Feline sarcoma oncogene

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Protein FES PDB 1wqu.png
Available structures
PDB Ortholog search: PDBe RCSB
Aliases FES, FPS, Feline sarcoma oncogene, FES proto-oncogene, tyrosine kinase
External IDs MGI: 95514 HomoloGene: 37563 GeneCards: FES
Gene location (Human)
Chromosome 15 (human)
Chr. Chromosome 15 (human)[1]
Chromosome 15 (human)
Genomic location for FES
Genomic location for FES
Band 15q26.1 Start 90,883,695 bp[1]
End 90,895,776 bp[1]
RNA expression pattern
PBB GE FES 205418 at fs.png
More reference expression data
Species Human Mouse
RefSeq (mRNA)



RefSeq (protein)



Location (UCSC) Chr 15: 90.88 – 90.9 Mb Chr 15: 80.38 – 80.39 Mb
PubMed search [3] [4]
View/Edit Human View/Edit Mouse

Tyrosine-protein kinase Fes/Fps also known as proto-oncogene c-Fes/Fps is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the FES gene.[5][6] FES was originally cloned as a retroviral oncogene from feline (v-FES) and avian (v-FPS) sarcomas. This triggered the subsequent identification and cloning of the cellular FES (c-FES) genes (also referred to as FPS) in birds and mammals.[7]


This gene encodes the human cellular counterpart of a feline sarcoma retrovirus protein with transforming capabilities. The gene product has tyrosine-specific protein kinase activity and that activity is required for maintenance of cellular transformation. Its chromosomal location has linked it to a specific translocation event identified in patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia but it is also involved in normal hematopoiesis. A truncated transcript has been identified that is generated utilizing a start site in one of the far downstream exons but a protein product associated with this transcript has not been identified.[6]


Feline sarcoma oncogene has been shown to interact with BCAR1[8] and BCR gene.[9][10]


  1. ^ a b c GRCh38: Ensembl release 89: ENSG00000182511 - Ensembl, May 2017
  2. ^ a b c GRCm38: Ensembl release 89: ENSMUSG00000053158 - Ensembl, May 2017
  3. ^ "Human PubMed Reference:". 
  4. ^ "Mouse PubMed Reference:". 
  5. ^ Bowden DW, Akots G, Rothschild CB (Aug 1991). "An insertion deletion polymorphism associated with C-FES". Nucleic Acids Research. 19 (15): 4311. doi:10.1093/nar/19.15.4311. PMC 328602Freely accessible. PMID 1870997. 
  6. ^ a b "Entrez Gene: FES feline sarcoma oncogene". 
  7. ^ Craig AW (2012). "FES/FER kinase signaling in hematopoietic cells and leukemias". Frontiers in Bioscience. 17: 861–75. doi:10.2741/3961. PMID 22201778. 
  8. ^ Jücker M, McKenna K, da Silva AJ, Rudd CE, Feldman RA (Jan 1997). "The Fes protein-tyrosine kinase phosphorylates a subset of macrophage proteins that are involved in cell adhesion and cell-cell signaling". The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 272 (4): 2104–9. doi:10.1074/jbc.272.4.2104. PMID 8999909. 
  9. ^ Lionberger JM, Smithgall TE (Feb 2000). "The c-Fes protein-tyrosine kinase suppresses cytokine-independent outgrowth of myeloid leukemia cells induced by Bcr-Abl". Cancer Research. 60 (4): 1097–103. PMID 10706130. 
  10. ^ Maru Y, Peters KL, Afar DE, Shibuya M, Witte ON, Smithgall TE (Feb 1995). "Tyrosine phosphorylation of BCR by FPS/FES protein-tyrosine kinases induces association of BCR with GRB-2/SOS". Molecular and Cellular Biology. 15 (2): 835–42. PMC 231961Freely accessible. PMID 7529874. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Smithgall TE, Rogers JA, Peters KL, Li J, Briggs SD, Lionberger JM, Cheng H, Shibata A, Scholtz B, Schreiner S, Dunham N (1998). "The c-Fes family of protein-tyrosine kinases". Critical Reviews in Oncogenesis. 9 (1): 43–62. doi:10.1615/critrevoncog.v9.i1.40. PMID 9754447. 
  • Jiang H, Harris MB, Rothman P (Jun 2000). "IL-4/IL-13 signaling beyond JAK/STAT". The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology. 105 (6 Pt 1): 1063–70. doi:10.1067/mai.2000.107604. PMID 10856136. 
  • Greer P (Apr 2002). "Closing in on the biological functions of Fps/Fes and Fer". Nature Reviews Molecular Cell Biology. 3 (4): 278–89. doi:10.1038/nrm783. PMID 11994747.