Fatimah bint Asad

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Fatimah bint Asad
فَاطِمَة ٱبْنَت أَسَد
Bibi Fatimah bint Asad (A.S.).png
Arabic text with the name of Fatimah bint Asad
Born
Fatimah bint Asad

(c. 555 CE)
Died(c. 626 CE)
Known forMother of Ali ibn Abu Talib, Aunt of Muhammad
Spouse(s)Abu Talib ibn Abd al-Muttalib
Children(see below)
Parent(s)Asad ibn Hashim
Fatimah bint Qays

Fatimah bint Asad (Arabic: فَاطِمَة ٱبْنَت أَسَدFāṭimah ibnat ʾAsad, c. 555–626 CE) was the mother of Ali ibn Abi Talib, wife of Abu Talib, and an aunt to the Islamic prophet Muhammad.

Ancestry[edit]

She was the daughter of Asad ibn Hashim and Fatimah bint Qays, hence a member of the Hashim clan of the Quraysh.[1]

The maternal grandfather of Muhammad's wife Khadija bint Khuwaylid, Za'ida ibn al-Asamm ibn Rawaha, was the cousin of Fatimah's mother.

Lu'ayy ibn Ghalib
Ka'b ibn Lu'ayyAmir ibn Lu'ayy[1]
Murrah ibn Ka'b'Abd ibn Amir
Kilab ibn MurrahHajar ibn 'Abd
Qusai ibn KilabRawaha ibn Hajar
Abd Manaf ibn Qusai
Hashim ibn Abd ManafQaylah bint Amr
(Banu Khuza'a)
Qays or Haram ibn Rawaha
Asad ibn HashimFatima bint Qays
(bint Haram)
Fatimah bint Asad

Biography[edit]

Fatimah became a Muslim and is described as a "righteous woman".[1] Following Abu Talib's death in 620,[2][3]:243 Fatimah emigrated to Medina with Fatima bint Muhammad and her son Ali in 622.[4]:686 Muhammad would regularly visit her home and would have his afternoon rest there.[1]

Fatimah bint Asad died in the year 625/626.[4]:811 It is narrated by Anas bin Malik, that when Muhammad learned that Fatimah had died, he went to her house to sit beside her body and prayed her funeral prayers,[citation needed] he then gave his shirt to be incorporated into her shroud, and personally helped placing her in her grave in the Jannatul Baqee cemetery in Medina.[4]:475

Children[edit]

She married her paternal cousin, Abu Talib ibn Abd al-Muttalib. Their marriage was notable for being the first between two members of the Banu Hashim.[5] They had seven children:

  1. Talib.
  2. Fakhitah (aka "Hind" & "Umm Hani").
  3. Aqeel.
  4. Jumanah.
  5. Ja'far.
  6. Rayta (aka "Asmā’" & "Umm Ṭālib").
  7. Ali, who was the husband of Muhammad's daughter Fatimah.[1]

The orphaned Muhammad, who was Abu Talib's nephew and Fatimah's cousin, came to live in their house in 579 (when he was eight years old).[2][3]:131,133

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e ibn Sa'd, Muhammad (1995). Kitab at-Tabaqat al-Kabir (The Book of the Major Classes). VIII The Women of Madina. Translated by Bewley, Aisha. London: Ta-Ha Publishers. ISBN 978-1-897940-24-2.
  2. ^ a b ibn Ishaq, Muhammad (1955). Sīrat Rasūl Allāh (The Life of Muhammad). Translated by Guillaume, Alfred. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-8369-9260-1.
  3. ^ a b Muhammad ibn Saad. Kitab al-Tabaqat al-Kabir vol. 1. Translated by Haq, S. M. (1967). Ibn Sa'd's Kitab al-Tabaqat al-Kabir Volume I Parts I & II. Delhi: Kitab Bhavan.
  4. ^ a b c Al-Majlisi, M. B. Hayat al-Qulub. Translated by Rizvi, S. H. (2010). Volume 2: A Detailed Biography of Prophet Muhammad (saww). Qum: Ansariyan Publications.
  5. ^ Najeebabadi, Akbar Shah; Mubārakfūrī, Ṣafī al-Raḥmān; Abdullah, Abdul Rahman; Salafi, Muhammad Tahir (2001). The History of Islam, Volume I. p. 427.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)

Mahmood Ahmad Ghadanfar. Great Women of Islam. Translated by Jamila Muhammad Qawi. Darussalam Publishers & Distributors, Riyadh. Online at kalamullah.com. pp. 163–167. Retrieved 2013-06-22.

External links[edit]