Flour sack

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The flour-weighing machine stands in front of the large beam-weigher and weighs two large bags of flour. In addition to the support of the scale, there are further large flour sacks with trademarks. About 1551.

A flour sack or flour bag is a cloth sack, usually made of cheap cotton, used to store flour. Flour sacks are often printed with simple designs and trademarks to indicate the millers and companies making or selling the flour.

Place names[edit]

Various place names were named after flour sacks, since they were so ubiquitous in so many cultures. Blatobulgium in Scotland, and Pieniężno in Poland, for example, are possibly named after words for flour sack in different languages. The all-white tower in the old city of Ravensburg in Germany is called Mehlsack.

Reuel Colt Gridley[edit]

A photo of Reuel Colt Gridley, who became famous in the United States in 1864 by repeatedly selling a sack of flour to raise money for the "Sanitary Fund" (to help wounded U.S. Civil War veterans). This picture was reportedly published in Harper's Weekly in 1865.

Reuel Colt Gridley famously carried a 50-pound bag of flour on his shoulder after losing a political bet in Austin, Nevada. The sack of flour was later auctioned off, then re-donated, then re-auctioned again and again to raise money for the United States Sanitary Commission during the American Civil War. Auctioning this single flour sack eventually raised more than $250,000.

Clothing[edit]

Children's clothing made from the Near East relief flour sacks is a common sight among Armenian refugees in Syria.

By the late 19th century, flour sacks were often printed in various colors and designs, and recycled for clothing and other purposes. "With feed sacks and flour bags, farmwomen took thriftiness to new heights of creativity, transforming the humble bags into dresses, underwear, towels, curtains, quilts, and other household necessities."[attribution needed][1]

Because they came along with the purchase of essential flour, flour sacks were universally recycled and used by many cultures as a source of free textiles for clothing and other necessities. For refugees, the free cloth that came with flour helped replace worn-out and inadequate clothing.

Chinese clothing[edit]

During the early parts of the 20th century, Chinese workers made clothing from flour sacks, sometimes called "Hunger clothes".[2] A photograph from 1948 shows school children wearing uniforms made of United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration flour sacks.[3]

Depression clothing[edit]

During the Great Depression in the US, many families sewed clothing from discarded flour sacks. Often flour would be purchased according to the patterns printed on the bag.[4] The sacks had so many uses, and the clothing made from them was so common, that flour sacks entered the local folklore. Kendra Brandes found that "as an element of material culture, the clothing and clothing practices of rural populations reflect the life and times of the era to the same extent as that of the general population. However, it is the activities of these farm wives, clothing their families in feed sacks, that offer a view of life that was unique to rural communities during this time period."[5]

Several people from rural Virginia spoke about their clothes made from sacks during the depression. "Back then, feed was sold in sacks. I believe they held almost 100 pounds of seeds. A number of farmers who didn't sew returned the sacks for resale... I actually made hair bows, pants and dresses from the sacks." "Mama always sewed on a Singer treadle sewing machine and made our dresses from flour sacks. She made sure Dad would get two sacks just alike. That was what the pattern took to make the dresses right." "Mama made me pinafores out of flour sacks. Flour sacks were made of cotton with pretty prints." "Dresses made for my sister and me were sometimes made out of cotton feed bags (I guess my brothers were lucky)." "My mother made shirts out of feed sacks, which a lot of cow feed, came in."[6]

An estimated 3.5 million women and children wore flour sack clothing during the Great Depression. It just became a way of life, as times were very hard.[7]

European clothing[edit]

In Europe, flour sacks were used in clothing, quilts, coats and strainers.[8]

Folklore[edit]

Feedsacks and flour sacks were also used to make rag dolls and doll quilts for children.[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Feedsack Dress".
  2. ^ Unidentified. Man wearing pants made out of a flour sack, China, c. 1905 – 1910. University of Southern California. Libraries, 1904.
  3. ^ Glass, Fr. Floyd. Children in Guilin, China, 1948. University of Southern California. Libraries, n.d.
  4. ^ Banning, Jennifer Lynn. "Feed Sack Fashions in South Louisiana, 1949–1968: The Use of Commodity Bags in Garment Construction." Baton Rouge, La.: Louisiana State University, 2005.
  5. ^ Kendra Brandes. "Feed Sack Fashion in Rural America: A Reflection of Culture." Online Journal of Rural Research & Policy. Kansas State University, 2009.
  6. ^ Blair, Todd, and Karen Garvey. Flour Sack Dresses and Victory Stamps: Tales from the Good Old Days in Roanoke and the New River Valley of Virginia: a Treasury of 20th Century Memories. 2016. Pages 63, 117, 134, 161, 208.
  7. ^ "History of Flour Sack Towels - from 1800's to 1950's [sic]". Mary's Kitchen flour sack towels.
  8. ^ Shaw-Smith, David, Conor McAnally, Jolyon Jackson, and Sally Shaw-Smith. Irish Patchwork. 2003.
  9. ^ Nixon, Gloria. Rag Darlings: Dolls from the Feedsack Era. Kansas City Star Quilts, 2015.

Bibliography[edit]