Gould's shortwing

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Gould's shortwing
DrymocharesStellatusGould.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Muscicapidae
Genus: Heteroxenicus
Sharpe, 1902
Species: H. stellata
Binomial name
Heteroxenicus stellata
(Gould, 1868)
Synonyms

Brachypteryx stellatus

The Gould's shortwing (Heteroxenicus stellata) is a small species of passerine bird in the family Muscicapidae. It is found in Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, and Vietnam. It breeds in the eastern Himalayas in rocky areas above the tree-line and winters at lower altitude in wooded valleys.

Gould's shortwing is the only species in the genus Heteroxenicus. It was formerly placed in the genus Brachypteryx.

The common name commemorates the English ornithologist and bird artist John Gould (1804-1881).[2]

Taxonomy[edit]

The first formal description of Gould's shortwing was by the English ornithologist and bird artist John Gould in 1868 from a specimen collected in Nepal. He chose the binomial name Brachypteryx stellatus.[3]

Gould's shortwing is the only species in the genus Heteroxenicus. It was formerly placed in the genus Brachypteryx and was assigned to the thrush family Turdidae.[4] The genus Heteroxenicus had been introduced by Richard Bowdler Sharpe in 1902.[5] The genus name Heteroxenicus combines the classical Greek words heteros for "different" and xenikos for "stranger". The specific epithet stellata is from the Latin word stellatus meaning "starry" or "set with stars".[6]

There are two subspecies:[4]

  • H. s. stellatus (Gould, 1868) – central Himalayas to south China and northeast Myanmar
  • H. s. fuscus (Delacour & Jabouille, 1930) – northwest Vietnam

Description[edit]

Gould's shortwing is 12–13 cm (4.7–5.1 in) in length with a weight of 19–23 g (0.67–0.81 oz). It is chestnut coloured above and dark grey below with small white spots or stars on its belly. It has long brown legs and a black bill. The sexes are similar. Nothing is known about the nest or the eggs.[7][8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Heteroxenicus stellata". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael (2003). Whose Bird? Men and Women Commemorated in the Common Names of Birds. London: Christopher Helm. pp. 145–146. ISBN 978-0-7136-6647-2. 
  3. ^ Gould, John (1868). "On four new species of birds". Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London: 218. 
  4. ^ a b Gill, Frank; Donsker, David (eds.). "Chats, Old World flycatchers". World Bird List Version 6.2. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 20 May 2016. 
  5. ^ Sharpe, Richard Bowdler (1902). "Heteroxenicus". Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club. 12: 55. 
  6. ^ Jobling, James A. (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. pp. 191, 365. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4. 
  7. ^ Collar, N. "Gould's Shortwing (Heteroxenicus stellatus)". In del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A.; de Juana, E. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions. Retrieved 1 October 2016. (Subscription required (help)). 
  8. ^ Clement, Peter (2016). Robins and Chats. Helm Identification Guides. London: Bloomsbury. pp. 182–183. ISBN 978-140815596-7. 

External links[edit]