 924–927
King of the English
r. 927–939
Ælfweard
of Wessex
(c. 902–924)
Charles III
the Simple

King of the Franks
(879–929)
Eadgifu
of Wessex
(902–after955)
Herbert III
of Omois
(910–980/985)
Edwin
(d. 933)
Ælfgifu
of Shaftesbury Saint Elgiva
(d. 944)
Edmund I
King of the English
(921–946)
r. 939–946
Æthelflæd
of Damerham
Eadred
King of the English
(923–955)
r. 946–955
Eadburh
of Winchester
(d. 960)
Eadgyth
of England
(910–946)
Otto I
the Great

Holy Roman Emperor
(912–973)
Eadhild
(d. 937)
Hugh
the Great

Duke of the Franks
(898–956)
Sigrid
the Haughty

(?)
Sweyn
Forkbeard

King of the English
(963–1014)
r. 1013–1014
Gunhild
of Wenden
ÆlfgifuEadwig
All-Fair
King of England
(d. 959)
r. 955–959
ÆthelflædEdgar I
the Peaceful

King of England
(c. 943–975)
r. 959–975
Ælfthryth
(c. 945–1000/1001)
Harald II
King of Denmark
(c. 996–998)–(c. 1018)
Estrid
Svendsdatter
(990/997–1057/1073)
Richard I
Comté de Rouen
(933–996)
Edward
the Martyr

King of England
(c. 962–978)
r. 975–978
Edmund
(c. 966 – c. 970)
Ælfgifu
of York
(fl.c. 970–1002)
Æthelred
the Unready

King of the English
(c. 966–1016)
r. 978–1013, 1014–1016
Emma
of Normandy
(c. 985–1052)
Cnut
the Great

King of England
(c. 985/995–1035)
r. 1016–1035
Ælfgifu
of Northampton
(c. 990after1040)
Richard II
Duke of Normandy
(963–1026)
Æthelstan
Ætheling

(980s–1014)
Edmund II
Ironside

King of the English
(c. 990–1016)
r. 1016
Ealdgyth
(c. 992-after1016)
Eadred
Ætheling

(d. c. 1012)
Eadwig
Ætheling

(d. 1017)
Godwin
Earl of Wessex
(1001–1053)
Harthacnut
King of the English
(c. 1018–1042)
(r. 1035–1037) & r. 1040–1042
Gunhilda
of Denmark
(c. 1020–1038)
Svein
Knutsson

King of Norway
(c. 1016–1035)
Harold I
Harefoot

King of England
(c. 1015–1040)
r. 1035/1037–1040
Edmund
Ætheling

(c. 1015/1017before1054)
Edward
the Exile

(1016–1057)
Agatha
(before1030–after1070)
Harold
Godwinson

King of the English
(c. 1022–1066)
r. 1066
Edith
of Wessex
(c. 1025–1075)
Edward
the Confessor

King of the English
(1003/1005–1066)
r. 1042–1066
Alfred Aetheling
(d. 1036)
Godgifu
(1004–c. 1047)
Robert I
Duke of Normandy
(1000–1035)
Edgar II
the Ætheling

King of England
(c. 1051–1126)
r. 1066
Cristina
(d. c. 1100)
Margaret
of Scotland
(c. 1045–1093)
Malcolm III
King of Scots
(c. 1031–1093)
Gytha
of Wessex
(d. 1098/1107)
Gunhild
of Wessex
William I
the Conqueror

King of England
(c. 1028–1087)
r. 1066–1087
Matilda
of Scotland
(c. 1080–1118)
Henry I
King of England
(c. 1068–1135)
r. 1100–1135
House of Normandy

Houses of Normandy and Blois[edit]

Robert I
Duke of Normandy
(1000–1035)
Not Married
Herleva of Falaise
(c. 1003 – c. 1050)
William I
The Conqueror
(c. 1028–1087)
r. 1066–1087
m.1053
Matilda of Flanders
(c. 1031–1083)
Malcolm III
King of Scotland
(d. 1093)
m. c. 1100
Sibylla of Conversano
(1080–1102)
Robert II of Normandy
(c. 1054–1134)
Richard of Normandy
(c. 1054 – c. 1070)
Adeliza of Normandy
(c. 1055before1113)
Cecilia of Normandy
(c. 1056–1126)
William II
Rufus
(c. 1056–1100)
r. 1087–1100
Agatha of Normandy
(c. 1064 – c. 1080)
Constance of Normandy
(c. 1066–1090)
m. 1086
Alan IV
Duke of Brittany
(d. 1119)
Adela of Normandy
(c. 1067–1137)
m. c. 1083
Stephen II
Count of Blois
(c. 1045–1102)
m. 1100
Matilda of Scotland
(c. 1080–1118)
Henry I
Beauclerc
(c. 1068–1135)
r. 1100–1135
m. 1121
Adeliza of Louvain
(1103–1151)
Louis VI
King of France
(1081–1137)
Fulk
Count of Anjou,
King of Jerusalem
(1089/1092–1143)
m. 1125
Matilda of Boulogne
(c. 1105–1152)
Stephen
(c. 1092–1154)
r. 1135–1141, 1141–1154
OthersIllegitimate Children
m. 1127
Joanna
of Montferrat
William Clito
(1102–1128)
m. 1123–1124
Sibylla of Anjou
(c. 1112–1165)
m. 1128
Geoffrey Plantagenet
Count of Anjou
(1113–1151)
Empress Matilda
(c. 1102–1167)
r. 1141
Disputed
m. 1114
Henry V
Holy Roman Emperor
(1086–1125)
William Adelin
Duke of Normandy and King-Designate
(1103–1120)
m. 1119
Matilda (Isabella) of Anjou
(c. 1111–1154)
Constance of France
Countess of Toulouse
(1124–1176)
Eustace IV
Count of Boulogne
(c. 1129–1153)
Matthew
Count of Boulogne
(c. 1137–1173)
Marie I
Countess of Boulogne
(1136–1182)
Isabel
de Warenne
(c. 1130–1203)
William I
Count of Boulogne
(c. 1137–1159)
House of Plantagenet

House of Plantagenet[edit]

Geoffrey Plantagenet
Count of Anjou
(1113–1151)
Matilda
(c. 1102–1167)
r. 1141
Disputed
Louis VII
King of France
(1120–1180)
Eleanor of Aquitaine
(c. 1122–1204)
Henry II
(1133–1189)
r. 1154–1189
Geoffrey
Count of Nantes
(1134–1158)
William X of Poitou
(1136–1163/1164)
William IX
Count of Poitiers
(1153–1156)
Margaret of France
(1157–1197)
Henry the Young King
Duke of Normandy
(1155–1183)
Matilda
(1156–1189)
Henry III
Duke of Saxony
The Lion
(1129–1195)
Geoffrey II
Duke of Brittany
(1158–1186)
Constance
Duchess of Brittany
(1161–1201)
Eleanor
(1162–1214)
Alfonso VIII
King of Castile
(1155–1214)
William II
King of Sicily
(1155–1189)
Joan
(1165–1199)
Raymond VI
Count of Toulouse
(1156–1222)
House of WelfBerengaria of Navarre
(c. 1165–1230)
Richard I
Lionheart
(1157–1199)
r. 1189–1199
Isabella of Angoulême
(1188–1246)
John
Lackland
(1166–1216)
r. 1199–1216
Isabel
Countess of Gloucester
(c. 1173–1217)
Eleanor of Brittany
(c. 1184–1241)
Matilda of Brittany
(1185–before1189)
Arthur I
Duke of Brittany
(1187–1203)
House of BurgundyBohemond
Duke of Apulia
House of Rouergue
Eleanor of Provence
(c. 1223–1291)
Henry III
(1207–1272)
r. 1216–1272
Isabel Marshal
(1200–1240)
Richard
Earl of Cornwall
(1209–1272)
Sanchia of Provence
(c. 1228–1261)
Joan
(1210–1238)
Alexander II
King of Scotland
(1198–1249)
Isabella
(1214–1241)
Frederick II
Holy Roman Emperor
(1194–1250)
Simon de Montfort
Earl of Leicester
(1208–1265)
Eleanor
(1215–1275)
William Marshal
Earl of Pembroke
(1190–1231)
Henry of Almain
(1235–1271)
Richard
of Cornwall
Edmund
Earl of Cornwall
(1249–1300)
House of Hohenstaufen
Philip III
King of France
(1245–1285)
Ferdinand III
King of Castile
(1199/1201–1252)
Henry de Montfort
(1238–1265)
Simon de Montfort the Younger
(1240–1271)
Amaury de Montfort
(1242–1301)
Richard de Montfort
(1252–1266)
Joanna de Montfort
(1248/1251)
Guy de Montfort
Count of Nola
(1244–c. 1288)
Margherita AldobrandescaEleanor de Montfort
Princess of Wales
(1252–1282)
Llywelyn ap Gruffudd
Prince of Wales
(c. 1223–1282)
Eleanor of Castile
(1241–1290)
Edward I
Longshanks
(1239–1307)
r. 1272–1307
Margaret of France
(1279–1318)
Katherine
(1253–1257)
Aveline de Forz
Countess of Aumale
(1259–1274)
Edmund Crouchback
Earl of Lancaster
(1245–1296)
Blanche of Artois
(1248–1302)
Beatrice
(1242–1275)
John II
Duke of Brittany
(1239–1305)
Margaret
(1240–1275)
Alexander III
King of Scotland
(1241–1286)
House of PlantagenetHouse of DreuxHouse of Dunkeld
Philip IV
King of France
(1268–1314)
Katherine
(c. 1261–1264)
Joan
(1265)
John
(1266–1271)
Henry
(1267–1274)
Eleanor
(1269–1298)
Henry III
Count of Bar
(1259–1302)
Gilbert de Clare
Earl of Gloucester
(1243–1295)
Joan of Acre
(1272–1307)
Ralph de Monthermer
Baron Monthermer
(c. 1270–1325)
House of Montbelliardde Clare
Family
de Monthermer
Family
Isabella of France
(c. 1295–1358)
Edward II
(1284–1327)
r. 1307–1327
Alphonso
Earl of Chester
(1273–1284)
Margaret
(1275–1333)
John II
Duke of Brabant
(1275–1312)
Berengaria
(1276–1278)
Mary of Woodstock
(1279–c. 1332)
John I
Count of Holland
(1284–1299)
Elizabeth of Rhuddlan
(1282–1316)
Humphrey de Bohun
Earl of Hereford
(1276–1322)
House of Reginarde Bohun family
Alice HaylesThomas of Brotherton
Earl of Norfolk
(1300–1338)
Mary BraoseEdmund of Woodstock
Earl of Kent
(1301–1330)
Margaret Wake
(c. 1297–1349)
Eleanor
(1306–1310)
Plantagenet familyPlantagenet family
Philippa of Hainault
(1314–1369)
Edward III
(1312–1377)
r. 1327–1377
John of Eltham
Earl of Cornwall
(1316–1336)
Eleanor of Woodstock
(1318–1355)
Reginald II
Duke of Guelders
(c. 1295–1343)
Joan of the Tower
(1321–1362)
David II
King of Scotland
(1324–1371)
Isabella
(1332–1379/1382)
Enguerrand VII
Lord of Coucy
Earl of Bedford
(1340–1397)
Joan
(1335–1348)
William of Hatfield
(1337)
Mary of Waltham
(1344–1362)
John IV
the Conqueror
Duke of Brittany
(1339–1399)
Margaret
of Windsor
Countess of Pembroke
(1346–1361)
John Hastings
Earl of Pembroke
(1347–1375)
William of Windsor
(1348)
Thomas of Woodstock
Duke of Gloucester
(1355–1397)
Eleanor de Bohun
(c. 1366–1399)
Edward of Woodstock
The Black Prince
(1330–1376)
Joan of Kent
(1328–1385)
Blanche of Lancaster
(c. 1347–1368)
John of Gaunt
Duke of Lancaster
(1340–1399)
Constance of Castile
(1354–1394)
Katherine Swynford
(1350–1403)
Edmund of Langley
Duke of York
(1341–1402)
Isabella of Castile
(c. 1355–1392)
Elizabeth de Burgh
Countess of Ulster
(1332–1363)
Lionel of Antwerp
Duke of Clarence
(1338–1368)
Violante Visconti
(1354–1386)
House of Beaufort
Edward of Angoulême
(1365–1372)
Anne of Bohemia
(1366–1394)
Richard II
(1367–1400)
r. 1377–1399
Isabella of Valois
(1389–1409)
House of LancasterJohn of Lancaster
(1374–1375)
Catherine of Lancaster
(1373–1418)
Henry III
King of Castile
(1379–1406)
Edmund Mortimer
Earl of March
(1352–1381)
Philippa
Countess of Ulster
(1355–1382)
House of TrastámaraRoger Mortimer
Earl of March
Earl of Ulster
(1374–1398)
Alianore Holland
(1373–1405)
Edward of Norwich
Duke of York
(c. 1373–1415)
Richard of Conisburgh
Earl of Cambridge
(c. 1375–1415)
Anne de Mortimer
(1390–1411)
House of York

Houses of Lancaster and York[edit]

House of YorkPeter of Castile
King of Castile
(1334–1369)
Edward III
(1312–1377)
r. 1327–1377
Henry of Grosmont
Duke of Lancaster
(c. 1310–1361)
House of Lancaster
Isabella of Castile
(c. 1355–1392)
Edmund of Langley
Duke of York
(1341–1402)
Joan Holland
(c. 1380–1434)
Edward of Wales
The Black Prince
(1330–1376)
Joan of Kent
(1328–1385)
Thomas Holland
Earl of Kent
(c. 1314–1360)
Blanche of Lancaster
(1342–1368)
John of Gaunt
Duke of Lancaster
(1340–1399)
Constance of Castile
(1354–1394)
Katherine Swynford
(1350–1403)
Edward of Norwich
Duke of York
(1373–1415)
Philippa Mohun
(c. 1367–1431)
Constance of York
(c. 1374–1416)
Thomas Despenser
Earl of Gloucester
(1373–1400)
Richard II
(1367–1400)
r. 1377–1399
John Holland
Duke of Exeter
(c. 1352–1400)
John Hastings
Earl of Pembroke
(1372–1389)
Elizabeth of Lancaster
(1363–1426)
John Cornwall
Baron Fanhope
(c. 1364–1443)
Philippa of Lancaster
(1360–1415)
John I
King of Portugal
(1358–1433)
Anne de Mortimer
(1390–1411)
Richard of Conisburgh
Earl of Cambridge
(c. 1375–1415)
Matilda Cliffordle Despenser
Family
Holland familyMary de Bohun
(c. 1368–1394)
Henry IV
(1366–1413)
r. 1399–1413
Joan of Navarre
(c. 1370–1437)
Catherine of Lancaster
(1373–1418)
Henry III
King of Castile
(1379–1406)
Henry
of Cambridge
Louis III
Elector Palatine
(1378–1436)
Blanche of Lancaster
(1392–1409)
Anne
of Burgundy
(1404–1432)
John of Lancaster
Duke of Bedford
(1389–1435)
Jacquetta of Luxembourg
(1415/1416–1472)
Richard Woodville
Earl Rivers
(1405–1469)
Henry V
(1386–1422)
r. 1413–1422
Catherine of Valois
(1401–1437)
Owen Tudor
(c. 1392–1461)
Thomas of Lancaster
Duke of Clarence
(1387–1421)
Jacqueline
Ctss. of Hainaut
(1401–1436)
Humphrey
Duke of Gloucester
(1390–1447)
Eleanor Cobham
(c. 1400–1452)
Philippa of Lancaster
(1394–1430)
Eric VII of Pomerania
King of Denmark
(1381–1459)
Henry VI
(1421–1471)
r. 1422–1461, 1470–1471
Margaret of Anjou
(1430–1482)
Thomas Beaufort
Duke of Exeter
(c. 1377–1426)
Margaret Neville
of Horneby
Ralph de Neville
Earl of Westmorland
(c. 1364–1425)
Joan Beaufort
(c. 1379–1440)
Robert Ferrers
Baron Boteler of Wem
(c. 1373–1396)
Henry Beaufort
Bishop of Winchester
(c. 1375–1447)
Margaret Holland
(1385–1439)
John Beaufort
Earl of Somerset
(c. 1371–1410)
Edward of Westminster
Prince of Wales
(1453–1471)
Isabel of Cambridge
(1409–1484)
Henry Bourchier
Earl of Essex
(c. 1404–1483)
Richard
Duke of York
(1411–1460)
Cecily Neville
(1415–1495)
OthersFerrers familyWoodville familyOthersJohn Beaufort
Duke of Somerset
(1403–1444)
Margaret Beauchamp of Bletso
(1405/1406–1482)
Henry Holland
Duke of Exeter
(1430–1475)
Anne of York
(1439–1476)
Thomas St. Leger
(d. 1483)
Edmund
Earl of Rutland
(1443–1460)
John de la Pole
Duke of Suffolk
(1442–1491/1492)
Elizabeth of York
(1444–1503)
Edward IV
(1442–1483)
r. 1461–1470, 1471–1483
Elizabeth Woodville
(c. 1437–1492)
Richard III
(1452–1485)
r. 1483–1485
Anne Neville
(1456–1485)
Isabella Neville
(1451–1476)
George Plantagenet
Duke of Clarence
(1449–1478)
Margaret of York
(1446–1503)
Charles the Bold
(1433–1477)
Margaret Beaufort
(1441/1443–1509)
Edmund Tudor
Earl of Richmond
(1430–1456)
Jasper Tudor
Duke of Bedford
(1431–1495)
Edward of Middleham Prince of Wales
(c. 1473–1484)
Thomas KymbeRalph Scrope
of Upsall
Cecily of York
(1469–1507)
John Welles
Viscount Welles
(c. 1450–1498)
Mary of York
(1467–1482)
Edward V
(b. 1470)
r. 1483
Margaret of York
(1472)
Richard of Shrewsbury
Duke of York
(b. 1473)
Elizabeth of York
(1466–1503)
Henry VII
(1457–1509)
r. 1485–1509
Anne
of York
(1470)
Edward Plantagenet
Earl of Warwick
(1475–1499)
Richard
of York
(1476–1477)
Welles familyGeorge Plantagenet
Duke of Bedford
(1477–1479)
Thomas Howard
Duke of Norfolk
(1473–1554)
Anne of York
(1475–1511)
Bridget of York
(1480–1517)
Catherine of York
(1479–1527)
William Courtenay
Earl of Devon
(1475–1511)
House of Tudor
Richard Pole
(1462–1505)
Margaret Plantagenet
Countess of Salisbury
(1473–1541)
Howard familyCourtenay family
Pole family

House of Tudor[edit]

Henry VII
(1457–1509)
r. 1485–1509
Elizabeth of York
(1466–1503)
m1.
James IV
King of Scotland
(1473–1513)
Margaret Tudor
(1489–1541)
m2.
Archibald Douglas
Earl of Angus
(c. 1489–1557)
m3.
Henry Stewart
Lord Methven
(c. 1495–1552)
Elizabeth Tudor
(1492–1495)
m1.
Louis XII
King of France
(1462–1515)
Mary Tudor
(1496–1533)
m2.
Charles Brandon
Duke of Suffolk
(c. 1484–1545)
Edmund Tudor
Duke of Somerset
(1499–1500)
Katherine Tudor
(1503)
Arthur Tudor
Prince of Wales
(1486–1502)
m1.
Catherine of Aragon
(1485–1536)
Henry VIII
(1491–1547)
r. 1509–1547
m2.
Anne Boleyn
(1501/1507–1536)
m3.
Jane Seymour
(c. 1508–1537)
m4.
Anne of Cleves
(1515–1557)
m5.
Catherine Howard
(1518/1524–1542)
m6.
Catherine Parr
(1512–1548)
m1.
Madeleine of Valois
(1520–1537)
James V
King of Scotland
(1512–1542)
m2.
Mary of Guise
(1515–1560)
Margaret Douglas
(1515–1578)
Matthew Stewart
Earl of Lennox
(1516–1571)
Mary I
(1516–1558)
r. 1553–1558
Philip I[a]
King of Spain
(1527–1598)
r. 1553–1558 Jure uxoris
Henry FitzRoy
Duke of Richmond and Somerset
(1519–1536)
Elizabeth I
(1533–1603)
r. 1558–1603
Edward VI
(1537–1553)
r. 1547–1553
m1.
Francis II
King of France
(1544–1560)
Mary
Queen of Scots
(1542–1587)
m2.
Henry Stuart
Lord Darnley
(1545–1567)
m3.
James Hepburn
Earl of Bothwell
(c. 1534–1578)
m1.
Henry Grey
Duke of Suffolk
(1517–1554)
Frances Brandon
(1517–1559)
m2.
Adrian Stokes
(1533–1586)
Eleanor Brandon
(1519–1547)
Henry Clifford
Earl of Cumberland
(1517–1570)
House of StuartThomas Keyes
(1544–1571)
Mary Grey
(1545–1578)
m1.
Henry Herbert
(after1538–1601)
Catherine Grey
(1540–1568)
m2.
Edward Seymour
(1539–1621)
Jane
(1536/1537–1554)
r. 1553
Disputed
Guildford Dudley
(c. 1535–1554)
James I[a]
(1566–1625)
r. 1603–1625 (Eng)
(Continues on Family tree of the British royal family)

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Title as King of England

References[edit]

  • "The Continental Dynasties (1066–1216)" (PDF). The official website of the British Monarchy. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-04-26.
  • "The Plantagenet Dynasties (1216–1485)" (PDF). The official website of the British Monarchy. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-04-26.
  • "The Tudors (1485–1603) and the Stuarts (1603–1714)" (PDF). The official website of the British Monarchy. Retrieved 2010-07-30.